Stephen Stich Rutgers University
Contact

Affiliations
  • Faculty, Rutgers University
  • PhD, Princeton University, 1968.

Areas of specialization

Areas of interest

blank
About me
Not much to say..
My works
178 items found.
Sort by:
  1. Stephen Stich, Reply to Sosa.
    Sosa’s topic is the use of intuitions in philosophy. Much of what I have written on the issue has been critical of appeals to intuition in epistemology, though in recent years I have become increasingly skeptical of the use of intuitions in ethics and in semantic theory as well.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Wesley Buckwalter & Stephen Stich (forthcoming). Gender and Philosophical Intuition. In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), Experimental Philosophy, Vol.2. Oxford University Press.
    In recent years, there has been much concern expressed about the under-representation of women in academic philosophy. Our goal in this paper is to call attention to a cluster of phenomena that may be contributing to this gender gap. The findings we review indicate that when women and men with little or no philosophical training are presented with standard philosophical thought experiments, in many cases their intuitions about these cases are significantly different. In section 1 we review some of the (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. David Colaco, Wesley Buckwalter, Stephen Stich & Edouard Machery (2014). Epistemic Intuitions in Fake-Barn Thought Experiments. Episteme 11 (2):199-212.
    In epistemology, fake-barn thought experiments are often taken to be intuitively clear cases in which a justified true belief does not qualify as knowledge. We report a study designed to determine whether non-philosophers share this intuition. The data suggest that while participants are less inclined to attribute knowledge in fake-barn cases than in unproblematic cases of knowledge, they nonetheless do attribute knowledge to protagonists in fake-barn cases. Moreover, the intuition that fake-barn cases do count as knowledge is negatively correlated with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Edouard Machery, Ron Mallon, Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2013). If Folk Intuitions Vary, Then What? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (3):618-635.
    We have recently presented evidence for cross-cultural variation in semantic intuitions and explored the implications of such variation for philosophical arguments that appeal to some theory of reference as a premise. Devitt (2011) and Ichikawa and colleagues (forthcoming) offer critical discussions of the experiment and the conclusions that can be drawn from it. In this response, we reiterate and clarify what we are really arguing for, and we show that most of Devitt’s and Ichikawa and colleagues’ criticisms fail to address (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Edouard Machery & Stephen Stich (2013). You Can't Have It Both Ways: What is the Relation Between Morality and Fairness? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):95 - 95.
    Baumard and colleagues put forward a new hypothesis about the nature and evolution of fairness. In this commentary, we discuss the relation between morality and their views about fairness.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Stephen Stich (2013). Do Different Groups Have Different Epistemic Intuitions? A Reply to Jennifer Nagel1. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (1):151-178.
    Intuitions play an important role in contemporary epistemology. Over the last decade, however, experimental philosophers have published a number of studies suggesting that epistemic intuitions may vary in ways that challenge the widespread reliance on intuitions in epistemology. In a recent paper, Jennifer Nagel offers a pair of arguments aimed at showing that epistemic intuitions do not, in fact, vary in problematic ways. One of these arguments relies on a number of claims defended by appeal to the psychological literature on (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Kevin Patrick Tobia, Gretchen B. Chapman & Stephen Stich (2013). Cleanliness is Next to Morality, Even for Philosophers. Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12).
    A number of studies have shown that seemingly morally irrelevant factors influence the moral judgments of ordinary people. Some argue that philosophers are experts and are significantly less susceptible to such effects. We tested whether an unconscious cleanliness prime – the smell of Lysol – affects the judgments of both non-philosophers and professional philosophers. Our results suggest that the direction of cleanliness effects depends both on the respondent and whether the question is framed in the second or third person. They (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Kevin Tobia, Wesley Buckwalter & Stephen Stich (2013). Moral Intuitions: Are Philosophers Experts? Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):629-638.
    Recently psychologists and experimental philosophers have reported findings showing that in some cases ordinary people's moral intuitions are affected by factors of dubious relevance to the truth of the content of the intuition. Some defend the use of intuition as evidence in ethics by arguing that philosophers are the experts in this area, and philosophers' moral intuitions are both different from those of ordinary people and more reliable. We conducted two experiments indicating that philosophers and non-philosophers do indeed sometimes have (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. H. Clark Barrett, Stephen Stich & Stephen Laurence (2012). Should the Study of Homo Sapiens Be Part of Cognitive Science? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):379-386.
    Beller, Bender, and Medin argue that a reconciliation between anthropology and cognitive science seems unlikely. We disagree. In our view, Beller et al.’s view of the scope of what anthropology can offer cognitive science is too narrow. In focusing on anthropology’s role in elucidating cultural particulars, they downplay the fact that anthropology can reveal both variation and universals in human cognition, and is in a unique position to do so relative to the other subfields of cognitive science. Indeed, without cross-cultural (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. H. Clark Barrett, Stephen Stich & Stephen Laurence (2012). Should the Study of Homo Sapiens Be Part of Cognitive Science? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):379-386.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. E. Margolis, R. Samuels & S. Stich (eds.) (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
    The philosophy of cognitive science is concerned with fundamental philosophical and theoretical questions connected to the sciences of the mind. How does the brain give rise to conscious experience? Does speaking a language change how we think? Is a genuinely intelligent computer possible? What features of the mind are innate? Advances in cognitive science have given philosophers important tools for addressing these sorts of questions; and cognitive scientists have, in turn, found themselves drawing upon insights from philosophy--insights that have often (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Stephen Stich (2012). Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010. Oup Usa.
    This volume collects the best and most influential essays on knowledge, rationality and morality that Stephen Stich has published in the last 40 years. The volume includes a new introductory essay that offers an overview of the papers and traces the history of how they emerged.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Wesley Buckwalter & Stephen Stich (2011). Competence, Reflective Equilibrium, and Dual-System Theories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (05):251–252.
    A critique of inferences from 'is' to 'ought' plays a central role in Elqayam and Evans' defense of descriptivism. However, the reflective equilibrium strategy described by Goodman and embraced by Rawls, Cohen and many others poses an important challenge to that critique. Dual system theories may help respond to that challenge.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Stephen Stich (2011). Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972-2010. OUP USA.
    This volume collects the best and most influential essays that Stephen Stich has published in the last 40 years on topics in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. They discuss a wide range of topics including grammar, innateness, reference, folk psychology, eliminativism, connectionism, evolutionary psychology, simulation theory, social construction, and psychopathology. However, they are unified by two central concerns. The first is the viability of the commonsense conception of the mind in the face of challenges posed by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Stephen Stich & Wesley Buckwalter (2011). Gender and the Philosophy Club. The Philosophers' Magazine 52 (52):60-65.
    If intuitions are associated with gender this might help to explain the fact that while the gender gap has disappeared in many other learned clubs, women are still seriously under-represented in the Philosophers Club. Since people who don’t have the intuitions that most club members share have a harder time getting into the club, and since the majority of Philosophers are now and always have been men, perhaps the under-representation of women is due, in part, to a selection effect.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Edouard Machery, Max Deutsch, Ron Mallon, Shaun Nichols, Justin Sytsma & Stephen Stich (2010). Semantic Intuitions: Reply to Lam. Cognition 117 (3):363-366.
  17. Stephen Stich (2010). Philosophy and WEIRD Intuition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):110-111.
    From Plato to the present, philosophers have relied on intuitive judgments as evidence for or against philosophical theories. Most philosophers are WEIRD, highly educated, and male. The literature reviewed in the target article suggests that such people might have intuitions that differ from those of people in other groups. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that they do.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Stephen Stich, John M. Doris & Erica Roedder (2010). Altruism. In John M. Doris & The Moral Psychology Research Group (eds.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
    We begin, in section 2, with a brief sketch of a cluster of assumptions about human desires, beliefs, actions, and motivation that are widely shared by historical and contemporary authors on both sides in the debate. With this as background, we’ll be able to offer a more sharply focused account of the debate. In section 3, our focus will be on links between evolutionary theory and the egoism/altruism debate. There is a substantial literature employing evolutionary theory on each side of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Stephen Stich, John M. Doris & Erica Roedder (2010). 1. Philosophical Background. In John Doris (ed.), Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. 147.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Stephen Stich & Tomasz Wysocki (2010). Are We Really Moralizing Creatures Through and Through? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):351-352.
    Knobe contends that in making judgments about a wide range of matters, moral considerations and scientific considerations are and thus that We argue that his own account of the mechanism underlying these judgments does not support this radical conclusion.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Ron Mallon, Edouard Machery, Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich (2009). Against Arguments From Reference. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (2):332 - 356.
    It is common in various quarters of philosophy to derive philosophically significant conclusions from theories of reference. In this paper, we argue that philosophers should give up on such 'arguments from reference.' Intuitions play a central role in establishing theories of reference, and recent cross-cultural work suggests that intuitions about reference vary across cultures and between individuals within a culture (Machery et al. 2004). We argue that accommodating this variation within a theory of reference undermines arguments from reference.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Jennifer Nado, Daniel Kelly & Stephen Stich (2009). Moral Judgment. In John Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.
    Questions regarding the nature of moral judgment loom large in moral philosophy. Perhaps the most basic of these questions asks how, exactly, moral judgments and moral rules are to be defined; what features distinguish them from other sorts of rules and judgments? A related question concerns the extent to which emotion and reason guide moral judgment. Are moral judgments made mainly on the basis of reason, or are they primarily the products of emotion? As an example of the former view, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Jennifer Nado, Daniel Kelly & Stephen Stich (2009). Moral Judgment. In John Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge.
    Questions regarding the nature of moral judgment loom large in moral philosophy. Perhaps the most basic of these questions asks how, exactly, moral judgments and moral rules are to be defined; what features distinguish them from other sorts of rules and judgments? A related question concerns the extent to which emotion and reason guide moral judgment. Are moral judgments made mainly on the basis of reason, or are they primarily the products of emotion? As an example of the former view, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Stephen Stich (2009). Replies. In Dominic Murphy & Michael A. Bishop (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Stephen Stich, Daniel M. T. Fessler & Daniel Kelly (2009). On the Morality of Harm: A Response to Sousa, Holbrook and Piazza. Cognition 113 (1):93-97.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Stephen Stich & Il Mulino (2009). List of Publications by Stephen Stich. In David Papineau (ed.), Philosophy. Oxford University Press. 65--17.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. P. Carruthers, S. Stich & S. Laurence (eds.) (2008). The Innate Mind, Vol. III, Foundations and the Future. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Peter Caruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.) (2008). The Innate Mind, Volume 3. Oxford University Press.
    This is the third of a three-volume set on The Innate Mind providing a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and definitive reference point for future inquiry. Together these volumes point the way toward a synthesis that provides a powerful picture of our minds and their place in the natural order.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. John Doris & Stephen Stich, Moral Psychology: Empirical Approaches. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Moral psychology investigates human functioning in moral contexts, and asks how these results may impact debate in ethical theory. This work is necessarily interdisciplinary, drawing on both the empirical resources of the human sciences and the conceptual resources of philosophical ethics. The present article discusses several topics that illustrate this type of inquiry: thought experiments, responsibility, character, egoism v . altruism, and moral disagreement.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Daniel Kelly & Stephen Stich (2008). Two Theories About the Cognitive Architecture Underlying Morality. In P. Carruthers, S. Stich & S. Laurence (eds.), The Innate Mind, Vol. III, Foundations and the Future. Oxford University Press.
    In this paper we compare two theories about the cognitive architecture underlying morality. One theory, proposed by Sripada and Stich (forthcoming), posits an interlocking set of innate mechanisms that internalize moral norms from the surrounding community and generate intrinsic motivation to comply with these norms and to punish violators. The other theory, which we call the M/C model was suggested by the widely discussed and influential work of Elliott Turiel, Larry Nucci and others on the “moral/conventional task”. This theory posits (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Kelby Mason, Chandra Sekhar Sripada & Stephen Stich (2008). The Philosophy of Psychology. In Dermot Moran (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge.
    The 20 sup > th /sup > century has been a tumultuous time in psychology -- a century in which the discipline struggled with basic questions about its intellectual identity, but nonetheless managed to achieve spectacular growth and maturation. It’s not surprising, then, that psychology has attracted sustained philosophical attention and stimulated rich philosophical debate. Some of this debate was aimed at understanding, and sometimes criticizing, the assumptions, concepts and explanatory strategies prevailing in the psychology of the time. But much (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Stephen Stich (2008). Kelby Mason, Chandra Sekhar Sripada, And. In Dermot Moran (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Stephen Stich (2008). Some Questions About "The Evolution of Morality". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):228 - 236.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Stephen Stich (2008). Some Questions About The Evolution ofMorality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):228-236.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Stephen Stich (2008). The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future. OUP USA.
    This is the third of a three-volume set on The Innate Mind providing a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and definitive reference point for future inquiry. Together these volumes point the way toward a synthesis that provides a powerful picture of our minds and their place in the natural order.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (eds.) (2007). Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition. OUP USA.
    This is the second of a three volume series on innateness--one of the central topics currently debated in the cognitive and behavioral sciences. The series grows out of interdisciplinary "working groups" at Rutgers University. The first volume focused on the fundamental architecture of the human mind. The second volume focuses on culture. It is comprised of cutting-edge work by an interdisciplinary roster of well-known scholars including Robert Boyd, Peter Richerson, David Sloan Wilson, Paul Griffiths, Dan Sperber, Kim Sterelny, Scott Atran, (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Daniel Kelly, Stephen Stich, Kevin J. Haley, Serena J. Eng & Daniel M. T. Fessler (2007). Harm, Affect, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction. Mind and Language 22 (2):117–131.
  38. Stephen Stich (2007). Evolution, Altruism and Cognitive Architecture: A Critique of Sober and Wilson's Argument for Psychological Altruism. Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):267-281.
    Sober and Wilson have propose a cluster of arguments for the conclusion that “natural selection is unlikely to have given us purely egoistic motives” and thus that psychological altruism is true. I maintain that none of these arguments is convincing. However, the most powerful of their arguments raises deep issues about what egoists and altruists are claiming and about the assumptions they make concerning the cognitive architecture underlying human motivation.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (2006). The Innate Mind, Volume 2: Culture and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Daniel Kelly, Edouard Machery, Ron Mallon, Kelby Mason & Stephen P. Stich (2006). The Role of Psychology in the Study of Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):355-355.
    Although we are enthusiastic about a Darwinian approach to culture, we argue that the overview presented in the target article does not sufficiently emphasize the crucial explanatory role that psychology plays in the study of culture. We use a number of examples to illustrate the variety of ways by which appeal to psychological factors can help explain cultural phenomena.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Chandra Sripada & Stephen Stich (2006). A Framework for the Psychology of Norms. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind, Volume 2: Culture and Cognition. Oxford University Press.
    Humans are unique in the animal world in the extent to which their day-to-day behavior is governed by a complex set of rules and principles commonly called norms. Norms delimit the bounds of proper behavior in a host of domains, providing an invisible web of normative structure embracing virtually all aspects of social life. People also find many norms to be deeply meaningful. Norms give rise to powerful subjective feelings that, in the view of many, are an important part of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. S. Stich (2006). Review: Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgement. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (458):390-393.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Stephen Stich (2006). Review of Bishop & Tout, Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgement. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (458):390-393.
    Fred Dretske began his review of my book, The Fragmentation of Reason, with the warning that it would ‘get the adrenalin pumping’ if you are a fan of episte- mology in the analytic tradition (Dretske 1992). Well, if my book got the adrenalin pumping, this one will make your blood boil. Bishop and Trout (B&T) adopt the label ‘Standard Analytic Epistemology (SAE)’ for ‘a contin- gently clustered class of methods and theses that have dominated English- speaking epistemology for much of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Stephen Stich (2006). Is Morality an Elegant Machine or a Kludge? Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):181-189.
    In a passage in A Theory of Justice, which has become increasingly influential in recent years, John Rawls (1971) noted an analogy between moral phi- losophy and grammar. Moral philosophy, or at least the first stage of moral philosophy, Rawls maintained, can be thought of as the attempt to describe our moral capacity – the capacity which underlies “the poten- tially infinite number and variety of [moral] judgments we are prepared..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (2005). 2007. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press. 1.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (2005). The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press.
    This is the first volume of a projected three-volume set on the subject of innateness. The extent to which the mind is innate is one of the central questions in the human sciences, with important implications for many surrounding debates. By bringing together the top nativist scholars in philosophy, psychology, and allied disciplines these volumes provide a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and a definitive reference point for future nativist inquiry. The Innate Mind: Structure and Content, concerns the fundamental architecture (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. John M. Doris & Stephen P. Stich (2005). As a Matter of Fact : Empirical Perspectives on Ethics. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Edouard Machery, Daniel Kelly & Stephen P. Stich (2005). Moral Realism and Cross-Cultural Normative Diversity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):830-830.
    We discuss the implications of the findings reported in the target article for moral theory, and argue that they represent a clear and genuine case of fundamental moral disagreement. As such, the findings support a moderate form of moral anti-realism – the position that, for some moral issues, there is no fact of the matter about what is right and wrong.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2005). Reading One's Own Mind: Self-Awareness and Developmental Psychology. In M. Ezcurdia, R. Stainton & C. Viger (eds.), New Essays in Philosophy of Language and Mind. University of Calgary Press. 297-339.
    The idea that we have special access to our own mental states has a distinguished philosophical history. Philosophers as different as Descartes and Locke agreed that we know our own minds in a way that is quite different from the way in which we know other minds. In the latter half of the 20th century, however, this idea came under serious attack, first from philosophy (Sellars 1956) and more recently from developmental psychology.1 The attack from developmental psychology arises from the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Tom Simpson, Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen Stich (2005). Introduction: Nativism Past and Present. In Peter Carruthers (ed.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. New York: Oxford University Press New York.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  51. Tom Simpson & Stephen Stich (2005). Peter Carruthers,< 51 Stephen Laurence. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press. 2--3.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  52. Edouard Machery, Ron Mallon, Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2004). Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style. Cognition 92 (3):1-12.
    Theories of reference have been central to analytic philosophy, and two views, the descriptivist view of reference and the causal-historical view of reference, have dominated the field. In this research tradition, theories of reference are assessed by consulting one’s intuitions about the reference of terms in hypothetical situations. However, recent work in cultural psychology (e.g., Nisbett et al. 2001) has shown systematic cognitive differences between East Asians and Westerners, and some work indicates that this extends to intuitions about philosophical cases (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  53. Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich (2004). Reading One's Own Mind. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (Supplement):297-339.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  54. Richard Samuels & Stephen P. Stich (2004). Rationality and Psychology. In Piers Rawling & Alfred R. Mele (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 279-300.
  55. Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich & Luc Faucher (2004). Reason and Rationality. In M. Sintonen, J. Wolenski & I. Niiniluoto (eds.), Handbook of Epistemology. Kluwer. 1-50.
    Over the past few decades, reasoning and rationality have been the focus of enormous interdisciplinary attention, attracting interest from philosophers, psychologists, economists, statisticians and anthropologists, among others. The widespread interest in the topic reflects the central status of reasoning in human affairs. But it also suggests that there are many different though related projects and tasks which need to be addressed if we are to attain a comprehensive understanding of reasoning.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  56. C. S. Sripada & Stephen P. Stich (2004). Evolution, Culture, and the Irrationality of the Emotions. In D. Evans & Pierre Cruse (eds.), Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press.
    For about 2500 years, from Plato’s time until the closing decades of the 20th century, the dominant view was that the emotions are quite distinct from the processes of rational thinking and decision making, and are often a major impediment to those processes. But in recent years this orthodoxy has been challenged in a number of ways. Damasio (1994) has made a forceful case that the traditional view, which he has dubbed _Descartes’ Error_, is quite wrong, because emotions play a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  57. Chandra Sekhar Sripada & Stephen Stich (2004). Evolution, Culture and the Irrationality of the Emotions. In D. Evans & Pierre Cruse (eds.), Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press.
  58. Stephen Stich (2004). Some Questions From the Not-so-Hostile World. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):503 – 511.
    Kim Sterelny has written a terrific book! It is brimming over with important and original ideas, rich in empirical detail, and written in a lucid and engaging style that makes it accessible to readers with a wide variety of backgrounds. The book does not fit comfortably into familiar categories since it makes significant contributions to philosophy, evolutionary biology, anthropology, and cognitive science. Sterelny addresses cutting edge issues in each of these disciplines with impressive sophistication and truly remarkable erudition. This is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  59. Stephen Stich (2004). Some Questions From the Not-so-Hostile World. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):503-511.
    Kim Sterelny has written a terrific book! It is brimming over with important and original ideas, rich in empirical detail, and written in a lucid and engaging style that makes it accessible to readers with a wide variety of backgrounds. The book does not fit comfortably into familiar categories since it makes significant contributions to philosophy, evolutionary biology, anthropology, and cognitive science. Sterelny addresses cutting edge issues in each of these disciplines with impressive sophistication and truly remarkable erudition. This is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  60. Stephen Stich (2004). Some Questions From the Not-so-Hostile Worldi'm Grateful to Kent Bach, Peter Godfrey-Smith, and Shaun Nichols for Their Helpful Advice. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (3):503 – 511.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  61. Stephen Stich & Shaun Nichols (2004). Reading One's Own Mind: Self-Awareness and Developmental Psychology. In R. Stanton, M. Ezcurdia & C. Viger (eds.), New Essays in Philosophy of Language and Mind, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 30. University of Calgary Press. 297-339.
    The idea that we have special access to our own mental states has a distinguished philosophical history. Philosophers as different as Descartes and Locke agreed that we know our own minds in a way that is quite different from the way in which we know other minds. In the latter half of the 20th century, however, this idea came under serious attack, first from philosophy (Sellars 1956) and more recently from developmental psychology.1 The attack from developmental psychology arises from the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  62. Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2003). Mindreading. An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds. Oxford University Press.
    The everyday capacity to understand the mind, or 'mindreading', plays an enormous role in our ordinary lives. Shaun Nichols and Stephen Stich provide a detailed and integrated account of the intricate web of mental components underlying this fascinating and multifarious skill. The imagination, they argue, is essential to understanding others, and there are special cognitive mechanisms for understanding oneself. The account that emerges has broad implications for longstanding philosophical debates over the status of folk psychology. Mindreading is another trailblazing volume (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  63. Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2003). Reading One's Own Mind: A Cognitive Theory of Self-Awareness. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oup.
  64. Shaun Nichols, Stephen Stich & Jonathan M. Weinberg (2003). Metaskepticism: Meditations in Ethnoepistemology. In S. Luper (ed.), The Skeptics. Ashgate. 227--247.
    Throughout the 20th century, an enormous amount of intellectual fuel was spent debating the merits of a class of skeptical arguments which purport to show that knowledge of the external world is not possible. These arguments, whose origins can be traced back to Descartes, played an important role in the work of some of the leading philosophers of the 20th century, including Russell, Moore and Wittgenstein, and they continue to engage the interest of contemporary philosophers. (e.g., Cohen 1999, DeRose 1995, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  65. Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.) (2003). Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  66. Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.) (2003). The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
    "The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind "leads the reader through a broad range of topics, including Artificial Intelligence, Consciousness, Dualism, ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  67. Ted A. Warfield & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (2003). Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  68. Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.) (2002). The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cognitive Basis of Science concerns the question 'What makes science possible?' Specifically, what features of the human mind and of human culture and cognitive development permit and facilitate the conduct of science? The essays in this volume address these questions, which are inherently interdisciplinary, requiring co-operation between philosophers, psychologists, and others in the social and cognitive sciences. They concern the cognitive, social, and motivational underpinnings of scientific reasoning in children and lay persons as well as in professional scientists. The (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  69. Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (2002). Introduction: What Makes Science Possible. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  70. Luc Faucher, Ron Mallon, Daniel Nazer, Shaun Nichols, Aaron Ruby, Stephen Stich & Jonathan Weinberg (2002). 18 The Baby in the Lab-Coat: Why Child Development is Not an Adequate Model for Understanding the Development of Science. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press.
  71. Daniel Nazer, Aaron Ruby, Shaun Nichols, Jonathan Weinberg, Stephen Stich, Luc Faucher & Ron Mallon (2002). The Baby in the Lab-Coat: Why Child Development is Not an Adequate Model for Understanding the Development of Science. In P. Carruthers, S. Stich & M. Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press.
    Alison Gopnik and her collaborators have recently proposed a bold and intriguing hypothesis about the relationship between scientific cognition and cognitive development in childhood. According to this view, the processes underlying cognitive development in infants and children and the processes underlying scientific cognition are _identical_. We argue that Gopnik’s bold hypothesis is untenable because it, along with much of cognitive science, neglects the many important ways in which human minds are designed to operate within a social environment. This leads to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  72. Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (2002). Rationality. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  73. Richard Samuels, Stephen Stich & Michael Bishop (2002). Ending the Rationality Wars: How to Make Disputes About Human Rationality Disappear. In Renee Elio (ed.), Common Sense, Reasoning and Rationality. Oxford University Press. 236-268.
    During the last 25 years, researchers studying human reasoning and judgment in what has become known as the “heuristics and biases” tradition have produced an impressive body of experimental work which many have seen as having “bleak implications” for the rationality of ordinary people (Nisbett and Borgida 1975). According to one proponent of this view, when we reason about probability we fall victim to “inevitable illusions” (Piattelli-Palmarini 1994). Other proponents maintain that the human mind is prone to “systematic deviations from (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  74. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (2002). Folk Psychology. In Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell. 35-71.
    For the last 25 years discussions and debates about commonsense psychology (or “folk psychology,” as it is often called) have been center stage in the philosophy of mind. There have been heated disagreements both about what folk psychology is and about how it is related to the scientific understanding of the mind/brain that is emerging in psychology and the neurosciences. In this chapter we will begin by explaining why folk psychology plays such an important role in the philosophy of mind. (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  75. Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.) (2002). Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
  76. Stephen Stich (2001). Plato's Method Meets Cognitive Science. Free Inquiry 21 (2):36-38.
    Normative questions – particularly questions about what we should believe and how we should behave – have always been high on the agenda for philosophers, and over the centuries there has been no shortage of answers proposed. But this abundance of answers raises yet another fundamental philosophical question: How should we evaluate the proposed answers; how can we determine whether an answer to a normative question is a good one? The best known and most widely used method for evaluating answers (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  77. Stephen P. Stich & Jonathan M. Weinberg (2001). Jackson's Empirical Assumptions. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):637-643.
  78. Stephen Stich & Jonathan M. Weinberg (2001). Review: Jackson's Empirical Assumptions. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):637 - 643.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  79. Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich (2001). Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions. Philosophical Topics, 29 (1-2):429-460.
    In this paper we propose to argue for two claims. The first is that a sizeable group of epistemological projects – a group which includes much of what has been done in epistemology in the analytic tradition – would be seriously undermined if one or more of a cluster of empirical hypotheses about epistemic intuitions turns out to be true. The basis for this claim will be set out in Section 2. The second claim is that, while the jury is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  80. Michael Bishop, Richard Samuels & Stephen Stich (2000). Editors' Note. Synthese 122 (1-2):1-1.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  81. S. Carey, C. Drake, C. M. Fletcher-Flinn, N. H. Freeman, S. H. Johnson, C. Lewis, C. Palmer, D. C. Plaut, T. Shallice & S. Stich (2000). Baillargeon, R. 255 Bertram, R. B13. Cognition 74:303.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  82. Ronald Mallon & Stephen P. Stich (2000). The Odd Couple: The Compatibility of Social Construction and Evolutionary Psychology. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):133-154.
    Evolutionary psychology and social constructionism are widely regarded as fundamentally irreconcilable approaches to the social sciences. Focusing on the study of the emotions, we argue that this appearance is mistaken. Much of what appears to be an empirical disagreement between evolutionary psychologists and social constructionists over the universality or locality of emotional phenomena is actually generated by an implicit philosophical dispute resulting from the adoption of different theories of meaning and reference. We argue that once this philosophical dispute is recognized, (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  83. Dominic Murphy & Stephen Stich (2000). Darwin in the Madhouse: Evolutionary Psychology and the Classification of Mental Disorders. In Peter Carruthers & A. Chamberlain (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind. Cambridge University Press. 62--92.
  84. Stephen P. Stich & Ron Mallon (2000). The Odd Couple: The Compatibility of Social Construction and Evolutionary Psychology. Philosophy of Science 67 (1):133-154.
    Evolutionary psychology and social constructionism are widely regarded as fundamentally irreconcilable approaches to the social sciences. Focusing on the study of the emotions, we argue that this appearance is mistaken. Much of what appears to be an empirical disagreement between evolutionary psychologists and social constructionists over the universality or locality of emotional phenomena is actually generated by an implicit philosophical dispute resulting from the adoption of different theories of meaning and reference. We argue that once this philosophical dispute is recognized, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  85. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (2000). A Cognitive Theory of Pretense. Cognition 74 (2):115-147.
    Recent accounts of pretense have been underdescribed in a number of ways. In this paper, we present a much more explicit cognitive account of pretense. We begin by describing a number of real examples of pretense in children and adults. These examples bring out several features of pretense that any adequate theory of pretense must accommodate, and we use these features to develop our theory of pretense. On our theory, pretense representations are contained in a separate mental workspace, a Possible (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  86. Russell Brown, Dominic Murphy, Stephen Stich, Donald Dryden, Paul Redding & Neil McNaughton (1999). Eliminating Emotions? Metascience 8 (1):5-49.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  87. Dominic Murphy & Stephen Stich (1999). Griffiths, Elimination and Psychopathology. Metascience 8:13-25.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  88. Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich (1999). Pretense in Prediction: Simulation and Understanding Minds. In. In Denis Fisette (ed.), Consciousness and Intentionality: Models and Modalities of Attribution. Springer. 199--216.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  89. Stephen P. Stich (1999). 35 The Recombinant DNA Debate: A Difficulty for Pascalian-Style Wagering. In Eleonore Stump & Michael J. Murray (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: The Big Questions. Blackwell Publishers. 6--300.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  90. Michael A. Bishop & Stephen P. Stich (1998). The Flight to Reference, or How Not to Make Progress in the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 65 (1):33-49.
    The flight to reference is a widely-used strategy for resolving philosophical issues. The three steps in a flight to reference argument are: (1) offer a substantive account of the reference relation, (2) argue that a particular expression refers (or does not refer), and (3) draw a philosophical conclusion about something other than reference, like truth or ontology. It is our contention that whenever the flight to reference strategy is invoked, there is a crucial step that is left undefended, and that (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  91. Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (1998). Rethinking Co-Cognition: A Reply to Heal. Mind and Language 13 (4):499-512.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  92. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (1998). Theory Theory to the Max. Mind and Language 13 (3):421-449.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  93. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (1997). Cognitive Penetrability, Rationality, and Restricted Simulation. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):297-326.
    In a series of recent papers, Jane Heal (1994, 1995a, 1995b, 1996a, 1996b) has developed her own quite distinctive version of simulation theory and offered a detailed critique of the arguments against simulation theory that we and our collaborators presented in earlier papers. Heal's theory is clearly set out and carefully defended, and her critique of our arguments is constructive and well informed. Unlike a fair amount of what has been written in this area in recent years, her work is (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  94. Marcelo Dascal, Jens Allwood, Benny Shanon, Stephen Stich, Yorick Wilks, Itiel Dror, Edson Françozo & Amir Horowitz (1996). Pragmatics & Cognition. Cognition 7:1.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  95. Alan M. Leslie, Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In P. Carruthers & P. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.
    In the last few years, off-line simulation has become an increasingly important alternative to standard explanations in cognitive science. The contemporary debate began with Gordon (1986) and Goldman's (1989) off-line simulation account of our capacity to predict behavior. On their view, in predicting people's behavior we take our own decision making system `off line' and supply it with the `pretend' beliefs and desires of the person whose behavior we are trying to predict; we then let the decision maker reach a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  96. Adam Morton & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (1996). Benacerraf and His Critics. Blackwell.
    a collection of articles by philosophers of mathematics on themes associated with the work of Paul Benacceraf.
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  97. Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  98. Stephen P. Stich (1996). Deconstructing the Mind. In Deconstructing the Mind. Oxford University Press, 1996. 479-482.
    Over the last two decades, debates over the viability of commonsense psychology have been center stage in both cognitive science and the philosophy of mind. Eliminativists have argued that advances in cognitive science and neuroscience will ultimately justify a rejection of our "folk" theory of the mind, and of its ontology. In the first half of this book Stich, who was at one time a leading advocate of eliminativism, maintains that even if the sciences develop in the ways that eliminativists (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  99. Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & Alan M. Leslie (1995). Choice Effects and the Ineffectiveness of Simulation. Mind and Language 10 (4):437-45.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  100. William Ramsey & Stephen Stich (1995). And Joseph Garon. In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell. 311.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  101. S. Stich & T. Warfield (1995). Do Connectionist Minds Have Beliefs?–A Reply to Clark and Smolensky. In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell. 2.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  102. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (1995). Second Thoughts on Simulation. In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell.
    The essays in this volume make it abundantly clear that there is no shortage of disagreement about the plausibility of the simulation theory. As we see it, there are at least three factors contributing to this disagreement. In some instances the issues in dispute are broadly empirical. Different people have different views on which theory is favored by experiments reported in the literature, and different hunches about how future experiments are likely to turn out. In 3.1 and 3.3 we will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  103. Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (1995). Reply to Clark and Smolensky: Do Connectionist Minds Have Beliefs? In C. Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (eds.), Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
  104. Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (1994). Folk Psychology. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science:235--255.
    For the last 25 years discussions and debates about commonsense psychology (or “folk psychology,” as it is often called) have been center stage in the philosophy of mind. There have been heated disagreements both about what folk psychology is and about how it is related to the scientific understanding of the mind/brain that is emerging in psychology and the neurosciences. In this chapter we will begin by explaining why folk psychology plays such an important role in the philosophy of mind. (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  105. Stephen P. Stich (1994). The Virtues, Challenges and Implications of Connectionism. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1047-1058.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  106. Stephen P. Stich & Stephen Laurence (1994). Intentionality and Naturalism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):159-82.
    ...the deepest motivation for intentional irrealism derives not from such relatively technical worries about individualism and holism as we.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  107. Stephen P. Stich & R. Ravenscroft (1994). What is Folk Psychology? Cognition 50:447-68.
    For the last two decades a doctrine called ‘‘eliminative materialism’’ (or sometimes just ‘‘eliminativism’’) has been a major focus of discussion in the philosophy of mind. It is easy to understand why eliminativism has attracted so much attention, for it is hard to imagine a more radical and provocative doctrine. What eliminativism claims is that the intentional states and processes that are alluded to in our everyday descriptions and explanations of people’s mental lives and their actions are _myths_. Like the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  108. Stephen Stich & Stephen Laurence (1994). Naturalism and Intentionality. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  109. Stephen Stich & Ian Ravenscroft (1994). What is Folk Psychology? Cognition 50 (1-3):447-468.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  110. S. Stich (1993). Will the Concepts of Folk Psychology Find a Place in Cognitive Science? In Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner (eds.), Folk Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. L. Erlbaum. 82--92.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  111. Stephen Stich (1993). Moral Philosophy and Mental Representation. In R. Michod, L. Nadel & M. Hechter (eds.), The Origin of Values. Aldine de Gruyer. 215--228.
    Here is an overview of what is to come. In Sections I and II, I will sketch two of the projects frequently pursued by moral philosophers, and the methods typically invoked in those projects. I will argue that these projects presuppose (or at least suggest) a particular sort of account of the mental representation of human value systems, since the methods make sense only if we assume a certain kind of story about how the human mind stores information about values. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  112. Stephen Stich (1993). Naturalizing Epistemology: Quine, Simon and the Prospects for Pragmatism. In C. Hookway & D. Peterson (eds.), Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Royal Institute of Philosophy, Supplement no. 34. Cambridge University Press. 1-17.
    In recent years there has been a great deal of discussion about the prospects of developing a “naturalized epistemology,” though different authors tend to interpret this label in quite different ways.1 One goal of this paper is to sketch three projects that might lay claim to the “naturalized epistemology” label, and to argue that they are not all equally attractive. Indeed, I’ll maintain that the first of the three – the one I’ll attribute to Quine – is simply incoherent. There (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  113. Stephen P. Stich (1993). The Future of Folk Psychology. In Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner (eds.), Folk Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. L. Erlbaum. 93.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  114. Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols (1993). Folk Psychology: Simulation or Tacit Theory? Mind and Language 7 (1-2):35-71.
    A central goal of contemporary cognitive science is the explanation of cognitive abilities or capacities. [Cummins 1983] During the last three decades a wide range of cognitive capacities have been subjected to careful empirical scrutiny. The adult's ability to produce and comprehend natural language sentences and the child's capacity to acquire a natural language were among the first to be explored. [Chomsky 1965, Fodor, Bever & Garrett 1974, Pinker 1989] There is also a rich literature on the ability to solve (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  115. E. J. Lowe & Stephen P. Stich (1992). The Fragmentation of Reason: Preface to a Pragmatic Theory of Cognitive Evaluation. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):98.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  116. S. Stich & S. Nichols (1992). Folk Psychology: Simulation Versus Tacit Theory. Mind and Language 7:29-65.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  117. Stephen P. Stich (1992). What is a Theory of Mental Representation? Mind 101 (402):243-61.
  118. William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & J. Garon (1991). Connectionism, Eliminativism, and the Future of Folk Psychology. In William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. Rumelhart (eds.), Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum. 499-533.
  119. William Ramsey, Stephen P. Stich & D. M. Rumelhart (eds.) (1991). Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Lawrence Erlbaum.
    The philosophy of cognitive science has recently become one of the most exciting and fastest growing domains of philosophical inquiry and analysis. Until the early 1980s, nearly all of the models developed treated cognitive processes -- like problem solving, language comprehension, memory, and higher visual processing -- as rule-governed symbol manipulation. However, this situation has changed dramatically over the last half dozen years. In that period there has been an enormous shift of attention toward connectionist models of cognition that are (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  120. Stephen P. Stich (1991). Causal Holism and Commonsense Psychology: A Reply to O'Brien. Philosophical Psychology 4 (2):179-181.
  121. Stephen P. Stich (1991). Do True Believers Exist? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 65:229-44.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  122. Stephen P. Stich (1991). Evaluating Cognitive Strategies. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):207 - 213.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  123. Stephen P. Stich (1991). Narrow Content Meets Fat Syntax. In Barry M. Loewer & Georges Rey (eds.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Blackwell.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  124. Stephen P. Stich (1991). The Fragmentation of Reason: Précis of Two Chapters. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (1):179 - 183.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  125. William Ramsey & Stephen P. Stich (1990). Connectionism and Three Levels of Nativism. Synthese 82 (2):177-205.
    Along with the increasing popularity of connectionist language models has come a number of provocative suggestions about the challenge these models present to Chomsky's arguments for nativism. The aim of this paper is to assess these claims. We begin by reconstructing Chomsky's argument from the poverty of the stimulus and arguing that it is best understood as three related arguments, with increasingly strong conclusions. Next, we provide a brief introduction to connectionism and give a quick survey of recent efforts to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  126. William Ramsey, Stephen Stich & Joseph Garon (1990). Connectionism, Eliminativism and the Future of Folk Psychology. Philosophical Perspectives 4:499-533.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  127. Stephen P. Stich (1990). Book Review:The International Stance. Daniel C. Dennett. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (4):891-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  128. Stephen P. Stich (1990). Building Belief: Some Queries About Representation, Indication, and Function. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):801-806.
  129. Stephen P. Stich (1990). Robert Cummins, Meaning and Mental Representation Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (5):177-180.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  130. Stephen P. Stich (1989). Book Review:Minimal Rationality Christopher Cherniak. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 56 (1):171-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  131. Stephen Stich (1988). Reflective Equilibrium, Analytic Epistemology and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity. Synthese 74 (3):391-413.
  132. Stephen P. Stich (1988). Connectionism, Realism, and Realism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):531.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  133. Stephen P. Stich (1988). From Connectionism to Eliminativism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):53.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  134. Stephen P. Stich (1986). The Rewards and Risks of Studying Genes. Hastings Center Report 16 (2):39-42.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  135. Stephen P. Stich (1985). Book Review:Knowledge and Mind: Philosophical Essays. Carl Ginet, Sydney Shoemaker. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (2):357-.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  136. Stephen P. Stich (1985). Could Man Be an Irrational Animal? Synthese 64 (1):115-35.
    1. When we attribute beliefs, desires, and other states of common sense psychology to a person, or for that matter to an animal or an artifact, we are assuming or presupposing that the person or object can be treated as an intentional system. 2. An intentional system is one which is rational through and through; its beliefs are those it ought to have, given its perceptual capacities, its epistemic needs, and its biography…. Its desires are those it ought to have, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  137. Stephen P. Stich (1985). Could Man Be an Irrational Animal? Some Notes on the Epistemology of Rationality. Synthese 64 (1):115 - 135.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  138. Stephen P. Stich (1985). Joseph Margolis, Philosophy of Psychology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (4):166-167.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  139. Stephen P. Stich (1984). Is Behaviorism Vacuous? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):647.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  140. Stephen P. Stich (1984). Relativism, Rationality, and the Limits of Intentional Ascription. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  141. Stephen P. Stich (1983). From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
  142. Stephen P. Stich (1983). Some Evidence Against Narrow Causal Theories of Belief. In , From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  143. Stephen Stich (1982). From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief. In a Woodfield (ed.), The Structure of Content. Mit Press.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  144. Stephen P. Stich (1982). A Philosophical Inquiry Into Ambiguity, Vagueness and Metaphor in Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (2):295-297.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  145. Stephen P. Stich (1982). Beyond Inference in Perception. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:553 - 560.
    The controversy over inference in perception turns on the nature of the processes that intervene between the stimulus and the perceptual experience or percept. Should the processes be viewed as something like inference and computation, or should they be viewed as psychologically primitive mechanisms whose workings are best accounted for at a neurological or physiological level? It is argued that the view that computational and inference-like processes play a role in perceptual processes should be adopted.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  146. Stephen P. Stich (1982). Genetic Engineering. In Tom Regan & Donald VanDeVeer (eds.), And Justice for All: New Introductory Essays in Ethics and Public Policy. Rowman and Littlefield.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  147. Stephen P. Stich (1982). On the Ascription of Content. In Andrew Woodfield (ed.), Thought and Object. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  148. Stephen P. Stich (1982). S Believes That P, and I Commented on its Consequences by Producing a Sentence of the Form: S's Belief That P. Sentences of These Forms Are Both Common and Flexible. By. [REVIEW] In Andrew Woodfield (ed.), Thought and Object: Essays on Intentionality. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 153.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  149. Stephen P. Stich (1981). Can Popperians Learn to Talk? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (2):157-164.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  150. Stephen P. Stich (1981). Dennett on Intentional Systems. Philosophical Topics 12 (1):39-62.
  151. Stephen P. Stich (1981). Inferential Competence: Right You Are, If You Think You Are. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):353.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  152. Stephen P. Stich (1981). On the Relation Between Occurrents and Contentful Mental States. Inquiry 24 (October):353-358.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  153. Stephen P. Stich (1980). Computation Without Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):152.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  154. Stephen P. Stich (1980). Headaches. Philosophical Books 21:65-73.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  155. Stephen P. Stich (1980). Paying the Price for Methodological Solipsism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):97.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  156. Stephen P. Stich (1980). What Every Speaker Cognizes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):39.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  157. Stephen P. Stich & Richard E. Nisbett (1980). Justification and the Psychology of Human Reasoning. Philosophy of Science 47 (2):188-202.
    This essay grows out of the conviction that recent work by psychologists studying human reasoning has important implications for a broad range of philosophical issues. To illustrate our thesis we focus on Nelson Goodman's elegant and influential attempt to "dissolve" the problem of induction. In the first section of the paper we sketch Goodman's account of what it is for a rule of inference to be justified. We then marshal empirical evidence indicating that, on Goodman's account of justification, patently invalid (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  158. Stephen P. Stich (1979). Between Chomskian Rationalism and Popperian Empiricism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (December):329-47.
  159. Stephen P. Stich (1979). Do Animals Have Beliefs? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (March):15-28.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  160. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Autonomous Psychology and the Belief/Desire Thesis. The Monist 61 (October):573-91.
  161. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Beliefs and Subdoxastic States. Philosophy of Science 45 (December):499-518.
    It is argued that the intuitively sanctioned distinction between beliefs and non-belief states that play a role in the proximate causal history of beliefs is a distinction worth preserving in cognitive psychology. The intuitive distinction is argued to rest on a pair of features exhibited by beliefs but not by subdoxastic states. These are access to consciousness and inferential integration. Harman's view, which denies the distinction between beliefs and subdoxastic states, is discussed and criticized.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  162. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Cognition and Content in Nonhuman Species. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (4):604-605.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  163. Stephen P. Stich (1978). Empiricism, Innateness, and Linguistic Universals. Philosophical Studies 33 (3):273 - 286.
  164. Stephen P. Stich (1978). The Recombinant DNA Debate. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (3):187-205.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  165. Stephen P. Stich (1976). Davidson's Semantic Program. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):201 - 227.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  166. Stephen P. Stich (ed.) (1975). Innate Ideas. University of California Press.
    Introduction: The Idea oflnnateness Philosophical controversies are notoriously long-lived. And in point of venerability the controversy around innate ideas ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  167. Stephen P. Stich (1975). Logical Form and Natural Language. Philosophical Studies 28 (6):397 - 418.
    The central thesis of the article is that there are two quite distinct concepts of logical form. Theories of logical form employing one of these concepts are different both in method of justification and in philosophical and psychological implications from theories employing the other concept.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  168. Stephen P. Stich (1975). The Idea of Innateness. In , Innate Ideas. University of California Press. 1--22.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  169. Stephen P. Stich (1973). What Every Grammar Does: A Reply to Prof. Arbini. Philosophia 3 (1):85-96.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  170. Stephen P. Stich (1972). Grammar, Psychology, and Indeterminacy. Journal of Philosophy 64 (22):799-818.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  171. Stephen P. Stich (1971). What Every Speaker Knows. Philosophical Review 80 (4):476-496.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  172. Stephen P. Stich (1970). Dissonant Notes on the Theory of Reference. Noûs 4 (4):385-397.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  173. Peter G. Hinman, Jaegwon Kim & Stephen P. Stich (1968). Logical Truth Revisited. Journal of Philosophy 65 (17):495-500.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  174. Shaun Nichols & Stephen Stich, How to Read Your Own Mind: A Cognitive Theory of Self-Consciousness.
    The topic of self-awareness has an impressive philosophical pedigree, and sustained discussion of the topic goes back at least to Descartes. More recently, selfawareness has become a lively issue in the cognitive sciences, thanks largely to the emerging body of work on “mindreading”, the process of attributing mental states to people (and other organisms). During the last 15 years, the processes underlying mindreading have been a major focus of attention in cognitive and developmental psychology. Most of this work has been (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  175. In W. Ramsey & S. Stich, Concepts, Connectionism, and the Language of Thought.
    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a prima facie tension between our commonsense conception of ourselves as thinkers and the connectionist programme for modelling cognitive processes. The language of thought hypothesis plays a pivotal role. The connectionist paradigm is opposed to the language of thought; and there is an argument for the language of thought that draws on features of the commonsense scheme of thoughts, concepts, and inference. Most of the paper (Sections 3-7) is taken up with the (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  176. Stephen Stich, The Philosophy of Psychology.
    The 20th century has been a tumultuous time in psychology – a century in which the discipline struggled with basic questions about its intellectual identity, but nonetheless managed to achieve spectacular growth and maturation. It’s not surprising, then, that psychology has attracted sustained philosophical attention and stimulated rich philosophical debate. Some of this debate was aimed at understanding, and sometimes criticizing, the assumptions, concepts and explanatory strategies prevailing in the psychology of the time. But much philosophical work has also been (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  177. Stephen P. Stich, Michael A. Bishop's>.
    The flight to reference is a widely-used strategy for resolving philosophical issues. The three steps in a flight to reference argument are: (1) offer a substantive account of the reference relation, (2) argue that a particular expression refers (or does not refer), and (3) draw a philosophical conclusion about something other than reference, like truth or ontology. It is our contention that whenever the flight to reference strategy is invoked, there is a crucial step that is left undefended, and that (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  178. Stephen Stich & Jonathan M. Weinberg, Empirical Challenges to the Use of Intuitions as Evidence in Philosophy, or Why We Are Not “Judgment Skeptics”.
    Bealer, G. (1998). “Intuition and the Autonomy of Philosophy,” in M. DePaul & W. Ramsey, eds., Rethinking Intuition: The Psychology of Intuition and Its Role in Philosophical Inquiry, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Is this list right?