Carlo Penco University of Genoa (Italy)
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  • Faculty, University of Genoa (Italy)

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My philosophical views


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My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

QuestionAnswerComments
A priori knowledge: yes or no?Accept: yesHow could I think, otherwise? [the comma is on purpose]
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Lean toward: nominalism"nominalism" and "platonism" are too old categories for our abstract stuff; they are too remiscent of: "onta" or "legomena"? Bu we may use "existence" as "what can be derived in a proof", and there are many kinds of proofs (something like that in Wittgenstein's remarks). Certainly a name is not enough to justify an abstract object, but an abstract object is enough to justify the use of a proper name (square root of 2, for instance).
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Lean toward: objectiveignorance may make us give value to horrible things
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept: yesCertainly yes, as Quine also does - just with some restrictions:)
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: internalism
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Reject allIf somebody will give us a clear concept of "internal world" the question could be answered. But I have no idea of what an internal world might be.
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Lean toward: compatibilism
God: theism or atheism?There is no fact of the matter
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Accept: rationalismno inference, no knowledge
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Accept: contextualismin this context there is no other chance.
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Lean toward: non-Humeanand miracles follow the laws of nature, if you get to know them better...
Logic: classical or non-classical?Accept boththey are logics, aren't they?
Mental content: internalism or externalism?Reject bothold fashioned debate;we need definitions of mental contents which avoid such a bold dichotomy
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Lean toward: moral anti-realism"omnia munda mundis" sounds an anti-realistic stance in meta ethics
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?There is no fact of the matterThere are too many theories behind both naturalism and non-naturalism. If non-naturalism is to accept the relevance and non reducibility of the normative to neurological features of the brain, well I lean towards non naturalism. If non naturalism is to accept some "reality" not grounded on natural facts, then I lean towards naturalism.
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept an intermediate viewis anomalous monism physicalist?
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Lean toward: cognitivism
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Lean toward: externalismsometimes motivations come after judgements
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Accept: one boxno rational ground for that; just a feeling and a disposition to guess.
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Lean toward: virtue ethics
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Lean toward: representationalism
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Accept: psychological view
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?The question is too unclear to answer
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Accept: Fregean
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Lean toward: scientific realismIt depends very much on which science is concerned; we cannot discard Einstein's worries too easily (physics); at the same time we cannot discard Wittgenstein's attitude towards mathematics (anti-realism)
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?Lean toward: survivalHave you seen "Space Balls"?
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Lean toward: switchunless I know personally the person who will be damaged; that would make a real difference
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Lean toward: deflationary
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Reject one, undecided between othershow could we say that something logically possible is inconceivable?