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  1. added 2014-07-12
    Michael Huemer, Is Wealth Redistribution a Rights Violation?
    I argue that taxation for redistributive purposes is a property rights violation, responding to arguments (due to Nagel, Murphy, Sunstein, and Holmes) claiming that individuals lack ownership of their pretax incomes.
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  2. added 2014-07-12
    Michael Bergmann & Patrick Kain (eds.) (2014). Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution. Oxford University Press.
    Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief contains fourteen original essays by philosophers, theologians, and social scientists on challenges to moral and religious belief from disagreement and evolution. Three main questions are addressed: Can one reasonably maintain one's moral and religious beliefs in the face of interpersonal disagreement with intellectual peers? Does disagreement about morality between a religious belief source, such as a sacred text, and a non-religious belief source, such as a society's moral intuitions, make it irrational to continue trusting (...)
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  3. added 2014-07-11
    Erin C. Tarver (2013). Signifying "Hillary&Quot;: Making (Political) Sense with Butler and Dewey. Contemporary Pragmatism 10 (2):25-47.
  4. added 2014-07-11
    Lei Zhong (2013). Psychopathy, Emotion, and Moral Judgment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (4):349-352.
  5. added 2014-07-11
    Lei Zhong (2013). Internalism, Emotionism, and the Psychopathy Challenge. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (4):329-337.
  6. added 2014-07-10
    William A. Edmundson, Fair Value of Political Liberties and Property in the Means of Production - Part I.
    John Rawls argued that welfare-state capitalism would be rejected by a constitutional convention seeking to implement the abstract principles of justice chosen in the original position. But neither property-owning democracy nor liberal democratic socialism could be ruled out at the constitutional stage, and the choice between them was to be made at the further, legislative stage of the four-stage sequence he outlined for the achievement of political justice. This paper defends the first of the following three claims. One. Rawls overlooked (...)
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  7. added 2014-07-10
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Arleen Salles (forthcoming). Moral Bioenhancement: Much Ado About Nothing? Bioethics.
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  8. added 2014-07-10
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2014). The Ethics of Anonymous Gamete Donation: Is There a Right to Know One's Genetic Origins? Hastings Center Report 44 (2).
    A growing number of jurisdictions hold that gamete donors must be identifiable to the children born with their eggs or sperm, on grounds that being able to know about one's genetic origins is a fundamental moral right. But the argument for that belief has not yet been adequately made.
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  9. added 2014-07-10
    Ayelet Shachar (2012). Le casse-tête de la citoyenneté par droit de naissance. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):89-116.
    Cet article est la traduction française de l’introduction du livre d’Ayelet Shachar, «The Puzzle of Birthright Citizenship», avec la permission de l’éditeur, tirée de The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp.1-18. © 2009 President and Fellows of Harvard College. Traduction de Martin Provencher.
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  10. added 2014-07-10
    Ayelet Shachar (2012). Just Membership: Between Ideals and Harsh Realities. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):71-88.
    In this paper, Ayelet Shachar begins by restating the main idea of her important book The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality (Harvard, Harvard University Press, 2009) and then goes on to address in a constructive spirit the main themes raised by the five preceding comments written by scholars in the fields of law, philosophy and political science.
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  11. added 2014-07-10
    Víctor M. Muñiz-Fraticelli (2012). What Justice Entails. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):18-33.
    In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar subjects the institution of birthright citizenship to close scrutiny by applying to citizenship the historical and philosophical critique of hereditary ownership built up over four centuries of liberal and democratic theory, and proposing compelling alternatives drawn from the theory of private law to the usual modes of conveyance of membership. Nonetheless, there are some difficulties with this critique. First, the analogy between entailed property and birthright citizenship is not as illustrative as Shachar intends it (...)
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  12. added 2014-07-09
    Terence Rajivan Edward, The Asymmetry Objection to Political Liberalism: Evaluation of a Defence.
    This paper evaluates Jonathan Quong’s attempt to defend a version of political liberalism from the asymmetry objection. I object that Quong’s defence relies on a premise that not been adequately supported and does not look as if it can be given adequate support.
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  13. added 2014-07-09
    Brandon Warmke (forthcoming). The Economic Model of Forgiveness. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    It is sometimes claimed that forgiveness involves the cancellation of a moral debt. This way of speaking about forgiveness exploits an analogy between moral forgiveness and economic debt-cancellation. Call the view that moral forgiveness is like economic debt-cancellation the Economic Model of Forgiveness. In this paper I articulate and motivate the model, defend it against some recent objections, and pose a new puzzle for this way of thinking about forgiveness.
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  14. added 2014-07-09
    Douglas W. Portmore (forthcoming). Review of Martin Peterson's The Dimensions of Consequentialism. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy.
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  15. added 2014-07-09
    Ezio Di Nucci (2014). Ethics Without Intention. Bloomsbury.
    Ethics Without Intention tackles the questions raised by difficult moral dilemmas by providing a critical analysis of double effect and its most common ethical and political applications. The book discusses the philosophical distinction between intended harm and foreseen but unintended harm. This distinction, which, according to the doctrine of double effect, makes a difference to the moral justification of actions, is widely applied to some of the most controversial ethical and political questions of our time: collateral damages in wars and (...)
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  16. added 2014-07-08
    Anne Burkard (2014). Wie sich die ungleiche Berücksichtigung von Menschen und Tieren nicht verteidigen lässt. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (2):153-179.
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  17. added 2014-07-08
    Aaron James (2013). Why Practices? Raisons Politiques 51:43-62.
    The practice-based method of justification requires sensitivity to social practices. This raises difficult questions: Must the practices in question be established or at least realistic? How “constructive” can we be in our interpretation of their form or aims? This paper suggests that our answers to these questions can vary with our explanatory purposes. Requirements of realism and sociological accuracy are relatively thin given purely intellectual aims of moral understanding, thicker given the aim of addressing humanity, and thicker still given the (...)
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  18. added 2014-07-08
    Saladin Meckled-Garcia (2013). The Practice-Dependence Red Herring and Better Reasons for Restricting the Scope of Justice. Raisons Politiques 51:97-120.
    In this paper, I make three points. The first is that there is indeed a distinctive approach to moral methodology, different from standard moral reasoning, that can be described as “practice-dependence”. I argue that its distinctness lies in recommending an aptness claim , namely that moral principles for regulating social practices must be principles for better fulfilling the point of those practices, a point discoverable in shared understandings of the practice. Participants treat domestic political societies as having a different point (...)
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  19. added 2014-07-07
    Markus E. Schlosser (forthcoming). Manipulation and the Zygote Argument: Another Reply. Journal of Ethics.
    Alfred Mele's zygote argument is widely considered to be the strongest version of the manipulation argument against compatibilism (about free will and determinism). Opponents have focused largely on the first of its two premises and on the overall dialectic. My focus here will be on the underlying thought experiment—the Diana scenario—and on the second premise of the argument. I will argue that reflection on the Diana scenario shows that the second premise does not hold, and we will see that my (...)
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  20. added 2014-07-07
    Michael Slote (forthcoming). Reply To: Roberts. Philosophia:1-3.
    In his critique of my views on supererogation, Rodney Roberts (Philosophia, 2014) claims that I treat care ethics as having a more general moral validity than other care ethicists do. He also claims that the kind of sentimentalism I espouse doesn’t sufficiently emphasize sentiment and then goes on to question what I say about supererogation. But in fact other care ethicists also think care ethics can cover the whole of morality, and my sentimentalism emphasizes sentiment just as much and as (...)
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  21. added 2014-07-07
    Marc-Antoine Dilhac (2014). Corruption de la démocratie ? Introduction. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):4-7.
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  22. added 2014-07-07
    Tanya de Villiers-Botha (2014). How Not to Be a Metaethical Naturalist –Jesse Prinz on the Emotional Construction of Morals. South African Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):145-154.
    Jesse Prinz develops a naturalistic metaethical theory with which he purports to sidestep ‘Hume's law’ by demonstrating how, on his theory, in describing what our moral beliefs commit us to we can determine what our moral obligations are. I aim to show that Prinz does not deliver on his prescriptive promise – he does not bridge the is–ought gap in any meaningful way. Given that Prinz goes on to argue that (1) his moral psychology highlights fundamental shortcomings in ‘traditional’ normative (...)
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  23. added 2014-07-07
    Pierre-Yves Néron (2014). À quoi sert la conception institutionnelle de la corruption ? Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):103-125.
    Mon objectif dans cet article est de mieux cerner les contours d’une conception institutionnelle de la corruption. Je tenterai de contribuer à ce programme de recherches sur la corruption institutionnelle d’une double façon. Premièrement, j’essaierai de clarifier le concept de « corruption institutionnelle » en mettant en lumière quatre de ses principales caractéristiques et certains de ses avantages. Deuxièmement, je tenterai d’exposer trois problèmes auxquels sont confrontés ses partisans : les problèmes de la portée, du faux-diagnostic et de l’essentialisme. Malgré (...)
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  24. added 2014-07-07
    Juliette Roussin (2014). La démocratie sans limites : corruption et publicités dans les campagnes électorales américaines. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):146-166.
    Cet article analyse le risque de corruption que les arrêts Citizens United de 2010 et l’apparition des Super-PACs font peser sur le système électoral états-unien. Lors de la dernière campagne présidentielle, plus de 730 millions de dollars ont été investis dans des publicités électorales par de riches contributeurs et des entreprises privées regroupés en Super-PACs. Nous montrons que cet afflux d’argent consacré à des publicités politiques expose la démocratie américaine à trois formes de « corruption grise », en favorisant la (...)
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  25. added 2014-07-07
    Claire Larroque (2014). Corruption de la démocratie et enjeu environnemental : la « crise des ordures » napolitaine. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):167-189.
    Cet article se propose d’étudier la question de la corruption démocratique à partir d’un cas précis, celui de la crise du traitement des déchets à Naples, communément nommée « crise des ordures ». En analysant trois formes ou niveaux de corruption démocratique lors de cette crise, l’article souhaite souligner que le terme de corruption démocratique, loin de désigner un mécanisme précis, qualifie, au contraire, des actes, des pratiques et des phénomènes très divers.La crise napolitaine est marquée, d’une part, par l’implication (...)
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  26. added 2014-07-07
    Emanuela Ceva & Maria Paola Ferretti (2014). Liberal Democratic Institutions and the Damages of Political Corruption. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):126-145.
    This article contributes to the debate concerning the identification of politically relevant cases of corruption in a democracy by sketching the basic traits of an original liberal theory of institutional corruption. We define this form of corruption as a deviation with respect to the role entrusted to people occupying certain institutional positions, which are crucial for the implementation of public rules, for private gain. In order to illustrate the damages that corrupt behaviour makes to liberal democratic institutions, we discuss the (...)
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  27. added 2014-07-06
    Thaddeus Metz (2014). Harmonizing Global Ethics in the Future: A Proposal to Add South and East to West. Journal of Global Ethics 10 (2).
    This article considers how global ethical matters might be approached differently in the English-speaking literature if values salient in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia were taken seriously. Specifically, after pointing out how indigenous values in both of these major parts of the world tend to prescribe honouring harmonious relationships, the article brings out what such an approach to morality entails for political power, foreign relations and criminal justice. For each major issue, it suggests that harmony likely has implications that differ (...)
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  28. added 2014-07-04
    Grant Lamond (forthcoming). Analogical Reasoning in the Common Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 34 (3).
    Analogical reasoning is a pervasive feature of the common law, yet its structure and rational force is much disputed by legal theorists, some of whom are sceptical that it has any rational force at all. This paper argues that part of the explanation for these disagreements lies in there being not one form of analogical reasoning in the common law, but three: classificatory analogies, close analogies, and distant analogies. These three differ in their functions and rationale. Classificatory analogies involve the (...)
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  29. added 2014-07-04
    Sven Nyholm (forthcoming). Ingmar Persson, From Morality to the End of Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) Pp. 336. [REVIEW] Utilitas 2014.
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  30. added 2014-07-04
    Paul Gowder (2014). Institutional Corruption and the Rule of Law. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):84-102.
    The literature contains two concepts of corruption which are often confused with one another: corruption as twisted character (pollution), and corruption as disloyalty. It also contains two sites for corruption: the corruption of individuals, and the corruption of entire institutions such as a state or a legislature.This paper first draws a clear distinction between the pollution and disloyalty concepts of corruption in the individual context, and then defends a conception of disloyalty corruption according to which the distinguishing feature is an (...)
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  31. added 2014-07-04
    Candice Delmas (2014). The Civic Duty to Report Crime and Corruption. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):50-64.
    Is the civic duty to report crime and corruption a genuine moral duty? After clarifying the nature of the duty, I consider a couple of negative answers to the question, and turn to an attractive and commonly held view, according to which this civic duty is a genuine moral duty. On this view, crime and corruption threaten political stability, and citizens have a moral duty to report crime and corruption to the government in order to help the government’s law enforcement (...)
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  32. added 2014-07-04
    Yann Allard-Tremblay (2014). Political Corruption as Deformities of Truth. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (1):28-49.
    This paper presents a conception of corruption informed by epistemic democratic theory. I first explain the view of corruption as a disease of the political body. Following this view, we have to consider the type of actions that debase a political entity of its constitutive principal in order to assess corruption. Accordingly, we need to consider what the constitutive principle of democracy is. This is the task I undertake in the second section where I explicate democratic legitimacy. I present democracy (...)
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  33. added 2014-07-04
    Duncan Ivison (2012). Transcending National Citizenship or Taming It? Ayelet Shachar’s Birthright Lottery. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):9-17.
    Recent political theory has attempted to unbundle demos and ethnos, and thus citizenship from national identity. There are two possible ways to meet this challenge: by taming the relationship between citizenship and the nation, for example, by defending a form of liberal multicultural nationalism, or by transcending it with a postnational, cosmopolitan conception of citizenship. Both strategies run up against the boundedness of democratic authority. In this paper, I argue that Shachar adresses this issue in an innovative way, but remains (...)
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  34. added 2014-07-03
    Danny Frederick, The Philosophical Case For Pornography.
  35. added 2014-07-03
    Danny Frederick, Why People Should Be Free to Sell Their Organs.
  36. added 2014-07-03
    Benjamin Bagley (forthcoming). Loving Someone in Particular. Ethics.
    People loved for their beauty and cheerfulness are not loved as irreplaceable, yet people loved for “what their souls are made of” are. Or so literary romance implies; leading philosophical accounts, however, deny the distinction, holding that reasons for love either do not exist or do not include the beloved’s distinguishing features. In this, I argue, they deny an essential species of love. To account for it while preserving the beloved’s irreplaceability, I defend a model of agency on which people (...)
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  37. added 2014-07-03
    Karen Frost‐Arnold (2014). Imposters, Tricksters, and Trustworthiness as an Epistemic Virtue. Hypatia 29 (2).
    This paper argues that trustworthiness is an epistemic virtue that promotes objectivity. I show that untrustworthy imposture can be an arrogant act of privilege that silences marginalized voices. But, as epistemologists of ignorance have shown, sometimes trickery and the betrayal of epistemic norms are important resistance strategies. This raises the question: when is betrayal of trust epistemically virtuous? After establishing that trust is central to objectivity, I argue for the following answer: a betrayal is epistemically vicious when it strengthens or (...)
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  38. added 2014-07-02
    Alex Voorhoeve (forthcoming). Why Sore Throats Don't Aggregate, but Arms Do. Journal of Medical Ethics.
    When do claims to be saved of a small or moderate harm aggregate against a competing claim to be saved from an early death? In this short response to Kamm's Bioethical Prescriptions, I argue for the following answer: aggregation of weaker claims against a life is permitted just in case, in a one-to-one contest, a person with a weaker claim would have a personal prerogative to prioritize her claim over a stranger’s competing claim to life.
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  39. added 2014-07-02
    Joshua May (forthcoming). Moral Judgment and Deontology: Empirical Developments. Philosophy Compass.
    A traditional idea has it that moral judgment involves more than calculating the consequences of actions; it also requires an assessment of the agent’s intentions, the act’s nature, and whether the agent uses another person as a means to her ends. I survey experimental developments suggesting that ordinary people often tacitly reason in terms of such deontological rules. It’s now unclear whether we should posit a traditional form of the Doctrine of Double Effect. However, further research suggests that a range (...)
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  40. added 2014-07-02
    Jayne Lucke (2014). The Prophylactic Effects of Intentional Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):38-39.
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  41. added 2014-07-02
    Samia A. Hurst (2014). Equivalent Confusions. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):15-15.
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  42. added 2014-07-02
    Jonathan F. Will (2014). Religion, Clinical Misconceptions, and Access to Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):40-41.
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  43. added 2014-07-02
    Martina Reuter (2014). “Like a Fanciful Kind of Half Being”: Mary Wollstonecraft's Criticism of Jean‐Jacques Rousseau. Hypatia 29 (2).
    The article investigates the philosophical foundations and details of Mary Wollstonecraft's criticism of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on the education and nature of women. I argue that Wollstonecraft's criticism must not be understood as a constructionist critique of biological reductionism. The first section analyzes the differences between Wollstonecraft's and Rousseau's views on the possibility of a true civilization and shows how these differences connect to their respective conceptions of moral psychology. The section shows that Wollstonecraft's disagreement with Rousseau's views on women (...)
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  44. added 2014-07-02
    Joan M. Henriksen Hellyer & Leah R. Eisenberg (2014). The Right to Be Wrong? Is There a Responsibility to Ensure That Patients Act on Accurate Information? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):48-49.
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  45. added 2014-07-02
    Laura B. Webster & Jamie Lynn Shirley (2014). Lost in Translation: The Complexity of a Previously Expressed Wish When Prognosis Is Uncertain. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):53-55.
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  46. added 2014-07-02
    Sondra S. Crosby (2014). Not Every Food Refuser Is a Hunger Striker. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):47-48.
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  47. added 2014-07-02
    Lorna Finlayson (2014). How to Screw Things with Words. Hypatia 29 (2).
    Since its influential rendering by Rae Langton in her 1993 paper, “Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts,” the “silencing argument” against pornography has become the subject of a lively debate that continues to this day. My intention in this paper is not to join in the existing debate, but to give a critical overview of it. In its current form, I suggest, it is going nowhere (and has been en route for too long already). Yet the silencing argument, I believe, nevertheless (...)
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  48. added 2014-07-02
    Fabrice Jotterand & Tenzin Wangmo (2014). The Principle of Equivalence Reconsidered: Assessing the Relevance of the Principle of Equivalence in Prison Medicine. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):4-12.
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  49. added 2014-07-02
    Jonathan D. Stewart (2014). Letting the Patient Decide: The Importance of Autonomy When the Prognosis Is Deeply Unclear. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):53-53.
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  50. added 2014-07-02
    Ben A. Rich (2014). Observations on the Nature and Extent of Injustice in the American Prison System. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):1-3.
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