Robert Streiffer University of Wisconsin, Madison
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  1. Robert Streiffer (2010). Chimeras, Moral Status, and Public Policy: Implications of the Abortion Debate for Public Policy on Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):238-250.
    Researchers are increasingly interested in creating chimeras by transplanting human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into animals early in development. One concern is that such research could confer upon an animal the moral status of a normal human adult but then impermissibly fail to accord it the protections it merits in virtue of its enhanced moral status. Understanding the public policy implications of this ethical conclusion, though, is complicated by the fact that claims about moral status cannot play an unfettered role (...)
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  2. Robert Streiffer (2010). Review of Julian Savulescu, Nick Bostrom (Eds.), Human Enhancement. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (2).
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  3. Robert Streiffer (2008). Animal Biotechnology and the Non-Identity Problem. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):47 – 48.
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  4. Robert Streiffer (2008). Informed Consent and Federal Funding for Stem Cell Research. Hastings Center Report 38 (3):pp. 40-47.
    A review of the consent forms signed by those who donated embryos for the NIH-approved embryonic stem cell lines reveals several problems, providing ethical as well as scientific reasons to overturn the Bush administration’s restrictions on federal funding for stem cell research.
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  5. Robert Streiffer (2008). Robert Streiffer Replies. Hastings Center Report 38 (6):6-6.
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  6. Robert Streiffer (2008). Vexing Nature? Environmental Ethics 27 (2):213-216.
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  7. Robert Streiffer & Alan Rubel (2008). Genetically Engineered Animals and the Ethics of Food Labeling. In Paul Weirich (ed.), Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate. Oup Usa.
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  8. Robert Streiffer (2007). At the Edge of Humanity. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):63-83.
    Experiments involving the transplantation of human stem cells and their derivatives into early fetal or embryonic nonhuman animals raise novel ethical issues due to their possible implications for enhancing the moral status of the chimeric individual. Although status-enhancing research is not necessarily objectionable from the perspective of the chimeric individual, there are grounds for objecting to it in the conditions in which it is likely to occur. Translating this ethical conclusion into a policy recommendation, however, iscomplicated by the fact that (...)
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  9. Robert Streiffer (2006). Academic Freedom and Academic-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):129-149.
    : Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims about the overall effects that AIRs have on academic research. And on a rights-based understanding of the value of academic freedom, (...)
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  10. Robert Streiffer, Alan P. Rubel & Julie R. Fagan (2006). Medical Privacy and the Public's Right to Vote: What Presidential Candidates Should Disclose. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (4):417 – 439.
    We argue that while presidential candidates have the right to medical privacy, the public nature and importance of the presidency generates a moral requirement that candidates waive those rights in certain circumstances. Specifically, candidates are required to disclose information about medical conditions that are likely to seriously undermine their ability to fulfill what we call the "core functions" of the office of the presidency. This requirement exists because (1) people have the right to be governed only with their consent, (2) (...)
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  11. Alan Rubel & Robert Streiffer (2005). Respecting the Autonomy of European and American Consumers: Defending Positive Labels on Gm Foods. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):75-84.
    In her recent article, Does autonomy count in favor of labeling genetically modified food?, Kirsten Hansen argues that in Europe, voluntary negative labeling of non-GM foods respects consumer autonomy just as well as mandatory positive labeling of foods with GM content. She also argues that because negative labeling places labeling costs upon those consumers that want to know whether food is GM, negative labeling is better policy than positive labeling. In this paper, we argue that Hansens arguments are mistaken in (...)
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  12. Robert Streiffer (2005). An Ethical Analysis of Ojibway Objections to Genomics and Genetics Research on Wild Rice. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):37-45.
    I analyze Ojibway objections to genomics and genetics research on wild rice. Although key academic and industry participants in this research have dismissed their objections out of hand, my analysis supports the conclusion that the objections merit serious consideration, even by those who do not share the Ojibway’s religious beliefs.
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  13. Robert Streiffer (2005). At the Edge of Humanity: Human Stem Cells, Chimeras, and Moral Status. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (4):347-370.
    : Experiments involving the transplantation of human stem cells and their derivatives into early fetal or embryonic nonhuman animals raise novel ethical issues due to their possible implications for enhancing the moral status of the chimeric individual. Although status-enhancing research is not necessarily objectionable from the perspective of the chimeric individual, there are grounds for objecting to it in the conditions in which it is likely to occur. Translating this ethical conclusion into a policy recommendation, however, is complicated by the (...)
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  14. Robert Streiffer (2005). Vexing Nature?: On the Ethical Case Against Agricultural Biotechnology. Environmental Ethics 27 (2):213-216.
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  15. Robert Streiffer & Thomas Hedemann (2005). The Political Import of Intrinsic Objections to Genetically Engineered Food. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):191-210.
    Many people object to genetically engineerehd (GE) food because they believe that it is unnatural or that its creation amounts to playing God. These objections are often referred to as intrinsic objections, and they have been widely criticized in the agricultural bioethics literature as being unsound, incompatible with modern science, religious, inchoate, and based on emotion instead of reason. Many of their critics also argue that even if these objections did have some merit as ethicalobjections, their quasi-religious nature means that (...)
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  16. Robert Streiffer & Alan Rubel (2004). Democratic Principles and Mandatory Labeling of Genetically Engineered Food. Public Affairs Quarterly 18 (3):223-248.
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  17. Robert Streiffer (2003). In Defense of the Moral Relevance of Species Boundaries. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):37-38.
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  18. Robert Streiffer (2003). Moral Relativism and Reasons for Action. Routledge.
    This book provides a sophisticated analysis of various types of moral relativism, showing how arguments both for and against them fail to account for the basic intuitions such theories were inteded to address. Streiffer then constructs a compelling alternative model of reasons for acting which avoids the pitfalls of theories earlier discussed.
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  19. Robert Streiffer, - Abstracts.
    According to Autumn Fiester, the Presumption of Restraint—the thesis that an application of biotechnology to an animal is unethical unless backed by morally compelling reasons—is justified by five ethical claims. In this commentary, I explore the relevance of what Derek Parfit has dubbed the Non-Identity Problem for the implications of one of these claims, the Animal Welfare Claim. I conclude that while the Animal Welfare Claim condemns the alteration of founder animals in ways that are bad for them when there (...)
     
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  20. Robert Streiffer, Lecture Outline:.
    If Dworkin’s theory of civil disobedience is right, then the scientists, given their objections, would not have been justified in civil disobedience. However, they could have been justified, had they chosen to object on grounds provided by just war theory or by an account of democratic legitimacy.
     
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  21. Robert Streiffer, October 4, 1999 Technology and Health Care Handout Page.
    The problem: we’re spending a lot without commensurate benefit Spending: 1. Health costs are about 14% of GNP, and are expected to exceed 30% by the year 2030 2. Estimated that the use of new technology and the overuse of existing technology accounts..
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  22. Robert Streiffer, © 1999 (Rstreiffer@Facstaff.Wisc.Edu).
    In this paper, I will attempt to concisely present Moore’s article “A Defence of Common Sense.” It is a collection of discussions of four points, loosely tied together by the commonality that Moore’s position regarding these points differs from positions taken up by some other philosophers.
     
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  23. Robert Streiffer, The Argument From Illusion: (1)in Delusive Cases, We Perceive a Sense-Datum Rather Than a Material Object. (2)What We See in Veridical Cases has the Same Intrinsic Nature as What We See in Delusive.. [REVIEW]
    • A coin appears to be elliptical when looked at from an angle, but it’s round. • A stick appears to be bent when it is partly immersed in water, but it’s straight. • An oasis appears to exist, but it doesn’t. • A bucket of water appears to be two different temperatures to two different hands, but it’s all..
     
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  24. Robert Streiffer, War and Morality I © 1999 Tony Gray And.
    I saw a poster the other day that said: “Living. It’s the only thing worth dying for.” Now, I’m not sure what that means really—in fact, I think it is an advertisement for a clothing company—but it brings up an interesting issue or cluster of issues. Are there things worth dying for? Or, and I know this is a very different question, are there things worth killing for? This is the question which we are going to talk about this week (...)
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