23 found

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  1. Riccardo Baldissone (2014). Poetics of Exclusion: Derrida and the Injunctions of Modernities. Symposium 18 (2):77-97.
    In this paper I consider Derrida’s anathematization during the 1992 "Cambridge affair" in the light of the 1270 and 1277 condemnations of unorthodox philosophical theses by the bishop of Paris, Etienne Tempier, the inventor of double truth. In particular, I compare these two occurrences through a reading of modernities as a re-centring on the new orthodoxy of naturalistic ontology, which began to take place in the 17th century. After the Humean attack, Kant recast such a naïve naturalistic objectivity into a (...)
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  2. Daniel Brennan (2014). Václav Havel, Jan Patočka: The Powerless and the Shaken. Symposium 18 (2):149-168.
    This article makes a case for considering Václav Havel’s political theory of the nature of dissent as more politically grounded than that of his mentor Jan Patočka. Against the criticism of Havel, which describes him as a less rigorous repeater of Patočka's ideas, this paper demonstrates how Havel appropriated Patočka's idea that the dissident is, similarly to a World War I trench soldier, fighting in a contemporary front in a demobilized war. However I argue that in Havel's thought, the understanding (...)
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  3. Richard J. Colledge (2014). Rethinking Disagreement: Philosophical Incommensurability and Meta-Philosophy. Symposium 18 (2):33-53.
    Set in the context of the current interest among Analytic philosophers in the “epistemology of disagreement,” this paper explores the meta-philosophical problem of philosophical incommensurability. Motivated by Nietzsche’s provocative remark about philosophy as prejudices and desires of the heart “sifted and made abstract,” the paper first outlines the contours of the problem and then traces it through a series of examples. Drawing largely on the tradition of phenomenology and philosophical hermeneutics, a broadly Continental response to this formidable problem is suggested. (...)
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  4. Max Deutscher (2014). “Il N’y a Pas de Hors-Texte”—Once More. Symposium 18 (2):98-124.
    Spivak translates Derrida’s “il n’y a pas de hors-texte” as “there is nothing outside the text.” By considering how the aphorism works within his study of Rousseau on sexual and textual supplements, and by reviewing related expressions in French, a mistranslation is revealed. This is not a simple error, however. The distortion is generated by Derrida’s own broader context. We must not only distinguish signification from reference but also place the aphorism within Derrida's allusion, in the first part of Of (...)
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  5. Pascale Devette (2014). Albert Camus et la question du suicide politique. Un radical appel à la mesure? Symposium 18 (2):190-208.
    Dans cet article, nous explorons le concept de radicalité à partir de la pensée politique d’Albert Camus. Au travers des concepts d’absurde, de révolte et de mesure chez Camus, nous tenterons de comprendre le rapport entre violence et radicalité. Pour Camus, la racine propre à l’homme est double; elle se révèle dans une tension fondamentale entre liberté et égalité. En ce sens, la posture radicale de l’homme apparaît dans la mesure et la limite, plutôt que dans une forme d’absolu ou (...)
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  6. Joanne Faulkner (2014). The Uncanny Child of Australian Nationhood: Nostalgia as a Critical Tool in Conceptualizing Social Change. Symposium 18 (2):125-148.
    Nostalgic, socially privileged ideals of childhood have actively contributed to the formation of Australian national identity, as well as modern subject-formations more broadly. This paper argues that, while such nostalgia has been drawn on for normative ends—in the service of the management of the modern individual—nostalgia also has the power to disrupt our conceptions of the normal. In the context of the contemporary “crisis” of childhood particularly, opportunities to reconstitute ideals of “childhood” and “family” differently have become available to communities (...)
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  7. W. Chris Hackett (2014). Method, Metaphysics, Metaphor. Symposium 18 (2):54-76.
    Method, metaphysics, metaphor: three words with a common prefix, which, for philosophy, bear an ancient pedigree. Classically, the last word, as an object of philosophical reflection, has mostly been excluded from bearing any philosophical significance; we will see how this can no longer be the case today, precisely for phenomenology. If the “method” of phenomenology is wholly determined by its goal, namely, "pure" description, and if description is paradoxically only actualized in a figurative mode through guiding metaphors, then we are (...)
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  8. Joseph Keeping (2014). The Time Is Out of Joint: A Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Grief. Symposium 18 (2):233-255.
    In this paper, I embark upon a hermeneutic phenomenological analysis of the emotion of grief, based upon three experiences of grief I witnessed over the preceding year. I find that grief is best construed not as an emotion akin to sadness or anger, but as an affective-behavioural complex resulting from a discord between the world that we affectively inhabit and the world in which we currently find ourselves. I therefore conceive the process of getting over grief, or grieving, as an (...)
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  9. Marguerite La Caze (2014). Introduction. Symposium 18 (2):1-2.
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  10. Matthew Sharpe (2014). Publicizing the Essentially Private: Leo Strauss’s Platonic Aristophanes. Symposium 18 (2):3-32.
    Political philosopher Leo Strauss’s extensive engagements with Aristophanes’s comedies represent a remarkable perspective in debates concerning the political and wider meaning of Aristophanes’s plays. Yet they have attracted nearly no critical response. This paper argues that for Strauss, Aristophanes was a very serious, philosophically-minded author who wrote esoterically, using the comic form to convey his conception of man, and his answer to the Socraticquestion of the best form of life. Part I addresses Strauss’s central reading of the Clouds, which positions (...)
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  11. George Tomlinson (2014). Temporalizing a Materialist Concept of History. Symposium 18 (2):274-292.
    This paper proceeds from the premise that time and temporality constitute a distinct philosophical problem for Marx and Engels’s materialist concept of history in The German Ideology. It is thus necessary to “temporalize” this concept of history: to situate it in relation to the active production of a dynamic difference between the past, the present, and the future. After revisiting the philosophical dimensions of Marx’s concepts of materialism, the human, and need, this article uncovers a temporality within the materialist concept (...)
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  12. Tyler Tritten (2014). The Trace as Tautegorical: An Account of the Face in Levinas. Symposium 18 (2):256-273.
    This article explicates the notion of face, which Emmanuel Levinasunderstands as trace, in terms of the tautegorical. In opposition to the allegorical, the tautegorical is neither representational nor referential in the traditional sense. In contradistinction to the tautological, the tautegorical indicates an a-symmetrical and therefore not to be inverted identity between the so-called origin of the trace and the trace itself. Accordingly, a smile is happiness, but happiness—qua origin of the smile—is not reducible to the smile. Now, if the face (...)
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  13. Nathan Van Camp (2014). Enhancing the Natal Condition: Hannah Arendt and the Question of Biotechnology. Symposium 18 (2):171-189.
    This paper turns to Hannah Arendt’s brief, poignant remarks about the advent of a biotechnological revolution as a starting point for a renewed reflection on her concept of natality. By expanding on Arendt's significant, but often overlooked, reference to the work of the German anthropologist Arnold Gehlen, it will be argued that that natality is a concept that subverts any rigid opposition between zoe and bios, biological birth and politico-linguistic birth. Consequently, it will be shown that Jürgen Habermas and Michael (...)
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  14. Martine Béland (2014). Nietzsche’s Greek Ethics: His Early Ethical Symptomatology Reconstructed. Symposium 18 (1):143-163.
    This paper seeks to circumscribe the concepts, sources, and limits of Nietzsche’s early ethical thought through a reconstruction of his ethical "symptomatology." In the 1870s, Nietzsche stressed that the Greeks understood the true nature of the political phenomenon, and that this could correct fundamental errors that were responsible for the illness of German culture. His definition of the Greek ethos radically challenges modern democratic politics through a reassertion of aristocratic, heroic, and agonistic values. But because Nietzsche did not systematically describe (...)
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  15. Debra Bergoffen (2014). Gendering Vulnerability: Re-Scripting the Meaning of Male-Male Rape. Symposium 18 (1):164-175.
    The testimonies of men raped by men in Uganda indicate that the meaning of rape as an aggression that enforces the gendering of women as vulnerable and therefore dependent on men's protection needs to be reformulated to account for the fact that being raped transforms a man into a woman. In describing their humiliation, these men reveal that gendered masculinity is grounded in a flight from vulnerability that depends on the presence of vulnerable/rapeable victim bodies. Their words teach us that (...)
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  16. Kenneth Dorter (2014). Thought and Expression in Spinoza and Shankara. Symposium 18 (1):215-235.
    Philosophers from traditions that are not only entirely different but apparently uninfluenced by each other sometimes show remarkable similarities. In the case of Spinoza and Shankara such similarities include the dual-aspect model according to which the apparent pluralism of the world rests on an inadequate perception of its oneness, and the way the overcoming of that inadequacy is conceived as a liberation from the passions and an achievement of immortality. A significant difference between the two, however, is that Spinoza's explanations (...)
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  17. Peter Gratton (2014). Prolegomena to Any Future Materialism, Volume 1: The Outcome of Recent French Philosophy by Adrian Johnston. Symposium 18 (1):236-244.
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  18. Amy A. Oliver (2014). Context and Kant in the Aesthetics of José Enrique Rodó and Samuel Ramos. Symposium 18 (1):65-76.
    In the classic essays Ariel and Filosofía de la vida artística , the Uruguayan José Enrique Rodó and the Mexican Samuel Ramos present distinctive and divergent claims about aesthetics. While Rodó asserts the existence of an innate and abundant aesthetic sensibility among Latin Americans, Ramos believes that aesthetic experience is relatively rare and that aesthetic sensibility needs to be cultivated. While historical grounding in the Latin American context is missing in the works of both Rodó and Ramos, Ariel contains an (...)
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  19. Omar Rivera (2014). Mariátegui's Avant-Garde and Surrealism as Discipline. Symposium 18 (1):102-124.
    This essay explains Mariátegui’s critical relationship with Breton in terms of his views on Surrealism. In order to understand this relationship, this essay engages in an analysis of Mariátegui’s notion of the avant-garde as a synthesis of aesthetics and politics and of the positioning of Mariátegui’s avant-garde in relation to post First World War European bourgeoisie and fascism. This interpretation of Mariátegui’s reveals a determination of Surrealism as discipline that preserves this movement’s revolutionary task in different geo-historical sites. With attention (...)
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  20. Fiona Utley (2014). Considerations Towards a Phenomenology of Trust. Symposium 18 (1):194-214.
    Merleau-Ponty identifies an intertwined affective state of anxiety and courage, claiming that these are one and the same thing, as a fundamental characteristic of human existence. I argue that trust, understood as phenomenologically basic, is the unity, or the something beyond, the singularly conceived states of anxiety and courage, and that trust itself cannot be conceived apart from these states. Merleau-Ponty says little, directly, about trust in his work, yet his focus on the fundamental precariousness of existence demands such an (...)
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  21. Mario J. Valdés (2014). Philosophical Hermeneutics and the Concept of Literary Art in Mexico. Symposium 18 (1):42-64.
    This essay deals with two poetics of distinctly different traditions that arrived at the same concept of literary art, one in which the reader of, or listener to, a poem shares in the creative process with the poet. The first tradition I will examine is the that of the pre-Hispanic Mexican poets of the Cantares mexicanos and the 20th- century appropriation of their work by two of Mexico's most distinguished poets, Octavio Paz and ]ose Emilio Pacheco , both awarded the (...)
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  22. Alejandro A. Vallega (2014). Exodio / Exordium: For an Aesthetics of Liberation Out of Latin American Experience. Symposium 18 (1):125-140.
    This article identifies temporality as a constructed and elemental level of aesthetic experience, and exposes the elemental role of such aesthetic experience in the unfolding of contemporary Latin American liberatory thought. This particularly with regard to the sense of temporality that underlies the unfolding of the development of modernity, a development that occurs throughout the colonization of the Americas in the construction of a rational European ego cogito and its "other." Temporality in the westernizing linear sense figures a projective horizon (...)
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  23. Lois Parkinson Zamora (2014). Exuberance by Design: New World Baroque and the Politics of Postcoloniality. Symposium 18 (1):22-41.
    My essay consists of three parts. In the first section, I review the historical context of Baroque aesthetics as it is developed during the late 16th and 17th centuries in Europe and then I track its development in Latin America into the third quarter of the 18th century. The principled excess of the Baroque, to adapt Cyrano de Bergerac’s formulation cited below, was designed for theological and imperial purposes. Secondly, I address more recent literature and literary theory. Why, in the (...)
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