Bas C. van Fraassen San Francisco State University
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  • PhD, University of Pittsburgh, 1966.

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  1. Isabelle F. Peschard & Bas C. van Fraassen (forthcoming). Making the Abstract Concrete: The Role of Norms and Values in Experimental Modeling. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  2. Bas Van Fraassen (forthcoming). Explanation Through Representation, and its Limits. Epistemologia.
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  3. Bas C. Van Fraassen (forthcoming). The World We Speak of, and the Language We Live In. Philosophy and Culture: Proceedings of the Xviith World Congress of Philosophy.
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  4. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2014). One or Two Gentle Remarks About Hans Halvorson's Critique of the Semantic View. Philosophy of Science 81 (2):276-283,.
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  5. Bas C. van Fraassen (2013). Scientific Realism and the Empiricist Challenge: An Introduction to Ernan McMullin's Aquinas Lecture. Zygon 48 (1):131-142.
    In The Inference That Makes Science, Ernan McMullin recounts the clear historical progress he saw toward a vision of the sciences as conclusions reached rationally on the basis of empirical evidence. Distinctive of this vision was his view of science as driven by a specific form of inference, retroduction. To understand this properly, we need to disentangle the description of retroductive inference from the claims made on its behalf. To end I will suggest that the real rival to McMullin's vision (...)
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  6. Bas C. van Fraassen (2012). Modeling and Measurement: The Criterion of Empirical Grounding. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):773-784.
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  7. Don Howard, Bas van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause (2011). The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality. Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, 50139 (...)
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  8. James Ladyman, Otávio Bueno, Mauricio Suárez & Bas van Fraassen (2011). Scientific Representation: A Long Journey From Pragmatics to Pragmatics. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (3):417-442.
    Scientific representation: A long journey from pragmatics to pragmatics Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9465-5 Authors James Ladyman, Department of Philosophy, University of Bristol, 9 Woodland Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TB UK Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Mauricio Suárez, Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Journal Metascience Online (...)
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  9. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). Logic and the Self: After Certain Crises in Western Thought. Diogenes 58 (4):21-29.
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  10. Bas C. van Fraassen (2011). On Stance and Rationality. Synthese 178 (1):155-169.
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  11. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2011). Thomason's Paradox for Belief, and Two Consequence Relations. Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):15-32.
    Thomason (1979/2010)’s argument against competence psychologism in semantics envisages a representation of a subject’s competence as follows: he understands his own language in the sense that he can identify the semantic content of each of its sentences, which requires that the relation between expression and content be recursive. Then if the scientist constructs a theory that is meant to represent the body of the subject’s beliefs, construed as assent to the content of the pertinent sentences, and that theory satisfies certain (...)
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  12. Bas C. van Fraassen (2011). What Was Perrin's Real Achievement? In Gregory J. Morgan (ed.), Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press.
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  13. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Belief and the Will. In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. 235-256.
     
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  14. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Indifference : The Symmetries of Probability. In Antony Eagle (ed.), Philosophy of Probability: Contemporary Readings. Routledge.
     
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  15. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). La Logique Et le Soi : Les Suites de Certaines Crises de la Pensée Occidentale. Diogène 232 (4):28.
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  16. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Precis of Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):425 - 428.
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  17. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Relational Quantum Mechanics: Rovelli's World. Discusiones Filosóficas 11 (17):13-51.
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  18. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Reply to Belot, Elgin, and Horsten. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):461 - 472.
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  19. Bas C. van Fraassen (2010). Reply to Contessa, Ghins, and Healey. Analysis 70 (3):547-556.
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  20. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2010). Rovelli's World. Foundations of Physics 40 (4):390-417.
    Carlo Rovelli’s inspiring “Relational Quantum Mechanics” serves several aims at once: it provides a new vision of what the world of quantum mechanics is like, and it offers a program to derive the theory’s formalism from a set of simple postulates pertaining to information processing. I propose here to concentrate entirely on the former, to explore the world of quantum mechanics as Rovelli depicts it. It is a fascinating world in part because of Rovelli’s reliance on the information-theory approach to (...)
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  21. Bas C. van Fraassen (2009). Objectivity, Invariance, and Convention: Symmetry in Physical Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):84-87.
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  22. Bas C. van Fraassen (2009). The Perils of Perrin, in the Hands of Philosophers. Philosophical Studies 143 (1):5 - 24.
    The story of how Perrin’s experimental work established the reality of atoms and molecules has been a staple in (realist) philosophy of science writings (Wesley Salmon, Clark Glymour, Peter Achinstein, Penelope Maddy, …). I’ll argue that how this story is told distorts both what the work was and its significance, and draw morals for the understanding of how theories can be or fail to be empirically grounded.
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  23. Bas C. Fraassen & Isabelle Peschard (2008). Identity Over Time: Objectively, Subjectively. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):15-35.
    In the philosophy of science, identity over time emerges as a central concern both as an ontological category in the interpretation of physical theories, and as an epistemological problem concerning the conditions of possibility of knowledge. In Reichenbach and subsequent writers on the problem of indistinguishable quantum particles we see the return of a contrast between Leibniz and Aquinas on the subject of individuation. The possibility of rejecting the principle of the identity of indiscernibles has certain logical difficulties, leading us (...)
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  24. F. A. Muller & B. C. van Fraassen (2008). How to Talk About Unobservables. Analysis 68 (299):197–205.
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  25. Bas C. van Fraassen (2008). Philosophical Perspectives on Infinity—Graham Oppy. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):257-258.
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  26. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2008). Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective. Oxford University Press.
  27. Bas C. van Fraassen (2007). From a View of Science to a New Empiricism. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28. Bas C. van Fraassen (2007). Scientific Structuralism: Structuralism(s) About Science: Some Common Problems. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):45–61.
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  29. Bas C. van Fraassen (2006). One Hundred and Fifty Years of Philosophy. Topoi 25 (1-2):123-127.
    Looking back from 2049 over one-hundred and fifty years of philosophy, a student's essay reveals what became of rival strands in Western philosophy – with a sidelong glance at the special Topoi issue on the theme “Philosophy: What is to be Done?” that was published almost half a century earlier.
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  30. Bas C. van Fraassen (2006). Structure: Its Shadow and Substance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275-307.
    Structural realism as developed by John Worrall and others can claim philosophical roots as far back as the late 19th century, though the discussion at that time does not unambiguously favor the contemporary form, or even its realism. After a critical examination of some aspects of the historical background some severe critical challenges to both Worrall's and Ladyman's versions are highlighted, and an alternative empiricist structuralism proposed. Support for this empiricist version is provided in part by the different way in (...)
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  31. Bas C. van Fraassen (2006). Structure: Its Shadow and Substance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):275-307.
    On December 9, 1908 Max Planck addressed the Student Corps of the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the University of Leiden. His announced topic was _ The Unity of the Physical World-Picture _, but the real intent was a polemic against a whole bevy of famous scientists who had turned against realism in the past fifty years. The debate concerning how science represents nature, and specifically whether it represents more than solely structural aspects of the phenomena, had begun earlier in (...)
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  32. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2006). Vague Expectation Value Loss. Philosophical Studies 127 (3):483 - 491.
    Vague subjective probability may be modeled by means of a set of probability functions, so that the represented opinion has only a lower and upper bound. The standard rule of conditionalization can be straightforwardly adapted to this. But this combination has difficulties which, though well known in the technical literature, have not been given sufficient attention in probabilist or Bayesian epistemology. Specifically, updating on apparently irrelevant bits of news can be destructive of one’s explicitly prior expectations. Stability of vague subjective (...)
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  33. Bas C. van Fraassen (2005). Conditionalizing on Violated Bell's Inequalities. Analysis 65 (285):27–32.
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  34. Bas C. van Fraassen (2005). The Day of the Dolphins: Puzzling Over Epistemic Partnership. In John Woods, Kent A. Peacock & A. D. Irvine (eds.), Mistakes of Reason: Essays in Honour of John Woods. University of Toronto Press.
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  35. Bas C. van Fraassen (2005). Van Fraassen's Contribution to Review Symposium-Wouldn't It Be Lovely: Explanation and Scientific Realism. Metascience 14:344-352.
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  36. Bas van Fraassen (2004). Science as Representation: Flouting the Criteria. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):794-804.
    Science represents the phenomena and it does so by providing representations of nature with the phenomena at best as a part. Criteria of adequacy for a representation pertain to accuracy and truth; but that representation is selective and may require distortion even in the selected parameters is an old and familiar point, intimately related to the insight that representation is intentional with adequacy relative to its particular purpose. If we add to this that observation and measurement are perspectival and that (...)
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  37. Bas van Fraassen (2004). Transcendence of the Ego (the Nonexistent Knight). Ratio 17 (4):453-77.
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  38. Bas C. van Fraassen (2004). First Page Preview. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1).
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  39. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Précis of the Empirical Stance. Philosophical Studies 121 (2):127-132.
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  40. Bas C. van Fraassen (2004). Replies to Discussion on the Empirical Stance. Philosophical Studies 121 (2).
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  41. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2004). Replies to Discussion on the Empirical. Philosophical Studies 121 (2):171-192.
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  42. Bas C. van Fraassen (2004). Science as Representation: Flouting the Criteria. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):794-804.
    Criteria of adequacy for scientific representation of the phenomena pertain to accuracy and truth. But that representation is selective and may require distortion even in the selected parameters; this point is intimately connected with the fact that representation is intentional, and its adequacy relative to its particular purpose. Since observation and measurement are perspectival and the appearances to be saved are perspectival measurement outcomes, the question whether this “saving” is an explanatory relation provides a new focus for the realist/antirealist debate. (...)
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  43. Bradley Monton & Bas C. van Fraassen (2003). Constructive Empiricism and Modal Nominalism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):405-422.
    James Ladyman has argued that constructive empiricism entails modal realism, and that this renders constructive empiricism untenable. We maintain that constructive empiricism is compatible with modal nominalism. Although the central term ‘observable’ has been analyzed in terms of counterfactuals, and in general counterfactuals do not have objective truth conditions, the property of being observable is not a modal property, and hence there are objective, non-modal facts about what is observable. Both modal nominalism and constructive empiricism require clarification in the face (...)
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  44. Bas C. van Fraassen (2003). On McMullin's Appreciation of Realism Concerning the Sciences. Philosophy of Science 70 (3):479-492.
    Constructive empiricism is indeed set squarely within a common sense realism that was foreign to much of the empiricist tradition. But I do not see this common sense realism, which I take myself to share with many scientific realists, as harboring or leading to scientific realism. That is in part because of the way I separate the opposition between empiricist and realist understanding of science from other issues that divide us in epistemology. This discussion brought to light our quite different (...)
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  45. Bas C. van Fraassen (2002). The Empirical Stance. Yale Up.
    Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the world's foremost contributors to philosophical logic and the philosophy of science, here undertakes a fresh consideration of these questions and offers a program for renewal of the empiricist tradition.
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  46. Bas C. van Fraassen (2001). Constructive Empiricism Now. Philosophical Studies 106 (1-2):151 - 170.
    Constructive empiricism, the view introduced in The Scientific Image, is a view of science, an answer to the question "what is science?" Arthur Fine's and Paul Teller's contributions to this symposium challenge especially two key ideas required to formulate that view, namely the observable/unobservable and acceptance/belief distinctions. I wish to thank them not only for their insightful critique but also for the support they include. For they illuminate and counter some misunderstandings of Constructive Empiricism along the way. That leaves me (...)
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  47. Bas van Fraassen (2000). La fin de l'empirisme? Revue Philosophique De Louvain 98 (3):449-479.
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  48. Bas C. van Fraassen (2000). La Paradoja de Putnam: El Realismo Metafísico Renovado y Eludido. A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 9:1.
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  49. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2000). Michel Ghins on the Empirical Versus the Theoretical. Foundations of Physics 30 (10):1655-1661.
    Michel Ghins and I are both empiricists, and agree significantly in our critique of “traditional” empiricist epistemology. We differ however in some respects in our interpretation of the scientific enterprise. Ghins argues for a moderate scientific realism which includes the view that acceptance of a scientific theory will bring with it belief in the existence of all those entities, among the entities the theory postulates, that satisfy certain criteria. For Ghins these criteria derive from the criteria for legitimate affirmation of (...)
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  50. Bas van Fraassen (1999). A Defense of the Observational/Theoretical Distinction. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press.
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  51. Bas van Fraassen (1999). Alternatives to Realism. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press.
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  52. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1999). A New Argument for Conditionalization. Topoi 18:93-96.
  53. Bas C. van Fraassen (1999). Conditionalization, a New Argument For. Topoi 18 (2):93-96.
    Probabilism in epistemology does not have to be of the Bayesian variety. The probabilist represents a person''s opinion as a probability function; the Bayesian adds that rational change of opinion must take the form of conditionalizing on new evidence. I will argue that this is the correct procedure under certain special conditions. Those special conditions are important, and instantiated for example in scientific experimentation, but hardly universal. My argument will be related to the much maligned Reflection Principle (van Fraassen, 1984, (...)
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  54. Bas Van Fraassen (1998). Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism. In Martin Curd & Jan Cover (eds.), Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. Norton.
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  55. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1998). Book Review: Interpreting the Quantum World by Jeffrey Bub. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 28 (4):683-689.
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  56. Bas C. van Fraassen (1998). The Agnostic Subtly Probabilified. Analysis 58 (3):212–220.
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  57. James Ladyman, Igor Douven, Leon Horsten & Bas van Fraassen (1997). A Defence of Van Fraassen's Critique of Abductive Inference: Reply to Psillos. Philosophical Quarterly 47 (188):305-321.
    Psillos has recently argued that van Fraassen’s arguments against abduction fail. Moreover, he claimed that, if successful, these arguments would equally undermine van Fraassen’s own constructive empiricism, for, Psillos thinks, it is only by appeal to abduction that constructive empiricism can be saved from issuing in a bald scepticism. We show that Psillos’ criticisms are misguided, and that they are mostly based on misinterpretations of van Fraassen’s arguments. Furthermore, we argue that Psillos’ arguments for his claim that constructive empiricism itself (...)
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  58. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Comments on Peter Roeper's “The Link Between Probability Functions and Logical Consequence”. Dialogue 36 (01):27-.
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  59. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1997). Elgin on Lewis's Putnam's Paradox. Journal of Philosophy 94 (2):85-93.
    In "Unnatural Science"(1) Catherine Elgin examines the dilemma which David Lewis sees posed by Putnam's model-theoretic argument against realism. One horn of the dilemma commits us to seeing truth as something all too easily come by, a virtue to be attributed to any theory meeting relatively minimal conditions of adequacy. The other horn commits us to "anti-nominalism", some version of the ancient doctrine that language must "carve nature at the joints": that there are natural kinds or classes which alone qualify (...)
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  60. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Elgin on Lewis's Putnam's Paradox. Journal of Philosophy 94 (2):85-93.
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  61. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Modal Interpretation of Repeated Measurement: A Rejoinder to Leeds and Healey. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):669-676.
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  62. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Probabilité Conditionnelle Et Certitude. Dialogue 36 (01):69-.
    Personal probability is now a familiar subject in epistemology, together with such more venerable notions as knowledge and belief. But there are severe strains between probability and belief; if either is taken as the more basic, the other may suffer. After explaining the difficulties of attempts to accommodate both, I shall propose a unified account which takes conditional personal probability as basic. Full belief is therefore a defined, derivative notion. Yet we will still be able to picture opinion as follows: (...)
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  63. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Putnam's Paradox: Metaphysical Realism Revamped and Evaded. Philosophical Perspectives 11 (s11):17-42.
    Hilary Putnam's argument against metaphysical realism (commonly referred to as the "model theoretic argument") has now enjoyed two decades of discussion.(1) The text is rich and contains variously construable arguments against variously construed philosophical positions. David Lewis isolated one argument and called it "Putnam's Paradox".(2) That argument is clear and concise; so is the paradoxical conclusion it purports to demonstrate; and so is Lewis' paradox-avoiding solution. His solution involves a position I call "anti-nominalism": not only are classes real, but they (...)
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  64. Bas C. van Fraassen (1997). Sola Experientia?--Feyerabend's Refutation of Classical Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):395.
  65. Bas van Fraassen (1996). ``Science, Materialism, and False Consciousness&Quot;. In Warrant in Contemporary Epistemology: Essays in Honor of Alvin Plantinga's Theory of Knowledge. Rowman Littlefield. 149-182.
    As activity, science has become a large-scale cultural phenomenon. As product, it is drawn on by industry, agriculture, and medicine, thus affecting not only the scene of its activity but all the rest of the world as well. Western philosophy has always harboured a tradition which regards scientific inquiry as a paradigm for rational inquiry in general. Yet almost every philosopher in that tradition has pointed to limits of this paradigm and its scope.
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  66. Bas van Fraassen (1996). Warrant in Contemporary Epistemology: Essays in Honor of Alvin Plantinga's Theory of Knowledge. Rowman Littlefield.
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  67. Bas Fraassen (1995). A Philosophical Approach to Foundations of Science. Foundations of Science 1 (1).
    Foundational research focuses on the theory, but theories are to be related also to other theories, experiments, facts in their domains, data, and to their uses in applications, whether of prediction, control, or explanation. A theory is to be identified through its class of models, but not so narrowly as to disallow these roles. The language of science is to be studied separately, with special reference to the relations listed above, and to the consequent need for resources other than for (...)
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  68. Bas van Fraassen (1995). A Philosophical Approach to Foundations of Science. Foundations of Science 1 (1):5-18.
    Foundational research focuses on the theory, but theories are to be related also to other theories, experiments, facts in their domains, data, and to their uses in applications, whether of prediction, control, or explanation. A theory is to be identified through its class of models, but not so narrowly as to disallow these roles. The language of science is to be studied separately, with special reference to the relations listed above, and to the consequent need for resources other than for (...)
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  69. Bas C. van Fraassen (1995). Belief and the Problem of Ulysses and the Sirens. Philosophical Studies 77 (1):7-37.
    This is surely a bit of Socrates' famous irony. He draws the analogy to explain how his friends should regard poetry as they regretfully banish it from the ideal state. But lovers were no more sensible then than they are now. The advice to banish poetry, undermined already by Plato's own delight and skill in drama, is perhaps undermined still further by this evocation of a 'sensible' lover who counts love so well lost. Yet Socrates' image is one of avowed (...)
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  70. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Fine-Grained Opinion, Probability, and the Logic of Full Belief. Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):349-377.
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  71. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1995). Topics in the Foundation of Statistics. Foundations of Science 1 (1).
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  72. Bas C. van Fraassen (1995). `World' is Not a Count Noun. Noûs 29 (2):139-157.
    The word "world" has in fact many ordinary uses as a count noun; I shall discuss some of them below.(2) There is however also a distinctive philosophical use found in recent ontology (in the sense in which Quine reintroduced this term in analytic philosophy, for theories about what there is). As to this philosophical use, I shall argue that there is no reason to think that it refers to anything, if indeed it is intelligible at all.
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  73. Bas C. Fraassen (1994). Gideon Rosen on Constructive Empiricism. Philosophical Studies 74 (2):179 - 192.
    In response to parts I-III of G Rosen's "What is Constructive Empiricism?", "Philosophical Studies", 74, 1994, 143-178, this paper examines several construals of the position of constructive empiricism. At issue, in part, is the equation of intentional aspects of science with the intentions and opinions of scientists. In addition it is necessary to distinguish the constructive empiricist -- a philosopher holding that acceptance of theories in science need not involve belief that they are true -- from the scientific agnostic' who (...)
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  74. Bas C. van Fraassen (1993). Armstrong, Cartwright, and Earman on Laws and Symmetry. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53:431--44.
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  75. Bas Van Fraassen & Jill Sigman (1993). Interpretation in Science and in the Arts. In George Levine (ed.), Realism and Representation. University of Wisconsin Press.
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  76. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1992). The Geometry of Opinion: Jeffrey Shifts and Linear Operators. Philosophy of Science 59 (2):163-175.
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  77. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1991). Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View. Oxford University Press.
    After introducing the empiricist point of view in philosophy of science, and the concepts and methods of the semantic approach to scientific theories, van Fraassen discusses quantum theory in three stages. He first examines the question of whether and how empirical phenomena require a non-classical theory, and what sort of theory they require. He then discusses the mathematical foundations of quantum theory with special reference to developments in the modelling of interaction, composite systems, and measurement. Finally, the author broaches the (...)
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  78. Bas van Fraassen (1990). Figures in a Probability Landscape. In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences. Kluwer. 345-356.
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  79. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1989). Laws and Symmetry. Oxford University Press.
    Metaphysicians speak of laws of nature in terms of necessity and universality; scientists, in terms of symmetry and invariance. In this book van Fraassen argues that no metaphysical account of laws can succeed. He analyzes and rejects the arguments that there are laws of nature, or that we must believe there are, and argues that we should disregard the idea of law as an adequate clue to science. After exploring what this means for general epistemology, the author develops the empiricist (...)
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  80. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1988). The Peculiar Effects of Love and Desire1. In Brian P. McLaughlin & Amelie O. Rorty (eds.), Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press. 123.
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  81. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1988). The Pragmatic Theory of Explanation. In Joseph C. Pitt (ed.), Theories of Explanation. Oxford University Press.
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  82. Bas C. van Fraassen (1987). Armstrong on Laws and Probabilities. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):243 – 260.
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  83. Bas C. Fraassen (1986). A Demonstration of the Jeffrey Conditionalization Rule. Erkenntnis 24 (1):17 - 24.
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  84. Bas C. Van Fraassen, R. I. G. Hughes & Gilbert Harman (1986). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers, Continued. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):453-463.
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  85. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1985). ¿Qué son las leyes de la naturaleza? Dianoia 31:211-262.
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  86. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1985). Salmon on Explanation. Journal of Philosophy 82 (11):639-651.
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  87. Bas van Fraassen (1984). The Problem of Indistinguishable Particles. In James T. Cushing, C. F. Delany & Gary M. Gutting (eds.), Science and Reality: Recent Work in the Philosophy of Science. University of Notre Dame Press.
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  88. Bas C. Fraassen (1983). Shafer on Conditional Probability. Journal of Philosophical Logic 12 (4):467 - 470.
  89. Bas van Fraassen (1983). Calibration: A Frequency Justification for Personal Probability. In R. Cohen & L. Laudan (eds.), Physics, Philosophy, and Psychoanalysis. D. Reidel.
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  90. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1983). Gentlemen's Wagers: Relevant Logic and Probability. Philosophical Studies 43 (1).
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  91. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). Epistemic Semantics Defended. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (4):463 - 464.
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  92. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). Quantification as an Act of Mind. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (3):343 - 369.
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  93. Bas C. Fraassen (1982). The Charybdis of Realism: Epistemological Implications of Bell's Inequality. Synthese 52 (1):25 - 38.
  94. Bas C. Fraassen (1981). Probabilistic Semantics Objectified: I. Postulates and Logics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):371 - 394.
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  95. Bas C. Fraassen (1981). Probabilistic Semantics Objectified: II. Implication in Probabilistic Model Sets. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (4):495 - 510.
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  96. Bas van Fraassen (1981). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32.
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  97. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1981). A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers in Probability Kinematics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):375-379.
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  98. Bas C. van Fraassen (1981). Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):555-567.
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  99. B. C. van Fraassen (1980). A Temporal Framework for Conditionals and Chance. Philosophical Review 89 (1):91-108.
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  100. Bas van Fraassen (1980). Review of Brian Ellis, Rational Belief Systems. [REVIEW] Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10:497--511.
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  101. Bas C. van Fraassen (1980). A Re-Examination of Aristotle's Philosophy of Science. Dialogue 19 (01):20-45.
  102. Bas C. van Fraassen (1980). Critical Notice of Brian Ellis, Rational Belief Systems. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):497-511.
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  103. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1980). Rational Belief and Probability Kinematics. Philosophy of Science 47 (2):165-187.
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  104. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1980). The Scientific Image. Oxford University Press.
    In this book van Fraassen develops an alternative to scientific realism by constructing and evaluating three mutually reinforcing theories.
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  105. Bas C. Fraassen (1979). Hidden Variables and the Modal Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Synthese 42 (1):155 - 165.
    The modal interpretation of quantum mechanics has two variants: the Copenhagen variant (CV) and the anti-Copenhagen variant (ACV). Healey uses the Bell-Wigner locality condition to criticize the latter, which I do not advocate. 2 The conclusions of Healey's admirably written article are therefore welcome to me. But if I had wished to advocate the ACV, I do not think that his arguments would have dissuaded me. Specifically, as I shall explain, we should distinguish between Physical Locality and Metaphysical Locality. The (...)
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  106. Bas C. Fraassen (1979). Propositional Attitudes in Weak Pragmatics. Studia Logica 38 (4):365 - 374.
    Sentences attributing beliefs, doubts, wants, and the like (propositional attitudes, in Russell's terminology) have posed a major problem for semantics. Recently the pragmatic description of language has become more systematic. I shall discuss the formalization of pragmatics, and propose an analysis of belief attribution that avoids some main problems apparently inherent in the semantic approach.
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  107. Hugues Leblanc & Bas C. van Fraassen (1979). On Carnap and Popper Probability Functions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (3):369-373.
  108. Bas C. van Fraassen (1978). Book Review:Personnelle and Statistische Wahrscheinlichkeit Wolfgang Stegmuller. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 45 (1):158-.
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  109. Bas C. van Fraassen (ed.) (1978). Essence and Existence, In: Studies in Ontology APQ Monographs. B. Blackwell.
     
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  110. Bas C. Fraassen (1977). Relative Frequencies. Synthese 34 (2):133 - 166.
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  111. Bas C. van Fraassen (1977). The Only Necessity is Verbal Necessity. Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):71-85.
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  112. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1977). The Pragmatics of Explanation. American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (2):143-150.
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  113. Bas van Fraassen (1976). Probabilities of Conditionals. In C. Hooker (ed.), Foundations of probability theory, statistical inference, and statistical theories of science.
  114. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1976). Representational of Conditional Probabilities. Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (3):417-430.
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  115. Bas C. van Fraassen (1976). Report on Conditionals. Teorema 6 (1):5-25.
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  116. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1976). To Save the Phenomena. Journal of Philosophy 73 (18):623-632.
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  117. Bas C. van Fraassen (1975). Wilfrid Sellars on Scientific Realism. Dialogue 14 (04):606-616.
  118. Bas C. Fraassen (1974). Theoretical Entities: The Five Ways. Philosophia 4 (1):95-109.
  119. Bas C. Fraassen (1974). The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox. Synthese 29 (1-4):291 - 309.
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  120. Bas C. van Fraassen (1974). Leibniz's Philosophy of Logic and Language. By Hide Ishiguro. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1972. Pp. Viii, 157. $8.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 13 (01):185-189.
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  121. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1973). Extension, Intension, and Comprehension. In Milton Karl Munitz (ed.), Logic and Ontology. New York,New York University Press.
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  122. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1973). Values and the Heart's Command. Journal of Philosophy 70 (1):5-19.
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  123. B. C. Fraassen (1972). Editorial. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (1):1-1.
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  124. Bas C. Fraassen (1972). Earman on the Causal Theory of Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):87 - 95.
    I have so far ignored Earman's Section IV in which spatiotemporal coincidence is discussed. The answer will be clear from the preceding: the exact definitions and principles of the exact theories we have displayed are to be discussed with reference to the special and not the general theory of relativity. But moreover, Earman's transition from (C) to (1) assumes what we do not grant: that events are causally connectible exactly if the points in the mathematical space-time at which they are (...)
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  125. Bas C. Fraassen (1972). The Logic of Conditional Obligation. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):417 - 438.
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  126. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1971). Formal Semantics and Logic. New York,Macmillan.
     
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  127. Bas C. Fraassen (1970). Inference and Self-Reference. Synthese 21 (3-4):425 - 438.
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  128. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1970/1985). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space. Columbia University Press.
  129. Bas C. van Fraassen (1970). On the Extension of Beth's Semantics of Physical Theories. Philosophy of Science 37 (3):325-339.
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  130. Bas C. van Fraassen (1970). Truth and Paradoxical Consequence. In R. L. Martin (ed.), Paradox of the Liar. Ridgeview.
  131. B. van Fraassen (1969). Compactness and Lόwenheim-Skolem Proofs in Modal Logic. Logique Et Analyse 12:167-178.
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  132. B. C. van Fraassen (1969). Presuppositions: Supervaluations and Free Logic. In K. Lambert (ed.), The Logical Way of Doing Things. Yale University Press.
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  133. Bas C. van Fraassen (1969). Conventionality in the Axiomatic Foundations of the Special Theory of Relativity. Philosophy of Science 36 (1):64-73.
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  134. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1969). Facts and Tautological Entailments. Journal of Philosophy 66 (15):477-487.
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  135. Bas C. van Fraassen (1969). Logical Structure In Plato's Sophist. Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):482-498.
  136. Bas C. van Fraassen (1969). Meaning Relations and Modalities. Noûs 3 (2):155-167.
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  137. Bas C. van Fraassen (1969). On Massey's Explication of Grünbaum's Conception of Metric. Philosophy of Science 36 (4):346-353.
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  138. B. van Fraassen & H. Margenau (1968). Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. In Raymond Klibansky (ed.), Contemporary Philosophy. Firenze, la Nuova Italia. 25.
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  139. Bas C. van Fraassen (1968). Book Review:The Logical Structure of the World & Pseudo-Problems in Philosophy Rudolf Carnap, Rolf A. George. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 35 (3):298-.
  140. Bas C. van Fraassen (1968). A Topological Proof of the Löwenheim‐Skolem, Compactness, and Strong Completeness Theorems for Free Logic. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 14 (13‐17):245-254.
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  141. Bas C. van Fraassen (1968). Presupposition, Implication, and Self-Reference. Journal of Philosophy 65 (5):136-152.
  142. Bas C. Fraassen (1967). A Note on Bacon's Alternative to Russell. Philosophical Studies 18 (3):47 - 48.
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  143. Bas C. van Fraassen (1967). Meaning Relations Among Predicates. Noûs 1 (2):161-179.
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  144. B. C. van Fraassen (1966). The Completeness of Free Logic. Zeitschrift für Mathematische Logik Und Grundlagen der Mathematik 12 (1):219-234.
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  145. Bas C. van Fraassen (1966). Singular Terms, Truth-Value Gaps, and Free Logic. Journal of Philosophy 63 (17):481-495.
  146. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1962). Capek on Eternal Recurrence. Journal of Philosophy 59 (14):371-375.
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  147. Bas van Fraassen, Does Nature Have Narrative Structure?
    Aristotle's Physics presents us with a clear view of the structure of nature and natural processes, and also, in conjunction with the Posterior Analytics , of the structure of the science that deals with nature. Similarly, his Poetics describes the structure of the human condition and human events as depicted in tragedies, as well as the structure of those tragedies that dramatize this aspect of human existence.
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  148. Bas C. van Fraassen, Against Transcendental Empiricism.
    What is empiricism? There can be no authoritative answer to any such question. A historian of philosophy can at best try to call what is common to philosophers who either identified themselves, or have traditionally been identified, as empiricists. But what has set those philosophers apart from others, and especially from those whom they criticized, may not be captured in common views or doctrines. The historian may, in trying to fix the label, rely tacitly on a view of what philosophical (...)
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  149. Bas C. van Fraassen, From Vicious Circle to Infinite Regress, and Back Again.
    The demise of foundationalism in epistemology was complete by the time of the Second World War: knowledge and rational opinion do not rest on absolutely secure, self-authenticating foundations, neither in experience nor elsewhere. This realization came to philosophers in large measure at the hands of that same detested logical positivism so often been depicted as foundationalism's last gasp. (Cf. Reichenbach (1938), Ch. 3; in a larger historical perspective, the demise may possibly be dated much earlier.) I will not argue for (...)
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  150. Bas C. van Fraassen, The World of Empiricism.
    Bas C. van Fraassen                          Princeton University       My topics today are the relation between science and myth, and the possibility of empiricism as an approach to life as well as to science. But philosophy is a thoroughly historical enterprise, a dialogue that continues in the present but is always almost entirely (...)
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  151. Bas van Fraassen, Bas Van Fraassen, the Empirical Stance.
    Projet En développant son « empirisme constructif », Bas Van Fraassen est devenu une référence incontournable pour la philosophie des sciences contemporaine. Après la vague de critiques qui, vers les années 1960, avait fait perdre à l'empirisme logique sa prédominance dans le champ des idées, le réalisme scientifique semblait s'être imposé comme le seul compte rendu acceptable du travail et des orientations de la recherche. Quine avait beau énoncer ce que pourrait être un empirisme affranchi de ses deux « dogmes (...)
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  152. Bas van Fraassen, The Cat Page.
    I grew up with a cat and so I know that cats are the most intelligent, graceful, and insightful beings in the Universe. (This is already an example of how we humans can achieve a small measure of wisdom if we live with cats.) My whole family has always been into cats, and since I don't have a cat of my own now, I will tell you about some of theirs. My sister Gina's cat Tuti was remarkable by any measure.
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  153. Bas C. van Fraassen, The Manifest Image and the Scientific Image.
    6.     The Images as philosophical miscreants 6.1      What is this thing called the Manifest Image? 6.2      And what of that thing called the Scientific Image? 6.3      The dialectic that engenders the dichotomy 7.     The very idea of images..
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