Robert Williams University of Leeds
blank
About me
Hi there!
My works
37 items found.
Sort by:
  1. Robert Williams, Metaphysical Indeterminacy, Supervenience, and Emergence.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Robert Williams, On Sider on Naturalness.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Robert Williams (forthcoming). Degree Supervaluational Logic. Review of Symbolic Logic.
    Supervaluationism is often described as the most popular semantic treatment of indeterminacy. There’s little consensus, however, about how to fill out the barebones idea to include a characterization of logical consequence. In a recent paper, Achille Varzi writes: it is pretty clear that there is not just one supervaluational semantics out there–there are lots of such semantics; and although it is true that they all exploit the same insight, their relative differences are by no means immaterial . . . a (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Lee Walters & Robert Williams (2013). An Argument for Conjunction Conditionalization. Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):573-588.
    Are counterfactuals with true antecedents and consequents automatically true? That is, is Conjunction Conditionalization: if (X & Y), then (X > Y) valid? Stalnaker and Lewis think so, but many others disagree. We note here that the extant arguments for Conjunction Conditionalization are unpersuasive, before presenting a family of more compelling arguments. These arguments rely on some standard theorems of the logic of counterfactuals as well as a plausible and popular semantic claim about certain semifactuals. Denying Conjunction Conditionalization, then, requires (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Robert Williams (2010). Fundamental and Derivative Truths. Mind 119 (473):103-141.
    This article investigates the claim that some truths are fundamentally or really true — and that other truths are not. Such a distinction can help us reconcile radically minimal metaphysical views with the verities of common sense. I develop an understanding of the distinction whereby Fundamentality is not itself a metaphysical distinction, but rather a device that must be presupposed to express metaphysical distinctions. Drawing on recent work by Rayo on anti-Quinean theories of ontological commitments, I formulate a rigourous theory (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Robert Williams (2009). 'Having a Laugh': Masculinities, Health and Humour. Nursing Inquiry 16 (1):74-81.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Robert Williams (2009). Vagueness, Conditionals and Probability. Erkenntnis 70 (2):151 - 171.
    This paper explores the interaction of well-motivated (if controversial) principles governing the probability conditionals, with accounts of what it is for a sentence to be indefinite. The conclusion can be played in a variety of ways. It could be regarded as a new reason to be suspicious of the intuitive data about the probability of conditionals; or, holding fixed the data, it could be used to give traction on the philosophical analysis of a contentious notion—indefiniteness. The paper outlines the various (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. J. Robert G. Williams (2008). Conversation and Conditionals. Philosophical Studies 138 (2):211 - 223.
    I outline and motivate a way of implementing a closest world theory of indicatives, appealing to Stalnaker’s framework of open conversational possibilities. Stalnakerian conversational dynamics helps us resolve two outstanding puzzles for a such a theory of indicative conditionals. The first puzzle—concerning so-called ‘reverse Sobel sequences’—can be resolved by conversation dynamics in a theory-neutral way: the explanation works as much for Lewisian counterfactuals as for the account of indicatives developed here. Resolving the second puzzle, by contrast, relies on the interplay (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. J. Robert G. Williams (2008). Ontic Vagueness and Metaphysical Indeterminacy. Philosophy Compass 3 (4):763-788.
    Might it be that world itself, independently of what we know about it or how we represent it, is metaphysically indeterminate? This article tackles in turn a series of questions: In what sorts of cases might we posit metaphysical indeterminacy? What is it for a given case of indefiniteness to be 'metaphysical'? How does the phenomenon relate to 'ontic vagueness', the existence of 'vague objects', 'de re indeterminacy' and the like? How might the logic work? Are there reasons for postulating (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. J. Robert G. Williams (2008). Permutations and Foster Problems: Two Puzzles or One? Ratio 21 (1):91–105.
    How are permutation arguments for the inscrutability of reference to be formulated in the context of a Davidsonian truth-theoretic semantics? Davidson (1979) takes these arguments to establish that there are no grounds for favouring a reference scheme that assigns London to “Londres”, rather than one that assigns Sydney to that name. We shall see, however, that it is far from clear whether permutation arguments work when set out in the context of the kind of truth-theoretic semantics which Davidson favours. The (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Robert Williams (2008). The Price of Inscrutability. Noûs 42 (4):600 - 641.
  12. Robert Williams (2008). Chances, Counterfactuals, and Similarity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):385-420.
    John Hawthorne in a recent paper takes issue with Lewisian accounts of counterfactuals, when relevant laws of nature are chancy. I respond to his arguments on behalf of the Lewisian, and conclude that while some can be rebutted, the case against the original Lewisian account is strong.I develop a neo-Lewisian account of what makes for closeness of worlds. I argue that my revised version avoids Hawthorne’s challenges. I argue that this is closer to the spirit of Lewis’s first (non-chancy) proposal (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Robert Williams (2008). Gavagai Again. Synthese 164 (2):235 - 259.
    Quine (1960, "Word and object". Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, ch. 2) claims that there are a variety of equally good schemes for translating or interpreting ordinary talk. 'Rabbit' might be taken to divide its reference over rabbits, over temporal slices of rabbits, or undetached parts of rabbits, without significantly affecting which sentences get classified as true and which as false. This is the basis of his famous 'argument from below' to the conclusion that there can be no fact of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Robert Williams (2008). Multiple Actualities and Ontically Vague Identity. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):134-154.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Robert Williams (2008). Working Parts: Reply to Mellor. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):81-106.
    Two kinds of explanation might be put forward. The first goes like this: the necessary connection between the location of a whole and the location of its parts holds because the location of the whole is nothing but the collective location of its parts. The second style of explanation goes like this: the connection holds because what it is for a material whole to have something as a part, is (perhaps among other things) for the whole to contain the part.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. J. Robert G. Williams (2007). Eligibility and Inscrutability. Philosophical Review 116 (3):361-399.
    Inscrutability arguments threaten to reduce interpretationist metasemantic theories to absurdity. Can we find some way to block the arguments? A highly influential proposal in this regard is David Lewis’ ‘eligibility’ response: some theories are better than others, not because they fit the data better, but because they are framed in terms of more natural properties. The purposes of this paper are (1) to outline the nature of the eligibility proposal, making the case that it is not ad hoc, but instead (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. J. Robert G. Williams (2007). The Possibility of Onion Worlds: Rebutting an Argument for Structural Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):193 – 203.
    Some argue that theories of universals should incorporate structural universals, in order to allow for the metaphysical possibility of worlds of 'infinite descending complexity' ('onion worlds'). I argue that the possibility of such worlds does not establish the need for structural universals. So long as we admit the metaphysical possibility of emergent universals, there is an attractive alternative description of such cases.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Robert Williams (2007). Offers an Extended Meditation on the Relation Between Painting and Alchemy; the Exercise. In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. 14--11988.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. J. R. G. Williams (2006). Illusions of Gunk. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):493–513.
    Worlds where things divide forever ("gunk" worlds) are apparently conceivable. The conceivability of such scenarios has been used as an argument against "nihilist" or "near-nihilist" answers to the special composition question. I argue that the mereological nihilist has the resources to explain away the illusion that gunk is possible.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Robert Williams (2003). Italian Renaissance Art and the Systematicity of Representation. Rinascimento 43:309-331.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Ronael E. Eckman, Robert Williams & Craig Nagoshi (2002). Marital Assortment for Genetic Similarity. Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (4):511-523.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. R. Williams (2002). Is It the Same God?” Reflections on Continuity and Identity in Religious Language'. In D. Z. Phillips & John H. Whittaker (eds.), The Possibilities of Sense. Palgrave. 204--18.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. R. Williams (2001). Unjust Enrichment and European Community Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 21 (3):583-591.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Robert Williams (ed.) (2001). Beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism: Studies in Hegel's Philosophy of Right. SUNY Press.
    Reflects new advances in Hegel scholarship and demonstrates the contemporary relevance of the Philosophy of Right.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. D. Perman & R. Williams (1992). A Baldamus Bibliography. History of the Human Sciences 5 (2):121-122.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. R. Williams (1989). A Treatise by Bocchi, Francesco in Praise of Sarto, Andrea, Del. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 52:111-139.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. R. Williams (1984). Mobile Private Income. Argument 26 (MAR):260-263.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. R. Williams (1983). Sociological Tropes: A Tribute to Erving Goffman. Theory, Culture and Society 2 (1):99-102.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Paul J. Schafer, Nicholas V. Costantino, Walter P. Krolikowski, Clyde E. Crum, R. Williams, Christopher J. Lucas, George M. Bellack, Val D. Rust, Miller Jr & Richard R. Renner (1975). Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 6 (1):75-83.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Robert Williams (1975). Ecclesial Man: A Radical Approach to Theology Through Husserl's Phenomenology. Philosophy Today 19 (4):369-376.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Robert Williams (1936). Aristotelis de Anima. Thought 11 (1):143-145.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Robert Williams, Aristotelian Indeterminacy and the Open Future.
    I explore the thesis that the future is open, in the sense that future contingents are neither true nor false. The paper is divided into three sections. In the first, I survey how the thesis arises on a variety of contemporary views on the metaphysics of time. In the second, I explore the consequences for rational belief of the ‘Aristotelian’ view that indeterminacy is characterized by truth-value gaps. In the third, I outline one line of defence for the Aristotelian against (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Robert Williams, Part-Intrinsic Survival.
    In some sense, survival seems to be an intrinsic matter. Whether or not you survive some event seems to depend on what goes on with you yourself —what happens in the environment shouldn’t make a difference. Likewise, being a person at a time seems intrinsic.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Robert Williams, Semantics for Nihilists.
    Motivations: From mereology (special composition question: Van Inwagen) From metaphysics (epiphenomenality of the macro: Merricks) From presupposition of (ontological) microphysicalism.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Robert Williams, An Argument for the Many Penultimate Draft.
    If one believes that vagueness is an exclusively representational phenomenon, one faces the problem of the many. In the vicinity of Kilimanjaro, there are many many ‘mountain candidates’ all, apparently, with more-or-less equal claim to be mountains. David Lewis has defended a radical claim: that all the billions of mountain candidates are mountains. This paper argues that the supervaluationist about vagueness should adopt Lewis’ proposal, on pain of losing their best explanation of the seductiveness of the sorites.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Robert Williams, Indeterminate Survival.
    Most views of personal identity allow that sometimes, facts of personal identity can be borderline or indeterminate. Bernard Williams argued that regarding questions of one’s own survival as borderline “had no comprehensible representation” in one’s emotions and expectations. Whether this is the case, I will argue, depends crucially on what account of indeterminacy is presupposed.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Robert Williams, Metaphysical Indeterminacy and Ontic Vagueness (Draft).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Is this list right?