Tibor Machan Chapman University
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  1.  86
    Tibor R. Machan (forthcoming). Book Review: James M. Buchanan, Why I, Too, Am Not a Conservative. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
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  2. Tibor R. Machan (forthcoming). Human Rights, Workers' Rights, and the “Right” to Occupational Safety. Moral Rights in the Workplace, Albany, Ny: State University of New York Press, as Reprinted in White, Ti (1993). Business Ethics: A Philosophical Reader. New York: Macmillan.
     
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  3. Tibor R. Machan (2014). Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being. Routledge.
    In _Classical Individualism_, Tibor R. Machan argues that individualism is far from being dead. Machan identifies, develops and defends what he calls classical individualism - an individualism humanised by classical philosophy, rooted in Aristotle rather than Hobbes. This book does not reject the social nature of human beings, but finds that every one has a self-directed agent who is responsible for what he or she does. Machan rejects all types of collectivism, including communitarianism, ethnic solidarity, racial unity, and gender identity. (...)
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  4.  11
    Tibor Machan (2013). Impractical Pragmatism. Philosophy Now 95:30-30.
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  5.  1
    Tibor R. Machan (2013). Business and Liberty: An Ethical Union. In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer 1205--1222.
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  6.  18
    Tibor R. Machan (2013). Two Flaws in Anti-Market Criticisms. Think 12 (35):95-99.
    Over the years, two criticisms of free markets have been repeated over and over again, by very prominent academics. One concerns the subjective theory of values many pro-market economists embrace, the other involves the move from something being good to do to requiring the government to make – or ‘nudge’ – us do it.
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  7.  43
    Rainer Ebert & Tibor R. Machan (2012). Innocent Threats and the Moral Problem of Carnivorous Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):146-159.
    The existence of predatory animals is a problem in animal ethics that is often not taken as seriously as it should be. We show that it reveals a weakness in Tom Regan's theory of animal rights that also becomes apparent in his treatment of innocent human threats. We show that there are cases in which Regan's justice-prevails-approach to morality implies a duty not to assist the jeopardized, contrary to his own moral beliefs. While a modified account of animal rights that (...)
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  8. Tibor R. Machan (2012). Doubting One's Mind. Analysis and Metaphysics 11:11-13.
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  9.  22
    Tibor R. Machan (2012). Drug Prohibition is Both Wrong and Unworkable. Think 11 (30):85-92.
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  10.  7
    Tibor Machan (2011). A Priori: A Brief Critical Survey. Libertarian Papers 3.
    The issue of whether logic has an ontological base—rests, ultimately, on the principles or nature of reality—is constantly with us. In this paper I revisit it, drawing on a piece I wrote back in 1969, for the early incarnation of Reason magazine. I conclude that the Aristotelian idea that logic tracks reality is sound and those opposed—conventionalists, pragmatists, conceptualists, Kantians, et al.—have it wrong.
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  11.  5
    Tibor Machan (2011). Community and Conflict: The Sources of Liberal Solidarity. Contemporary Political Theory 10 (1):125-128.
  12.  9
    Tibor Machan (2011). Truth in Philosophy. Libertarian Papers 3.
    Can there be truth in philosophy? A problem: it is philosophy, its various schools, that advances what counts as true versus false, how to go about making the distinction. This is what I wish to focus on here and see if some coherent, sensible position could be reached on the topic.
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  13. Tibor Machan (2011). The Myth of Surplus Wealth. Free Inquiry 31:13-13.
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  14. Tibor Machan (2011). Values in America. Free Inquiry 31:12-12.
     
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  15.  10
    Tibor R. Machan (2011). A Critique of Positive Rights. In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of Human Rights. Routledge 110.
  16.  17
    Tibor R. Machan (2011). Why is Everyone Else Wrong?: Explorations in Truth and Reason. Springer.
    In this provocative monograph, Tibor Machan explores the principles of truth, reason, and ideology, with particular respect to the profound political, economic, ...
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  17. Tibor Machan (2010). A Popular Fallacy. Free Inquiry 30:16-16.
     
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  18. Tibor Machan (2010). A Problem With Aristotle's Ethical Essentialism. Libertarian Papers 2.
    Aristotelian ethics is still very promising, mainly because of its meta-ethical naturalism. As in medicine, what’s good versus bad is based on knowledge of the nature of something. With the addition of a strong doctrine of voluntary action, the morally good life is one within which one pursues one’s human flourishing . An obstacle is Aristotle’s essentialism whereby he stresses what is distinctive about human beings, not what is a matter of their nature, as the standard of right versus wrong (...)
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  19.  22
    Tibor Machan (2010). Backing the Founders: The Case for Unalienable Individual Rights. Libertarian Papers 2.
    Many may benefit from revisiting the natural rights support for the fully free society even though the case is on record in several books and numerous scholarly pieces. Here I provide a sketch of that support, with a plethora of references for those who would like to explore the full case.The basic point is that adult human beings are moral agents and as such require in their communities respect for–and at times expert protection of–their individual natural rights. This is what (...)
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  20.  6
    Tibor Machan (2010). Discussion Note: Contemporary Philosophy Versus the Free Society. Libertarian Papers 2.
    Some libertarians are impatient with philosophical discussions and even dismiss philosophy as not needed to make the case for the free society. I dispute this and indicate why. As many have found, even to dismiss philosophy, one needs a bit of it!
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  21. Tibor Machan (2010). Left-Libertarianism–An Oxymoron? Reason Papers 32:137-140.
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  22. Tibor Machan (2010). Revisiting Natural Rights. Free Inquiry 31:9-10.
     
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  23.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (2010). Did Socrates Know Nothing? Think 9 (25):85-87.
    A familiar teaching about Socrates, based mostly on Plato's representation of the Athenian philosopher, is that he professed not to know anything. The only thing he knew, he is reported to have said, is that he knew nothing.
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  24.  16
    Tibor R. Machan (2010). Some Contrarian Reflections on Advertising. Think 9 (24):47-50.
    Among business ethics teachers, as reflected in their books and papers, advertising is deemed anything but honorable. Quite the opposite. This is mainly because so many business ethicists are convinced that altruism is the proper ethics for people to practice and, of course, advertising is far from altruistic. The following will be a presentation of a position that finds advertising ethical but also rejects altruism as the proper ethics by which human beings should live.
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  25. Tibor Machan (2009). Milton Friedman & The Human Good. Libertarian Papers 1.
    Milton Friedman is among those who have favored a value free, amoral defense of the free society. Here I discuss his basic reason for doing so, namely, that the claim to moral knowledge implies authoritarian politics. I argue that this is wrong because to act morally cannot require coercing people to do so–to quote Immanuel Kant, “ought” implies “can.”.
     
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  26. Tibor Machan (2009). Paradoxes About Intruding on Nature. Free Inquiry 30:16-16.
     
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  27. Tibor Machan (2009). The Importance of Individualism. Free Inquiry 29:22-23.
     
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  28. Tibor Machan (2009). The Virtue of Prudence as the Moral Basis of Commerce. Reason Papers 31:49-61.
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  29. Tibor Machan (2009). Without Free Will. Free Inquiry 29:21-21.
     
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  30.  95
    Tibor R. Machan (2009). Self-Ownership and the Lockean Proviso. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):93-98.
    Locke's defense of private property rights includes what is called a proviso— "the Lockean proviso"—and some have argued that in terms of it the right to private property can have various exceptions and it may not even be unjust to redistribute wealth that is privately owned. I argue that this cannot be right because it would imply that one's right to life could also have various exceptions, so anyone's life (and labor) could be subject to conscription if some would need (...)
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  31. Tibor R. Machan (2009). The Promise of Liberty: A Non-Utopian Vision. Lexington Books.
    The fully free society is but a promise, rarely completely fulfilled but clearly a possibility, not a utopia. This work shows both the promise and why it can be reasonably well fulfilled.
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  32.  42
    Tibor R. Machan (2009). What Rights Do We Have? Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (4):469-477.
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  33.  3
    Tibor Machan (2008). Atlas Shrugged @ 50+. Philosophy Now 66:19-21.
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  34. Tibor Machan (2008). Blue Laws Are Unjust and Unequal. Free Inquiry 28:21-22.
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  35. Tibor Machan (2008). Fairness Is a Minor Virtue. Free Inquiry 28:30-30.
     
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  36. Tibor Machan (2008). The Truth About Altruism. Free Inquiry 28:20-20.
     
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  37.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (2008). Rand on Hume's Moral Skepticism. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 9 (2):245 - 251.
    This brief discussion argues that Ayn Rand misconstrued David Hume's famous "is/ought" gap, just as innumerable others have. Hume objected to deducing ought claims (or judgments or statements) from is claims and not to deriving the former from the latter. He was silent about this but his own work in ethics and politics suggests that he would agree that one can infer ethical, moral or political beliefs from an understanding of facts (such as those of history).
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  38.  7
    Tibor R. Machan (2008). The Promise of Liberty: A Non-Utopian Vision. Lexington Books.
    Introduction: Why moral judgments can be objective -- Theorists v. their theories : the case of agent causation -- Ethics and its controversial assumptions : individualism & human success -- Virtue, liberty, and private property : aspects of humanist political economy -- Economic analysis and the pursuit of liberty -- Human rights and poverty -- Rights, values, regulation, and health care -- The morality of smoking -- Philosophy, physics, and common sense -- The calculation problem & the tragedy of the (...)
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  39.  19
    Tibor R. Machan (2008). Why Moral Judgments Can Be Objective. Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):100-125.
    Are we able to make objective moral judgments? This perennial philosophical topic needs often to be revisited because it is central to human life. Judging how people conduct themselves, the institutions they devise, whether, in short, they are doing what's right or what's wrong, is ubiquitous. In this essay I defend the objectivity of ethical judgments by deploying a neo-Aristotelian naturalism by which to keep the gap at bay and place morality on an objective footing. I do this with the (...)
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  40. Tibor Machan (2007). Ethics and its Controversial Assumptions. Vera Lex 8 (1/2):27-50.
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  41.  14
    Tibor Machan (2007). Leo Strauss, Neoconservative? Philosophy Now 59:33-35.
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  42. Tibor Machan (2007). Schools Without the State? Free Inquiry 27:23-23.
     
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  43. Tibor Machan (2007). The Right to Liberty Versus the Right to Welfare: A Reply to Sterba. Reason Papers 29:177-184.
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  44.  1
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). A Brief Comment on Hartford. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (2).
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  45.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). Altruism (Stakeholder Theory) Versus Business Ethics. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:453-456.
    Stakeholder theory is now nearly mainstream among business ethics and business and society scholars but it has serious problems. One is well communicated by a quote from W. H. Auden: "We are here on earth to do good for others. What the others are here for, I don't know." More to the point, stakeholder theory violates private property rights and freedom of association. It makes of people in business involuntary servants of "society," mainly of self-appointed moralists. This paper explores stakeholder (...)
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  46.  52
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). Defining Government, Begging the Question: An Answer to Walter Block's Reply. Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (1):91-99.
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  47.  16
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). Good God, Bad Deeds? Think 5 (15):55-58.
    Tibor Machan responds to James Franklin's response to the problem of evil (in Think issue 5).
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  48.  1
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). Rejoinder to Robert Hartford, "Objectivity and the Proof of Egoism" (Spring 2007): A Brief Comment on Hartford. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (2):305 - 306.
    In response to Robert Hartford's criticisms of his Spring 2006 Journal of Ayn Rand Studies essay, "Rand and Choice," Machan reiterates the main point: Prior to the choice to live/think, a human being cannot be aware of any principle of ethics. So the choice to live/think cannot rest on such a principle. Only once that choice has been made—however incrementally, gradually, by fits and starts—can one be rationally expected to live a principled life.
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  49. Tibor R. Machan (2007). Rights, Values, Regulation, and Health Care. Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (2-3):385-391.
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  50.  19
    Tibor R. Machan (2007). The Morality of Business: A Profession for Human Wealthcare. Springer.
    Government interference in free enterprise is growing. Should they intercede in business ethics and corporate responsibility; and if so, to what extent? The Morality of Business: A Profession for Human Wealthcare goes beyond the utilitarian case in discussing the various elements of business ethics, social policy, job security, outsourcing, government regulation, stakeholder theory, advertising and property rights. "Professor Machan has done it again! Profit seeking behavior by business is ethical and prudent, but it only can be ethical when a person (...)
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  51. Tibor Machan (2006). Altruism's Bad Influence. Free Inquiry 26:24-24.
     
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  52. Tibor Machan (2006). Jobs in a Free Country. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 20 (2):835-860.
     
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  53. Tibor Machan (2006). Wanting but Reproducing. Free Inquiry 26:24-24.
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  54. Tibor R. Machan (ed.) (2006). Ayn Rand at 100. Distributed by D.K. Publishers Distributors.
     
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  55.  13
    Tibor R. Machan (2006). Is Free Will Real? Think 4 (12):61-64.
    Tibor Machan introduces an ancient and infernal puzzle.
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  56.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (2006). Rand and Choice. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2).
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  57.  5
    Tibor R. Machan (2006). Reply to Douglas B. Rasmussen, "Rand on Obligation and Value" (Fall 2002) and Eric Mack, "Problematic Arguments in Randian Ethics" (Fall 2003): Rand and Choice. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2):257 - 273.
    Rand's metaethical objectivism consists not in the view that values lie outside of us—in an independent reality such that we can identify them or fail to do so. Rather, Rand's conception of "objectivity" regarding the foundation of ethics is what is often called "agent-relative" but not subjective. Or, as Rand states, ethical claims are "objectively conditional" (in her essay "Causality versus Duty"). In elaborating this perspective, Machan shows that it suffices to avoid the dreaded charge of subjectivism contained in both (...)
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  58.  27
    Tibor R. Machan (2006). Rights, Values, Regulation, and Health Care. Journal of Value (2006) 40 (2-3):155ff.
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  59. Tibor R. Machan (2006). The Pseudo-Science of B. F. Skinner. Upa.
    The Pseudo-Science of B.F. Skinner was Professor Tibor Machan's first book. Now, nearly forty years after its initial publication and after three dozen additional books published by Machan, it is available again through University Press of America. This study is still alive with its initial inquiry into the work of B.F. Skinner, and it is just as influential upon young students today as it was forty years ago. Was Skinner a bona fide scientist or an amateur metaphysician? Was Skinner correct (...)
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  60. Walter Block, Samuel Bostaph, Ricardo F. Crespo, Jeffrey M. Herbener, Richard C. B. Johnsson, Tibor R. Machan, Douglas B. Rasmussen, Murray N. Rothbard, Chris Matthew Sciabarra, Larry J. Sechrest, Barry Smith & Gloria Zúñiga (2005). Philosophers of Capitalism: Menger, Mises, Rand, and Beyond. Lexington Books.
    Philosophers of Capitalism provides an interdisciplinary approach, attempting to discover the feasibility of an integration of Austrian Economics and Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism. Edward W. Younkins supplies essays presenting the essential ideas of Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises, and Ayn Rand, as well as scholarly essays discussing the theorists and the interaction of their theories.
     
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  61. Craig Duncan, Tibor R. Machan & Martha Nussbaum (2005). Libertarianism: For and Against. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Libertarianism: For and Against offers dueling perspectives on the scope of legitimate government. Tibor R. Machan, a well-known libertarian philosopher, argues for a minimal government devoted solely to protecting individual rights to life, liberty, and property. Against this view, philosopher Craig Duncan defends democratic liberalism, which aims to ensure that all citizens have fair access to a life of dignity. In a dynamic exchange of arguments, the two philosophers cut to the heart of this important debate.
     
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  62. Tibor Machan (2005). Ayn Rand's Legacy to Philosophy. Free Inquiry 26:22-22.
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  63. Tibor Machan (2005). For Liberals, No One’s Evil. Free Inquiry 25.
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  64. Tibor Machan (2005). Materialism Through Equivocation: A Dissenting View. Free Inquiry 25.
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  65.  8
    Tibor Machan (2005). Why Liberty is Necessary for Morality. Think 3 (9):87-90.
    In this short article Tibor Machan questions whether those who reject Western liberalism yet call for a return to morality are being entirely consistent.
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  66.  2
    Tibor R. Machan (2005). Can Commerce Inspire? In Nicholas Capaldi (ed.), Business and Religion: A Clash of Civilizations? M & M Scrivener Press 16.
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  67. Tibor Machan (2004). In Praise of Private Property Rights. Free Inquiry 24.
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  68. Tibor Machan (2004). Secularism and Capitalism Vs. Islam. Free Inquiry 24.
     
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  69. Tibor Machan (2004). What’s Wrong With Modernity? Free Inquiry 24.
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  70.  20
    Tibor R. Machan (2004). Aristotle and the Moral Status of Business. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (2):203-223.
  71. Tibor R. Machan (2004). A Brief Defense of Free Will. In John R. Burr & Milton Goldinger (eds.), Philosophy and Contemporary Issues. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall
  72. Tibor R. Machan (2004). Putting Humans First Why We Are Nature's Favorite.
     
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  73.  2
    Tibor R. Machan (2004). The Man Without a Hobby: Adventures of a Gregarious Egoist. Hamilton Books.
    The Man Without a Hobby is the memoir of Tibor Machan, a first generation refugee who escaped both a political and a personal tyranny early in his life and embarked upon a search for an understanding of what it means to live freely and ...
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  74. Tibor Machan (2003). A Brief On Business Ethics. Philosophy for Business 1.
     
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  75. Tibor Machan (2003). Applied Ethics - Liberty and Responsibility. Free Inquiry 23.
  76. Tibor Machan (2003). Applied Ethics - The Benefits of Selfishness. Free Inquiry 23.
     
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  77. Tibor Machan (2003). Wondrous Humanity. Free Inquiry 23.
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  78. Tibor R. Machan (2003). Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being. Routledge.
    In _Classical Individualism_, Tibor R. Machan argues that individualism is far from being dead. Machan identifies, develops and defends what he calls classical individualism - an individualism humanised by classical philosophy, rooted in Aristotle rather than Hobbes. This book does not reject the social nature of human beings, but finds that every one has a self-directed agent who is responsible for what he or she does. Machan rejects all types of collectivism, including communitarianism, ethnic solidarity, racial unity, and gender identity. (...)
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  79.  15
    Tibor R. Machan (2003). Government Regulation Vs. The Free Society. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (1):77-83.
  80.  19
    Tibor R. Machan (2003). Objectivity: Recovering Determinate Reality in Philosophy, Science, and Everyday Life. Ashgate.
    This book considers and responds to these and similar challenges to objectivity.
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  81. Tibor R. Machan (2003). The Liberty Option. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  82.  32
    Tibor R. Machan (2003). Libertarianism in One Easy Lesson. The Philosophers' Magazine 23 (23):46-49.
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  83. Tibor Machan (2002). Martyrdom, True and False. Free Inquiry 22.
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  84. Tibor Machan (2002). What About the Children? Free Inquiry 22.
     
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  85.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (2002). Free Will Reconsidered. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1).
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  86.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (2002). Reply to William Dwyer: Free Will Reconsidered. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):215 - 220.
    Tibor R. Machan argues that William Dwyer's review of his book, Initiative: Human Agency and S odety (The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2001), assumes that compatibilism is coherent. Machan argues that compatibilism is simply hard determinism with some soft edges but as such it is not coherent. In light of this, the agent-causation-based thesis of human initiative (or freedom of the human will) that Machan defends is superior to its alternatives.
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  87.  52
    Tibor R. Machan (2002). Why Human Beings May Use Animals. Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (1):9-16.
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  88.  18
    Tibor R. Machan (2002). Your Country Needs... Your Liver? The Philosophers' Magazine 18 (18):19-20.
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  89.  5
    Thomas Magnell, Moving Away From A. Local, Tibor R. Machan, Kevin Graham, Sharon Sytsma, Agape Sans Dieu, Jonathan Glover, Harry G. Frankfurt, James Stacey Taylor & Peter Singer (2002). Information for Contributors. Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (3):601-603.
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  90.  11
    Jonathan Westphal, Laurence Hitterdale, Steven M. Cahn, Marcus Verhaegh, Christopher W. Stevens, Tibor R. Machan & Steven Yates (2002). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (5):173 - 182.
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  91. Tibor Machan (2001). Radical Free Market Environmentalism. Free Inquiry 21.
     
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  92. Tibor Machan (2001). Self Before Others. Free Inquiry 21.
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  93. Tibor Machan (2001). Special Pleading Galore. Free Inquiry 21.
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  94.  36
    Tibor Machan, The Right to Private Property. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  95.  2
    Tibor R. Machan (2001). Another Look at Abortion. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):449-456.
    TIBOR R. MACHAN argues that Gregory R. Johnson and David Rasmussen are mistaken to claim that Rand should have embraced the pro-life position on the issue of a woman's right to seek an abortion. Rand believed that a fetus is only a potential, not an actual, human being. So killing a fetus is not homicide, any more than killing a seed would be the killing of a flower. Machan's alternative view of abortion is within the spirit of Rand's position, while (...)
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  96. Tibor R. Machan (2001). Libertarian Justice. In James P. Sterba (ed.), Social and Political Philosophy: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge 93--114.
     
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  97.  2
    Tibor R. Machan (2001). Reply to Johnson and Rasmussen: Another Look at Abortion. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):449 - 456.
    Tibor R. Machan argues that Gregory R. Johnson and David Rasmussen (in "Rand on Abortion: A Critique," Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Spring 2000) are mistaken to claim that Rand should have embraced the pro-life position on the issue of a woman's right to seek an abortion. Rand believed that a fetus is only a potential, not an actual, human being. So Willing a fetus is not homicide, any more than killing a seed would be the killing of a flower. (...)
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  98.  9
    Tibor R. Machan (2001). Sterba on Machan's "Concession". Journal of Social Philosophy 32 (2):241–243.
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  99.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (2001). Teaching Ayn Rand's Version of Ethical Egoism. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1):71 - 81.
    Tibor R. Machan explores how to present Rand's ethics in an introductory college course on moral philosophy. Despite their inclusion in some textbooks, Rand's ideas often get misrepresented. For example, James Rachels' work treats her as a subjective egoist, ignoring Rand's own focus on human nature and the individual's identity in the formulation of guidelines to personal conduct. In teaching Rand's ethical egoism, Machan examines several metaethical topics, including the nature of ethical knowledge, the challenges to such knowledge posed by (...)
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  100.  16
    Tibor R. Machan (2001). Why Agreement Isn't Enough. Philosophia 28 (1-4):269-281.
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  101.  9
    Tibor Machan (2000). Liberalism and Atomistic Individualism. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):227-247.
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  102.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (2000). Egoism and Benevolence. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 1 (2):283 - 291.
    TIBOR R. MACHAN argues that David Kelley's Unrugged Individualism: The Selfish Basis of Benevolence, which makes the case for including the benevolent virtues as a prominent feature of the Objectivist ethics, is too brief but filled with poignant observations and some valuable analysis. Machan discusses altruism, in response to much criticism of Rand's rendition of the position, and defends ethical egoism against widespread misrepresentations.
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  103.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (2000). Initiative: Human Agency and Society. Hoover Institution Press.
    In a fresh look at the age-old question of nature's laws versus individual choice, Machan offers an insightful discussion of human initiative as a basic feature ...
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  104. Tibor R. Machan (2000). Unrugged Individualism: The Selfish Basis of Benevolence. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 1 (2).
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  105. Tibor R. Machan (1999). Ayn Rand.
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  106.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (1999). Defending a Free Society. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (4):451-455.
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  107. Aeon J. Skoble & Tibor R. Machan (1999). Political Philosophy Essential Selections.
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  108. Tibor Machan (1998). Immigration Into A Free Society. Journal of Libertarian Studies 13 (2):199-204.
     
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  109.  4
    Tibor R. Machan (1998). Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being. Routledge.
    In Classical Individualism , Tibor R. Machan argues that individualism is far from being dead. Machan identifies, develops and defends what he calls classical individualism - an individualism humanised by classical philosophy, rooted in Aristotle rather than Hobbes. This book does not reject the social nature of human beings, but finds that every one has a self-directed agent who is responsible for what he or she does. Machan rejects all types of collectivism, including communitarianism, ethnic solidarity, racial unity, and gender (...)
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  110.  15
    Tibor R. Machan (1998). Why It Appears That Objective Ethical Claims Are Subjective. Philosophia 26 (3-4):441-463.
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  111. Tibor R. Machan (1997). A Primer on Ethics.
     
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  112.  12
    Tibor R. Machan (1997). Blocked Exchanges Revisited. Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (3):249–262.
    I argue that (a) donations made without the option of selling are morally diminished and (2) selling such items isn.
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  113.  28
    Tibor R. Machan (1997). Does Libertarianism Imply the Welfare State? Res Publica 3 (2):131-148.
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  114. Tibor R. Machan (1997). Communication From One Feminist. Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (1):54-61.
  115. Tibor Machan (1996). Introduction. Reason Papers 21:2-2.
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  116. Tibor Machan (1996). Micheline R. Ishay, Internationalism and its Betrayal Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (6):414-416.
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  117. Tibor Machan (1996). Micheline R. Ishay, Internationalism and its Betrayal. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 16:414-416.
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  118. Tibor R. Machan (1996). Individualism and Political Dialogue. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 46:45-56.
     
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  119.  20
    Tibor R. Machan (1996). What is Morally Right with Insider Trading. Public Affairs Quarterly 10 (2):135-142.
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  120.  6
    J. B. Schneewind, Paul Humphreys, Leonard Katz, Celia Wolf-Devine, George Graham, Daniel P. Anderson, Mary Ellen Waithe, Tibor R. Machan & Jonathan E. Adler (1996). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 69 (5):141 - 150.
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  121. Tibor R. Machan (1995). A Defense of Property Rights and Capitalism. In Brenda Almond (ed.), Introducing Applied Ethics. Blackwell
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  122.  23
    Tibor R. Machan (1995). Individualism Versus Classical Liberal Political Economy. Res Publica 1 (1):3-23.
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  123. Tibor Machan & Douglas Rasmussen (1995). Liberty for the 21st Century: Contemporary Libertarian Thought. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Fifteen distinguished contributors free present up-to-date arguments for the libertarian alternative. Part One introduces libertarianism and outlines some approaches by which it might be justified. Part Two addresses how a society that embraces libertarian principles might deal with various social problems, especially those that seem to require government intervention. Part Three responds to criticisms of libertarianism from other political perspectives and presents a libertarian critique of those viewpoints. Contributors: N. Scott Arnold; James E. Chesher; Mike Gemmell; John Hospers; Gregory R. (...)
     
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  124.  6
    David DeGrazia, Antole Anton, Diana C. Fabiano, Predrag Finci, Igor Primoratz, Oskar Gruenwald, Heather Johnson, Tibor R. Machan & Gerald Dworkin (1994). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):79 - 93.
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  125.  1
    Tibor R. Machan (1994). Human Rights Reaffirmed: Tibor R. Machan. Philosophy 69 (270):479-490.
    There have been a number of attacks on the idea of human rights recently, both in the course of political and diplomatic encounters across the globe, as well as in the more systematic literature of political philosophy. These attacks do not always distinguish between the Lockean, negative and the more recent positive rights traditions. For example, at the 1993 summer conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria, many diplomats from different regions of the world raised such questions as 'When we (...)
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  126.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (1994). Professional Responsibilities of Corporate Managers. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 13 (3):57-69.
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  127.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (1994). Human Rights Reaffirmed. Philosophy 69 (270):479 - 490.
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  128.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (1993). Environmentalism Humanized. Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (2):131-147.
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  129.  17
    Tibor R. Machan (1993). Liberty and Nature. International Studies in Philosophy 25 (3):142-143.
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  130.  7
    Tibor R. Machan (1993). Applied Ethics and Free Will: Some Untoward Results of Independence. Journal of Applied Philosophy 10 (1):59-72.
  131.  9
    Tibor R. Machan (1993). Some Reflections on Richard Rorty's Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 24 (1-2):123-135.
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  132. Tibor Machan (1992). Reply to Critics of "Individuals and Their Rights". Reason Papers 17:95-106.
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  133. Tibor R. Machan (1992). "Economics and Power: An Inquiry Into Human Relations and Markets", by Randall Bartlett. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (3):388.
     
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  134. Tibor R. Machan (1992). How to Understand Eastern European Developments? Public Affairs Quarterly 6 (2):169-179.
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  135.  4
    Tibor R. Machan (1992). The Right to Private Property: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 6 (1):97-106.
  136.  4
    Tibor R. Machan (1992). Some Moral Dimension In Parent‐Child Relations. Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (3):16-22.
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  137.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (1992). The Right to Privacy Vs. Uniformitarianism. Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (2):75-84.
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  138.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (1991). Do Animals Have Rights? Public Affairs Quarterly 5 (2):163-173.
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  139. Tibor R. Machan (1991). Rescuing Victims—From Social Theory.”. In D. Sank & D. Caplan (eds.), To Be a Victim. Plenum 101.
     
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  140.  17
    Tibor R. Machan (1990). Natural Rights Liberalism. Philosophy and Theology 4 (3):253-265.
    Classical Iiberalism has at least two distinct strains. Its natural rights version requires extensive use of moral concepts. Some denigrate this tradition on grounds that it has been made obsolete by empiricist epistemology and materialist metaphysics. Since that tradition requires knowledge of moral truth and since empiricism precludes this, the tradition is hopeless. Since it also requires a teleological explanation of human action, and since mechanism precludes this, the hopelessness of the tradition is compounded. I argue that neither the empiricist (...)
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  141.  40
    Tibor R. Machan (1990). Exploring Extreme Violence (Torture). Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):92-97.
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  142.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (1990). Politics and Generosity. Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):61-73.
    ABSTRACT This paper argues that generosity as a moral virtue is only consistently and fully possible to practise in the kind of polity that upholds natural individual human rights, including the basic negative right to private property. The paper sketches a characterisation of generosity and explains the sense in which it can be a moral virtue. Some of the assumptions underlying the concept of moral virtue are considered and it is argued that contrary to some recent claims, it is possible (...)
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  143. Tibor R. Machan & John O. Nelson (1990). A Dialogue Partly on Political Liberty. Upa.
    This work is a classic dialogue between two philosophers, with the unusual twist that it was actually conducted, not fabricated, by two different philosophers. It presents in a conversational tone the various crucial and not so crucial aspects of the topic of political liberty and what if any value it has for us.
     
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  144.  4
    Tibor R. Machan & Chris Sciabarra (1990). Correspondence. Critical Review 4 (3):473-477.
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  145.  1
    John M. Morris, Alan Gewirth, Michael Levin, Robert Schneider, Mark Maller & Tibor R. Machan (1990). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 63 (5):61-65.
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  146. Tibor Machan (1989). Against Lomaskyan Welfare Rights. Reason Papers 14:70-75.
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  147. Tibor R. Machan (1989). The Main Debate: Communism Versus Capitalism. Studies in Soviet Thought 37 (4):337-340.
     
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  148.  8
    Tibor R. Machan (1989). Capitalism, Freedom and Rhetorical Argumentation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):215-218.
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  149.  2
    David Kelley, Tibor R. Machan & Peter Munz (1988). Letters. Critical Review 2 (4):183-187.
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  150. Tibor Machan (1988). Preface. Reason Papers 13.
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  151.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1988). A Neglected Argument Against Theism. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2 (1):48 - 52.
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  152. Tibor R. Machan (ed.) (1988). Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  153. Tibor R. Machan (1988). Ethics and its Uses. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield
     
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  154. Tibor R. Machan (1988). Government Regulation of Business. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield 161--79.
     
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  155. Tibor R. Machan (1988). Introduction : Ethics and its Uses. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield
     
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  156. Tibor R. Machan (1988). The Moral Foundations of Political-Economic Systems. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield 213.
     
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  157.  5
    Tibor R. Machan & Paul Asman (1988). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 61 (4):723 - 724.
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  158. Tibor R. Machan & Douglas J. Den Uyl (1988). Epilogue : Recent Work in Business Ethics, a Survey and Critique. In Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield
     
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  159.  2
    David L. Prychitko, Tibor R. Machan, Mordecai Schwartz & Gus Dizerega (1988). Letters. Critical Review 2 (2-3):220-240.
  160.  1
    Douglas J. Den Uyl & Tibor R. Machan (1988). Should Cigarette Advertising Be Banned? Public Affairs Quarterly 2 (4):19-30.
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  161. Tibor Machan (1987). Editor's Note. Reason Papers 12.
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  162.  21
    Tibor R. Machan (1987). Advertising: The Whole or Only Some of the Truth? Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (4):59-71.
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  163.  21
    Tibor R. Machan (1987). Towards a Theory of Natural Individual Human Rights. New Scholasticism 61 (1):33-78.
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  164. Tibor R. Machan & Douglas J. Den Uyl (1987). Recent Work in Business Ethics: A Survey and Critique. American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):107-124.
     
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  165.  2
    Tibor R. Machan, David A. Hoekema, Leopoldo Zea & Virginia Black (1987). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 60 (3):515 - 522.
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  166.  2
    Tibor R. Machan & Douglas J. Den Uyl (1987). Recent Work in Business Ethics: A Survey and Critique. American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):107 - 124.
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  167.  8
    Tibor R. Machan (1986). The Virtue of Freedom in Capitalism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):49-58.
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  168. Tibor Machan (1985). Editorial. Reason Papers 10.
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  169. Tibor R. Machan (1985). Harman's "Refutation" of the Flourishing Ethics. The Thomist 49 (3):387.
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  170.  5
    Tibor R. Machan (1985). Is There a Right to Be Wrong? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (4):105-109.
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  171. Tibor R. Machan (1985). Introduction to Philosophical Inquiiries. Upa.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  172.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (1985). Moral Myths and Basic Positive Rights. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 33:35-41.
  173.  14
    Tibor R. Machan (1985). Moral Myths and Basic Positive Rights. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 33:35-41.
  174.  57
    Tibor R. Machan (1985). Some Doubts About Animal Rights. Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (1):73-75.
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  175. Tibor R. Machan, Howard T. Owens, John J. Paris & Ralph J. Marino (1985). Commentaries on the Issue. Criminal Justice Ethics 4 (2):73-79.
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  176.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (1984). Business, Religion, and Ethics. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 3 (2):85-87.
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  177. Douglas Den Uyl & Tibor R. Machan (1983). Recent Work on the Concept of Happiness. American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):115-134.
     
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  178. Kenneth G. Lucey & Tibor R. Machan (eds.) (1983). Recent Work in Philosophy. Rowman & Allanheld.
     
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  179.  10
    Tibor R. Machan (1983). Commentary. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2 (2):83-88.
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  180. Tibor R. Machan (1983). Community Without Coercion. Philosophical Books 24 (3):190-192.
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  181.  18
    Tibor R. Machan (1983). Ethics and the Regulation of Professional Ethics. Philosophia 13 (3-4):337-348.
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  182.  13
    Tibor R. Machan (1983). Individualism and the Problem of Political Authority. The Monist 66 (4):500-516.
  183. Tibor R. Machan (1983). Social Contract as a Basis of Norms: A Critique. Journal of Libertarian Studies 7 (1):141-145.
     
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  184.  2
    Tibor R. Machan (1983). The Politics of Procrustes. Philosophical Books 24 (4):245-247.
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  185.  20
    Douglas Den Uyl & Tibor R. Machan (1983). Recent Work on the Concept of Happiness. American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):115 - 134.
    The first part of this project deals with the more recent historical discussions of the topic, Most of which focus on the views of aristotle and j s mill. These two authors turn out to be the focus of attention of most writers who wish to consider the major historical reflections on happiness, Ones that have shaped our thinking on the topic. The second part of this project deals with contemporary original thinking about happiness. Yet here, Too, The major themes (...)
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  186. Tibor Machan (1982). Fishkin on Nozick's Absolute Rights. Journal of Libertarian Studies 6 (3-4):317-20.
     
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  187. Tibor R. Machan (1982). Anarchosurrealism Revisited. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (2):197.
     
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  188.  19
    Tibor R. Machan (1982). A Reconsideration of Natural Rights Theory. American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (1):61 - 72.
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  189.  12
    Tibor R. Machan (1982). Epistemology and Moral Knowledge. Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):23 - 49.
    It is argued that a wrongheaded model of what a theory of knowledge must satisfy has engendered unjustified skepticism about knowledge and moral knowledge in particular. A contextualist conception of knowledge is sketched and defended and it is then argued that in terms of such an idea of what it is to know something the prospects for moral and political knowledge are significantly improved.
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  190. Tibor R. Machan (1982). "Law, Legislation and Liberty", Vol. 3 by F. A. Hayek. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (3):332.
     
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  191.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1980). C. S. Peirce and Absolute Truth. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (2):153 - 161.
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  192.  5
    Tibor R. Machan (1980). Essentialism Sans Inner Natures. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 10 (2):195-200.
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  193.  7
    Tibor R. Machan (1980). Rational Choice and Public Affairs. Theory and Decision 12 (3):229-258.
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  194.  11
    Tibor R. Machan (1980). Some Recent Work in Human Rights Theory. American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (2):103 - 115.
    The ideas of m macdonald, Wm t blackstone, A I melden, J feinberg, V kudryavtsev, G vlastos, M p golding, A rand, E mack, A gewirth, R nozick, R dworkin and others on human rights are sketched and discussed in this installment in "american philosophical quarterly's" "recent work" series.
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  195.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1979). Morals and Politics. International Studies in Philosophy 11:206-207.
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  196.  13
    Tibor R. Machan (1979). Recent Work in Ethical Egoism. American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (1):1 - 15.
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  197. Tibor Machan (1978). Are There Any Human Rights? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 59 (2):165.
     
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  198.  71
    Tibor R. Machan (1978). Against Nonlibertarian Natural Rights. Journal of Libertarian Studies 2 (3):233-238.
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  199. Tibor R. Machan (1978). David L. Norton, Personal Destinies: A Philosophy of Ethical Individualism. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3):238.
     
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  200.  7
    Tibor R. Machan (1978). Taking Rights Seriously. International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (3):361-364.
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  201.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1978). Was Rachels' Doctor Practicing Egosim? Philosophia 8 (2-3):421-424.
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  202. Tibor Machan (1977). Nozick and Rand on Property Rights. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):192.
     
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  203.  31
    Tibor R. Machan (1977). Kuhn, Paradigm Choice and the Arbitrariness of Aesthetic Criteria in Science. Theory and Decision 8 (4):361-362.
  204. Tibor Machan (1976). Dwyer on Standards of Value. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):213.
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  205.  8
    Tibor R. Machan (1976). A Note on Independence. Philosophical Studies 30 (6):419 - 421.
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  206.  15
    Tibor R. Machan (1976). Book Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (4):317-319.
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  207.  23
    Tibor R. Machan (1976). Prima Facie Versus Natural (Human) Rights. Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (2):119-131.
    The paper argues that the idea of prima facie rights implies insurmountable difficulties in connection with the function such rights are said to have in a scheme of justice. G vlastos's version of prima facie rights theories is scrutinized as typical and more advanced than others. The paper shows that natural rights are contextually absolute; they cannot (morally) be overruled in a context of normal political circumstances but may have to be disregarded whenever politics is impossible. Vlastos's insight is preserved (...)
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  208. Tibor R. Machan (1976). Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (4):317.
     
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  209. Tibor Machan (1975). On Justifying Property Rights, Again. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):75.
     
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  210.  13
    Tibor R. Machan & M. L. Zupan (1975). Back to Being Reasonable. Philosophy of Science 42 (3):307-310.
  211. Tibor Machan (1974). DISCUSSION: A Justification of Private Property. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):61.
     
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  212.  10
    Tibor R. Machan (1974). Kuhn's Impossibility Proof and the Moral Element in Scientific Explanations. Theory and Decision 5 (4):355-374.
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  213.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1974). Selfishness and Capitalism1. Inquiry 17 (1-4):338-344.
    Richard Schmitt's case against the psychological defense of capitalism (Inquiry, Vol. 16, No. 2) has merit, but in stating it he attributes to a defender of capitalism the argument that capitalism suits people's innate selfishness. The position more plausibly attributed to the author in question is not only resistant to Schmitt's own arguments but is worth consideration in itself.
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  214.  8
    Tibor Machan (1973). Human Rights. Journal of Critical Analysis 5 (1):30-39.
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  215. Tibor Machan (1973). On Wheatley's Principles. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 54 (1):86.
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  216. Tibor Machan (1971). A Rationale for Human Rights. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):216.
     
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  217. Tibor R. Machan (1971). A Note on Emmon's Random Observations. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):99.
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  218. Tibor Machan (1970). Another Look at "Logical Possibility". Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):246.
     
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  219.  3
    Tibor R. Machan (1970). Education and The Philosophy of Knowledge. Educational Theory 20 (3):253-268.
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  220. Tibor R. Machan (1969). Justice and the Welfare State. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):320.
     
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  221. Tibor R. Machan (1969). Note on Conceivability and Logical Possibility. Kinesis 2:39--42.
    A. Collins once argued that time travel is only imaginable if we relate the "event" out of context. John Hospers argues that it is logically possible for an iron bar to float in water even if it is actually (empirically) impossible. My point in this piece is that Hospers relies on viewing the floating out of context, in Walt Disney fashion; but that is no way to establish any kind of possibility. I also discuss "conceivability", a term frequently used either (...)
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  222.  22
    Tibor R. Machan, No Taxation with or Without Representation: Completing the Revolutionary Break with Feudalist Practices.
    Taxation is a vestige of feudalism and monarchy. It persists because of the mistaken belief that government is somehow entitled to a portion of our labor or assets. This article challenges that belief from a philosophical perspective and offers a different viewpoint.
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