Patrick Toner Wake Forest University
Contact
  • No contact info.

Affiliations
  • Faculty, Wake Forest University
  • PhD, University of Virginia, 2005.

Areas of specialization

Areas of interest

My philosophical views


blank

My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

QuestionAnswerComments
A priori knowledge: yes or no?Accept: yes
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Accept an intermediate viewAristotelianism
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Accept: objectiveI'm taking "aesthetic value" to mean "beauty," which is a mistake in at least two ways. But I can't really answer the question otherwise.
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept: yes
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Accept: externalism
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Accept: non-skeptical realism
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Reject one, undecided between othersReject 'no free will.' Usually inclined to think that compatibilism is a wretched subterfuge, but occasionally waffle on that.
God: theism or atheism?Accept: theism
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Accept an intermediate viewI guess it's an intermediate view. Aristotelianism again. Surprise!
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Insufficiently familiar with the issueReject relativism, of course.
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Accept: non-Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Accept: classical
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Accept: externalism
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Accept: moral realism
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?Accept: non-naturalism
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept: non-physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Accept: cognitivism
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Accept: virtue ethics
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Accept: biological viewSort of. Close enough.
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Lean toward: communitarianism
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Agnostic/undecided
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Lean toward: scientific realismPretty happy with scientific realism in some domains, not so much in others.
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?Accept: death
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Accept: A-theory
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Accept: correspondence
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Accept: metaphysically possible