David Cole University of Manchester
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  1. David Cole, Images and Thinking: Critique of Arguments Against Images as a Medium of Thought.
    The Way of Ideas died an ignoble death, committed to the flames by behaviorist empiricists. Ideas, pictures in the head, perished with the Way. By the time those empiricists were supplanted at the helm by functionalists and causal theorists, a revolution had taken place in linguistics and the last thing anyone wanted to do was revive images as the medium of thought. Currently, some but not all cognitive scientists think that there probably are mental images - experiments in cognitive psychology (...)
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  2. David J. Cole, Dretske on Naturalizing the Mind.
    Dretske’s Naturalizing the Mind sets out the case for holding that mental states in general are natural representers of reality. Mental states have functions; for many states the function is to indicate what is going on in the world. Among such indicator states are beliefs. The content of these states is given by what they are supposed to represent. So if a state is supposed to indicate that it’s dark, then “it’s dark” is the content of the state. Thus we (...)
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  3. Paul Churchland, Marcus Tullius Cicero, Gregory Clark, Ronald H. Coase, David Cohen, Felix Cohen, Morris Cohen, Edward Lord Coke, David Cole & William T. Coleman (forthcoming). Dostoyevsky, Fyodor, 196 Doyle, Michael, 73, 80. In Francis J. Mootz (ed.), On Philosophy in American Law. Cambridge University Press. 305.
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  4. David Cole (forthcoming). The Difference Prevention Makes: Regulating Preventive Justice. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-19.
    Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States and many other countries have adopted a “paradigm of prevention,” employing a range of measures in an attempt to prevent future terrorist attacks. This includes the use of pretextual charges for preventive detention, the expansion of criminal liability to prohibit conduct that precedes terrorism, and expansion of surveillance at home and abroad. Politicians and government officials often speak of prevention as if it is an unqualified good. Everyone wants to (...)
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  5. David Cole (2014). Rocco Gennaro: The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts and Higher-Order Thoughts. Minds and Machines 24 (2):227-231.
    If not a paradox, consciousness is at least an enigma. Many believe consciousness is hard to have, whereas others are panpsychists. Many hold that consciousness is hard to understand, perhaps impossibly so, whereas others believe we already have available an adequate general understanding of consciousness. Rocco Gennaro belongs to the second camp, and in this important work he explains why.In The Paradox of Consciousness, Gennaro develops and defends a higher-order thought (HOT) theory of consciousness. A HOT theory is an alternative (...)
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  6. David Cole (2013). Susan Schneider: The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 23 (4):503-507.
  7. David Cole (2012). Richard Menary (Ed): The Extended Mind. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 22 (1):47-51.
  8. David Cole (2011). Michael Tye, Consciousness Revisited: Materialism Without Phenomenal Concepts. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (1):103-106.
  9. David Cole (2010). Anthony Chemero: Radical Embodied Cognitive Science. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):475-479.
  10. David Cole (2010). Andy Clark: Supersizing the Mind. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (1):145-147.
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  11. David Cole (2010). Natural Meaning for Natural Language. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 9:114-133.
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  12. David Cole (2010). Outsourcing Terror: Extraordinary Rendition and The Necessity For Extraterritorial Protection of Human Rights. In Sibylle Scheipers (ed.), Prisoners in War. Oup Oxford.
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  13. David Cole (2009). Jerry Fodor, Lot 2: The Language of Thought Revisited , New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, X+228, $37.95, Isbn 978-0-119-954877-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (3):439-443.
    Jerry Fodor, LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited , New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, x+228, $37.95, ISBN 978-0-119-954877-4 Content Type Journal Article Pages 439-443 DOI 10.1007/s11023-009-9164-4 Authors David Cole, University of Minnesota-Duluth Department of Philosophy 369 A B Anderson Hall Duluth MN 55812 USA Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 19 Journal Issue Volume 19, Number 3.
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  14. David Cole, The Chinese Room Argument. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  15. D. Cole & P. McGee (2006). Ethical Issues in Research Supervision: A Commentary. Research Ethics 2 (4):144-146.
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  16. David J. Cole (2003). Gerald Edelman and Giulio Tononi, a Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination, New York: Basic Books, 2000, XIII+ 274 Pp., $17.00 (Paper), ISBN 0-465-01377-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 13 (3):445-449.
  17. David J. Cole (2003). Gerald Edelman and Giulio Tononi, New York: Basic Books, 2000, Xiii+ 274 Pp., $17.00 (Paper), ISBN 0-465-01377-5. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 13 (3):445-449.
  18. David Cole (2002). Jerry Fodor, Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 12 (3):443-448.
  19. David J. Cole (2002). The Function of Consciousness. In James H. Fetzer (ed.), Consciousness Evolving. John Benjamins. 287-305.
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  20. David Cole (2000). Sophie's World CD-ROM. Teaching Philosophy 23 (2):189-192.
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  21. David J. Cole (1999). I Don't Think So: Pinker on the Mentalese Monopoly. Philosophical Psychology 12 (3):283-295.
    Stephen Pinker sets out over a dozen arguments in The language instinct (Morrow, New York, 1994) for his widely shared view that natural language is inadequate as a medium for thought. Thus he argues we must suppose that the primary medium of thought and inference is an innate propositional representation system, mentalese. I reply to the various arguments and so defend the view that some thought essentially involves natural language. I argue mentalese doesn't solve any of the problems Pinker cites (...)
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  22. David J. Cole, Sense and Sentience.
    Surely one of the most interesting problems in the study of mind concerns the nature of sentience. How is it that there are sensations, rather than merely sensings? What is it like to be a bat -- or why is it like anything at all? Why aren't we automata or responding but unfeeling Zombies? How does neural activity give rise to subjective experience? As Leibniz put the problem (Monadology section 17):
    _It must be confessed, however, that Perception_ [consciousness?]_, and (...)
    _anything to explain Perception._ [Montgomery trans.]. (shrink)
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  23. Barbara Abbott, Annette Herskovits, Philip L. Peterson, Alfred R. Mele, David J. Cole, Daniel Crevier, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Brendan J. Kitts, Mike Brown & George Paliouras (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (2):239-285.
  24. H. P. Graf & D. Cole (1995). Ethics-Committee Authorization in Germany. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):229-233.
    On 9 August 1994 the German legislature revised the German Drug Law (AMG). Included in the revision is a passage requiring, for the first time, that the sponsors and investigators of clinical studies involving human subjects first obtain the approval of an ethics committee before carrying out such studies. According to the legislation, which takes effect on 17 August 1995, approval is to come from 'an independent ethics committee, set up and administered according to state law [emphasis added]' (1). Although (...)
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  25. David J. Cole (1994). Thought and Qualia. Minds and Machines 4 (3):283-302.
    I present a theory of the nature and basis of the conscious experience characteristic of occurent propositional attitudes: thinking this or that. As a preliminary I offer an extended criticism of Paul Schweizer's treatment of such consciousness as unexplained secondary qualities of neural events. I also attempt to rebut arguments against the possibility of functionalist accounts of conscious experience and qualia.
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  26. David J. Cole (1994). The Causal Powers of CPUs. In Eric Dietrich (ed.), Thinking Computers and Virtual Persons. Academic Press.
     
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  27. David Cole (1993). Statutory Definitions of Death and the Management of Terminally Ill Patients Who May Become Organ Donors After Death. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (2):145-155.
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  28. Erwin M. Segal, Meredith Williams, David J. Cole, James Geller, Yorick Wilks, Shoshana Loeb, Kim Sterelny, Jerry Fodor, Sara Heinämaa & Ausonio Marras (1993). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 3 (3):335-375.
  29. David J. Cole (1991). Artificial Intelligence and Personal Identity. Synthese 88 (September):399-417.
    Considerations of personal identity bear on John Searle's Chinese Room argument, and on the opposed position that a computer itself could really understand a natural language. In this paper I develop the notion of a virtual person, modelled on the concept of virtual machines familiar in computer science. I show how Searle's argument, and J. Maloney's attempt to defend it, fail. I conclude that Searle is correct in holding that no digital machine could understand language, but wrong in holding that (...)
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  30. David J. Cole (1991). Artificial Minds: Cam on Searle. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69 (September):329-33.
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  31. David J. Cole (1990). Functionalism and Inverted Spectra. Synthese 82 (2):207-22.
    Functionalism, a philosophical theory, has empirical consequences. Functionalism predicts that where systematic transformations of sensory input occur and are followed by behavioral accommodation in which normal function of the organism is restored such that the causes and effects of the subject's psychological states return to those of the period prior to the transformation, there will be a return of qualia or subjective experiences to those present prior to the transform. A transformation of this type that has long been of philosophical (...)
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  32. David Cole (1989). The Progress of Philosophy and Rationality of Philosophy as a Cognitive Enterprise. Teaching Philosophy 12 (3):268-270.
  33. David J. Cole (1984). Thought and Thought Experiments. Philosophical Studies 45 (May):431-44.
    Thought experiments have been used by philosophers for centuries, especially in the study of personal identity where they appear to have been used extensively and indiscriminately. Despite their prevalence, the use of thought experiments in this area of philosophy has been criticized in recent times. Bernard Williams criticizes the conclusions that are drawn from some experiments, and retells one of these experiments from a different perspective, a retelling which leads to a seemingly opposing result. Wilkes criticizes the method of thought (...)
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  34. David J. Cole & F. Foelber (1984). Contingent Materialism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65:74-85.
     
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  35. David J. Cole (1979). Meaning and Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 36 (3):329 - 331.
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  36. David Cole, A Defence of Mill's Theory of Names.
    Michael Devitt and Kim Sterelny, in their text _Language and Reality: An Introduction to Philosophy of Language_, rehearse four well-known arguments against Mill's theory. They conclude that we should follow Frege and postulate senses; the only other alternative is to follow Meinong and Lewis and inflate ontology. I will defend Mill's theory and try to show how we can respond to each of the four objections without postulating senses or inflating ontology.
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  37. David Cole, Critique of Arguments Against Images as a Medium of Thought.
    The Way of Ideas died an ignoble death, committed to the flames by behaviorist empiricists. Ideas, pictures in the head, perished with the Way. By the time those empiricists were supplanted at the helm by functionalists and causal theorists, a revolution had taken place in linguistics and the last thing anyone wanted to do was revive images as the medium of thought. Currently, some but not all cognitive scientists think that there probably are mental images - experiments in cognitive psychology (...)
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  38. David Cole, The Return of the Evil Genius.
    Descartes refuted skepticism in 1641. George Berkeley refuted skepticism in 1710. O.K. Bouwsma refuted skepticism in 1949. Hilary Putnam refuted skepticism in 1981. The locus classicus for the form of skepticism refuted is Descartes' Meditations -- which also goes on to set out a famous realist refutation of skepticism. Indeed, Descartes is the principal inventor of the philosophic enterprise of skepticism refutation so central to Modern philosophy and its epistemic preoccupations. What the cited successors of Descartes and many others have (...)
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  39. David Cole, Against Derived Intentionality.
    Intentionality is a property of an important class of things: things that represent, or are about something. Thus a belief or sentence or story is about something, a painting or photo is of something, a sign is a sign of something, and a desire is a desire for something. These disparate things all display intentionality. They have content; they represent some state of affairs beyond themselves. The represented state of affairs need not be actual, and is not in the cases (...)
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  40. David Cole, Note on Analyticity and the Definability of "Bachelor".
    Those who have a brief against the analytic-synthetic distinction raise problems for what seem to supporters of the distinction to be some of the clearest cases. That bachelors are unmarried seems to many to be analytically true. But to hold this seems to imply that there is a definition of "bachelor" that includes being unmarried. But critics of the analytic-synthetic distinction, such as Jerry Fodor, deny that there are true definitions (reportive, not stipulative). So there can be no definition of (...)
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  41. David J. Cole, Natural Language and Natural Meaning.
    In Book II of the _Essay_, at the beginning of his discussion of language in Chapter II ("Of the Signification of Words"), John Locke writes that we humans have a variety of thoughts which might profit others, but that unfortunately these thoughts lie invisible and hidden from others. And so we use language to communicate these thoughts. As a result, "words, in their primary or immediate signification,stand for nothing but _the ideas in the mind of him that uses them_.
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  42. David J. Cole, Pinker on the Thinker: Against Mentalese Monopoly.
    thought and problem solving in persons lacking natural language altogether would be a decisive challenge, but there is no clear evidence of any abstract thinking capabilities similar to those evinced by the scientists. Pinker cites languageless persons rebuilding broken locks - this is evidence of perhaps visual imagery, but not mentalese (at least not without quite a bit more detail and argument than we are given). Spiders, e.g., build marvelous things, but no inference to spiderese appears to be warranted. There (...)
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  43. David Cole, Formalism, Realism, and the War on Drugs.
    One of the ways our legal system has avoided confronting this ugly reality is through a commitment to legal formalism. Legal formalism allows us to ignore the social determinants that my AUSA friend saw every day as he prosecuted federal drug cases. As my colleague Professor Michael Seidman has suggested, legal formalism, which has been effectively critiqued and displaced by legal realism in many other areas of law, continues to exercise considerable influence over the way we think about criminal law. (...)
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  44. David J. Cole, Inverted Spectrum Arguments.
    Formerly a spectral apparition that haunted behaviorism and provided a puzzle about our knowledge of other minds, the inverted spectrum possibility has emerged as an important challenge to functionalist accounts of qualia. The inverted spectrum hypothesis raises the possibility that two individuals might think and behave in the same way yet have different qualia. The traditional supposition is of an individual who has a subjective color spectrum that is inverted with regard to that had by other individuals. When he looks (...)
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  45. David J. Cole, Hearing Yourself Think: Natural Language, Inner Speech, and Thought.
    "Mantras were not viewed as the only means of expressing truth, however. Thought, which was defined as internalized speech, offered yet another aspect of truth. And if words and thoughts designated different aspects of truth, or reality, then there had to be an underlying unity behind all phenomena" (S. A. Nigosian 1994: World Faiths, p. 84).
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