John Greco Saint Louis University
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  • Faculty, Saint Louis University
  • PhD, Brown University, 1989.

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About me
I work at Saint Louis University and I edit the Skepticism category for PhilPapers. I am also the editor of American Philosophical Quarterly.
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112 items found.
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  1. John Turri, Mark Alfano & John Greco (forthcoming). Contemporary Virtue Epistemology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Contemporary virtue epistemology (hereafter 'VE') is a diverse collection of approaches to epistemology. At least two central tendencies are discernible among the approaches. On the one hand, they view epistemology as a normative discipline. On the other hand, they view intellectual agents and communities as the primary focus of epistemic evaluation. This entry introduces many of the most important results of the contemporary VE research program. These include novel attempts to resolve longstanding disputes, solve perennial problems, grapple with novel challenges, (...)
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  2. David K. Henderson & John Greco (eds.) (2015). Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Epistemic Evaluation aims to explore and apply a particular methodology in epistemology. The methodology is to consider the point or purpose of our epistemic evaluations, and to pursue epistemological theory in light of such matters. Call this purposeful epistemology. The idea is that considerations about the point and purpose of epistemic evaluation might fruitfully constrain epistemological theory and yield insights for epistemological reflection. Several contributions to this volume explicitly address this general methodology, or some version of it. Others focus on (...)
     
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  3. David Henderson & John Greco (2015). Introduction: The Point and Purpose of Epistemic Evaluation. In David Henderson & John Greco (eds.), Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology. OUP 1-28.
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  4.  54
    J. Greco (2014). Pritchard's Epistemological Disjunctivism: How Right? How Radical? How Satisfying? [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 64 (254):115-122.
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  5.  19
    John Greco (2013). Reflective Knowledge and the Pyrrhonian Problematic. In John Turri (ed.), Virtuous Thoughts: The Philosophy of Ernest Sosa. Springer 179--191.
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  6. John Greco & Ruth Groff (eds.) (2013). Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. Routledge.
    "Powers and Capacities in Philosophy" is designed to stake out an emerging, discipline-spanning neo-Aristotelian framework grounded in realism about causal powers. The volume brings together for the first time original essays by leading philosophers working on powers in relation to metaphysics, philosophy of natural and social science, philosophy of mind and action, epistemology, ethics and social and political philosophy. In each area, the concern is to show how a commitment to real causal powers affects discussion at the level in question. (...)
     
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  7. John Greco (2012). Recent Work on Testimonial Knowledge. American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (1):15-28.
    -/- Recent interest in the epistemology of testimony can be traced to C. A. J. Coady's Testimony: A Philosophical Study (1992) and then a collection of papers edited by Bimal Krishna Matilal and Arindam Chakrabarti, Knowing from Words (1994). These two volumes framed several issues in the epistemology of testimony and largely set the agenda for work in that area over the next two decades. -/- One major issue in this literature is whether testimonial knowledge can be "reduced" to some (...)
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  8. John Greco (2012). A (Different) Virtue Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):1-26.
    Section 1 articulates a genus-species claim: that knowledge is a kind of success from ability. Equivalently: In cases of knowledge, S’s success in believing the truth is attributable to S’s ability. That idea is then applied to questions about the nature and value of knowledge. Section 2 asks what it would take to turn the genus-species claim into a proper theory of knowledge; that is, into informative, necessary and sufficient conditions. That question is raised in the context of an important (...)
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  9. John Greco & John Turri (eds.) (2012). Virtue Epistemology: Contemporary Readings. The MIT Press.
    Virtue epistemology is a diverse and flourishing field, one of the most exciting developments in epistemology to emerge over the last three decades. Virtue epistemology begins with the premise that epistemology is a normative discipline and, accordingly, a central task of epistemology is to explain the sort of normativity that knowledge, justified belief, and the like involve. A second premise is that a focus on the intellectual virtues is essential to carrying out this central task. This collection offers some of (...)
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  10.  36
    Ruth Groff & John Greco (eds.) (2012). Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. Routledge.
    The book will be of interest to philosophers working in any of these areas, as well as to historians of philosophy, political theorists and critical realists.
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  11.  2
    John Greco (2011). Common Sense in Thomas Reid. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (Supplement 1):142-155.
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  12.  8
    John Greco (2011). 10.1 Evidentialism About Knowledge. In T. Dougherty (ed.), Evidentialism and its Discontents. Oxford University Press 167.
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  13. John Greco (2011). Evidentialism About Knowledge. In Trent Dougherty (ed.), Evidentialism and its Discontents. Oxford University Press
     
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  14.  48
    John Greco (2011). Epistemic Circularity: Vicious, Virtuous and Benign. International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 1 (2):105-112.
    Sosa's work on epistemic circularity has significance beyond his own brand of virtue epistemology, with its characteristic distinction between animal and reflective knowledge. On the contrary, it demonstrates the necessity of embracing foundationalism and externalism in epistemology, while at the same time answering various charges (some perennial) against epistemology in general. This paper distinguishes six kinds of epistemic circularity that are discussed in Sosa's work: two virtuous, two vicious, and two benign. This framework is used to reconstruct Sosa's responses to (...)
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  15. John Greco (ed.) (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press Usa.
    In the history of philosophical thought, few themes loom as large as skepticism. Skepticism has been the most visible and important part of debates about knowledge. Skepticism at its most basic questions our cognitive achievements, challenges our ability to obtain reliable knowledge; casting doubt on our attempts to seek and understand the truth about everything from ethics, to other minds, religious belief, and even the underlying structure of matter and reality. Since Descartes, the defense of knowledge against skepticism has been (...)
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  16.  80
    John Greco & John Turri (2011). Virtue Epistemology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  17.  74
    John Greco (2010). Achieving Knowledge: A Virtue-Theoretic Account of Epistemic Normativity. Cambridge University Press.
    When we affirm that someone knows something, we are making a value judgment of sorts - we are claiming that there is something superior about that person's opinion, or their evidence, or perhaps about them. A central task of the theory of knowledge is to investigate the sort of evaluation at issue. This is the first book to make 'epistemic normativity,' or the normative dimension of knowledge and knowledge ascriptions, its central focus. John Greco argues that knowledge is a kind (...)
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  18.  68
    John Greco (2010). A Virtue Epistemology. International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):399-401.
    Section 1 articulates a genus-species claim: that knowledge is a kind of success from ability. Equivalently: In cases of knowledge, S’s success in believing the truth is attributable to S’s ability. That idea is then applied to questions about the nature and value of knowledge. Section 2 asks what it would take to turn the genus-species claim into a proper theory of knowledge; that is, into informative, necessary and sufficient conditions. That question is raised in the context of an important (...)
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  19.  1
    John Greco (2010). A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I. [REVIEW] International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):399-401.
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  20. John Greco (2009). Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  21. John Greco (2009). Knowledge and Success From Ability. Philosophical Studies 142 (1):17 - 26.
    This paper argues that knowledge is an instance of a more general and familiar normative kind—that of success through ability (or success through excellence, or success through virtue). This thesis is developed in the context of three themes prominent in the recent literature: that knowledge attributions are somehow context sensitive; that knowledge is intimately related to practical reasoning; and that one purpose of the concept of knowledge is to flag good sources of information. Wedding these themes to the proposed account (...)
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  22.  80
    John Greco (2009). Religious Knowledge in the Context of Conflicting Testimony. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 83:61-76.
    An adequate account of testimonial knowledge in general explains how religious knowledge can be grounded in testimony, and even in the context of conflicting testimonial traditions. Three emerging trends in epistemology help to make that case. The first is to make a distinction between two projects of epistemology: “the project of explanation” and “the project of vindication.” The second is to emphasize a distinction between knowledge and understanding. The third is to ask what role the concept of knowledge plays in (...)
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  23.  14
    John Greco (2009). Skepticism and Internalism. Iris 1 (2):429-438.
    This paper explores a familiar skeptical problematic and considers some strategies for responding to it. Section 1 reconstructs and disambiguates the skeptical problematic, distinguishing between some importantly different lines of skeptical reasoning. Section 2 distinguishes two kinds of anti-skeptical strategy. “Cooperative strategies” accept the conditions on knowledge that are laid down by a target skeptical argument, and argue that those conditions can be satisfied in a relevant domain. “Critical strategies” respond to a skeptical argument by rejecting some condition on knowledge (...)
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  24. John Greco (2009). The Value Problem. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Epistemic Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press 313--22.
     
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  25.  54
    Daniel Breyer & John Greco (2008). Cognitive Integration and the Ownership of Belief: Response to Bernecker. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):173–184.
    This paper responds to Sven Bernecker’s argument that agent reliabilism cannot accommodate internalist intuitions about clarvoyance cases. In section 1 we clarify a version of agent reliabilism and Bernecker’s objections against it. In section 2 we say more about how the notion of cognitive integration helps to adjudicate clairvoyance cases and other proposed counterexamples to reliabilism. The central idea is that cognitive integration underwrites a kind of belief ownership, which in turn underwrites the sort of responsibility for belief required for (...)
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  26.  46
    John Greco (2008). Cognitive Integration and the Ownership of Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):173-184.
    Sven Bernecker has raised questions about how agent reliabilism should adjudicate clairvoyance cases.1 Bernecker’s charge is that the view cannot accommodate internalist intuitions about such cases while remaining psychologically plausible. His more specific charge is that invoking the notion of cognitive integration does not help. This paper responds to Bernecker’s charges. In section 1 we clarify a version of agent reliabilism and Bernecker’s objections against it. In section 2 we say more about how the notion of cognitive integration helps to (...)
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  27. John Greco (ed.) (2008). Ernest Sosa: And His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This is the first book devoted to the work of Ernest Sosa, one of the most influential contemporary epistemologists. Part of the acclaimed Philosophers and Their Critics series. The editor’s introduction serves as an introduction to Sosa’s epistemology. Contains critical essays by more than twenty of the most prominent epistemologists in the world, commenting on Sosa's work. Concludes with Sosa’s own reply to his critics.
     
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  28. John Greco (2008). Skepticism About the External World. In The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press 108--128.
  29. John Greco (ed.) (2008). The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism. Oxford University Press.
    In the history of philosophical thought, few themes loom as large as skepticism. Skepticism has been the most visible and important part of debates about knowledge. Skepticism at its most basic questions our cognitive achievements, challenges our ability to obtain reliable knowledge; casting doubt on our attempts to seek and understand the truth about everything from ethics, to other minds, religious belief, and even the underlying structure of matter and reality. Since Descartes, the defense of knowledge against (...)
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  30. John Greco (2008). What's Wrong with Contextualism? Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):416 - 436.
    This paper addresses two worries that might be raised about contextualism in epistemology and that carry over to its moral analogues: that contextualism robs epistemology (and moral theory) of a proper subject-matter, and that contextualism robs knowledge claims (and moral claims) of their objectivity. Two theses are defended: (1) that these worries are appropriately directed at interestdependent theories in general rather than at contextualism in particular, and (2) that the two worries are over-stated in any case. Finally, the paper offers (...)
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  31. John Greco (2008). What's Wrong with Contextualism? Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):416-436.
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  32. J. Greco (2007). The Purpose of Knowledge and the Nature of Ability. Philosophical Issues 17 (1):57-69.
     
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  33. John Greco (2007). Discrimination and Testimonial Knowledge. Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 4 (3):335-351.
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  34.  59
    John Greco (2007). Discrimination and Testimonial Knowledge. Episteme 4 (3):335-351.
    Sanford Goldberg has called our attention to an interesting problem: How is it that young children can learn from the testimony of their caregivers (their parents, teachers, and nannies, for example) even when the children themselves are undiscriminating consumers of testimony? Part One describes the importance and scope of the problem, showing that it generalizes beyond tots and their caregivers. Part Two considers and rejects several strategies for solving the problem, including Goldberg's own. Part Three defends a solution, positing a (...)
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  35. John Greco (2007). External World Skepticism. Philosophy Compass 2 (4):625–649.
    Recent literature in epistemology has focused on the following argument for skepticism (SA): I know that I have two hands only if I know that I am not a handless brain in a vat. But I don't know I am not a handless brain in a vat. Therefore, I don't know that I have two hands. Part I of this article reviews two responses to skepticism that emerged in the 1980s and 1990s: sensitivity theories and attributor contextualism. Part II considers (...)
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  36. John Greco (2007). Knowledge as Credit for True Belief. In Michael DePaul & Linda Zagzebski (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. Clarendon Press
     
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  37. John Greco (2007). Reformed Epistemology. In P. Copan & C. Meister (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Routledge 629--639.
     
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  38. John Greco (2007). The Nature of Ability and the Purpose of Knowledge. Philosophical Issues 17 (1):57–69.
    The claim that knowledge is a kind of success from ability has great theoretical power: it explains the nature of epistemic normativity, why knowledge is incompatible with luck, and why knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief. This paper addresses objections to the view by wedding it with two additional ideas: that intellectual abilities display a certain structure, and that the concept of knowledge functions to flag good information, and good sources of information, for use in practical reasoning.
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  39. John Greco (2007). Worries About Pritchard's Safety. Synthese 158 (3):299 - 302.
    I take issue with two claims that Duncan Pritchard makes in his recent book, Epistemic Luck. The first concerns his safety-based response to the lottery problem; the second his account of the relationship between safety and intellectual virtue.
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  40.  1
    John Greco (2007). Worries About Pritchard’s Safety. Synthese 158 (3):299-302.
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  41.  18
    Mark Timmons, John Greco & Alfred R. Mele (eds.) (2007). Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi. Oxford University Press.
    For over thirty years, Robert Audi has produced important work in ethics, epistemology, and the theory of action. This volume features thirteen new critical essays on Audi by a distinguished group of authors: Fred Adams, William Alston, Laurence BonJour, Roger Crisp, Elizabeth Fricker, Bernard Gert, Thomas Hurka, Hugh McCann, Al Mele, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Raimo Tuomela, Candace Vogler, and Timothy Williamson. Audi's introductory essay provides a thematic overview interconnecting his views in ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of action. The volume concludes with (...)
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  42. Mark Timmons, John Greco & Alfred R. Mele (eds.) (2007). Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi. Oxford University Press Usa.
    For over thirty years, Robert Audi has produced important work in ethics, epistemology, and the theory of action. This volume features thirteen new critical essays on Audi by a distinguished group of authors: Fred Adams, William Alston, Laurence BonJour, Roger Crisp, Elizabeth Fricker, Bernard Gert, Thomas Hurka, Hugh McCann, Al Mele, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Raimo Tuomela, Candace Vogler, and Timothy Williamson. Audi's introductory essay provides a thematic overview interconnecting his views in ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of action. The volume concludes with (...)
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  43. John Corcoran, Stephen F. Barker, Eric Dayton, John Greco, Naomi Zack, Richard S. Robin, Joel Isaac & Murray G. Murphey (2006). A Symposium on Murray G. Murphey, CI Lewis: The Last Great Pragmatist. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):1-77.
     
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  44.  70
    John Greco (2006). How to Be a Pragmatist: C. I. Lewis and Humean Skepticism. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):24-31.
    Murray G. Murphey’s masterful treatment of C. I. Lewis’s philosophy leaves two things amply clear: first, that Lewis struggled with skeptical arguments from Hume throughout his career; and second, that Lewis never adequately resolved the problems raised by those arguments. In this paper I will consider Lewis’s approach to Hume’s skepticism in Mind and the World Order (MWO) and in An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (AKV), and I will argue that Lewis’s reply to Hume in these works did not (...)
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  45.  71
    John Greco (2006). Virtue, Luck and the Pyrrhonian Problematic. Philosophical Studies 130 (1):9--34.
    A number of contemporary philosophers endorse a Pyrrhonian theme: that one has knowledge only if one knows or understands that one’s beliefs are reliably formed. Otherwise, one is like a man who grasps gold in the dark: such a man is successful, but his success is a matter of luck, and so not creditable to him. It is argued that the skeptical problem and the problem of moral luck share a common structure and a common solution. Specifically, a virtue-theoretic approach (...)
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  46. John Greco (2006). Virtue, Luck and the Pyrrhonian Problematic. Philosophical Studies 130 (1):9-34.
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  47. William P. Alston, Laurence Bonjour, Carl Ginet, Alvin I. Goldman, John Greco, George I. Mavrodes, Philip L. Quinn, Alessandra Tanesini, Nicholas Wolterstorff & Linda Zagzebski (2005). Perspectives on the Philosophy of William P. Alston. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    One of the most influential analytic philosophers of the late twentieth century, William P. Alston is a leading light in epistemology, philosophy of religion, and the philosophy of language. In this volume, twelve leading philosophers critically discuss the central topics of his work in these areas, including perception, epistemic circularity, justification, the problem of religious diversity, and truth.
     
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  48.  32
    John Greco (2005). Evidentialism. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):556-558.
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  49.  32
    John Greco (2005). Justification is Not Internal. In Steup Matthias & Sosa Ernest (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Blackwell 257--269.
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  50.  8
    John Greco (2005). Review of Joseph Houston: Thomas Reid: Context, Influence, Significance. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):186-190.
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  51.  30
    John Greco (2005). Review of Noah Lemos, Common Sense: A Contemporary Defense. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7).
  52.  13
    John Greco (2005). Thomas Reid: Context, Influence, Significance. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):186-190.
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  53.  52
    John Greco (2004). A Different Sort of Contextualism. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):383 - 400.
    A number of virtue epistemologists endorse the following thesis: Knowledge is true belief resulting from intellectual virtue, where Ss true belief results from intellectual virtue just in case S believes the truth because S is intellectually virtuous. This thesis commits one to a sort of contextualism about knowledge attributions. This is because, in general, sentences of the form X occurred because Y occurred require a contextualist treatment. This sort of contextualism is contrasted with more familiar versions. It is argued that (...)
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  54.  3
    John Greco (2004). A Different Sort of Contextualism. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):383-400.
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  55. John Greco (2004). Externalism and Skepticism. In Richard Schantz (ed.), The Externalist Challenge. De Gruyter 53.
    Part 1 argues that, despite rhetorical appearances, McDowell accepts a standard version of epistemic externalism. Moreover, epistemic externalism plays an important role in McDowell’s response to skepticism. Part 2 argues that, contra McDowell, epistemic externalism is necessary for rejecting skepticism, and content externalism is not sufficient for rejecting skepticism.
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  56.  20
    John Greco (2004). Epistemic Justification. Faith and Philosophy 21 (4):547-549.
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  57.  21
    John Greco (ed.) (2004). Ernest Sosa and His Critics. Blackwell Pub..
  58. John Greco (ed.) (2004). Ernest Sosa: And His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This is the first book devoted to the work of Ernest Sosa, one of the most influential contemporary epistemologists. Part of the acclaimed Philosophers and Their Critics series. The editor’s introduction serves as an introduction to Sosa’s epistemology. Contains critical essays by more than twenty of the most prominent epistemologists in the world, commenting on Sosa's work. Concludes with Sosa’s own reply to his critics.
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  59. John Greco (ed.) (2004). Ernest Sosa: And His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This is the first book devoted to the work of Ernest Sosa, one of the most influential contemporary epistemologists. Part of the acclaimed Philosophers and Their Critics series. The editor’s introduction serves as an introduction to Sosa’s epistemology. Contains critical essays by more than twenty of the most prominent epistemologists in the world, commenting on Sosa's work. Concludes with Sosa’s own reply to his critics.
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  60.  10
    John Greco (2004). How to Preserve Your Virtue While Losing Your Perspective. In Greco John (ed.), Ernest Sosa and His Critics. 96--105.
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  61.  9
    John Greco (2004). 5 Reid's Reply to the Skeptic. In Terence Cuneo Rene van Woudenberg (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid. Cambridge University Press 134.
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  62.  63
    John Greco (2004). Review: Skepticism: The Major Issues. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (452):766-768.
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  63.  33
    John Greco (2003). Further Thoughts on Agent Reliabilism: Replies to Cohen, Geivett, Kvanvig, and Schmitt and Lahroodi. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):466–480.
    This paper replies to various concerns raised in a symposium on Putting Skeptics in Their Place: The Nature of Skeptical Arguments and Their Role in Philosophical Inquiry.
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  64.  19
    John Greco (2003). Further Thoughts on Agent Reliabilism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):466-480.
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  65. John Greco (2003). ``Knowledge as Credit for True Belief". In Michael DePaul & Linda Zagzebski (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press 111-134.
    The paper begins by reviewing two problems for fallibilism: the lottery problem, or the problem of explaining why fallible evidence, though otherwise excellent, is not enough to know that one will lose the lottery, and Gettier problems. It is then argued that both problems can be resolved if we note an important illocutionary force of knowledge attributions: namely, that when we attribute knowledge to someone we mean to give the person credit for getting things right. Alternatively, to say that a (...)
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  66.  42
    John Greco (2003). Précis of Putting Skeptics in Their Place: The Nature of Skeptical Arguments and Their Role in Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):432–436.
  67. John Greco (2003). 22. Virtues in Epistemology. In Steven Luper (ed.), Essential Knowledge: Readings in Epistemology. Longman 211.
     
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  68.  10
    John Greco (2003). Why Not Reliabilism? In Olsson Erik (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Kluwer 31--41.
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  69.  71
    John Greco (2003). Virtue and Luck, Epistemic and Otherwise. Metaphilosophy 34 (3):353-366.
    This essay defends virtue reliabilism against a line of argument put forward by Duncan Pritchard. In the process, it discusses (1) the motivations for virtue reliabilism, (2) some analogies between epistemic virtue and moral virtue, and (3) the relation between virtue (epistemic and otherwise) and luck (epistemic and otherwise). It argues that considerations about virtue and luck suggest a solution to Gettier problems from the perspective of a virtue theory.
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  70. John Greco (2002). How to Reid Moore. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):544-563.
    Moore's 'Proof of an External World' has evoked a variety of responses from philosophers, including bafflement, indignation and sympathetic reconstruction. I argue that Moore should be understood as following Thomas Reid on a variety of points, both epistemological and methodological. Moreover, Moore and Reid are exactly right on all of these points. Hence what I present is a defence of Moore's 'Proof', as well as an interpretation. Finally, I argue that the Reid-Moore position is useful for resolving an issue that (...)
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  71.  91
    John Greco (2002). Review: The Price of Doubt. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (441):149-152.
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  72.  37
    John Greco (2002). ``Virtues in Epistemology". In Paul Moser (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press 287--315.
    Part One reviews some recent history of epistemology, focusing on ways in which the intellectual virtues have been invoked to solve specific epistemological problems. This part gives a sense of the contemporary landscape that has emerged and clarifies some of the disagreements among those who invoke the virtues in epistemology. Part Two explores some problems about knowledge in greater detail, and defends a externalist approach in virtue epistemology.
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  73.  6
    John Greco (2001). Virtues and Rules in Epistemology. In Abrol Fairweather & Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski (eds.), Virtue Epistemology: Essays on Epistemic Virtue and Responsibility. Oxford University Press 117--141.
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  74.  30
    John Greco (2001). Warranted Christian Belief. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3):461-466.
  75.  6
    Lawrence BonJour, Jonathan Dancy, Julia Driver, Alvin Goldman, John Greco & Christopher Hookway (2000). Guy Axtell has Taught Philosophy at the University of Nevada, Reno, Since Receiving His Ph. D. In 1991. He has Written Articles on Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, American Pragmatism, and Philosophy of Religion. He is Currently at Work on a Book Entitled Pragmatic Pluralism: Understanding Philosophical Diversity. [REVIEW] In Guy Axtell (ed.), Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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  76. Alvin Goldman, Ernest Sosa, Hilary Kornblith, John Greco, Jonathan Dancy, Laurence Bonjour, Linda Zagrebsky, Julia Driver, James Montmarquet, Chirstopher Hookway, Ricard Paul, Guy Axtell & Casey Swank (eds.) (2000). Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Contemporary Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique collection of new and recently-published articles which debate the merits of virtue-theoretic approaches to the core epistemological issues of knowledge and justified belief. The readings all contribute to our understanding of the relative importance, for a theory of justified belief, of the reliability of our cognitive faculties and of the individuals responsibility in gathering and weighing evidence. Highlights of the readings include direct exchanges between leading exponents of this approach and their critics.
     
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  77.  3
    John Greco (2000). Escepticismo y géneros epistémicos: comentarios sobre Christopher Hookway. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):183-193.
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  78.  30
    John Greco (2000). Putting Skeptics in Their Place: The Nature of Skeptical Arguments and Their Role in Philosophical Inquiry. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the nature of skeptical arguments and their role in philosophical inquiry. John Greco delineates three main theses: that a number of historically prominent skeptical arguments make no obvious mistake, and therefore cannot be easily dismissed; that the analysis of skeptical arguments is philosophically useful and important, and should therefore have a central place in the methodology of philosophy; and that taking skeptical arguments seriously requires us to adopt an externalist, reliabilist epistemology. Greco argues that the importance (...)
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  79.  18
    John Greco (2000). Review: Two Kinds of Intellectual Virtue. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):179 - 184.
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  80.  1
    John Greco (2000). Scepticism and Epistemic Kinds. Philosophical Issues 10 (1):366-376.
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  81.  25
    John Greco (2000). Skepticism, Reliabilism, and Virtue Epistemology. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:139-147.
    I review a familiar skeptical argument from Hume, and conclude that it requires us to accept that there is no necessary relation between beliefs about the world and their evidential grounds; that is, there is no logical or quasi-logical relation between empirical beliefs and their grounds, such that their grounds entail them, or even make them probable. I then argue that generic reliabilism can accommodate this fact about evidential grounds in a non-skeptical way. According to reliabilism, the grounds for our (...)
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  82.  37
    John Greco (2000). ``Two Kinds of Intellectual Virtue". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):179--184.
  83.  16
    John Greco (2000). Scepticism and Epistemic Kinds. Noûs 34 (s1):366 - 376.
    This paper responds to a claim by Christopher Hookway, that Fumerton’s Principle of Inferential Justification (PIJ) is a platitude, and that skeptical arguments that deploy it depend essentially on a substantive thesis about the nature of epistemic kinds. This paper argues that, contrary to Hookway, the thesis about epistemic kinds is not necessary to generate skeptical results, and PIJ is sufficient to do so.
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  84. John Greco (1999). Agent Reliabilism. Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):273-296.
    This paper reviews two skeptical arguments and argues that a reliabilist framework is necessary to avoid them. The paper also argues that agent reliabilism, which makes the knower the seat of reliability, is the most plausible version of reliabilism.
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  85. John Greco (1999). ``Agent Reliabilism&Quot. In James Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspecives. Atascadero, Calif.: Ridgeview Publishing Co.
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  86.  1
    John Greco (1999). Agent Reliabilism. Noûs 33 (s13):273-296.
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  87.  12
    John Greco (1999). Skepticism and the Modern Ontology. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 73:217-228.
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  88. John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.) (1999). The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell.
    Written by an international assembly of leading philosophers, this volume includes seventeen newly-commissioned full-length survey articles on the central topics of epistemology.
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  89. John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.) (1999). The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Written by an international assembly of leading philosophers, this volume includes seventeen newly-commissioned full-length survey articles on the central topics of epistemology.
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  90.  15
    John Greco (1998). A Realist Conception of Truth. International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (3):313-317.
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  91. John Greco (1998). Foundationalism and Philosophy of Religion. In Brian Davies (ed.), Philosophy of Religion: A Guide to the Subject. Georgetown University Press 35.
     
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  92.  14
    John Greco (1998). Perception as Interpretation. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 72:229-237.
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  93.  41
    John Greco (1998). The Force of Hume's Skepticism About Unobserved Matters of Fact. Journal of Philosophical Research 23:289-306.
    According to a popular objection, Hume assumes that only deductive inferences can generate knowledge and reasonable belief, and so Hume’s skepticism can be avoided by simply recognizing the role of inductive inferences in empirical matters. This paper offers an interpretation of Hume’s skepticism that avoids this objection. The resulting skeptical argument is a powerful one in the following sense: it is not at all obvious where the argument goes wrong, and responding to the argument forces us to adopt a substantive (...)
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  94. John Greco (1997). Catholics Vs. Calvinists on Religious Knowledge. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 71 (1):13-34.
  95.  15
    John Greco (1997). Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification. International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1):115-119.
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  96.  7
    John Greco (1996). Evidence and Inquiry. International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (2):231-234.
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  97.  9
    John Greco (1995). Modern Ontology and the Problems of Epistemology. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (3):241 - 251.
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  98.  69
    John Greco (1995). Reid's Critique of Berkeley and Hume: What's the Big Idea? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):279-296.
    Reid thought that the linchpin of his response to\nskepticism was his rejection of the theory of ideas. I\nargue that Reid's assessment of his own work is incorrect;\nthe theory of ideas plays no important role in at least one\nof Berkeley's and Hume's arguments for skepticism, and\nrejecting the theory is therefore neither necessary nor\nsufficient as a reply to that argument. Reid does in fact\nanswer the argument, but with his theory of evidence rather\nthan his rejection of the theory of ideas.
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  99.  9
    John Greco (1995). Speaking of a Personal God. Faith and Philosophy 12 (1):148-153.
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  100.  8
    John Greco (1995). Warrant. International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):109-112.
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  101.  1
    John Greco (1995). Warrant: The Current Debate and Warrant and Proper Function. [REVIEW] International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):109-112.
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  102.  53
    John Greco (1995). A Second Paradox Concerning Responsibility and Luck. Metaphilosophy 26 (1-2):81-96.
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  103.  20
    John Greco (1994). The Intellectual Virtues and the Life of the Mind. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):973-976.
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  104.  40
    John Greco (1994). Virtue Epistemology and the Relevant Sense of “Relevant Possibility”. Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):61-77.
    In this paper I defend a relevant possibilities approach against a familiar kind of skepticism, and I argue that virtue epistemology can provide a theoretical grounding for the kind of solutions that is offered. In the section that follows I outline both the skeptical problems and the solution. In the remaining sections I develop the proposal in more detail. If my argument is sound then the paper also constitutes an argument in favor of virtue epistemology.
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  105.  75
    John Greco (1993). ``Virtues and Vices of Virtue Epistemology". Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):413--432.
  106.  40
    John Greco (1993). How to Beat a Sceptic Without Begging the Question. Ratio 6 (1):1-15.
    In this paper I offer a solution to scepticism about the world which neither embraces idealism, nor ends in a stalemate, nor begs the question against the sceptic. In the first part of the paper I explicate the sceptical argument and try to show why it has real force. In the next part of the paper I propose a version of the relevant possibilities approach to scepticism. The central claim of the proposed solution is that a sceptical possibility undermines knowledge (...)
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  107. John Greco (1992). A Companion to Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell.
     
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  108. John Greco (1992). ``Virtue Epistemology&Quot. In A Companion to Epistemology. Oxford: Blackwell
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  109.  24
    John Greco (1991). Sense and Certainty, by Marie McGinn. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):689-693.
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  110.  79
    John Greco (1990). Internalism and Epistemically Responsible Belief. Synthese 85 (2):245 - 277.
    In section one the deontological (or responsibilist) conception of justification is discussed and explained. In section two, arguments are put forward in order to derive the most plausible version of perspectival internalism, or the position that epistemic justification is a function of factors internal to the believer's cognitive perspective. The two most common considerations put forward in favor of perspectival internalism are discussed. These are the responsibilist conception of justification, and the intuition that two believers with like beliefs and experiences (...)
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  111.  30
    John Greco (1988). Plantinga, Foundationalism, and the Charge of Self-Referential Incoherence. Grazer Philosophische Studien 31:187-193.
    Alvin Plantinga charges classical foundationalism with self-referential incoherence, meaning that that doctrine employs criteria for rationally acceptable propositions which exclude the criteria themselves. More specifically, the charge is that the criteria are neither properly basic nor supported by properly basic propositions. In section 1 the doctrine of classical foundationalism is briefly explained. In section 2, a defense against Plantinga's objection is provided showing how the foundationalist can provide arguments which ground the criteria in question in properly basic propositions.
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  112.  16
    John Greco (1987). A Reply to Strouds Skeptic. Philosophical Papers 16 (1):23-39.
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