Arto Laitinen University of Tampere
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  • Faculty, University of Tampere
  • PhD, University of Jyväskylä, 2003.

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Professor, Social Philosophy, University of Tampere, Finland; Editor, Journal of Social Ontology, De Gruyter.
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57 items found.
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  1. Arto Laitinen (forthcoming). Practices as ‘Actual’ Sources of Goodness of Actions. Philosophy and Public Issues – Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  2.  15
    Arto Laitinen (2016). Review of Hegel's Theory of Responsibility by Mark Alznauer. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2016.
  3.  4
    Teppo Eskelinen & Arto Laitinen (2015). Taxation: Its Justification and Application to Global Contexts. In Helmut P. Gaisbauer, Gottfried Schweiger & Clemens Sedmak (eds.), Philosophical Explorations of Justice and Taxation. National and Global Issues. Springer 219-236.
    This article focuses on the justification of taxation, in other words the principled rather than the technical aspect of taxation. We first show how democracy is on the one hand required for legitimate taxation, and how on the other hand democratic communities are dependent on taxation, and argue there is no vicious cirle. We then present a typology of ways of justifying taxation, according to which taxation can base its legitimacy on (1) meeting basic needs, (2) financing public goods, (3) (...)
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  4.  1
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Beyond Communication. A Critical Study of Axel Honneth’s Social Philosophy, Written by Jean-Philippe Deranty. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (5):664-667.
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  5.  7
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Broader Contexts of Non-Domination: Pettit and Hegel on Freedom and Recognition. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (4):390-406.
    This study compares Philip Pettit’s account of freedom to Hegelian accounts. Both share the key insight that characterizes the tradition of republicanism from the Ancients to Rousseau: to be subordinated to the will of particular others is to be unfree. They both also hold that relations to others, relations of recognition, are in various ways directly constitutive of freedom, and in different ways enabling conditions of freedom. The republican ideal of non-domination can thus be fruitfully understood in light of the (...)
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  6.  5
    Arto Laitinen (2015). MacIntyre and Taylor: Traditions, Rationality and Modernity. In Jeff Malpas & Hans-Helmuth Gander (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Hermeneutics. Routledge 204-215.
    This chapter discusses five closely intertwined aspects of the work of Alasdair MacIntyre and Charles Taylor that are relevant to the traditions of hermeneutics: (i) their fundamental philosophical anthropology, (ii) their views on explanation and understanding in the human sciences, (iii) their analysis of modernity and the nature of contemporary late modern Western cultures, (iv) ethics, and (v) the question of rationally comparing and assessing rival traditions or cultures.
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  7.  16
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Practices as ‘Actual’ Sources of Goodness of Actions. Philosophy and Public Issues 2015:57-70.
    This is a contribution to a special issue of "Philosophy and Public Issues" focussing on Michael Thompson's Life and Action. I first discuss the nature of actuality, then the distinction between acting on a first-order consideration and a second-order consideration, and the possibly related distinction between expressing a practice and merely simulating it. Then I turn to the topic of varieties of goodness.
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  8.  12
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Review of Axel Honneth, Freedom's Right. [REVIEW] Review of Politics 77 (2):327-330.
    Freedom’s just another word for nothin’ left to lose? Not for Axel Honneth,whose Hegelian reconstruction sees freedom as the central, even sole, driving force of Western modernity. Other apparently central values are mere modifications of freedom. Nothin’ don’t mean nothin’ if it ain’t free. In his deliberately grand narrative, Honneth follows Hegel's Philosophy of Right in developing an account of social justice by means of an analysis of society. The end result is an outline of society in terms of roles (...)
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  9.  7
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Recognition, Solidarity, and the Politics of Esteem: The Case of Basic Income. In Odin Lysaker & Jonas Jacobsen (eds.), Recognition and Freedom: Axel Honneth’s Political Thought. 57-78.
    "The Nordic welfare states have arguably been successful in terms of social solidarity – although the heavily institutional and state-driven solutions as opposed to community- or family-based ones in various issues from child to elderly care may have made it seem as mere ‘quasi-solidarity’ in comparison to more communitarian ideals. This essay approaches such social solidarity in terms of Axel Honneth’s recognition-theoretical framework – arguing that there’s much more potential in Honnethian ideas of recognition and esteem than in Honneth’s official (...)
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  10.  9
    Arto Laitinen (2015). Social Pathologies, Reflexive Pathologies, and the Idea of Higher-Order Disorders. Studies in Social and Political Thought 25:44-65.
    This paper critically examines Christopher Zurn’s suggestion mentioned above that various social pathologies (pathologies of ideological recognition, maldistribution, invisibilization, rationality distortions, reification and institutionally forced self-realization) share the structure of being ‘second-order disorders’: that is, that they each entail ‘constitutive disconnects between first-order contents and secondorder reflexive comprehension of those contents, where those disconnects are pervasive and socially caused’ (Zurn, 2011, 345-346). The paper argues that the cases even as discussed by Zurn do not actually match that characterization, but that (...)
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  11.  8
    Arto Laitinen, Arvi Särkelä & Heikki Ikäheimo (2015). Pathologies of Recognition: An Introduction. Studies in Social and Political Thought 25:3-24.
    This paper is an introduction to the special issue on Pathologies of Recognition. The first subsection briefly introduces the notion of recognition and trace its development from Fichte and Hegel to Honneth and his critics, and the second subsection turns to the concept of a social pathology. The third section provides a brief look at the individual papers. -/- The special issue focuses on two central concepts in contemporary critical social theory: namely ‘recognition’ and ‘social pathology’. For defenders of a (...)
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  12.  33
    Arto Laitinen (2014). Against Representations with Two Directions of Fit. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):179-199.
    The idea that there are representations with a double direction of fit has acquired a pride of place in contemporary debates on the ontology of institutions. This paper will argue against the very idea of anything at all having both directions of fit. There is a simple problem which has thus far gone unnoticed. The suggestion that there are representations with both directions of fit amounts to a suggestion that, in cases of discrepancy between a representation and the world, both (...)
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  13.  2
    Arto Laitinen (2014). Collective Intentionality and Recognition From Others. In Anita Konzelmann Ziv & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Institutions, Emotions, and Group Agents. Contributions to Social Ontology. Springer 213-228.
    This paper approaches questions of collective intentionality by drawing inspiration from theories of recognition (e.g. Honneth 1995, Ricoeur 2005, Brandom 2007). After some remarks about recognition and groups, the paper examines whether the kind of dependence on recognition that holds of individual agents is equally true of group agents. In the debates on collective intentionality it is often stressed that the identity, existence, ethos, and membership-issues of the group are up to the group to decide (e.g. Tuomela 2007). The members (...)
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  14.  3
    Arto Laitinen (2014). From Recognition to Solidarity: Universal Respect, Mutual Support, and Social Unity. In Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.), Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lexington Books 126-154.
    This chapter examines whether solidarity can be understood as a form of mutual recognition; or possibly, as a social phenomenon, which combines different forms of mutual recognition. The emphasis is on the connection between the thin principle of universal mutual respect, and the thicker relations between people, more sensitive to their particular needs and contributions, which social solidarity involves.
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  15.  3
    Arto Laitinen (2014). Group Minds and the Problem of the First Belief. Balkan Journal of Philosophy 2014 (1):43-48.
    ABSTRACT. This article presents theories of group belief with a problem. It is conceptually and psychologically impossible for there to be a believer with just one belief. For conceptual reasons, a single belief could not have any content without the background of other beliefs. Or even if it could, it would for psychological reasons be impossible for the believer to know or understand the content of its sole belief. With certain plausible assumptions, however, groups would at some point of time (...)
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  16.  3
    Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.) (2014). Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lexington Books.
    In this collection, philosophers, social psychologists, and social scientists approach contemporary social reality from the viewpoint of solidarity. They examine the nature of solidarity and explore its normative and explanatory potential.
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  17.  3
    Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (2014). Solidarity: Theory and Practice. An Introduction. In Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.), Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lexington Books 1-29.
    This is an introduction to a collection of essays on solidarity. It maps the most important meanings of solidarity at the micro- and macrolevels.
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  18. Arto Laitinen, Jussi Saarinen, Heikki Ikäheimo, Pessi Lyyra & Petteri Niemi (eds.) (2014). Sisäisyys Ja Suunnistautuminen. Inwardness and Orientation. A Festchrift to Jussi Kotkavirta. SoPhi.
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  19.  1
    Arto Laitinen (2013). Solidarity. In Byron Kaldis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Sage 948-950.
    An encyclopedia entry on "solidarity". Around the 1840’s the term was adopted in German and English, and was politicized, adopted to social sciences, and came to be used in a broader meaning of emotionally and normatively motivated readiness for mutual support, as in the slogan “one for all and all for one”. In rival meanings, the concept has been used in four main contexts: first, in the context of explaining or understanding the nature of social cohesion, social order, ‘groupness’ or (...)
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  20.  8
    Arto Laitinen (2012). Misrecognition, Misrecognition, and Fallibility. Res Publica 18 (1):25-38.
    Misrecognition from other individuals and social institutions is by its dynamic or ‘logic’ such that it can lead to distorted relations-to-self, such as self-hatred, and can truncate the development of the central capabilities of persons. Thus it is worth trying to shed light on how mis recognition differs from adequate recognition, and on how mis recognition might differ from other kinds of mistreatment and disregard. This paper suggests that mis recognition (including nonrecognition) is a matter of inadequate responsiveness to the (...)
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  21.  1
    Arto Laitinen (2012). Oikeus toimia väärin. Ajatus 2012:11-41.
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  22. Arto Laitinen (2012). Social Bases of Self-Esteem: Rawls, Honneth and Beyond. Nordicum-Mediterraneum 7 (2).
    This paper discusses Rawls’s thesis that the social basis of self-respect is one of the primarysocial goods. While the central element of the social basis consists in the attitudes of others(e.g. respect or esteem) the social basis may include also possession of various goods. Further,one may distinguish, following Honneth, universalistic basic respect from differential esteem andfrom loving care. This paper focuses on esteem, and further distinguishes three importantvarieties thereof (anti-stigmatization; contributions to societal goods, projects of self-realization),which all differ from recognition (...)
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  23. Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.) (2011). Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill.
    This unique collection examines the connections between two complementary approaches to philosophical social theory: Hegel-inspired theories of recognition, and analytical social ontology.
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  24.  5
    Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (2011). Recognition and Social Ontology: An Introduction. In Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill 1-24.
    This is an introduction to a collection on social ontology and mutual recognition.
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  25.  11
    Arto Laitinen (2011). Paul Ricoeur's Surprising Take on Recognition. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 2 (1):35-50.
    This essay examines Paul Ricœur’s views on recognition in his book The Course of Recognition . It highlights those aspects that are in some sense surprising, in relation to his previous publications and the general debates on Hegelian Anerkennung and the politics of recognition. After an overview of Ricœur’s book, the paper examines the meaning of “recognition” in Ricœur’s own proposal, in the dictionaries Ricœur uses, and in the contemporary debates. Then it takes a closer look at the ideas of (...)
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  26.  3
    Arto Laitinen (2011). Recognition, Acknowledgement, and Acceptance. In Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (eds.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill 309-347.
    In this chapter I distinguish between a) recognition of persons, b) normative acknowledgement and c) institution-creating acceptance. All of these go beyond a fourth, merely descriptive sense of the word “recognition,” namely identification or re-identification of something as something. I distinguish four aspects of "taking someone as a person": R1 A Belief that the other is a person, and can engage in agency-regarding relations.R2 Moral Opinion that the choice whether and when to engage with persons is ethically significant.R3 Willingness to (...)
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  27. Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (2010). Esteem for Contributions to the Common Good : The Role of Personifying Attitudes and Instrumental Value. In Michel Seymour (ed.), The Plural States of Recognition. Palgrave MacMillan 98-121.
    Social esteem, based on contributions the common good, or to the good of others, is an important phenomenon, and following Axel Honneth, it can be seen as an important subspecies of interpersonal recognition, side by side with respect and love. In this paper we will contrast two accounts of this phenomenon, hoping that this kind of cross-illumination will prove useful by clarifying a number of conceptual questions and options that one needs to be conscious of indiscussions about esteem as a (...)
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  28.  52
    Arto Laitinen (2010). Charles Taylor, a Secular Age. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (3):353-355.
    Charles Taylor has written three big books on the self-understandings of modern age andmodern individuals. -/- Hegel -/- (1975) focused on one towering figure, and held that Hegel -/- ’ -/- saspirations to overcome modern dualisms are still ours, but Hegelian philosophicalspeculation is not the way to do it. -/- Sources of the Self -/- (1989) ran the intellectual historyfrom peak to peak, stressing the continuous presence of modern tensions and cross- pressures between Enlightenment and Romanticism. -/- A Secular Age (...)
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  29.  3
    Arto Laitinen (2010). On the Scope of ‘Recognition’: The Role of Adequate Regard and Mutuality. In Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch & Christopher Zurn (eds.), The Philosophy of Recognition. Lexington 319-342.
    A conflict arises from two basic insights concerning what recognition is. I call them the mutuality–insight and the adequate regard–insight. The former is the idea that recognition involves inbuilt mutuality: ego has to recognize the alter as a recognizer in order that the alter’s views may count as recognizing the ego. There always needs to be two–way recognition for even one–way recognition to take place. The adequate regard –insight in turn is that we do not merely desire to be classified (...)
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  30. Arto Laitinen (2010). Seen to Be Done: The Roots and Fruits of Public Equality. [REVIEW] Res Publica 16 (1):83-88.
    What is the ethical basis for democracy? What reasons do we have to go along with democratic decisions even when we disagree with them? When can we justly ignore democratic decisions? These three questions are intimately connected: understanding what is ultimately important about democracy helps us to understand the authority of democratic decisions over our personal views, and the limits of such authority. Thomas Christiano’s ambitious new book, The Constitution of Equality, aims to provide such an understanding through a discussion (...)
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  31. Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (eds.) (2010). Hegel on Action. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This volume focuses on Hegel's philosophy of action in connection to current concerns. Including key papers by Charles Taylor, Alasdair MacIntyre, and John McDowell, as well as eleven especially commissioned contributions by leading scholars in the field, it aims to readdress the dialogue between Hegel and contemporary philosophy of action. Topics include: the nature of action, reasons and causes; explanation and justification of action; social and narrative aspects of agency; the inner and the outer; the relation between intention, planning, and (...)
     
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  32. Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (2010). Introduction : Hegel and Contemporary Philosophy of Action. In Arto Laitinen & Constantine Sandis (eds.), Hegel on Action. Palgrave Macmillan
    The aim of this book is to provide an in-depth account of Hegel’s writings on human action as they relate to contemporary concerns in the hope that it will encourage fruitful dialogue between Hegel scholars and those working in the philosophy of action. During the past two decades, preliminary steps towards such a dialogue were taken, but many paths remain uncharted. The book thus serves as both a summative document of past interaction and a promissory note of things to come. (...)
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  33.  15
    Arto Laitinen (2009). Recognition, Needs and Wrongness Two Approaches. European Journal of Political Theory 8 (1):13-30.
    `Due recognition is a vital human need', argues Charles Taylor. In this article I explore this oft-quoted claim from two complementary and equally appealing perspectives. The bottom—up approach is constructed around Axel Honneth's theory of recognition, and the top—down approach is exemplified by T. M. Scanlon's brief remarks about mutual recognition. The former can be summed up in the slogan `wronging by misrecognizing', the latter in the slogan `misrecognizing by wronging'. Together they provide two complementary readings of the claim that (...)
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  34.  1
    Arto Laitinen (2009). Zum Bedeutungsspektrum des Begriffs „Anerkennung“: die Rolle von adäquater Würdigung und Gegenseitigkeit. In Christopher F. Zurn & Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch (eds.), Anerkennung. Akademie Verlag 301-324.
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  35.  11
    Nicholas H. Smith & Arto Laitinen (2009). Taylor on Solidarity. Thesis Eleven 99 (1):48-70.
    After characterizing Taylor’s general approach to the problems of solidarity, we distinguish and reconstruct three contexts of solidarity in which this approach is developed: the civic, the socio-economic, and the moral. We argue that Taylor’s distinctive move in each of these contexts of solidarity is to claim that the relationship at stake poses normatively justified demands, which are motivationally demanding, but insufficiently motivating on their own. On Taylor’s conception, we need some understanding of extra motivational sources which explain why people (...)
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  36.  1
    Arto Laitinen (2008). Strong Evaluation Without Moral Sources. On Charles Taylor’s Philosophical Anthropology and Ethics. De Gruyter.
    Charles Taylor is one of the leading living philosophers. In this book Arto Laitinen studies and develops further Taylor's philosophical views on human agency, personhood, selfhood and identity. He defends Taylor's view that our ethical understandings of values play a central role. The book also develops and defends Taylor's form of value realism as a view on the nature of ethical values, or values in general. The book criticizes Taylor's view that God, Nature or Human Reason are possible constitutive sources (...)
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  37.  32
    Heikki Ikaheimo & Arto Laitinen (2007). Dimensions of Personhood. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 5-6):6-16.
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  38. Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (2007). Analyzing Recognition: Identification, Acknowledgement and Recognitive Attitudes Towards Persons. In Bert van den Brink & David Owen (eds.), Recognition and Power. Cambridge University Press 33-56.
    There is today a wide consensus that ‘recognition’ is something that we need a clear grasp of in order to understand the dynamics of political struggles, and, perhaps the constitution and dynamics of social reality more generally. Yet, the discussions on ‘recognition’ have so far often been conceptually rather inexplicit, in the sense that the very key concepts have remained largely unexplicated or undefined. Since the English word ‘recognition’ is far from unambiguous, it is possible, and to our mind also (...)
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  39.  81
    Heikki Ikäheimo & Arto Laitinen (2007). Dimensions of Personhood. Editors' Introduction. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (5-6):6-16.
    The editors' introduction to a collection on personhood. The collection is organized in three parts, with thematically differentfocuses, but also significant overlap due to the interconnectedness of the discussed issues. The first part discusses and distinguishes spe-cific ontological and conceptual questions concerning personhoodand our fundamental nature; the second part focuses on some of themost fundamental kinds of self-relations of persons, as well as their preconditions; finally, the third part focuses on interpersonal or socialrelations characteristic or constitutive of personhood. The collectionincludes (...)
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  40. Arto Laitinen (2007). Maeve Cooke,Re-Presenting the Good Society. Critical Horizons 8 (2):263-266.
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  41.  16
    Arto Laitinen (2007). Personales Leben Und Menschlicher Tod: Personale Identität Als Prinzip der Biomedizinischen Ethik, by Michael Quante. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):306–313.
    Issues of personal identity are relevant in biomedical ethics, but in what way? The mainclaim that structures Quante’s book is that the debates about bioethics and medical ethicshave not been sufficiently clear about the different meanings of ‘personal identity’. Hedistinguishes four questions: 1)conditions of personhood (what properties and capacitiesmust a thing have to be a person: consciousness? self-consciousness? consciousness of timeand one’s persistence in time? rationality? capacity to recognize others and communicate with them?), 2) the question of unity or synchronous (...)
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  42.  11
    Arto Laitinen (2007). Re-Presenting the Good Society. [REVIEW] Critical Horizons 8 (2):263-266.
    Maeve Cooke’s new book is about the nature and prospects of critical social theory in the broad sense of “any mode of ethically oriented reflection that looks critically at social arrangements from the point of view of the obstacles they pose for individual human flourishing, or that reflects on what it means to do so”. -/- The book succeeds in its aims admirably. There are good reasons to agree with Cooke’s central arguments (contra Rorty et al.) that moral validity is (...)
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  43. Arto Laitinen (2007). Sorting Out Aspects of Personhood. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2007 (5-6):248-270.
    This paper examines how three central aspects of personhood — the capacities of individuals, their normative status, and the social aspect of being recognized — are related, and how personhood depends on them. The paper defends first of all a ‘basic view’that while actual recognition is among the constitutive elements of full personhood, it is the individual capacities (and not full personhood) which ground the basic moral and normative demands concerning treatment of persons. Actual recognition depends analyti- cally on such (...)
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  44. Arto Laitinen (2006). Interpersonal Recognition and Responsiveness to Relevant Differences. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 9 (1):47-70.
    This essay defends a three-dimensional response-model theory of recognition of persons, and discusses the related phenomenon of recognition of reasons, values and principles. The theory is three-dimensional in endorsing recognition of the equality of persons and two kinds of relevant differences: merits and special relationships. It defends a ‘response-model’ which holds that adequacy of recognition of persons is a matter of adequate responsiveness to situation-specific reasons and requirements. This three-dimen- sional response-model is compared to Peter Jones’s view, which draws the (...)
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  45. Arto Laitinen (2004). A Critique of Charles Taylor's Notions of “Moral Sources” and “Constitutive Goods”. In Jussi Kotkavirta & Michael Quante (eds.), Moral Realism. Acta Philosophica Fennica 73-104.
    In this paper I argue that moral realism does not, pace Charles Taylor, need “moral sources” or “constitutive goods”, and adding these concepts distorts the basic insights of what can be called “cultural” moral realism.1 Yet the ideas of “moral topography” or “moral space” as well as the idea of “ontological background pictures” are valid, if separated from those notions. What does Taylor mean by these notions?
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  46.  2
    Arto Laitinen (2004). Hegel on Intersubjective and Retrospective Determination of Intention. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 49 (50):54-72.
    This paper focuses on Hegel's views on the idea of retrospective and intersubjective determination of intention. The main point is to distinguish four perspectives to human action: 1) The agent's "moral" perspective and the understanding and description under which the agent acted; from this perspective we can thematize the operative intention-in-action and distinguish "action" from "deed". 2) The agent's retrospective awareness and appropriation of the action: was what I did really justified and did it express my true goals? 3) The (...)
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  47. Arto Laitinen (2003). Charles Taylor and Nicholas H. Smith on Human Constants and Transcendental Arguments. A Review. [REVIEW] SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):191-201.
    In the introduction to his Philosophical Papers 1&2 Charles Taylor assures us that his work, while encompassing a range of issues, follows a single, tightly knit agenda. He claims that the central questions concern "philosophical anthropology". Taylor's work on these questions has been presented piecemeal, in the form of articles and papers, and the student has had to imagine what a systematic monograph by Taylor on philosophical anthropology would look like. Neither Hegel, Sources of the Self, Ethics of Authenticity, Catholic (...)
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  48. Arto Laitinen (2003). Social Equality, Recognition, and Preconditions of Good Life. In Michael Fine, Paul Henman & Nicholas Smith (eds.), Social Inequality Today.
    In this paper I analyze interpersonal and institutional recognition and discuss the relation of different types of recognition to various principles of social justice (egalitarianism, meritarianism, legitimate favouritism, principles of need and free exchange). Further, I try to characterize contours of good autonomous life, and ask what kind of preconditions it has. I will distinguish between five kinds of preconditions: psychological, material, cultural, intersubjective and institutional. After examining what the role of recognition is among such preconditions, and how they figure (...)
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  49.  39
    Arto Laitinen (2002). Culturalist Moral Realism. In Arto Laitinen & Nicholas H. Smith (eds.), Perspectives on the Philosophy of Charles Taylor. Acta Philosophica Fennica 115-131.
    In this paper I defend a ‘culturalist’ but nevertheless non-relativistic moral theory, taking Charles Taylor’s writings on this topic as my guide.1 Taylor is a realist concerning natural sciences, the ontology of persons and the ontology of goods (or meanings, significances or values). Yet, his realisms in these three areas differ significantly from one another, and therefore one has to be careful not to presuppose too rigid views of what realism must be like. Taylor’s moral realism can be called culturalist, (...)
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  50. Arto Laitinen (2002). Charles Taylor and Paul Ricoeur on Self-Interpretations and Narrative Identity. In Rauno Huttunen, Hannu Heikkinen & Leena Syrjälä (eds.), Narrative Research. Voices of Teachers and Philosophers. SoPhi 57-71.
    In this chapter I discuss Charles Taylor's and Paul Ricoeur's theories of narrative identity and narratives as a central form of self-interpretation. Both Taylor and Ricoeur think that self-identity is a matter of culturally and socially mediated self-definitions, which are practically relevant for one's orientation in life. First, I will go through various characterisations that Ricoeur gives of his theory, and try to show to what extent they also apply to Taylor's theory. Then, I will analyse more closely Charles Taylor's, (...)
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  51. Arto Laitinen (2002). Interpersonal Recognition: A Response to Value or a Precondition of Personhood? Inquiry 45 (4):463 – 478.
    This article suggests first that the concept of interpersonal recognition be understood in a multidimensional (as opposed to one-dimensional), practical (as opposed to symbolic), and strict (as opposed to broad) way. Second, it is argued that due recognition be seen as a reason-governed response to evaluative features, rather than all normativity and reasons being seen as generated by recognition. This can be called a response-model, or, more precisely, a value-based model of due recognition. A further suggestion is that there is (...)
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  52. Arto Laitinen (2002). Strong Evaluations and Personal Identity. In Christian Kanzian & et al (eds.), Persons: An Interdisciplinary Approach. ALWS Society 127-9.
    This paper examines Charles Taylor’s claim that personal identity is a matter of strong evaluations. Strong evaluations are in this paper analyzed as stable preferences, which are strongly identified with and which are based on qualitative distinctions concerning the non-instrumental value of options. In discussing the role of strong evaluations in personal identity, the focus is on "self-identity", not on the criteria of personhood or on the logical relation of identity. Two senses of self-identity can be distinguished: identity as practical (...)
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  53.  12
    Arto Laitinen & Nicholas Hugh Smith (eds.) (2002). Perspectives on the Philosophy of Charles Taylor. Acta Philosophical Fennica.
    The essays in this volume offer a range of new perspectives on Charles Taylor's philosophy. Part one addresses key metaphilosophical themes such as the role of transcendental arguments, the critique of representationalism, and the dialectics of Enlightenment. Part two critically examines Taylor's views on personhood, selfhood and interpersonal recognition. Part three discusses issues in Taylor's moral and political theory, including the nature of his moral realism, his theory of modernity, and his critical appropriation of the liberal tradition. The book concludes (...)
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  54.  48
    Hartmut Rosa & Arto Laitinen (2002). On Identity, Alienation and Consequences of September 11th. An Interview with Charles Taylor. In Arto Laitinen & Nicholas H. Smith (eds.), Perspectives on the Philosophy of Charles Taylor. Acta Philosophica Fennica 165-195.
    HR/AL: Professor Taylor, what are you working on these days? CT: Well, several things. One of the things I am working on is something I was lecturing this fall at the New School University, and that I have called ‘modern social imaginaries’. It is an attempt to understand western modernity in terms of the different ways in which people imagine their social existence. These imaginaries are a condition for new kinds of practices that are characteristic of modernity. This research is (...)
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  55. A. Laitinen (2001). The Just. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 30:105.
  56. Arto Laitinen (2001). Today and Tomorrow: Review of Charles Taylor by Ruth Abbey. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 30:108.
    The Philosophy Now series promises to combine rigorous analysis with authoritative expositions. Ruth Abbey’s book lives up to this demand by being a clear, reliable and more than up-to-date introduction to Charles Taylor ’s philosophy. Although it is an introductory book, the amount of footnotes and references ought to please those who want to study the original texts more closely. Abbey’s book is structured thematically: morality, selfhood, politics and epistemology get 50 pages each. The focus is on the internal coherence (...)
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  57. Arto Laitinen & Pekka Kaunismaa (1998). Paul Ricoeur ja narratiivinen identiteetti. In Petri Kuhmonen & Seppo Sillman (eds.), Jaettu jana, ääretön raja. Jyväskylän Yliopisto Filosofian Julkaisuja 65 168-195.
    Paul Ricoeurin perustelut narratiivisuuden mukaan tuomiseksi persoonallista identiteettiä koskevaan keskusteluun voi jakaa seuraaviksi väitteiksi, joita jatkossa tarkastelemme lähemmin:1) Idemin ja ipsen erottamatta jättäminen häiritsee persoonallisesta identiteetistä käytävää keskustelua; silloin sekoitetaan keskenään 'kuka?' ja 'mikä?' -kysymykset (1.1.-1.3.). 2) Näiden erottaminen tuo esiin sen, että ipse-identiteetti on sisäisesti aporeettinen eli sisältää ratkeamattomalta vaikuttavan toisaalta-toisaalta -asetelman. Yhtäältä se on päällekkäinen idem-identiteetin kanssa ja toisaalta on idem-identiteetin kanssa vastakkainen. Aporeettisuus juontuu ristiriidasta ihmisen kulttuurisen toisen luonnon ja vapaan tahdon välillä (luku 2.). 3) Produktiivinen ratkaisu (...)
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