Matthew J. Brown University of Texas at Dallas, University of Texas at Dallas
Contact

Affiliations
  • Faculty, University of Texas at Dallas
  • Administrator, University of Texas at Dallas
  • PhD, University of California, San Diego, 2009.

Areas of specialization

Areas of interest

My philosophical views

Edited categories

blank
About me
Associate Professor of Philosophy in the School of Arts & Humanities and Director of the Center for Values in Medicine, Science, and Technology at the University of Texas at Dallas. My main area of research is in the area of science and values, broadly construed.
My works
27 items found.
Order:
  1.  55
    Matthew J. Brown (2013). The Source and Status of Values for Socially Responsible Science. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):67-76.
    Philosophy of Science After Feminism is an important contribution to philosophy of science, in that it argues for the central relevance of advances from previous work in feminist philosophy of science and articulates a new vision for philosophy of science going in to the future. Kourany’s vision of philosophy of science’s future as “socially engaged and socially responsible” and addressing questions of the social responsibility of science itself has much to recommend it. I focus the book articulation of an ethical-epistemic (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  2.  57
    Matthew J. Brown, Inquiry and Evidence: From the Experimenter's Regress to Evidence-Based Policy.
    In the first part of this paper, I will sketch the main features of traditional models of evidence, indicating idealizations in such models that I regard as doing more harm than good. I will then proceed to elaborate on an alternative model of evidence that is functionalist, complex, dynamic, and contextual, which I will call DYNAMIC EVIDENTIAL FUNCTIONALISM. I will demonstrate its application to an illuminating example of scientific inquiry, and defend it from some likely objections. In the second part, (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3. Matthew J. Brown & Joyce C. Havstad, The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change: A Feminist Pragmatist Perspective.
    We offer a critical analysis of the science and politics of global climate change from a feminist pragmatist perspective, with special attention to the interactions between science and policy. We find the current state of play in all three areas (science, policy, and the space of interaction between them) to be lacking. We attribute mutual responsibility for the current impasse in addressing the climate crisis. What is called for is an alternative framework for thinking about science and policy interactions, which (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  8
    Matthew J. Brown (forthcoming). A Companion to Pragmatism (Review). The Pluralist 6 (2):101-103.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  2
    Matthew J. Brown (forthcoming). A Rickety Bridge Between the Two Cultures. Metascience:1-4.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  9
    Matthew J. Brown (forthcoming). The Abundant World: Paul Feyerabend's Metaphysics of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    The goal of this paper is to provide an interpretation of Feyerabend's metaphysics of science as found in late works like Conquest of Abundance and Tyranny of Science. Feyerabend's late metaphysics consists of an attempt to criticize and provide a systematic alternative to traditional scientific realism, a package of views he sometimes referred to as “scientific materialism.” Scientific materialism is objectionable not only on metaphysical grounds, nor because it provides a poor ground for understanding science, but because it implies problematic (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  5
    Matthew J. Brown & Ian James Kidd (forthcoming). Introduction: Reappraising Paul Feyerabend. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    This volume is devoted to a reappraisal of the philosophy of Paul Feyerabend. It has four aims. The first is to reassess his already well-known work from the 1960s and 1970s in light of contemporary developments in the history and philosophy of science. The second is to explore themes in his neglected later work, including recently published and previously unavailable writings. The third is to assess the contributions that Feyerabend can make to contemporary debate, on topics such as perspectivism, realism, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Ian James Kidd & Matthew Brown (forthcoming). Reappraising Feyerabend. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    This volume is devoted to a reappraisal of the philosophy of Paul Feyerabend. It has four aims. The first is to reassess his already well-known work from the 1960s and 1970s in light of contemporary developments in the history and philosophy of science. The second is to explore themes in his neglected later work, including recently published and previously unavailable writings. The third is to assess the contributions that Feyerabend can make to contemporary debate, on topics such as perspectivism, realism, (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  21
    Matthew J. Brown (2015). John Dewey's Pragmatist Alternative to the Belief-Acceptance Dichotomy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:62-70.
    Defenders of value-free science appeal to cognitive attitudes as part of a wedge strategy, to mark a distinction between science proper and the uses of science for decision-making, policy, etc. Distinctions between attitudes like belief and acceptance have played an important role in defending the value-free ideal. In this paper, I will explore John Dewey's pragmatist philosophy of science as an alternative to the philosophical framework the wedge strategy rests on. Dewey does draw significant and useful distinctions between different sorts (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  10.  8
    Matthew J. Brown (2015). The Functional Complexity of Scientific Evidence. Metaphilosophy 46 (1):65-83.
    This article sketches the main features of traditional philosophical models of evidence, indicating idealizations in such models that it regards as doing more harm than good. It then proceeds to elaborate on an alternative model of evidence that is functionalist, complex, dynamic, and contextual, a view the author calls dynamic evidential functionalism (DEF). This alternative builds on insights from philosophy of scientific practice, Kuhnian philosophy of science, pragmatist epistemology, philosophy of experimentation, and functionalist philosophy of mind. Along the way, the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  3
    Matthew J. Brown (2014). Quantum Frames. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 45:1-10.
    The framework of quantum frames can help unravel some of the interpretive difficulties i the foundation of quantum mechanics. In this paper, I begin by tracing the origins of this concept in Bohr's discussion of quantum theory and his theory of complementarity. Engaging with various interpreters and followers of Bohr, I argue that the correct account of quantum frames must be extended beyond literal space–time reference frames to frames defined by relations between a quantum system and the exosystem or external (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  12. Matthew J. Brown (2014). Quantum Frames. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 45 (1):1-10.
    The framework of quantum frames can help unravel some of the interpretive difficulties i the foundation of quantum mechanics. In this paper, I begin by tracing the origins of this concept in Bohr's discussion of quantum theory and his theory of complementarity. Engaging with various interpreters and followers of Bohr, I argue that the correct account of quantum frames must be extended beyond literal space–time reference frames to frames defined by relations between a quantum system and the exosystem or external (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  56
    Matthew J. Brown (2013). Science, Values, and Democracy in the Global Climate Change Debate. In Shane Ralston (ed.), Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations: Essays for a Bold New World. Lexington 127-158.
    This chapter will develop and apply ideas drawn from and inspired by Dewey’s work on science and democracy to the context of international relations (IR). I will begin with Dewey’s views on the nature of democracy, which lead us into his philosophy of science. I will show that scientific and policy inquiry are inextricably related processes, and that they both have special requirements in a democratic context. There are some challenges applying these ideas to the IR case, but these challenges (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  3
    Matthew J. Brown (2013). The Democratic Control of the Scientific Control of Politics. In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer 479--491.
    I discuss two popular but apparently contradictory theses: -/- T1. The democratic control of science – the aims and activities of science should be subject to public scrutiny via democratic processes of representation and participation. T2. The scientific control of policy, i.e. technocracy – political processes should be problem-solving pursuits determined by the methods and results of science and technology. Many arguments can be given for (T1), both epistemic and moral/political; I will focus on an argument based on the role (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Matthew J. Brown (2013). Values in Science Beyond Underdetermination and Inductive Risk. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):829-839.
    Proponents of the value ladenness of science rely primarily on arguments from underdetermination or inductive risk, which share the premise that we should only consider values where the evidence runs out or leaves uncertainty; they adopt a criterion of lexical priority of evidence over values. The motivation behind lexical priority is to avoid reaching conclusions on the basis of wishful thinking rather than good evidence. This is a real concern, however, that giving lexical priority to evidential considerations over values is (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  16. Brian E. Butler, Matthew J. Brown, Phillip Deen, Loren Goldman, John Kaag, John Ryder, Patricia Shields, Joseph Soeters & Eric Thomas Weber (2013). Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations: Essays for a Bold New World. Lexington Books.
    Philosophical Pragmatism and International Relations bridges the gap between philosophical pragmatism and international relations, two disciplinary perspectives that together shed light on how to advance the study and conduct of foreign affairs. Authors in this collection discuss a broad range of issues, from policy relevance to peacekeeping operations, with an eye to understanding how this distinctly American philosophy, pragmatism, can improve both international relations research and foreign policy practice.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  89
    Matthew J. Brown (2012). John Dewey's Logic of Science. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):258-306.
    In recent years, pragmatism in general and John Dewey in particular have been of increasing interest to philosophers of science. Dewey's work provides an interesting alternative package of views to those which derive from the logical empiricists and their critics, on problems of both traditional and more recent vintage. Dewey's work ought to be of special interest to recent philosophers of science committed to the program of analyzing ``science in practice.'' The core of Dewey's philosophy of science is his theory (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  18.  11
    Matthew J. Brown (2011). A Companion to Pragmatism, Ed. John R. Shook and Joseph Margolis. [REVIEW] The Pluralist 6 (2):101-103.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  71
    Matthew J. Brown (2011). Science as Socially Distributed Cognition: Bridging Philosophy and Sociology of Science. In Karen François, Benedikt Löwe, Thomas Müller & Bart van Kerkhove (eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences VII, Studies in Logic. College Publications
    I want to make plausible the following claim:Analyzing scientific inquiry as a species of socially distributed cognition has a variety of advantages for science studies, among them the prospects of bringing together philosophy and sociology of science. This is not a particularly novel claim, but one that faces major obstacles. I will retrace some of the major steps that have been made in the pursuit of a distributed cognition approach to science studies, paying special attention to the promise that such (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  20.  2
    Matthew Brown (2010). Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation by Mark B. Brown. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 101 (3):686-687.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  39
    Matthew J. Brown (2010). Genuine Problems and the Significance of Science. Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (2):131-153.
    This paper addresses the political constraints on science through a pragmatist critique of Philip Kitcher’s account of “well-ordered science.” A central part of Kitcher’s account is his analysis of the significance of items of scientific research: contextual and purpose-relative scientific significance replaces mere truth as the aim of inquiry. I raise problems for Kitcher’s account and argue for an alternative, drawing on Peirce’s and Dewey’s theories of problem-solving inquiry. I conclude by suggesting some consequences for understanding the proper conduct of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  22.  88
    Matthew J. Brown (2009). Models and Perspectives on Stage: Remarks on Giere's Scientific Perspectivism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):213-220.
    Ron Giere's recent book Scientific Perspectivism sets out an account of science that attempts to forge a via media between two popular extremes: absolutist, objectivist realism on the one hand, and social constructivism or skeptical anti-realism on the other. The key for Giere is to treat both scientific observation and scientific theories as perspectives, which are limited, partial, contingent, context-, agent- and purpose-dependent, and pluralism-friendly, while nonetheless world-oriented and modestly realist. Giere's perspectivism bears significant similarly to early writings by Paul (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  23. Matthew J. Brown (2009). Relational Quantum Mechanics and the Determinacy Problem. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):679-695.
    Carlo Rovelli's relational interpretation of quantum mechanics holds that a system's states or the values of its physical quantities as normally conceived only exist relative to a cut between a system and an observer or measuring instrument. Furthermore, on Rovelli's account, the appearance of determinate observations from pure quantum superpositions happens only relative to the interaction of the system and observer. Jeffrey Barrett ([1999]) has pointed out that certain relational interpretations suffer from what we might call the ‘determinacy problem', but (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  24.  21
    Matthew J. Brown (2009). Science and Experience: A Deweyan Pragmatist Philosophy of Science. Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    I resolve several pressing and recalcitrant problems in contemporary philosophy of science using resources from John Dewey's philosophy of science. I begin by looking at Dewey's epistemological and logical writings in their historical context, in order to understand better how Dewey's philosophy disappeared from the limelight, and I provide a reconstruction of his views. Then, I use that reconstruction to address problems of evidence, the social dimensions of science, and pluralism. Generally, mainstream philosophers of science with an interest in Dewey (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  67
    Matthew J. Brown (2007). Picky Eating is a Moral Failing. In Dave Monroe & Fritz Allhoff (eds.), Food & Philosophy: Eat, Think, and Be Merry. Blackwell
    Common wisdom includes expressions such as “there is no accounting for taste'’ that express a widely-accepted subjectivism about taste. We commonly say things like “I can’t stand anything with onions in it'’ or “Oh, I’d never eat sushi,'’ and we accept such from our friends and associates. It is the position of this essay that much of this language is actually quite unacceptable. Without appealing to complete objectivism about taste, I will argue that there are good reasons to think that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  29
    Matthew J. Brown (2006). On What Quine Is: A Review of the Cambridge Companion to Quine. [REVIEW] Mind, Culture, and Activity 13 (4):339-343.
    A book review from the Quine volume of The Cambridge Companions to Philosophy series.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  60
    Matthew J. Brown, A Centennial Retrospective of John Dewey's "The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy".
    n 1909, the 50th anniversary of both the publication of Origin of the Species and his own birth, John Dewey published "The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy." This optimistic essay saw Darwin's advance not only as one of empirical or theoretical biology, but a logical and conceptual revolution that would shake every corner of philosophy. Dewey tells us less about the influence that Darwin exerted over philosophy over the past 50 years and instead prophesied the influence it would take in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Is this list right?