Ravinder Rena Auckland Institute of Technology
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  • Faculty, Auckland Institute of Technology
  • PhD, Osmania University, 2001.

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  • None specified

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About me
Dr. Ravinder Rena (an Indian national) is currently working (since March 2008) as the Head of Economics, Department of Business Studies, PNG University of Technology, Papua New Guinea. Dr. Rena is an economic researcher, writer, editor and advisor with 16 years of teaching and research experience both at Indian and African Universities. He earned his Ph.D. from the Dept. of Economics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India, with an achievement of University Gold Medal (for the Best Ph.D. candidates/ thesis in the field of Economics/ Commerce/ Business Management). He obtained totally 6 degrees including: M.A., B.Ed., M.Phil., Ph.D (Economics) from Osmania University and B.A., and LL.B., from Kakatiya University, Warangal, India. Dr. Rena has worked in Eritrea for more than a decade as a Senior Lecturer and Department Head of Economics and Banking August1997- August 2004 at Asmara University, Eritrea. And then Asst. Professor of Economics at Eritrea Institute of Technology September 2004-Janury 2008. He wrote 9 books and the recent Books are: Eritrean Economy: Problems and Prospects for Development; Financial Institutions in Eritrea published by the New African Press in December 2006. He has widely written in the areas of Economics of Education, Globalisation and WTO, Sustainable development, development aid, Information Communication Technologies (ICT) in Education; food security strategies particularly on Eritrea and published over 200 articles(out of which 70 are peer reviewed journal publications). He has published his works in many National and International peer-reviewed Journals. Many of his Publications can be found at www.google.com search engine. Dr. Rena is Editor-in-Chief – for the International Journal Education Economics, and Development (IJEED). He has been working as an Editorial Board Member for many International Journals include: Africa Symposium, International Journal of Scientific Research in Education (IJSRE); Indus Journal of Management and Social Sciences; Indian Journal of Science and Technology etc., He has presented his speech on ‘Clean Technology Diffusion in Developing and emerging Countries’ in the European Patent Forum – 6-7 May 2008 at Ljubljana, Slovenia.
My works
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  1. Ravinder Rena (2008). Women's Enterprise Development in Eritrea Through Microfinance. ICFAI University Journal of Entrepreneurship and Development 5 (3):41-58.
    Women play a key role in economic growth and development, yet they are still discriminated against in economic life. Eritrea has extreme poverty and more than 66 percent of people live below poverty line. Eventually, the number of poor households in the country is high. Many are women-headed households, whose husbands died during the conflicts or who are now serving in the National Service. Women-headed households are particularly vulnerable. The Savings and Micro Credit Program (SMCP) provides major microfinance to women (...)
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  2. Ravinder Rena, Agriculture Development and Food Security Policy in Eritrea - an Analysis.
    The main economic activity of the people of Eritrea is agriculture: crop production and livestock herding. Agriculture mainly comprises mixed farming and some commercial concessions. Most agriculture is rain-fed. The main rain-fed crops are sorghum, millet and sesame, and the main irrigated crops are all horticultural crops like bananas, onions and tomatoes and cotton. The major livestock production constraints are disease, water and feed shortages and agricultural expansion especially in the river frontages. The agricultural sector employs eighty percent of the (...)
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  3. Ravinder Rena, Challenges for Food Security in Eritrea - a Descriptive and Qualitative Analysis.
    Food security is about ensuring that all people at all times have both physical and economic access to the basic food they need. In a number of African countries chronic malnutrition and transitory food insecurity are pervasive. Like most African countries, Eritrea is also a victim of the problem of food insecurity. Based on this historical and recurrent food insecurity in Eritrea, an attempt is made in this paper to assess the possible causes of food insecurity in the country. Furthermore, (...)
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  4. Ravinder Rena, Challenges for Higher Education in Eritrea in the Post-Independent Period to the Present - a Case of Asmara University.
    Eritrean higher education faced numerous challenges over many years. It was particularly suffered during the colonial periods. Eritrea exerted its efforts to develop its dilapidated educational system with the advent of its independence. Eritrea celebrated its sixteenth birthday recently. However, the educational challenges in higher education still remain high. The government of Eritrea established different colleges in different administrative regions. The University of Asmara is the only university in the country that had to be revitalized after its devastation by the (...)
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  5. Ravinder Rena, Distance Education and its Potential for the Red Sea Nation, Eritrea: A Discourse.
    All over the world, distance mode of education is gaining a momentum and becoming more popular than conventional education. It is a system in which schools, universities and other educational agencies offer instruction wholly or partly by mail. Eritrea, a newly independent country in Africa has been facing many challenges particularly in its education sector. It does not have sufficient educational institutions at tertiary level, thus, distance learning which is more cost effective, could be an alternative method of higher education (...)
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  6. Ravinder Rena, Educational Breakthrough in Eritrea: Some Expectations and Outcomes.
    The ongoing national reconstruction process of Eritrea is centered on the educational reformation. The Government of Eritrea has developed educational policy on top priority of national development which demands the emergence of new class of trained youth blended with disciplined mind with skill instead of raw graduation. In this line, it laid down new policies and curricula suit to the immediate national scenario. It had installed about eight colleges at tertiary level within a short span of time to build manpower (...)
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  7. Ravinder Rena, Financing Education and Development in Eritrea - Some Implications.
    Education has long been recognized as a central element in development. The human capital formation is receiving increased attention from policy makers and scholars in different parts of the world particularly in developing countries. Eritrea is a newly born nation in Africa and is striving hard to develop its higher education. An attempt is made in this paper to analyze the sources of finance, the strategies and challenges for higher educational development in the country. Furthermore, the paper also delves the (...)
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  8. Ravinder Rena, Poverty in Post Independent Eritrea - Challenges and Implications.
    Poverty is one of the serious problems of the world. The problem is more severe in Africa. Eritrea is 16 years old young nation got independence from Ethiopia. The economy of the country was quite good during 1993-97. Later, however, Eritrea has been exposed numerous challenges such as drought, famines, war. As a result, the poverty has become more rampant in the country where more than 66 percent people live below poverty line. Some families live on remittances. The government has (...)
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  9. Ravinder Rena, Sectoral Performance in the African Economy - Some Issues and Trends.
    African economies are facing the critical challenge of raising the rate of GDP growth and sustaining high growth rates and thus meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The performance of agriculture is more paradoxical and African exports of industrial goods are dominated by mining and crude oil. The financial systems remain largely underdeveloped both in terms of the size and range of financial instruments and services offered. This article explores the recent growth performance both at the continental and subregional level. (...)
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  10. Ravinder Rena, Trends and Determinants of Poverty in the Horn of Africa - Some Implications.
    The poverty problem is chronic in the Horn of Africa. Majority of the people in the region are suffering from this problem. There are numerous factors that cause poverty in the region. The challenge of poverty reduction in the Horn should therefore address the poverty reduction issues at national, provincial and local levels. A brief survey of literature has been made to enable us understand some theories and models that are related to poverty reduction in the developing economies. This paper (...)
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  11. Ravinder Rena, The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Poverty and Education in Africa.
    This article deals with the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on poverty and education in Africa. It considers the scale and scope of the pandemic and its anticipated impact on education systems in heavily infected sub-Saharan African countries. It looks for lessons derived from twenty years of coping with HIV/AIDS in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The paper concludes by suggesting how the education sector can improve its management response to the pandemic in order to protect education (...)
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  12. Ravinder Rena, The Women Employment in Eritrea - Reflections From Pre and Post-Independence Period.
    The role of Eritrean women in thirty years war of independence brought major changes and reflects in the present demography and economy of Eritrea in the development arena. Their participation in the economy contributes to local production and income by filling the gaps left by men who died in the war or who have left the country and settled in different parts of the world. Despite the growing importance of women for the formal economy, jobs and self-employment opportunities available to (...)
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  13. Ravinder Rena, War-Torn Eritrean Economy - Some Issues and Trends.
    The three decades of armed struggle, the subsequent drought, and deliberate policies of neglect and mismanagement by the last two regimes in Eritrea made growth of the Eritrean economy practically impossible. After independence, the country achieved a steady growth for some years. However, due to the border conflict with Ethiopia, the economy was characterised by severe macroeconomic imbalances and unusually high level of public expenditure. Poverty and inflation also increased many folds. Both domestic and external public debts reached unsustainable levels. (...)
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