L.W. Sumner University of Toronto
Contact
  • No contact info.

Affiliations
  • Faculty, University of Toronto
  • PhD, Princeton University, 1965.

Areas of specialization
  • None specified

Areas of interest

blank
About me
Not much to say..
My works
62 items found.
Sort by:
  1. L. W. Sumner (forthcoming). The Criterion of Sentience. Bioethics: Readings and Cases.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. L. W. Sumner (forthcoming). Welfare, Happiness &. Ethics.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. L. W. Sumner (2013). Ishani Maitra and Mary Kate McGowan (Eds.), Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech. Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):710-718.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. L. W. Sumner (2013). Rawls and the Contract Theory of Civil Disobedience. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (sup1):1-48.
    (1977). Rawls and the Contract Theory of Civil Disobedience. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 7, Supplementary Volume 3: New Essays on Contract Theory, pp. 1-48.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. L. W. Sumner (2013). Reply to Williams. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-5.
    In her review of my book Assisted Death: A Study in Ethics and Law, Glenys Williams raises a number of substantive objections to its argument. In this note I reply to those objections.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. L. W. Sumner (2011). Assisted Death: A Study in Ethics and Law. Oxford University Press.
    In this timely book L.W. Sumner addresses these issues within the wider context of palliative care for patients in the dying process.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. L. W. Sumner (2011). Criminalizing Expression : Hate Speech and Obscenity. In John Deigh & David Dolinko (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of the Criminal Law. Oxford University Press.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. L. W. Sumner (2006). Utility and Capability. Utilitas 18 (1):1-19.
    When Amartya Sen defends his capability theory of well-being he contrasts it with the utility theory advocated by the classical utilitarians, including John Stuart Mill. Yet a closer examination of the two theories reveals that they are much more similar than they appear. Each theory can be interpreted in either a subjective or an objective way. When both are interpreted subjectively the differences between them are slight, and likewise for the objective interpretations. Finally, whatever differences may remain are less important (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. L. W. Sumner (2006). Utility and Capability. Utilitas 18 (1):1-19.
    When Amartya Sen defends his capability theory of well-being he contrasts it with the utility theory advocated by the classical utilitarians, including John Stuart Mill. Yet a closer examination of the two theories reveals that they are much more similar than they appear. Each theory can be interpreted in either a subjective or an objective way. When both are interpreted subjectively the differences between them are slight, and likewise for the objective interpretations. Finally, whatever differences may remain are less important (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. L. W. Sumner (2005). Critical Notice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):623-640.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. L. W. Sumner (2005). Freedom of Commercial Expression. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):623-640.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. L. W. Sumner (2002). Happiness Now and Then. Apeiron 35 (4):21-40.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. L. W. Sumner, John G. Slater & Marcus Singer (2002). Timothy LS Sprigge. In Leemon McHenry, P. Dematteis & P. Fosl (eds.), British Philosophers, 1800-2000. Bruccoli Clark Layman. 262--266.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. L. W. Sumner, J. Boyle & R. Barcaro (1999). Recensioni/Reviews-Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. Epistemologia 22 (2):356-3480.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. L. W. Sumner (1998). Fred Feldman, Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral Philosophy:Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert: Essays in Moral Philosophy. Ethics 109 (1):176-179.
  16. L. W. Sumner (1998). Is Virtue Its Own Reward? Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (01):18-36.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. L. W. Sumner (1997). Moderate Views of Abortion. Advances in Bioethics 2:203.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. L. W. Sumner (1996). Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Moral philosophers agree that welfare matters. But they disagree about what it is, or how much it matters. In this vital new work, Wayne Sumner presents an original theory of welfare, investigating its nature and discussing its importance. He considers and rejects all notable theories of welfare, both objective and subjective, including hedonism and theories founded on desire or preference. His own theory connects welfare closely with happiness or life satisfaction. Reacting against the value pluralism that currently dominates moral philosophy, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. L. W. Sumner (1996). Why the Numbers Count. Dialogue 35 (02):375-.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. L. W. Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.) (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press.
    How are we to understand the role of bioethics in the health care system, government, and academe? This collection of original essays raises these and other questions about the nature of bioethics as a discipline.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. L. W. Sumner (1995). Book Review:Creation and Abortion. Frances Myrna Kamm. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (2):426-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. L. W. Sumner (1995). The Subjectivity of Welfare. Ethics 105 (4):764-790.
  23. L. W. Sumner (1993). Conrad D. Johnson, Moral Legislation: A Legal-Political Model for Indirect Consequentialist Reasoning, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991, Pp. 232. Utilitas 5 (01):122-.
  24. L. W. Sumner (1992). Welfare, Happiness, and Pleasure. Utilitas 4 (02):199-.
    Time and philosophical fashion have not been kind to hedonism. After flourishing for three centuries or so in its native empiricist habitat, it has latterly all but disappeared from the scene. Does it now merit even passing attention, for other than nostalgic purposes? Like endangered species, discredited ideas do sometimes manage to make a comeback. Is hedonism due for a revival of this sort? Perhaps it is overly optimistic to think that it could ever flourish again in its original form; (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. L. W. Sumner (1992). Two Theories of the Good. Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (02):1-.
    Suppose that the ultimate point of ethics is to make the world a better place. If it is, we must face the question: better in what respect? If the good is prior to the right that is, if the rationale for all requirements of the right is that they serve to further the good in one way or another then what is this good? Is there a single fundamental value capable of underlying and unifying all of our moral categories? If (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. J. W. Child, A. I. Melden & L. W. Sumner (1990). Rights in Moral Lives.The Moral Foundations of Rights. Philosophical Quarterly 40 (158):112.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. L. W. Sumner (1989). Book Review:Persons, Rights, and the Moral Community. Loren E. Lomasky. [REVIEW] Ethics 99 (3):640-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. L. W. Sumner (1989). Reply to Hurka and Copp. Dialogue 28 (01):149-.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. L. W. Sumner (1988). Animal Welfare and Animal Rights. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):159-175.
    Animal liberationists tend to divide into two mutually antagonistic camps: animal welfarists, who share a utilitarian moral outlook, and animal rightists, who presuppose a structure of basic rights. However, the gap between these groups tends to be exaggerated by their allegiance to oversimplified versions of their favored moral frameworks. For their part, animal rightists should acknowledge that rights, however basic, are also defeasible by appeals to consequences. Contrariwise, animal welfarists should recognize that rights, however derivative, are capable of constraining appeals (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. L. W. Sumner (1988). Joseph Raz, The Morality of Freedom Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 8 (4):149-152.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. L. W. Sumner (1987). Justice Contracted. Dialogue 26 (03):523-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. L. W. Sumner (1987). Positive Sexism. Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (01):204-.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. L. W. Sumner (1987). The Moral Foundation of Rights. Oxford University Press.
    What does it mean for someone to have a moral right to something? What kinds of creatures can have rights, and which rights can they have? While rights are indispensable to our moral and political thinking, they are also mysterious and controversial; as long as these controversies remain unsolved, rights will remain vulnerable to skepticism. Here, Sumner constructs both a coherent concept of a moral right and a workable substantive theory of rights to provide the moral foundation necessary to dispel (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. L. W. Sumner (1986). Abortion and Infanticide. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):527-543.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. L. W. Sumner (1986). A Response to Morris. Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:22-23.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. L. W. Sumner (1986). Subjectivity and Moral Standing. Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:1-15.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. L. W. Sumner (1986). The Ethics of Environmental Concern. Environmental Ethics 8 (1):77-82.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. L. W. Sumner (1985). Derek Parfit, Reasons and Persons Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (7):310-313.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. L. W. Sumner (1985). Sumner on Abortion: Moral Theory and Moral Standing: A Reply to Woods and Soles. Dialogue 24 (04):691-.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. L. W. Sumner (1984). Deliberating on Death. Dialogue 23 (03):503-508.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. L. W. Sumner (1984). The Carnivore Strikes Back. Dialogue 23 (04):661-668.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Stanley S. Kleinberg & L. W. Sumner (1983). Abortion and Moral Theory. Philosophical Quarterly 33 (132):310.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. L. W. Sumner (1982). Does Medical Ethics Have Its Own Theory? Hastings Center Report 12 (4):38-39.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. L. W. Sumner (1981). CL Ten, Mill on Liberty Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 1 (5):229-232.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. L. W. Sumner (1979). Animal Liberation. Environmental Ethics 1 (4):365-370.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. L. W. Sumner (1979). Animal Liberation. Environmental Ethics 1 (4):365-370.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. L. W. Sumner (1979). Critical Notice of Alan Donagan, The Theory of Morality. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):185-194.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. L. W. Sumner (1978). Classical Utilitarianism and the Population Optimum. In Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.), Obligations to Future Generations. White Horse Press. 91--111.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. L. W. Sumner (1978). Ethics: Report of the Consultative Group on Ethics. Ottawa: The Canada Council, 1977. Vi + 34 Pages. $2.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 17 (03):575-581.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. L. W. Sumner (1978). The Moral Status of Animals.By Stephen R.L. Clark. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977. 221 Pages. [REVIEW] Dialogue 17 (03):570-575.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  51. L. W. Sumner (1977). Negativities: The Limits of Life. By Joseph Margolis. Columbus. Ohio: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company. 1975. Pp. Vii, 166. [REVIEW] Dialogue 16 (02):348-352.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  52. L. W. Sumner (1976). A Matter of Life and Death. Noûs 10 (2):145-171.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  53. L. W. Sumner (1975). Catching Up With Castañeda. Dialogue 14 (04):671-685.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  54. L. W. Sumner (1974). More Light on the Later Mill. Philosophical Review 83 (4):504-527.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  55. L. W. Sumner (1974). Toward a Credible View of Abortion. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):163 - 181.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  56. L. W. Sumner (1971). Cooperation, Fairness and Utility. Journal of Value Inquiry 5 (2):105-119.
    In the situations canvassed I have argued that (a) the dominant aim of the utilitarian will be the establishment of a fair procedure, (b) under radical uncertainty cooperation will constitute his best bet, and (c) when he knowsthat all others will cooperate it is still an open question whether he will slack, and if under some conditions he does so he does not then act unfairly. It is wise to bear in mind, however, that an enormous number of possible situations, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  57. L. W. Sumner (1969). Consequences of Utilitarianism. Dialogue 7 (04):639-642.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  58. L. W. Sumner (1968). Morality and Utility. By Jan Narveson. Baltimore; The Johns Hopkins Press; Toronto: Copp Clark Pub. Co. 1967. Pp. Ix, 293. $7.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 7 (02):302-305.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  59. L. W. Sumner (1968). Value Judgments and Action. Mind 77 (307):383-399.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  60. L. W. Sumner (1967). Hare's Arguments Against Ethical Naturalism. Journal of Philosophy 64 (23):779-791.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  61. L. W. Sumner (1967). Normative Ethics and Metaethics. Ethics 77 (2):95-106.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  62. L. W. Sumner (1967). The Revolution in Ethical Theory. By George C. Kerner. Oxford University Press, 1966. Pp. Vi, 254. $4.40. Dialogue 5 (04):649-652.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Is this list right?