Daniel von Wachter International Academy of Philosophy
blank
About me
Method: clear answers to clear philosophical questions. Like other disciplines, philosophy ought to try to describe things in themselves. No linguistic or semantic methods. Tradition: Analytic in the wide sense of giving clear answers to clear philosophical questions and defending them with arguments. Not analytic in the narrow sense of the linguistic turn or of using linguistics or semantics in philosophy. I see myself in the tradition of realist, scientific philosophy as represented by Anselm of Canterbury, Christoph Scheibler, Joseph Butler, Christian Thomasius, August Herman Crusius, Martin Knutzen, Johann Friedrich Herbart, Bernard Bolzano, Immanuel Hermann Fichte, Herman Ulrici, Edmund Husserl, Roman Ingarden, Adolf Reinach, Max Scheler, Alexander Pfänder.
My works
64 items found.
Sort by:
  1. Daniel von Wachter, Armstrongian Particulars with Necessary Properties.
    David Armstrong has argued that the properties of a thing are parts of it and predications are necessary. This article criticises this view and presents and alternative.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Daniel von Wachter, The Tendency Theory of Causation.
    I propose a non-Humean theory of causation with “tendencies” as causal connections. Not, however, as “necessary connexions”: causes are not sufficient, they do not necessitate their effects. The theory is designed to be, not an analysis of the concept of causation, but a description of what is the case in typical cases of causa-tion. I therefore call it a metaphysical theory of causation, as opposed to a semantic one.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Daniel von Wachter, What Is Possible?
    This paper argues that there are true synthetic modal claims and that modal questions in philosophy are to be interpreted not in terms of logical necessity but in terms of synthetic necessity. I begin by sketching the debate about modality between logical empiricism and phenome-nology. Logical empiricism taught us to equate analyticity and neces-sity. The now common view is that analytic statements are necessary in the narrow sense but that there is also necessity in a wider sense. I argue against (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Daniel von Wachter (2012). Kein Gehirnereignis kann ein späteres festlegen. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66 (3):393--408.
    The claim of this article is that no event can determine a later event and that in this sense there cannot be sufficient causes. Therefore the causal structure of the world does not exclude free will, even if there are no chance processes.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Review Of: Mark Johnston, Saving God: Religion After Idolatry. [REVIEW] Dialectica 65:286-292.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Saving God: Religion After Idolatry – By Mark Johnston. [REVIEW] Dialectica 65 (2):286-292.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Belief, Knowledge, and Omniscience. Review Of: Paul Weingartner: Omniscience. Grazer Philosophische Studien 83:267--279.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Daniel von Wachter (2011). Do the Results of Divine Actions Have Preceding Causes? European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (2):347-367.
    If God brings about an event in the universe, does it have a preceding cause? For example, if the universe began with the Big Bang and if God brought it about, did the Big Bang then have a preceding cause? The standard answer is: yes, it was caused by a divine willing. I propose an alternative view: God’s actions, unlike human actions, are not initiated by willings, undertakings, or volitions, but God brings about the intended event directly. Presenting a solution (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Daniel von Wachter (2010). Roman Ingarden's Theory of Causation Revised. Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):183-196.
    This article presents Roman Ingarden’s theory of causation, as developed in volume III of The Controversy about the Existence of the World, and defends analternative which uses some important insights of Ingarden. It rejects Ingarden’s claim that a cause is simultaneous with its effect and that a cause necessitates its effect. It uses Ingarden’s notion of ‘inclinations’ and accepts Ingarden’s claim that an event cannot necessitate a later event.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Daniel von Wachter (2010). Buchbesprechung: Ch. Weidemann: Die Unverzichtbarkeit natürlicher Theologie. [REVIEW] Philosophisches Jahrbuch 117:436--440.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Daniel von Wachter (2010). Roman Ingarden's Theory of Causation Revised. Polish Journal of Philosophy 4:182--196.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Daniel von Wachter (2009). What Kind of Modality Does the Materialist Need for His Supervenience Claim? In Alexander Battyany & E. Elitzur (eds.), Irreducibly Conscious. Selected Papers on Consciousness. Winter.
    Materialists who do not deny the existence of mental phenomena usually claim that the mental supervenes on the physical, i.e. that there cannot be a change in the mental life of a man without there being a change in the man's body. This modal claim is usually understood in terms of logical necessity. I argue that this is a mistake, resulting from assumptions inherited from logical empiricism, and that it should be understood in terms of synthetic necessity.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Daniel von Wachter (2009). Die kausale Struktur der Welt: Eine philosophische Untersuchung über Verursachung, Naturgesetze, freie Handlungen, Möglichkeit und Gottes kausale Rolle in der Welt. Alber.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Daniel von Wachter (2009). Wie hätte etwas anderes geschehen können als das, was geschehen ist? Erwägen, Wissen, Ethik 20:66-68.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Daniel von Wachter (2009). What Kind of Modality Does the Materialist Need for His Supervenience Claim? In Batthyany & A. A. Elitzur (eds.), Irreducibly Conscious: Selected Papers on Consciousness. Universitã¤Tsverlag C. Winter. 15-32.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Daniel von Wachter (2008). Substanzen phänomenologisch untersucht: Roman Ingardens Substanzontologie. In Holger Gutschmidt, Antonella Lang-Balestra & Gianluigi Segalerba (eds.), Substantia - Sic Et Non: Eine Geschichte des Substanzbegriffs von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart in Einzelbeiträgen. Ontos Verlag. 473-488.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Daniel von Wachter (2008). Zwischen Unbegreiflichkeit und Skeptizismus, Rezension von: P. Kügler, Übernatürlich und unbegreifbar. Religiöse Transzendenz aus philosophischer Sicht. [REVIEW] Grazer Philosophische Studien 76:290-294.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Daniel von Wachter (2008). Zwischen Unbegreiflichkeit und Skeptizismus. [REVIEW] Grazer Philosophische Studien 76:290-294.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Daniel von Wachter (2007). God as Substance Without Substance Ontology. In Christian Kanzian & Muhammed Legenhausen (eds.), Substance and Attribute: Western and Islamic Traditions in Dialogue.
    This article spells out the reasons for calling God a substance and argues that theism nevertheless does not require substance ontology. It is compatible with an alternative ontology which I call stuff ontology.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Daniel von Wachter (2007). God as Substance Without Substance Ontology. In Christian Kanzian & Muhammed Legenhausen (eds.), Substance and Attribute: Western and Islamic Traditions in Dialogue. Ontos Verlag. 237-245, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    Theism does not require substance ontology but is compatible with an alternative ontology which I call stuff ontology.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Daniel von Wachter (2007). Philosophy of Religion in Protestant Theology. In P. Copan & C. Meister (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Routledge. 487-497.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Daniel von Wachter (2006). Why the Argument From Causal Closure Against the Existence of Immaterial Things is Bad. In H. J. Koskinen, R. Vilkko & S. Philström (eds.), Science - A Challenge to Philosophy? Peter Lang.
    Some argue for materialism claiming that a physical event cannot have a non-physical cause, or by claiming the 'Principle of Causal Closure' to be true. This I call a 'Sweeping Naturalistic Argument'. This article argues against this. It describes what it would be for a material event to have an immaterial cause.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Daniel von Wachter (2006). Review Of: Bergmann, Gustav, Collected Works Vol. I. [REVIEW] In M. C. Galavotti (ed.), Cambridge and Vienna. Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, Vol. 12). 219-222, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Daniel von Wachter (2006). Rezension von: H. Deuser, Gottesinstinkt: Semiotische Religionstheorie und Pragmatismus. [REVIEW] Theologische Literaturzeitung 131:905-907.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Daniel von Wachter (2006). Why the Argument From Causal Closure Against the Existence of Immaterial Things is Bad. In H. J. Koskinen, R. Vilkko & S. PhilströM. (eds.), Science - a Challenge to Philosophy? Peter Lang. 113-124.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Institutionen Als Ingardensche Intentionale Gegenstände. In Gerhard Schã¶Nrich (ed.), Institutionen Und Ihre Ontologie. Ontos Verlag. 61.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like. In Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (ed.), Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos. 55.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Roman Ingarden’s Ontology: Existential Dependence, Substances, Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like. In A. Chrudzimski (ed.), Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos.
    About the ontology of the Polish philosopher Roman Ingarden, as presented in his treatise 'The Controversy about the Existence of the World'.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos Verlag.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Göttliche Kreativität: Die vielen Weisen, auf die Gott Ereignisse geschehen lassen könnte. In G. Abel (ed.), Kreativität, Band 1. Universitã¤Tsverlag der Tu Berlin. 245-253, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Institutionen als Ingardensche intentionale Gegenstände. In G. Schörich (ed.), Institutionen und ihre Ontologie. Ontos Verlag. 61-72, http://epub.ub.uni-muench.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Materialismus ohne logische Supervenienz. In O. Neumaier, C. Sedmak & M. Zichy (eds.), Philosophische Perspektiven: Beiträge zum VII. Internationalen Kongreß der ÖGP. Ontos Verlag. 390-395, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Roman Ingarden's Ontology: Existential Dependence, Substances, Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like. In Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos Verlag. 55-82.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Daniel von Wachter (2005). Review Of: Alan Sell, Mill on God. [REVIEW] The Expository Times 116:352-353, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Daniel von Wachter (2004). Ontologie und Semantologie. In Mark Siebel & Markus Textor (eds.), Semantik Und Ontologie: Beiträge Zur Philosophischen Forschung. Ontos Verlag. 267.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Daniel von Wachter (2004). The Ontological Turn Misunderstood: How to Misunderstand David Armstrong’s Theory of Possibility. Metaphysica 5:105-114.
    This article argues that there is a great divide between semantics and metaphysics. Much of what is called metaphysics today is still stuck in the linguistic turn. This is illustrated by showing how Fraser MacBride misunderstands David Armstrong's theory of modality.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Daniel von Wachter (2004). Ontologie und Semantologie. In M. Siebel & M. Textor (eds.), Ontologie und Semantik. Ontos Verlag. 267-279.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Daniel von Wachter (2004). The Ontological Turn Misunderstood: How to Misunderstand David Armstrong's Theory of Possibility. Metaphysica 5 (2):105-114, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Agent Causation Before and After the Ontological Turn. In Edmund Runggaldier, Christian Kanzian & Josef Quitterer (eds.), Persons: An Interdisciplinary Approach. öbvhpt.
    Chisholm's theory of agent causation is criticised. An alternative theory of agent causation is proposed.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Free Agents as Cause. In K. Petrus (ed.), On Human Persons. Heusenstamm Nr Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag.
    This article argues that agents can initiate causal processes.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Daniel von Wachter (2003). How a Philosophical Theory of Causation May Help in Ontological Engineering. Comparative and Functional Genomics 4 (1):111-114.
    The tendency theory of causation and its use in ontological engineering is described.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Agent Causation: Before and After the Ontological Turn. In C. Kanzian, J. Quitterer & E. Runggaldier (eds.), Persons: An Interdisciplinary Approach. öBvhpt. 276-278.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Daniel von Wachter (2003). Free Agents as Cause. In K. Petrus (ed.), On Human Persons. Ontos Verlag. 183-194.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Daniel von Wachter (2003). How a Philosophical Theory of Causation May Help in Ontological Engineering. Comparative and Functional Genomics 4 (1):111-114.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Daniel von Wachter (2002). The Necessity of God's Existence. In A. Beckermann & C. Nimtz (eds.), Argument & Analyse. Mentis. 516-525, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    It is spelled out in which sense God exists necessarily. Some contemporary accounts are criticised.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Daniel von Wachter (2002). David Armstrong. Information Philosophie 5:24-29, http://epub.ub.uni-muench.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Daniel von Wachter (2001). Die Notwendigkeit der Existenz Gottes. Metaphysica 2:55-81.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Daniel von Wachter (2001). Die Notwendigkeit der Existenz Gottes. Metaphysica 2:55-81.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Daniel von Wachter (2000). A World of Fields. In J. Faye, U. Scheffler & M. Urchs (eds.), Things, Facts and Events. Rhodopi. 305-326.
    Trope ontology is exposed and confronted with the question where one trope ends and another begins. It is argued that tropes do not have determinate boundaries, it is arbitrary how tropes are carved up. An ontology, which I call field ontology, is proposed which takes this into account. The material world consists of a certain number of fields, each of which is extended over all of space. It is shown how field ontology can also tackle the problem of determinable properties (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Daniel von Wachter (2000). A World of Fields. In Jan Faye, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Things, Facts and Events. Rodopi. 305-325.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  51. Daniel von Wachter (2000). Dinge und Eigenschaften: Versuch zur Ontologie. Verlag J.H. Röll.
    Discusses Armstrong's and Roman Ingarden's ontology, criticises substance ontology, and defends tropes and a field ontology.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  52. Daniel von Wachter (2000). Synthetische Notwendigkeit. Metaphysica Sonderheft 1:155-177.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  53. Daniel von Wachter (1999). What has Necessity to Do with Analyticity? In Uwe Meixner (ed.), Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. öbvhpt.
    This article discusses how the words 'necessary' and 'analytic' are suitably used in philosophy. It is argued that analytic statements should not be called 'necessary'.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  54. Daniel von Wachter (1999). Ein bemerkenswerter Unterschied zwischen Personen und Schiffen. In E. Runggaldier & W. Löffler (eds.), Vielfalt und Konvergenz der Philosophie. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. 243-247, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    Argues that persons have determinate conditions of diachronic identity, but not material things do not. That is evidence for the soul.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  55. Daniel von Wachter (1999). What has Necessity to Do with Analyticity? In Uwe Meixner (ed.), Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age. öBvhpt. 326-330, http://epub.ub.uni-muen.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  56. Daniel von Wachter (1998). On Doing Without Relations. Erkenntnis 48 (2/3):355-358.
    Internal relations are nothing over and above the terms of the relation.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  57. Daniel von Wachter (1998). On Doing Without Relations. Erkenntnis 48:355-358.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  58. Daniel von Wachter (1996). Weshalb analytische Urteile kontingent und a posteriori sind. In A. Schramm (ed.), Philosophie in Österreich 1996. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. 227-230.
    Analytic judgements are contingent and a posteriori.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  59. Daniel von Wachter (1994). Wo es Notwendigkeit nicht gibt. Kontroversen 6:3-28.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  60. Daniel von Wachter, How to Turn From Language Back to Things in Themselves.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  61. Daniel von Wachter, Libet's Experiment Provides No Evidence Against Strong Libertarian Free Will Because It Investigates the Wrong Kind of Action.
    While other philosophers have pointed out that Libet’s experiment is compatible with compatibilist free will and also with some kinds of libertarian free will, this article ar- gues that it is even compatible with strong libertarian free will, i.e. a person’s ability to initiate causal processes. It is widely believed that Libet’s experiment has shown that all our actions have preceding unconscious causes. This article argues that Libet’s claim that the actions he invest- igated are voluntary is false. They are (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  62. Daniel von Wachter, Libet's Experiment Provides No Evidence Against Strong Libertarian Free Will Because Readiness Potentials Do Not Cause Our Actions.
    This article argues against Benjamin Libet’s claim that his experiment has shown that our actions are caused by brain events which begin before we decide and before we even think about the action. It assumes, contra the com- patibilists and pro Libet, that this claim is incompatible with free will. It clarifies what exactly should be meant by saying that the readiness potential causes, initiates, or pre- pares an action. It shows why Libet’s experiment does not support his claim and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  63. Daniel von Wachter, The Tendency Theory of Causation.
    A theory of causation with ‘tendencies’ as causal con- nections is proposed. Not, however, as ‘necessary connec- tions’: causes are not sufficient, they do not necessitate their effects. The theory is not an analysis of the concept of causation, but a description of what is the case in typical cases of causation. Therefore it does not strictly contradict any analysis of the concept of causation, not even reduct- ive ones. It would even be supported by a counterfactual or a probabilistic (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  64. Daniel von Wachter, What is Possible?
    This paper argues that there are true synthetic modal claims and that modal questions in philosophy in general are to be interpreted not in terms of logical necessity but in terms of syn- thetic necessity. I begin by sketching the debate about modality between logical empiricism and phenomenology. Logical empiri- cism taught us to equate being tautological with being necessary. The now common view is that tautologies are necessary in the narrow sense but that there is also necessity in a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Is this list right?