Michael Bishop University of Chicago
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  • Graduate student, University of Chicago

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About me
I am Michael Metcalf Bishop but somehow this profile is attributing papers to me by Michael A. Bishop. I'd like to fix this.
My works
35 items found.
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  1. Dominic Murphy & Michael Bishop (2009). Introduction. In Dominic Murphy & Michael A. Bishop (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell
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  2.  18
    Dominic Murphy & Michael A. Bishop (eds.) (2009). Stich and His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Through a challenging collection of original new essays from leading philosophical scholars, the text explores some of philosophy's most hotly-debated ...
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  3.  50
    Michael A. Bishop (2006). Fast and Frugal Heuristics. Philosophy Compass 1 (2):201–223.
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  4.  13
    Michael A. Bishop (2006). Which Rights Should Be Universal? Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):683-685.
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  5.  4
    Michael A. Bishop & J. D. Trout (2006). First Page Preview. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2).
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  6.  60
    Michael A. Bishop (2005). Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. Oxford University Press.
    Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic epistemology, and treat it as a branch of the philosophy of science. The approach is novel in its use of cost-benefit analysis to guide people facing real reasoning problems and in its framework for resolving normative disputes in psychology. Based on empirical data, Bishop and Trout show how (...)
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  7.  19
    Michael A. Bishop (2005). The Autonomy of Social Epistemology. Episteme 2 (1):65-78.
    Social epistemology is autonomous: When applied to the same evidential situations, the principles of social rationality and the principles of individual rationality sometimes recommend inconsistent beliefs. If we stipulate that reasoning rationally from justified beliefs to a true belief is normally sufficient for knowledge, the autonomy thesis implies that some knowledge is essentially social. When the principles of social and individual rationality are applied to justified evidence and recommend inconsistent beliefs and the belief endorsed by social rationality is true, then (...)
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  8.  17
    Michael A. Bishop & J. D. Trout (2005). Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. OUP Usa.
    Bishop and Trout here present a unique and provocative new approach to epistemology (the theory of human knowledge and reasoning). Their approach aims to liberate epistemology from the scholastic debates of standard analytic epistemology, and treat it as a branch of the philosophy of science. The approach is novel in its use of cost-benefit analysis to guide people facing real reasoning problems and in its framework for resolving normative disputes in psychology. Based on empirical data, Bishop and Trout show how (...)
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  9.  6
    Michael A. Bishop, J. D. Trout, L. Johannes Brandl, Marian David, Leopold Stubenberg, Herman Cappelen & Ernie Lepore (2005). Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Agamben, Giorgio, Trans. Kevin Attell, State of Exception, London and Chicago: Univer-Sity of Chicago Press, 2005, Pp. Vii+ 95,£ 8.50, $12.00. Aiken, William and John Haldane (Eds), Philosophy and Its Public Role, Exeter, UK and Charlottesville, VA: Imprint Academic, 2004, Pp. Vi+ 272,£ 14.95, $29.90. [REVIEW] Mind 114:454.
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  10.  77
    J. D. Trout & Michael Bishop (2005). The Pathologies of Standard Analytic Epistemology. Noûs 39 (4):696-714.
    Standard Analytic Epistemology (SAE) names a contingently clustered class of methods and theses that have dominated English-speaking epistemology for about the past half-century. The major contemporary theories of SAE include versions of foundationalism (Chisholm 1981, Pollock 1974), coherentism (Bonjour 1985, Lehrer 1974), reliabilism (Dretske 1981, Goldman 1986) and contextualism (DeRose 1995, Lewis 1996). While proponents of SAE don’t agree about how to define naturalized epistemology, most agree that a thoroughgoing naturalism in epistemology can’t work. For the purposes of this paper, (...)
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  11. Michael Bishop (2004). In Praise of Epistemic Irresponsibility: How Lazy and Ignorant Can You Be? Synthese 122 (1):179-208.
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  12. Michael Bishop (2003). Altérités d'André du Bouchet de Hugo, Shakespeare Et Poussin À Celan, Mandelstam Et Giacometti.
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  13.  54
    Michael A. Bishop (2003). The Pessimistic Induction, the Flight to Reference and the Metaphysical Zoo. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (2):161 – 178.
    Scientific realism says of our best scientific theories that (1) most of their important posits exist and (2) most of their central claims are approximately true. Antirealists sometimes offer the pessimistic induction in reply: since (1) and (2) are false about past successful theories, they are probably false about our own best theories too. The contemporary debate about this argument has turned (and become stuck) on the question, Do the central terms of successful scientific theories refer? For example, Larry Laudan (...)
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  14.  98
    Michael A. Bishop (2002). The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist, or Social Institution? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 33 (1):121-36.
    Alison Gopnik and Andrew Meltzoff have argued for a view they call the ‘theory theory’: theory change in science and children are similar. While their version of the theory theory has been criticized for depending on a number of disputed claims, we argue that there is a fundamental problem which is much more basic: the theory theory is multiply ambiguous. We show that it might be claiming that a similarity holds between theory change in children and (i) individual scientists, (ii) (...)
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  15.  2
    Michael A. Bishop & Stephen M. Downes (2002). The Theory Theory Thrice Over: The Child as Scientist, Superscientist or Social Institution? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):117-132.
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  16. M. Bishop & J. Preston (eds.) (2001). Essays on Searle's Chinese Room Argument. Oxford University Press.
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  17.  5
    Bill Robinson & Michael Bishop (2001). Elmer Daniel Klemke, 1926-2000. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 74 (5):238 - 239.
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  18.  11
    Michael Bishop, Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (2000). Editors' Note. Synthese 122 (1-2):1-1.
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  19.  4
    Michael Bishop (1999). Semantic Flexibility in Scientific Practice: A Study of Newton's Optics. Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (3):210 - 232.
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  20.  18
    Michael Bishop (1998). An Epistemological Role for Thought Experiments. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 63:19-34.
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  21.  2
    Michael A. Bishop (1997). Existential Cognition. International Studies in Philosophy 29 (4):130-131.
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  22.  9
    Michael Bishop (1996). Biology, Ethics, and the Origins of Life. Teaching Philosophy 19 (3):302-304.
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  23.  10
    Michael Bishop (1996). What is This Thing Called Science? Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):204-206.
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  24.  7
    Michael Bishop (1996). Book Review:Rethinking Objectivity Allan Megill. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 63 (1):145-.
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  25.  22
    Michael A. Bishop (1992). Theory-Ladenness of Perception Arguments. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:287 - 299.
    The first aim of this paper is to adduce a framework for understanding theory-ladenness of perception arguments. The second aim is to begin to assess an important cluster of theory-ladenness arguments-those that begin with some psychological phenomenon and conclude that scientific controversies are resolved without appeal to theory-neutral observations. Three of the arguments (from expectation effects, ambiguous figures, and inverting lenses) turn out to be either irrelevant to or subversive of theory-ladenness. And even if we grant the premises of the (...)
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  26.  12
    Michael A. Bishop (1992). The Possibility of Conceptual Clarity in Philosophy. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (3):267 - 277.
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  27. Michael A. Bishop (1991). Why the Semantic Incommensurability Thesis is Self-Defeating. Philosophical Studies 63 (3):343 - 356.
  28. Michael A. Bishop (1990). Naturalizing the Philosophy of Science. Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    Normative apriorist philosophers of science build purely normative a priori reconstructions of science, whereas descriptive naturalists eliminate the normative elements of the philosophy of science in favor of purely descriptive endeavors. I hope to exhibit the virtues of an alternative approach that appreciates both the normative and the natural in the philosophy of science. ;Theory ladenness. Some philosophers claim that a plausible view about how our visual systems work either undermines or facilitates our ability to rationally adjudicate between competing theories (...)
     
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  29. Nicole Trèves & Michael Bishop (1987). Simone de Beauvoir Et les Féminismes Contemporaines Essais, Témoignages, Inédits. Dalhousie French Studies.
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  30. Michael Bishop (1979). Bernard Noel. Substance 8 (2/3):157.
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  31. Emmanuel Hocquard & Michael Bishop (1979). From Album d'Images de la Villa Harris. Substance 8 (2/3):105.
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  32. Charles Racine & Michael Bishop (1979). Poems. Substance 8 (2/3):97.
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  33.  17
    D. Murphy & M. Bishop, Reply to Sosa.
    Sosa’s topic is the use of intuitions in philosophy. Much of what I have written on the issue has been critical of appeals to intuition in epistemology, though in recent years I have become increasingly skeptical of the use of intuitions in ethics and in semantic theory as well.
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  34. Michael Bishop, Faculty.
    J.D. Trout and I started this project in 2000. Our goal was to write a book that was interesting, opinionated, accessible, and fun to read. Here are some excerpts from the first two pages of chapter 1: Excerpts [pdf] . The cover photo is a still of the great Buster Keaton from his movie, The General.
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  35.  5
    Michael Bishop, Commentary on The Possibility of an Evolutionary Semantics : The Nature and Evolution of Human Language.
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