Phillip Bricker University of Massachusetts, Amherst
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  1. Phillip Bricker (forthcoming). Truthmaking: With and Without Counterpart Theory. In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to David Lewis. Blackwell Publishing.
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  2. Phillip Bricker (2014). The Methodology of Modal Logic as Metaphysics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):717-725.
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  3. Phillip Bricker (2009). Review of The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):675-678.
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  4. Phillip Bricker (2008). Concrete Possible Worlds. In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell Pub.. 111--134.
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  5. P. Bricker (2006). ROBIN LE POIDEVIN Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2003 Hardback 18.00 ISBN 0-19-875254-7. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):453-458.
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  6. Phillip Bricker (2006). Absolute Actuality and the Plurality of Worlds. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):41–76.
    According to David Lewis, a realist about possible worlds must hold that actuality is relative: the worlds are ontologically all on a par; the actual and the merely possible differ, not absolutely, but in how they relate to us. Call this 'Lewisian realism'. The alternative, 'Leibnizian realism', holds that actuality is an absolute property that marks a distinction in ontological status. Lewis presents two arguments against Leibnizian realism. First, he argues that the Leibnizian realist cannot account for the contingency of (...)
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  7. Phillip Bricker (2006). David Lewis: On the Plurality of Worlds. In John Shand (ed.), Central Works of Philosophy, Vol. 5: The Twentieth Century: Quine and After. Acumen Publishing.
    David Lewis's book 'On the Plurality of Worlds' mounts an extended defense of the thesis of modal realism, that the world we inhabit the entire cosmos of which we are a part is but one of a vast plurality of worlds, or cosmoi, all causally and spatiotemporally isolated from one another. The purpose of this article is to provide an accessible summary of the main positions and arguments in Lewis's book.
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  8. Phillip Bricker (2006). Review of Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):453-458.
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  9. Phillip Bricker (2006). The Relation Between General and Particular: Entailment Vs. Supervenience. In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Papers in Metaphysics, vol. 3. Oxford University Press. 251-287.
    Some argue, following Bertrand Russell, that because general truths are not entailed by particular truths, general facts must be posited to exist in addition to particular facts. I argue on the contrary that because general truths (globally) supervene on particular truths, general facts are not needed in addition to particular facts; indeed, if one accepts the Humean denial of necessary connections between distinct existents, one can further conclude that there are no general facts. When entailment and supervenience do not coincide (...)
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  10. Phillip Bricker (2004). McGinn on Non-Existent Objects and Reducing Modality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 118 (3):439-451.
    In this discussion of Colin McGinn's book, 'Logical Properties', I comment first on the chapter "Existence", then on the chapter "Modality." With respect to existence, I argue that McGinn's view that existence is a property that some objects have and other objects lack requires the property of existence to be fundamentally unlike ordinary qualitative properties. Moreover, it opens up a challenging skeptical problem: how do I know that I exist? With respect to modality, I argue that McGinn's argument that quantificational (...)
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  11. Phillip Bricker (2001). Island Universes and the Analysis of Modality. In G. Preyer & F. Siebelt (eds.), Reality and Humean Supervenience: Essays on the Philosophy of David Lewis. Rowman and Littlefield.
    It follows from Humean principles of plenitude, I argue, that island universes are possible: physical reality might have 'absolutely isolated' parts. This makes trouble for Lewis's modal realism; but the realist has a way out. First, accept absolute actuality, which is defensible, I argue, on independent grounds. Second, revise the standard analysis of modality: modal operators are 'plural', not 'individual', quantifiers over possible worlds. This solves the problem of island universes and confers three additional benefits: an 'unqualified' principle of compossibility (...)
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  12. Phillip Bricker (1997). Review of Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (1):328-330.
  13. Phillip Bricker (1997). Review of The Concept of Time. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 106 (4):629-632.
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  14. Phillip Bricker (1997). The Concept of Time. Philosophical Review 106 (4):629-632.
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  15. Phillip Bricker (1996). Identity. In Donald Borchert (ed.), The Encylopedia of Philosophy Supplement. Simon and Schuster Macmillan.
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  16. Phillip Bricker (1996). Isolation and Unification: The Realist Analysis of Possible Worlds. Philosophical Studies 84 (2-3):225 - 238.
    If realism about possible worlds is to succeed in eliminating primitive modality, it must provide an 'analysis' of possible world: nonmodal criteria for demarcating one world from another. This David Lewis has done. Lewis holds, roughly, that worlds are maximal unified regions of logical space. So far, so good. But what Lewis means by 'unification' is too narrow, I think, in two different ways. First, for Lewis, all worlds are (almost) 'globally' unified: at any world, (almost) every part is directly (...)
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  17. Phillip Bricker (1996). Properties. In Donald Borchert (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy Supplement. SImon and Schuster Macmillan.
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  18. Phillip Bricker (1993). The Fabric of Space: Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Distance Relations. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):271-294.
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  19. Phillip Bricker (1991). Plenitude of Possible Structures. Journal of Philosophy 88 (11):607-619.
    Which mathematical structures are possible, that is, instantiated by the concrete inhabitants of some possible world? Are there worlds with four-dimensional space? With infinite-dimensional space? Whence comes our knowledge of the possibility of structures? In this paper, I develop and defend a principle of plenitude according to which any mathematically natural generalization of possible structure is itself possible. I motivate the principle pragmatically by way of the role that logical possibility plays in our inquiry into the world.
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  20. Phillip Bricker (1990). Absolute Time Versus Absolute Motion: Comments on Lawrence Sklar. In Phillip Bricker & R. I. G. Hughes (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Newtonian Science. Mit Press. 77--91.
    An attempt to clarify how the problem of absolute time and the problem of absolute motion relate to one another, especially with respect to causal attributions involving time and motion.
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  21. Phillip Bricker & R. I. G. Hughes (eds.) (1990). Philosophical Perspectives on Newtonian Science. MIT Press.
    These original essays explore the philosophical implications of Newton's work.
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  22. Phillip Bricker (1989). Quantified Modal Logic and the Plural De Re. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):372-394.
    Modal sentences of the form "every F might be G" and "some F must be G" have a threefold ambiguity. in addition to the familiar readings "de dicto" and "de re", there is a third reading on which they are examples of the "plural de re": they attribute a modal property to the F's plurally in a way that cannot in general be reduced to an attribution of modal properties to the individual F's. The plural "de re" readings of modal (...)
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  23. Phillip Bricker (1988). Review: Harry C. Bunt, Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):653-656.
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  24. Phillip Bricker (1988). Review of The Metaphysics of Modality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 97 (1):127-131.
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  25. Phillip Bricker (1988). Review of Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):653-656.
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  26. Phillip Bricker (1987). Reducing Possible Worlds to Language. Philosophical Studies 52 (3):331 - 355.
    The most commonly heard proposals for reducing possible worlds to language succumb to a simple cardinality argument: it can be shown that there are more possible worlds than there are linguistic entities provided by the proposal. In this paper, I show how the standard proposals can be generalized in a natural way so as to make better use of the resources available to them, and thereby circumvent the cardinality argument. Once it is seen just what the limitations are on these (...)
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  27. Phillip Bricker (1983). Worlds and Propositions: The Structure and Ontology of Logical Space. Dissertation, Princeton University
    In sections 1 through 5, I develop in detail what I call the standard theory of worlds and propositions, and I discuss a number of purported objections. The theory consists of five theses. The first two theses, presented in section 1, assert that the propositions form a Boolean algebra with respect to implication, and that the algebra is complete, respectively. In section 2, I introduce the notion of logical space: it is a field of sets that represents the propositional structure (...)
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  28. Phillip Bricker (1980). Prudence. Journal of Philosophy 77 (7):381-401.
    The article explicates a notion of prudence according to which an agent acts prudently if he acts so as to satisfy not only his present preferences, but his past and future preferences as well. A simplified decision-theoretic framework is developed within which three analyses of prudence are presented and compared. That analysis is defended which can best handle cases in which an agent's present act will affect his future preferences.
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  29. Phillip Bricker, Realism Without Parochialism.
    I am a realist of a metaphysical stripe. I believe in an immense realm of "modal" and "abstract" entities, of entities that are neither part of, nor stand in any causal relation to, the actual, concrete world. For starters: I believe in possible worlds and individuals; in propositions, properties, and relations (both abundantly and sparsely conceived); in mathematical objects and structures; and in sets (or classes) of whatever I believe in. Call these sorts of entity, and the reality they comprise, (...)
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