Stephen Leeds University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
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  • Faculty, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1970.

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  1. Malcolm R. Forster, I. A. Kieseppä, Dan Hausman, Alexei Krioukov, Stephen Leeds, Alan Macdonald & Larry Shapiro (forthcoming). The Conceptual Role of 'Temperature'in Statistical Mechanics: Or How Probabilistic Averages Maximize Predictive Accuracy. Philosophy of Science.
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  2. Stephen Leeds (2008). Causation, Physics and the Constitution of Reality: Russell's Republic Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):688 – 690.
    (2008). Causation, Physics and the Constitution of Reality: Russell's Republic Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 86, No. 4, pp. 688-690.
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  3. Stephen Leeds (2007). Correspondence Truth and Scientific Realism. Synthese 159 (1):1 - 21.
    I argue that one good reason for Scientific Realists to be interested in correspondence theories is the hope they offer us of being able to state and defend realistic theses in the face of well-known difficulties about modern physics: such theses as, that our theories are approximately true, or that they will tend to approach the truth. I go on to claim that this hope is unlikely to be fulfilled. I suggest that Realism can still survive in the face of (...)
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  4. Stephen Leeds (2007). Juhl on Many Worlds. Noûs 41 (3):536–549.
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  5. Stephen Leeds (2007). Physical and Metaphysical Necessity. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (4):458–485.
    I propose a different way of thinking about metaphysical and physical necessity: namely that the fundamental notion of necessity is what would ordinarily be called "truth in all physically possible worlds" – a notion which includes the standard physical necessities and the metaphysical ones as well; I suggest that the latter are marked off not as a stricter kind of necessity but by their epistemic status. One result of this reconceptualization is that the Descartes-Kripke argument against naturalism need no longer (...)
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  6. Stephen Leeds (2006). Discussion: Malament on Time Reversal. Philosophy of Science 73 (4):448-458.
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  7. Stephen Leeds (2003). Foundations of Statistical Mechanics—Two Approaches. Philosophy of Science 70 (1):126-144.
    This paper is a discussion of David Albert's approach to the foundations of classical statistical menchanics. I point out a respect in which his account makes a stronger claim about the statistical mechanical probabilities than is usually made, and I suggest what might be motivation for this. I outline a less radical approach, which I attribute to Boltzmann, and I give some reasons for thinking that this approach is all we need, and also the most we are likely to get. (...)
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  8. Stephen Leeds (2002). Perception, Transparency, and the Language of Thought. Noûs 36 (1):104-129.
  9. Stephen Leeds (2001). Possibility: Physical and Metaphysical. In Carl Gillett & Barry M. Loewer (eds.), Physicalism and Its Discontents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  10. Stephen Leeds (2000). A Disquotationalist Looks at Vagueness. Philosophical Topics 28 (1):107--28.
  11. Stephen Leeds (2000). Tooley on Causation and Probabilities. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):223 – 230.
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  12. Stephen Leeds (1999). Gauges: Aharonov, Bohm, Yang, Healey. Philosophy of Science 66 (4):606-627.
    I defend the interpretation of the Aharonov-Bohm effect originally advanced by Aharonov and Bohm, i.e., that it is caused by an interaction between the electron and the vector potential. The defense depends on taking the fiber bundle formulation of electrodynamics literally, or almost literally.
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  13. Stephen Leeds (1997). Incommensurability and Vagueness. Noûs 31 (3):385-407.
  14. S. Leeds (1996). Brains in Vats Revisited. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 77 (2):108-131.
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  15. Stephen Leeds (1996). Review: Kevin T. Kelly, Oliver Schulte, The Computable Testability of Theories Making Uncomputable Predictions. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (3):1049-1049.
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  16. Stephen Leeds & Richard Healey (1996). A Note on Van Fraassen's Modal Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):91-104.
  17. Stephen Leeds (1995). Holes and Determinism: Another Look. Philosophy of Science 62 (3):425-437.
    I argue that Earman and Norton's familiar "hole argument" raises questions as to whether GTR is a deterministic theory only given a certain assumption about determinism: namely, that to ask whether a theory is deterministic is to ask about the physical situations described by the theory. I think this is a mistake: whether a theory is deterministic is a question about what sentences can be proved within the theory. I show what these sentences look like: for interesting theories, a harmless (...)
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  18. Stephen Leeds (1995). Truth, Correspondence, and Success. Philosophical Studies 79 (1):1 - 36.
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  19. Stephen Leeds (1995). Wheeler--Feynman Again: A Reply to Price. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (3):381-383.
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  20. Stephen Leeds (1994). A Note on Pollock's System of Direct Inference. Theory and Decision 36 (3):247-256.
  21. Stephen Leeds (1994). Constructive Empiricism. Synthese 101 (2):187 - 221.
    Constructive Empiricism, the view introduced in The Scientific Image, is a view of science, an answer to the question “what is science?” Arthur Fine’s and Paul Teller’s contributions to this symposium challenge especially two key ideas required to formu- late that view, namely the observable/unobservable and accept- ance/belief distinctions. I wish to thank them not only for their insightful critique but also for the support they include. For they illuminate and counter some misunderstandings of Constructive Empiricism along the way. That (...)
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  22. Stephen Leeds (1994). Price on the Wheeler-Feynman Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):288-294.
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  23. Stephen Leeds (1993). Qualia, Awareness, Sellars. Noûs 27 (3):303-330.
  24. Stephen Leeds (1990). Levi's Decision Theory. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):158-168.
    Suppose my utilities are representable by a set of utility assignments, each defined for atomic sentences; suppose my beliefs are representable by a set of probability assignments. Then each of my utility assignments together with each of my probability assignments will determine a utility assignment to non-atomic sentences, in a familiar way. This paper is concerned with the question, whether I am committed to all the utility assignments so constructible. Richard Jeffrey (1984) says (in effect) "no", Isaac Levi (1974) says (...)
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  25. Stephen Leeds (1989). Malament and Zabell on Gibbs Phase Averaging. Philosophy of Science 56 (2):325-340.
    In their paper "Why Gibbs Phase Averages Work--The Role of Ergodic Theory" (1980), David Malament and Sandy Zabell attempt to explain why phase averaging over the microcanonical ensemble gives correct predictions for the values of thermodynamic observables, for an ergodic system at equilibrium. Their idea is to bypass the traditional use of limit theorems, by relying on a uniqueness result about the microcanonical measure--namely, that it is uniquely stationary translation-continuous. I argue that their explanation begs questions about the relationship between (...)
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  26. Stephen Leeds (1985). Postscript to 'a Problem About Frequencies in Direct Inference'. Philosophical Studies 48 (1):149 - 152.
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  27. Stephen Leeds, John L. Pollock & Henry E. Kyburg (1985). A Problem About Frequencies in Direct Inference. Philosophical Studies 48 (1):137 - 140.
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  28. Stephen Leeds (1984). Chance, Realism, Quantum Mechanics. Journal of Philosophy 81 (10):567-578.
  29. Stephen Leeds (1984). Eells and Jeffrey on Newcomb's Problem. Philosophical Studies 46 (1):97 - 107.
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  30. Stephen Leeds (1981). Kyburg and Fiducial Inference. Philosophy of Science 48 (1):78-91.
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  31. Stephen Leeds (1980). Review: Wilfrid Hodges, Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (2):382-383.
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  32. Stephen Leeds (1979). Church's Translation Argument. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):43 - 51.
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  33. S. Leeds (1978). Theories of Truth and Reference. Erkenntnis 13 (1):111--129.
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  34. Stephen Leeds (1978). Quine on Properties and Meanings. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):97-108.
  35. Stephen Leeds (1978). Theories of References and Truth. Erkenntnis 13 (1):111 - 129.
  36. Stephen Leeds (1977). Review: George Boolos, Richard Jeffrey, Computability and Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (4):585-586.
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  37. Stephen Leeds (1975). A Note on Craigian Instrumentalism. Journal of Philosophy 72 (7):177-184.
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  38. Stephen Leeds (1975). Review: Yoemon Sampei, On the Complete Basis for the $Delta^1_2$ Sets. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):243-243.
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  39. Stephen Leeds (1975). Review: Yoemon Sampei, On the Principle of Effective Choice and its Applications. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):243-244.
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  40. Stephen Leeds (1975). Two Senses of 'Appears Red'. Philosophical Studies 28 (September):199-205.
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  41. Stephen Leeds (1973). How to Think About Reference. Journal of Philosophy 70 (15):485-503.
  42. Stephen Leeds (1973). Understanding Understanding. International Philosophical Quarterly 13 (4):586-588.
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  43. Luc Bovens & Stephen Leeds, The Epistemology of Social Facts: The Evidential Value of Personal Experience Versus Testimony.
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