Roger Wertheimer Agnes Scott College
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  • Research staff, Agnes Scott College
  • PhD, Harvard University, 1969.

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  1. Roger Wertheimer (ed.) (2010). Empowering Our Military Conscience. Ashgate.
  2. Roger Wertheimer (2010). The Morality of Military Ethics Education. In , Empowering Our Military Conscience.
    Professional Military Ethics Education (PMEE) must transmit and promote military professionalism, so it must continuously.
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  3. Roger Wertheimer (2010). The Moral Singularity of Military Professionalism. In , Empowering Our Military Conscience.
    Neither M. Walzer's collectivist conception of the "moral equality" of combatants, nor its antithetical individualist conceptions of responsibility are compatible with the ethos of military professionalism and its conception(s) of the responsibility of military professionals for service in an unjust war.
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  4. Roger Wertheimer (2008). The Paradox of Translation. In B. . Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk & M. Thelen (eds.), Translation and Meaning. Hogeschool Zuyd.
    Critique of Alonzo Church's Translation Test. Church's test is based on a common misconception of the grammar of (so-called) quotations. His conclusion (that metalogical truths are actually contingent empirical truths) is a reductio of that conception. Chruch's argument begs the question by assuming that translation must preserve reference despite altering logical form of statements whose truth is explained by their form.
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  5. Roger Wertheimer (2007). Reconnoitering Combatant Moral Equality. Journal of Military Ethics 6 (1):60-74.
    Contra Michael Walzer and Jeff McMahan, neither classical just war theory nor the contemporary rules of war require or support any notion of combatant moral equality. Nations rightly accept prohibitions against punishing enemy combatants without recognizing any legal or moral right of aggressors to kill. The notion of combatant moral equality has real import only in our interpersonal -- and intrapersonal -- attitudes, since the notion effectively preempts any ground for conscientious objection. Walzer is criticized for over-emphasizing our collective responses (...)
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  6. Roger Wertheimer (2007). The Relevance of Speciesism to Life Sciences Practices. In Fred Adams (ed.), Ethics and the Life Sciences. Philosophy Document Center. 27-38.
    Properly understood speciesism regards membership in one's own species (e.g., being a fellow human being) as sufficient for sharing one's own moral status, but NOT as being necessary. Speciesism is consistent with any of a great range of attitudes toward alter-specific animals. When nonhuman animals are accorded a lesser moral status it is not per se because they are not human.
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  7. Roger Wertheimer & USNA Ethics Section (2002). Ethics for Naval Leaders. Pearson.
    A textbook designed for the mandatory semester ethics course at the United States Naval Academy by USNA Ethics Section, with contributions by the Distinguished Chair in Ethics.
     
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  8. Roger Wertheimer (2000). The Synonymy Antinomy. In A. Kanamori (ed.), Proceedings of the 20th World Conress of Philosophy, Vol Vi , Analytic Philosophy and Logic. Philosophy Document Center. 67-88.
    Resolution of Frege's Puzzle by denying that synonym substitution in logical truths preserves sentence sense and explaining how logical form has semantic import. Intensional context substitutions needn't preserve truth, because intercepting doesn't preserve sentence meaning. Intercepting is nonuniformly substituting a pivotal term in syntactically secured truth. Logical sentences (GG: Greeks are Greeks; gg: Greece is Greece) and their synonym interceptions (GH: Greeks are Hellenes; gh: Greece is Hellas) share factual content (extrasentential reality asserted). Semantic (cognitive) content is (identifiable with) factual (...)
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  9. Roger Wertheimer (1999). How Mathematics Isn't Logic. Ratio 12 (3):279–295.
    If logical truth is necessitated by sheer syntax, mathematics is categorially unlike logic even if all mathematics derives from definitions and logical principles. This contrast gets obscured by the plausibility of the Synonym Substitution Principle implicit in conceptions of analyticity: synonym substitution cannot alter sentence sense. The Principle obviously fails with intercepting: nonuniform term substitution in logical sentences. 'Televisions are televisions' and 'TVs are televisions' neither sound alike nor are used interchangeably. Interception synonymy gets assumed because logical sentences and their (...)
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  10. Roger Wertheimer (1999). Identity Syntax. In T. Rockmore (ed.), Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy, Vol II Metaphysics. Philosophy Document Center. 171-186.
    Like '&', '=' is no term; it represents no extrasentential property. It marks an atomic, nonpredicative, declarative structure, sentences true solely by codesignation. Identity (its necessity and total reflexivity, its substitution rule, its metaphysical vacuity) is the objectual face of codesignation. The syntax demands pure reference, without predicative import for the asserted fact. 'Twain is Clemens' is about Twain, but nothing is predicated of him. Its informational value is in its 'metailed' semantic content: the fact of codesignation (that 'Twain' names (...)
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  11. Roger Wertheimer (1999). Quotation Apposition. Philosophical Quarterly 50 (197):514-519.
    Analyses of quotation have assumed that quotations are referring expressions while disagreeing over details. That assumption is unnecessary and unacceptable in its implications. It entails a quasi-Parmenidean impossibility of meaningfully denying the meaningfulness or referential function of anything uttered, for it implies that: 'Kqxf' is not a meaningful expression 'The' is not a referring expression are, if meaningful, false. It also implies that ill formed constructions like: 'The' is 'the' are well formed tautologies. Such sentences make apparent the need for (...)
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  12. Roger Wertheimer (1998). Constraining Condemning. Ethics 108 (3):489-501.
    Our culture is conflicted about morally judging and condemning. We can't avoid it altogether, yet many layfolk today are loathe to do it for reasons neither they nor philosophers well understand. Their resistance is often confused (by themselves and by theorists) with some species of antiobjectivism. But unlike a nonobjectivist, most people think that (a) for us to judge and condemn is generally (objectively) morally wrong , yet (b) for God to do so is (objectively) proper, and (c) so too (...)
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  13. Roger Wertheimer (1998). Identity: Logic, Ontology, Epistemology. Philosophy 73 (2):179-193.
    Greece is Hellas and Greeks are Hellenes. Azure is cobalt and everything (coloured) azure is (coloured) cobalt. Pre-Fregeans would call all these statements of identity. <span class='Hi'>Frege</span> taught us to distinguish between Conaming [Name] [Name]. Ngh: Greece is Hellas g=h. Nac: Azure is cobalt a=c Copredicating [Predicate] [Predicate]. PGH: Greeks are Hellenes (x)(Gx[identical with]Hx). PAC: Everything azure is cobalt (x)(Ax[identical with]Cx) Singular Predication [Name] [Predicate]. PcA: Como is azure Ac. PaC: Azure is a colour Ca. PaL: Azure is like indigo (...)
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  14. Roger Wertheimer, Synonymy Without Analyticity. International Philosophical Preprint Exchange.
    Analyticity is a bogus explanatory concept, and is so even granting genuine synonomy. Definitions can't explain the truth of a statement, let alone its necessity and/or our a priori knowledge of it. The illusion of an explanation is revealed by exposing diverse confusions: e.g., between nominal, conceptual and real definitions, and correspondingly between notational, conceptual, and objectual readings of alleged analytic truths, and between speaking a language and operating a calculus. The putative explananda of analyticity are (alleged) truths about essential (...)
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  15. Roger Wertheimer (1993). Socratic Scepticism. Metaphilosophy 24 (4):344-62.
    The Socratic Paradox (that only Socrates is wise, and only because only he recognizes our lack of wisdom) is explained, elaborated and defended. His philosophical scepticism is distinguished from others (Pyrrhonian, Cartesian, Humean, Kripkean Wittgenstein, etc.): the doubt concerns our understanding of our beliefs, not our justification for them; the doubt is a posteriori and inductive, not a priori. Post-Socratic philosophy confirms this scepticism: contra-Descartes, our ideas are not transparent to us; contra-Verificationism, no criterion distinguishes sense from nonsense. The import (...)
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  16. Roger Wertheimer (1991). Preferring Punishment of Criminals Over Provisions for Victims. In D. Sank & D. Caplan (eds.), To Be a Victim. Plenum.
    Victims of crime have long been victimized by our criminal justice system. Why? And why has the movement to rectify this been so late coming?
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  17. Roger Wertheimer (1991). Review of Robert Brown, Analyzing Love. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomonological Research 51 (1):244-45.
  18. Roger Wertheimer (1988). Applying Ethical Theory: Caveats From a Case Study. In D. Rosenthal & F. Shehadi (eds.), Applied Ethics and Ethical Theory. University of Utah.
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  19. Roger Wertheimer (1984). Review of L. W. Summer, Abortion and Moral Theory. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 93 (1):97-100.
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  20. Roger Wertheimer (1984). Understanding Blackmun's Argument: The Reasoning in Roe V. Wade. In J. Garfield & P. Hennessy (eds.), Abortion: Moral and Legal Perspectives. University of Massachusetts.
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  21. Roger Wertheimer (1983). Review of Alan Donagan, The Theory of Morality. [REVIEW] Noûs (May):303-08.
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  22. Roger Wertheimer (1983). Understanding Retribution. Criminal Justice Ethics 2 (2):19-38.
  23. Roger Wertheimer (1982). Regulating Police Use of Deadly Force. In N. Bowie & F. Elliston (eds.), Ethics, Public Policy and Criminal Justice. Oelgeschalger, Gunn & Hain. 93--109.
    What should be a police department's policies and regulations on the use of deadly force? What is the relevance for this of the state law on capital punishment?
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  24. Roger Wertheimer (1978). Errata: A Reply to Abbott. Political Theory 6 (3):337-344.
    A lengthy inventory of misreadings and other errors in Phillip Abbott's critique of recent essays on abortion by analytic philosophers.
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  25. Roger Wertheimer (1977). Review of Alan White, Modal Thinking. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 86 (2):250-54.
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  26. Roger Wertheimer (1975). Are the Police Necessary? In E. Viano & J. Reiman (eds.), The Police in Society. D.C. Heath.
  27. Roger Wertheimer (1975). Review of Stephen Schiffer, Meaning. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 84 (2):267-70.
  28. Roger Wertheimer (1974). Philosophy on Humanity. In R. L. Perkins (ed.), Abortion: Pro and Con. Schenkman.
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  29. Roger Wertheimer (1972). Review of Nelson Goodman, Problems and Projects. [REVIEW] Commentary 54 (1):96-7.
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  30. Roger Wertheimer (1972). The Significance of Sense. Ithaca [N.Y.]Cornell University Press.
    Univocalist analyses of the modal auxiliary verbs ('ought'/'must'/'can') and the adjective 'right'/'wrong'.
     
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  31. Roger Wertheimer (1971). Understanding the Abortion Argument. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (1):67-95.
    critical analyses of the arguments and attitudes favoring the various popular datings of the inception of a human being's life.
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  32. Roger Wertheimer (1968). Conditions. Journal of Philosophy 65 (12):355-364.
    Critique of prevailing textbook conception of sufficient conditions and necessary conditions as a truth functional relation of material implication (p->q)/(~q->~p). Explanation of common sense conception of condition as correlative of consequence, involving dependence. Utility of this conception exhibited in resolving puzzles regarding ontology, truth, and fatalism.
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