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Virtue Ethics

Edited by Jason Kawall (Colgate University)
About this topic
Key works The essential work inspiring much of the virtue ethics tradition is Aristotle 2006.  Many consider David Hume 1751 and Adam Smith 1759) to provide important, sentimentalist virtue ethics in the early modern period.  Contemporary interest in virtue ethics is often traced to Elizabeth Anscombe's [Anscombe 1958: Modern Moral Philosophy 1958.  In the following decades key contemporary works appeared including Foot 1978, Pincoffs 1971, w#, Hursthouse, Slote, Swanton
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Subcategories:History/traditions: Virtue Ethics
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  1. Aristóteles (2009). Virtues and Vices. Discusiones Filosóficas 10 (14):133-145.
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  2. Celso Martins Azar Filho (2007). The Cannibal Virtue. In Corinne Noirot-Maguire & Valérie M. Dionne (eds.), Revelations of Character: Ethos, Rhetoric, and Moral Philosophy in Montaigne. Cambridge Scholars Pub.
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  3. Philippa Foot (1997). Virtues and Vices. In Daniel Statman (ed.), Noûs. Georgetown University Press 163--177.
    'Foot stands out among contemporary ethical theorists because of her conviction that virtues and vices are more central ethical notions than rights, duties, justice, or consequences - the primary focus of most other contemporary theorists. This volume brings together a dozen essays published between 1957 and 1977, and includes two new ones as well. In the first, Foot argues explicitly for an ethic of virtue, and in the next five discusses abortion, euthanasia, free will/determination, and the ethics of Hume and (...)
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  4. Peter A. French, Theodore Edward Uehling & Howard K. Wettstein (1988). Ethical Theory Character and Virtue.
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  5. Louis Groarke (2001). Freedom, Virtue, and the Common Good. [REVIEW] Maritain Studies/Etudes Maritainiennes 17:130-131.
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  6. Raja Halwani (2003). Care Ethics and Virtue Ethics. Hypatia 18 (3):161-192.
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  7. Bill Kauffman (1993). The Virtue of Smallness. The Chesterton Review 19 (2):281-282.
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  8. Paul Kurtz (1998). The McCarthyites of Virtue. Free Inquiry 19.
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  9. H. A. L. (1950). Reviewed Work: Man as Man: The Science and Art of Ethics by Thomas J. Higgins. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 47 (7):191-192.
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  10. Daniel Markovits (2010). Chapter 3. The Seeds of a Lawyerly Virtue. In A Modern Legal Ethics: Adversary Advocacy in a Democratic Age. Princeton University Press 79-100.
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  11. Jane Roland Martin (1987). Martial Virtues or Capital Vices. Journal of Thought 22:32-44.
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  12. Nancy J. Matchett (1998). The Virtues of Sharing. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    In "The Virtues of Sharing" I defend two central theses: that sharing is our most overarching ethical ideal, and that virtue ethics is able to serve as a comprehensive and free-standing approach to moral theory. My arguments for these theses are intertwined, because they are also designed to show how a virtue-ethical theory that treats the "Will to Share" as the basis of moral agency helps to resolve the contemporary Justice/Care Debate.
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  13. J. McDowell (1997). Virtues and Vices. In Daniel Statman (ed.), Virtue Ethics. Georgetown University Press 141--162.
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  14. John McDowell (1979). Virtue and Reason. The Monist 62 (3):331-350.
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  15. Jean Porter (2011). Virtues and Vices. In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press
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  16. Jean Porter (2007). Virtue. In Gilbert Meilaender & William Werpehowski (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Theological Ethics. OUP Oxford
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  17. Phyllis Roberts (1996). The Treatise on Vices and Virtues in Latin and the Vernacular. [REVIEW] Speculum 71 (2):471-473.
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  18. Nancy Sherman (1989). The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue. Oxford University Press.
    Most traditional accounts of Aristotle's theory of ethical education neglect its cognitive aspects. This book asserts that, in Aristotle's view, excellence of character comprises both the sentiments and practical reason. Sherman focuses particularly on four aspects of practical reason as they relate to character: moral perception, choicemaking, collaboration, and the development of those capacities in moral education. Throughout the book, she is sensitive to contemporary moral debates, and indicates the extent to which Aristotle's account of practical reason provides an alternative (...)
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  19. Guangyu Song (2008). Lun Yu Xin Jie: Cong Xin Xing de Xiu Lian He Ti Wu Tan Suo "Lun Yu" de Zhen Shi Yi Han. Wan Juan Lou Tu Shu Gu Fen You Xian Gong Si.
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  20. Robert Sparrow, War Without Virtue?
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  21. Matthias Steup (1999). Virtues of the Mind: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Virtue and the Ethical Foundations of the Mind Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski New York: Cambridge University Press, 1966, Xvi + 365 Pp., $64.95, $19.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 38 (03):619-.
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  22. Christine Swanton (2014). The Notion of the Moral: The Relation Between Virtue Ethics and Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Studies 171 (1):121-134.
    In this paper I argue that virtue ethics should be understood as a form of ethics which integrates various domains of the practical in relation to which virtues are excellences. To argue this it is necessary to distinguish two senses of the “moral”: the broad sense which integrates the domains of the practical and a narrow classificatory sense. Virtue ethics, understood as above, believes that all genuine virtue should be understood as what I call virtues proper. To possess a virtue (...)
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  23. Lauren Tillinghast (2008). Virtues and Vices. [REVIEW] Philosophical Practice 3 (2):304-305.
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  24. Kevin Timpe & Craig Boyd (eds.) (2014). Virtues and Their Vices. Oxford University Press.
    A comprehensive philosophical treatment of the virtues and their competing vices. The first four sections focus on historical classes of virtue: the cardinal virtues, the capital vices and the corrective virtues, intellectual virtues, and the theological virtues. A final section discusses the role of virtue theory in a number of disciplines.
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  25. Jennifer Todd (1982). After Virtue. Philosophical Studies 29:281-286.
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  26. Martin James Townley (2002). Kant and Aristotle on Practical Reason and Virtue. Dissertation, University of Kentucky
    It has been widely assumed in the history of philosophy that the moral theories of Aristotle and Kant are so different that there simply is no common ground on which to compare them. This dissertation seeks to dispel that assumption and prepare the ground for dialogue between Aristotle and Kant. The thesis of this investigation is that if an analysis of each theory is conducted independently, and if that analysis is delineated specifically in terms of practical reason and virtue, then (...)
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  27. P. K. Wainaina (1988). Can Virtue Be Taught? In J. M. Nyasani (ed.), Philosophical Focus on Culture and Traditional Thought Systems in Development. Konrad Adenauer Foundation 316.
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  28. A. D. M. Walker (1989). Virtue and Character. Philosophy 64 (249):349 - 362.
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  29. Thomas Williams (2005). Aquinas and the Ethics of Virtue. In Thomas Williams & E. M. Atkins (eds.), Disputed Questions on the Virtues. Cambridge University Press
    Thomas Williams Note: This is a preprint of my introduction to the forthcoming translation by Margaret Atkins of Thomas Aquinas’s Disputed Questions on the Virtues (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy). The basic procedure was simple. The topic would be announced in advance so that everyone could prepare an arsenal of clever arguments. When the faculty and students had gathered, the professor would offer a brief introduction and state his thesis. All morning long an appointed graduate student would take (...)
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Varieties of Virtue Ethics
  1. M. Ashraf Adeel (2015). Moderation in Greek and Islamic Traditions and a Virtue Ethics of the Quran. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC SOCIAL SCIENCES 32 (3).
    This article looks at some of the salient analyses of moderation in the ancient Greek and the Islamic traditions and uses them to develop a contemporary view of the matter. Greek ethics played a huge role in shaping the ethical views of the Muslim philosophers and theologians, and thus the article starts with an overview of the revival of contemporary western virtue ethics--in may ways an extension of Platonic-Aristotelian ethics--and then looks at the place of moderation or temperance in Platonic-Aristotelian (...)
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  2. Brenda Almond (2010). The Ethics of Care and Empathy – Michael Slote. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):211-213.
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  3. Judith Andre (2013). Open Hope as a Civic Virtue. Social Philosophy Today 29:89-100.
    Hope as a virtue is an acquired disposition, shaped by reflection; as a civic virtue it must serve the good of the community. Ernst Bloch and Lord Buddha offer help in constructing such a virtue. Using a taxonomy developed by Darren Webb I distinguish open hope from goal-oriented hope, and use each thinker to develop the former. Bloch and Buddha are very different (and notoriously obscure; I do not attempt an exegesis). But they share a metaphysics of change, foundational for (...)
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  4. Chrisoula Andreou (2005). Review of Phillipa Foot's Natural Goodness (Oxford: Clarendon Press 2001). [REVIEW] Utilitas 17 (3):359-361.
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  5. Chrisoula Andreou (2005). Phillipa Foot, Natural Goodness (Oxford: Clarendon Press 2001), Pp. 125. Utilitas 17 (3):359-361.
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  6. Julia Annas (2011). Intelligent Virtue. OUP Oxford.
    Julia Annas offers a new account of virtue and happiness as central ethical ideas. She argues that exercising a virtue involves practical reasoning of the kind we find in someone exercising an everyday practical skill, such as farming, building, or playing the piano. This helps us to see virtue as part of an agent's happiness or flourishing.
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  7. Aristotle (2009). The Nicomachean Ethics. OUP Oxford.
    In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle examines the nature of happiness, which he defines as a specially good kind of life. He considers the nature of practical reasoning, friendship, and the role and importance of the moral virtues in the best life. This new edition features a revised translation and valuable new introduction and notes.
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  8. Nafsika Athanassoulis, Virtue Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9. Brian Barry (2010). David Hume as a Social Theorist. Utilitas 22 (4):369-392.
    This article examines Russell Hardin's interpretation of Hume's argument that great social order depends on coordination convention. The main argument shows that despite an apparent move in that direction Hume's main argument is that justice and the other convention-based virtues rest on a cooperative convention which solves a prisoner's dilemma problem and that states are required when a society exceeds some small size because only states can solve the large number prisoner's dilemma problems that constitute the 'problem of social order'. (...)
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  10. Sandrine Berges (2013). The Impossibility of Perfection. Aristotle, Feminism, and the Complexities of Ethics. By Michael Slote. (New York: Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. Ix + 167. Price £30.00.). [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):624-626.
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  11. Sandrine Berges (2009). Plato on Virtue and the Law. Continuum.
    This important monograph examines Plato's contribution to virtue ethics and shows how his dialogues contain interesting and plausible insights into current philosophical concerns.
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  12. Peta Lyn Bowden (1994). Caring: An Investigation in Gender-Sensitive Ethics. Dissertation, Mcgill University (Canada)
    Using a Wittgensteinian approach to understanding, this thesis extends and challenges recent feminist discussions of the ethic of care as a gender-sensitive corrective to traditional moral theory. It elaborates a more complex understanding of the diversity and ambiguity of the ethical possibilities of caring than has been presented in earlier analyses. A brief introduction to the contemporary debate is followed by accounts of six different examples of caring practices, viz: caring attention, taking care of oneself, mothering, friendship, nursing and citizenship. (...)
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  13. Philip Cafaro (2010). Environmental Virtue Ethics Special Issue: Introduction. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):3-7.
  14. Philip Cafaro (2001). Dirty Virtues: Emergence of Ecological Virtue Ethics. Environmental Ethics 23 (2):211-214.
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  15. Philip Cafaro & Ronald L. Sandler (eds.) (2004). Environmental Virtue Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The first on the topic of environmental virtue ethics, this book seeks to provide the definitive anthology that will both establish the importance of environmental virtue in environmental discourse and advance the current research on environmental virtue in interesting and original ways. The selections in this collection, consisting of ten original and four reprinted essays by leading scholars in the field, discuss the role that virtue and character have traditionally played in environmental discourse, and reflect upon the role that it (...)
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  16. Cheshire Calhoun (2008). Symposium on Lisa Tessman's Burdened Virtues. Hypatia 23 (3-4):182.
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  17. Archibald Campbell (1733). An Enquiry Into the Original of Moral Virtue. Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
    This is the third selection of major works on the Scottish Enlightenment and includes the same combination of hard-to-find and popular works as in the two previous collections. Contents: An Essay on the Natural Equality of Men [1793] William Lawrence Brown, New introduction by Dr. William Scott 308 pp An Enquiry into the Origin of Moral Virtue [1733] Archibald Campbell 586 pp The Philosophical Works [1765] William Dudgeon, New introduction by David Berman 300 pp Institutes of Moral Philosophy For the (...)
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  18. Alisa L. Carse & Hilde Lindemann Nelson (1996). Rehabilitating Care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):19-35.
    : The feminist ethic of care has often been criticized for its inability to address four problems--the problem of exploitation as it threatens care givers, the problem of sustaining care-giver integrity, the dangers of conceiving the mother-child dyad normatively as a paradigm for human relationships, and the problem of securing social justice on a broad scale among relative strangers. We argue that there are resources within the ethic of care for addressing each of these problems, and we sketch strategies for (...)
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  19. Shaoming Chen (2008). Endurance and Non-Endurance: From the Perspective of Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (3):335-351.
    By analysing the two relevant psychological phenomena of “endurance” and “non-endurance,” this essay aims to reveal the ethical implications of a Confucian approach, namely regarding non-endurance as an impulse of primary virtue. Based on this case study, the author then explores the significance of moral cultivation or psychological training in establishing moral personality and the complexities of such a process. Meanwhile, “love” in Confucian ethics means sympathy for the inferior rather than affection for the revered. Hopefully, this study may deepen (...)
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  20. Christopher Miles Coope (2006). Modern Virtue Ethics. In T. D. J. Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press
  21. Roger Crisp & Michael A. Slote (eds.) (1997). Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together much of the most influential work undertaken in the field of virtue ethics over the last four decades. The ethics of virtue predominated in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a revival of interest in virtue ethics as a rival to Kantian and utilitarian approaches to morality. Divided into four sections, the collection includes articles critical of other traditions; early attempts to offer a positive vision of virtue ethics; some later criticisms of the (...)
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