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Summary

The predominant area in the philosophy of war and violence is just war theory, which examines when the resort to war is justified (jus ad bellum) and the ethical constraints on the conduct of war (jus in bello). The just war tradition encompasses writings from many different philosophical and religious traditions and spans several hundred years of debate. In the last one hundred years, philosophical debates on war and violence have expanded to include discussions about pacifism, the definition and justification of terrorism and counterterrorism, the ethics of nuclear deterrence, and the ethics of torture. 

Key works Key historical writers on just war theory include Grotius unknown, Vitoria, and Carl von Clausewitz. Contemporary just war theory really began with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars (first edition 1977). Other key works include Richard Wasserstrom 1970, Coady 1985Rodin 2007, and Primoratz 2004
Introductions Nagel 1972 Luban 1980 Narveson 1965 Anscombe ms Hare 1972
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Subcategories:
Violence (1,216 | 121)
Genocide (126)
Murder (95)
Rape (86)
Terrorism (462)
Torture (233)

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  1. Fritz Allhoff (ed.) (forthcoming). Not Just Wars. Routledge.
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  2. Graham T. Allison, Robert Blackwill, Albert Carnesale, Joseph S. Nye & Robert P. Beschel (1990). A Primer for the Nuclear Age: Csia Occasional Paper No. 6. University Press of America.
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  3. Mark J. Allman & Tobias L. Winright (2012). Growing Edges of Just War Theory: Jus Ante Bellum, Jus Post Bellum, and Imperfect Justice. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (2):173-191.
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  4. Andrew Altman (2012). Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity: Dispelling the Conceptual Fog. Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (1):280-308.
    Genocide and crimes against humanity are among the core crimes of international law, but they also carry great moral resonance due to their indissoluble link to the atrocities of the Nazi regime and to other egregious episodes of mass violence. However, the concepts of genocide and crimes against humanity are not well understood, even by the international lawyers and jurists who are most concerned with them. A conceptual fog hovers around the discussion of these two categories of crime. In this (...)
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  5. Andrei Andrianov, Victor Kanke, Ilya Kuptsov & Viktor Murogov (forthcoming). Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term ‘ethics of nuclear technology’ describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine the problems associated with (...)
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  6. John Armitage (2003). On Ernst Jünger's 'Total Mobilization': A Re-Evaluation in the Era of the War on Terrorism. Body and Society 9 (4):191-213.
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  7. Mordechai Bar-On (2003). Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon. Common Knowledge 9 (2):344-344.
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  8. Louis Barr (1971). Studies of Populations of Sea Urchins, "Strongylocentrotus" Sp., in Relation to Underground Nuclear Testing at Amchitka Island, Alaska. BioScience 21 (12):614-617.
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  9. Saba Bazargan (2013). Morally Heterogeneous Wars. Philosophia 41 (4):959-975.
    According to “epistemic-based contingent pacifism” a) there are virtually no wars which we know to be just, and b) it is morally impermissible to wage a war unless we know that the war is just. Thus it follows that there is no war which we are morally permitted to wage. The first claim (a) seems to follow from widespread disagreement among just war theorists over which wars, historically, have been just. I will argue, however, that a source of our inability (...)
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  10. Daniel M. Bell Jr (1997). The Violence of Love: Latin American Liberationists in Defense of the Tradition of Revolutionary Violence.”. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 8 (1):17-36.
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  11. Iason P. Blahuta (2013). Of Noncombatants in Iust War Theory and Terrorism1. In Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century. Routledge. 253.
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  12. Jacoby Adeshei Carter (2012). Differences in Dangerousness. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):81-91.
    This article begins with a consideration of the standard argument for the moral equality of soldiers; namely, that soldiers are morally equal because they pose similar dangers to one another. Next, arguments for the equal application of the rules of war to both sides are considered and ultimately rejected. In the end, it is argued that if the justice of the cause for war is attributable to the warriors on either side, then modifying or unequally applying the rules of war (...)
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  13. C. Cesarino (2002). Security and Terror. Theory and Event 5 (4).
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  14. Steven Mark Cohn (1997). Too Cheap to Meter: An Economic and Philosophical Analysis of the Nuclear Dream. State University of New York Press.
    Uses concepts from social theory to explore the history and future of nuclear power in the U.S. and to explore the nature of technological change in the U.S. economy.
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  15. Curt Covey (1985). Climatic Effects of Nuclear War. BioScience 35 (9):563-569.
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  16. Fred Dallmayr (2011). Befriending the Stranger: Beyond the Global Politics of Fear. Journal of International Political Theory 7 (1):1-15.
    The process of globalisation and the so-called war on terror are two prominent features marking our present age. While the process of globalisation promises the prospect of moving beyond or across borders, the war on terror marks a return to fences, check-points, and dividing walls. Terror war is a global politics of fear, a politics conducted under the rigid border control between ‘us’ and ‘them’. This paper examines the ominous development of fear in world politics from a number of angles. (...)
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  17. Susan Derwin (1991). Calorie Wars. Semiotics:203-208.
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  18. Susan Derwin (1991). Calorie Wars. Semiotics:203-208.
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  19. Michael DiMaio & Fr Arnold (1992). Per Vim, Per Caedem, Per Bellum: A Study of Murder and Ecclesiastical Politics in the Year 337 AD. Byzantion 62:158ff.
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  20. Chris J. Dolan (2005). Waging War Against Iraq: Jus Ad Bellum Considerations. Politics and Ethics Review 1 (2):158-176.
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  21. S. Douailler (2012). States of Violence and Infatuation in Politics: The Idea of Right at the Heart of Their Excesses. Diogenes 57 (4):82-88.
  22. C. Dwayne Ethiridge (1980). Microprocessor Applications in the Nuclear Industry. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 10 (3-4):11-20.
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  23. David Evans, Reason and Violence: Arguements From Force.
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  24. Hannah Franzki (forthcoming). Challenging the Politics of Time in Transitional Justice – How to Think the Irrevocable: Bevernage's History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence. Theory and Event 15 (2).
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  25. Z. Fuchs (1992). Philosophical Intervention of a Modern Logician. Filosoficky Casopis 40 (6):1045-1051.
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  26. Barry L. Gan (2013). Violence and Nonviolence: An Introduction. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  27. L. N. George (2002). The Pharmacotic War on Terrorism: Cure or Poison for the US Body Politic? Theory, Culture and Society 19 (4):161-186.
    The Greek words `pharmakon' and `pharmakos' allude to the complex relations between political violence and the health or disorder of the body politic. This article explores analogies of war as disease and contagion, and contrasts these with metaphors of war as politically healthy and medicinal - as in Randolph Bourne's notion of war as `the health of the state'. It then applies these to the unfolding US `War on Terrorism' through the concept of `pharmacotic war', by way of examining the (...)
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  28. Albane Geslin (2009). Du justum bellum au jus ad bellum : glissements conceptuels ou simples variations sémantiques ? Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (4):459-468.
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  29. Paul Gilbert (2010). Civilian Immunity in the 'New Wars'. In Igor Primoratz (ed.), Civilian Immunity in War. Oup Oxford.
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  30. Jacqueline M. Gray & Thomas E. Dickins (2014). Suicide Terrorism and Post-Mortem Benefits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):369-370.
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  31. Herbert D. Grover & Mark A. Harwell (1985). Biological Effects of Nuclear War II: Impact on the Biosphere. BioScience 35 (9):576-583.
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  32. Herbert D. Grover & Gilbert F. White (1985). Toward Understanding the Effects of Nuclear War. BioScience 35 (9):552-556.
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  33. John Hampson & Evan E. Koslow (1977). Environmental Impact of Nuclear War. BioScience 27 (12):771-771.
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  34. Garrett Hardin (1985). Nuclear Winter. BioScience 35 (9):592-593.
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  35. Garrett Hardin (1985). Nuclear Winter The Cold and the Dark: The World After Nuclear War Paul R. Ehrlich Carl Sagan Donald Kennedy Walter Orr Roberts Nuclear Winter: The Human and Environmental Consequences of Nuclear War Mark A. Harwell. BioScience 35 (9):592-593.
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  36. C. Leon Harris (1984). Nuclear Winter. BioScience 34 (4):212-212.
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  37. Michele Harris (2013). Striking the Wrong Note: Sixth Anniversary of the Northern Territory Intervention. Australian Humanist, The 112:1.
    Harris, Michele Aboriginal advocate Olga Havnen, in her Lowitja O'Donoghue oration, has asked a critical question. She asks what has been the psychological impact of the Intervention on Aboriginal people of the Northern Territory . It is surprising that so little attention has been given to this critical, yet in some ways tenuous, link before now.
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  38. Daniel L. Hartl (1973). The Nuclear Age Ecological Aspects of the Nuclear Age: Selected Readings in Radiation Ecology V. Schultz F. W. Whicker. BioScience 23 (8):499-499.
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  39. Marcel Hénaff & Lawrence R. Schehr (forthcoming). Naked Terror: Political Violence, Libertine Violence. Substance 27 (2).
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  40. Ted Honderich (1974). On Inequality and Violence, and the Differences We Make Between Them. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 8:46-82.
    Just about all political philosophy of the recommending kind is factless and presumptuous. That it has an honest intellectual use, which it does, and which of course is different from its use as reassurance and the like, is only to be explained by the want of something better.
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  41. Christopher C. Kirby (2013). “Imaginationland,“Terrorism, and the Difference Between Real and Imaginary. In Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate South Park and Philosophy: Respect My Philosophah! Wiley-Blackwell. 29--40.
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  42. James Kulk (2001). Liquid Terrorism: The World Turned Upside Down. Telos 2001 (120):160-162.
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  43. Rd Laing (1966). Violence and Love. Humanitas 2 (2):199-206.
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  44. Josepha Laroche (2012). La Brutalisation du Monde: Du Retrait des États à la Décivilisation. Liber ;.
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  45. Burkhard Liebsch (2013). What Does (Not) Count as Violence: On the State of Recent Debates About the Inner Connection Between Language and Violence. [REVIEW] Human Studies 36 (1):7-24.
    This paper raises the question whether language and violence are internally connected. It starts from the experience of violence and from its theoretical interpretation as violence in the context of political forms of life which are challenged by complaints about violence. Such forms of life have to confront this issue because they are supposed to be responsive to claims and demands of others who articulate violence as an experience of violation. Whether a kind of responsive ethos may be based on (...)
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  46. Burkhard Liebsch (2013). What Does (Not) "Count" as Violence: On the State of Recent Debates About the Inner Connection Between Language and Violence. [REVIEW] Human Studies 36 (1):7 - 24.
    This paper raises the question whether language and violence are internally connected. It starts from the experience of violence and from its theoretical interpretation as violence in the context of political forms of life which are challenged by complaints about violence. Such forms of life have to confront this issue because they are supposed to be responsive to claims and demands of others who articulate violence as an experience of violation. Whether a kind of responsive ethos may be based on (...)
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  47. Juan Lucena (2004). From Frontier to Terrorism:Toward an Interdisciplinary Assessment of Science Education Policy Making. Philosophy Today 48 (5):58-66.
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  48. Lorenzo Magnani (2011). Understanding Violence: The Intertwining of Morality, Religion and Violence: A Philosophical Stance. Springer-Verlag.
    This volume sets out to give a philosophical "applied" account of violence, engaged with both empirical and theoretical debates in other disciplines such as cognitive science, sociology, psychiatry, anthropology, political theory, ...
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  49. Bruce Maxwell (2012). The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence has Declined. Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):136-138.
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  50. Daniel Messelken (2005). Terrorism and Guerrilla Warfare–A Comparative Essay. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Ethics of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. Ontos. 3--51.
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