Year:

  1.  21 DLs
    Jesus Alcolea (2012). Kitcher's Naturalistic Epistemology and Methodology of Mathematics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):295-326.
    With his book The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge (1983), Ph. Kitcher, that had been doing extensive research in the history of the subject and in the contemporary debates on epistemology, saw clearly the need for a change in philosophy of mathematics. His goal was to replace the dominant, apriorist philosophy of mathematics with an empiricist philosophy. The current philosophies of mathematics all appeared, according to his analysis, not to fit well with how mathematicians actually do mathematics. A shift in orientation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2.  12 DLs
    Antonio Bereijo (2012). The Category of "Applied Science": An Analysis of Its Justification From "Information Science" As Design Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):327-350.
    This paper addresses the problem of the distinction between basic science and applied science. It also explores their differences with regard to technology. For this analysis, as well as a general epistemological and methodological approach, we study a particular case: information science. As the emphasis of the paper is on the category of applied science, it includes a critical analysis of Philip Kitcher's proposal. First, there is an examination of Ph. Kitcher's thought, because he has addressed this issue without offering (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3.  23 DLs
    Antonio Dieguez (2012). Kitcher's Modest Realism: The Reconceptualization of Scientific Objectivity. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):141-169.
    In Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001a), Kitcher moderates the strongest ontological realist thesis he defended in The Advancement of Science (1993a), with the aim of making compatible the correspondence theory of truth with conceptual relativity. However, it is not clear that both things could be harmonized. If our knowledge of the world is mediated by our categories and concepts; if the selection of these categories and concepts may vary according to our interests, and they are not the consequence of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4.  4 DLs
    Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2012). Foreword. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):7-8.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5.  8 DLs
    Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2012). From Mathematics to Social Concern About Science: Kitcher's Philosophical Approach. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):11-93.
    Kitcher's philosophical approach has moved from the reflection on the nature of mathematical knowledge to an explicit social concern about science, because he considers seriously the relevance of democratic values to scientific activity. Focal issues in this trajectory - from the internal perspective to the external - have been naturalism and scientific progress, which includes studies of the uses of scientific findings in the social milieu. Within this intellectual context, the chapter pays particular attention to his epistemological and methodological evolution. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6.  68 DLs
    Valeriano Iranzo (2012). Inductivist Strategies for Scientific Realism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):241-268.
    Philip Kitcher has developed a sort of inductivist-reliabilist justification for scientific realism. After distinguishing his argument from a well-known abductivist one (the "no-miracles" argument), I will argue that Kitcher's proposal cannot adequately meet the antirealist challenge. Firstly, it begs the question against the antirealists; secondly, it can hardly support a plausible - piecemeal - scientific realism. I will explore an alternative inductivist approach that exploits correlations between theoretical properties and empirical success. On my view, its prospects for avoiding the aforementioned (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7.  62 DLs
    Philip Kitcher (2012). Scientific Realism: The Truth in Pragmatism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):171-189.
    The version of modest scientific realism I favor, real realism, does not depend on any weighty metaphysical doctrines about truth. It presupposes that we typically refer to objects that exist independently of ourselves. I argue that this approach can be reconciled with the insights of pragmatism, and that, in consequence, those inclined to pragmatism should have no quarrel with real realism.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8.  12 DLs
    Philip Kitcher (2012). Second Thouhts. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):353-389.
    This is a reply to the thoughtful comments offered about my work in other contributions to this volume.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9.  6 DLs
    Inmaculada Perdomo (2012). The Characterization of Epistemology in Philip Kitcher: A Critical Reflection From New Empiricism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):113-138.
    While the earlier work of Philip Kitcher, in particular The Advancement of Science (1993), continues to inform his more recent studies, such as Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001), there are significant "changes of opinion" from those articulated in the 1990s. One may even speak of two different stages in the configuration of epistemological proposals. An analysis, from an empiricist standpoint, of the shifts between one and the other indicates further evolution towards realist positions but much more modest ones than those (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10.  61 DLs
    Mauricio Suárez (2012). Scientific Realism, the Galilean Strategy, and Representation. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101 (1):269-292.
    This paper critically reviews Philip Kitcher's most recent epistemology of science, real realism . I argue that this view is unstable under different understandings of the term 'representation', and that the arguments offered for the position are either unsound or invalid depending on the understanding employed. Suitably modified those arguments are however convincing in favor of a deflationary version of real realism, which I refer to as the bare view . The bare view accepts Kitcher's Galilean strategy, and the ensuing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11.  3 DLs
    Giacomo Borbone (2012). From Cosmopolitism to National-Popular Culture Gramscian Attempt at Overcoming Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):87-102.
    Circulation of ideas among philosophers is the core of Philosophy itself. The lack of this circulation can lead to obscurantism and cultural provincialism. The latter, for instance, afflicted Italy during the first half of the 20th century because of the close-minded neo-idealism of Croce and the mutual indifference of science and philosophy. Antonio Gramsci tried to overcome the problem of provincialism. In this essay, I explain how he attempted to overcome it. I focus on his conceptual categories like heg emony, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12.  0 DLs
    Mieszko Ciesielski (2012). Human on the Periphery of Community Witold Gombrowicz on Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):103-119.
    In his literary works, Witold Gombrowicz has developed an interesting concept of a person entangled in a social sphere. A human being, according to the author of Ferdydurke, is an intrinsic being autonomically shaping his or her attitude in relations with other people. It is rather other people's circle, a social form, that fundamentally conditions the way a particular person thinks and acts. The depiction of an individual, portrayed by Gombrowicz, is a scale of attitudes ranging from the attitude of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13.  2 DLs
    Adolfo García de la Sienra & Leandro Rodríguez Medina (2012). Hispanic-American Philosophy in the Fringes of the Empire. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):123-139.
    After presenting a brief history of philosophy in Hispanic-America since the XVI century, we discuss whether the idea of province and empire is applicable to contemporary Hispanic-American philosophy, investigate the form these ideas adopt in this region, and inquire into the ways in which provincialism i s present in philosophical work. We conclude that there are three main groups that understand their peripheral position in different ways, with different views on the way in which they should insert into the mainstream (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14.  8 DLs
    Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2012). Methodological Universalism in Science and its Limits Imperialism Versus Complexity. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):155-175.
    Universalism in science, when conceived in methodological terms, leads to the problem of the limits of science. On the one hand, there is “methodological imperialism” which in principle involves a form of universalism. On the other hand, there is the multivariate complexity – structural and dynamic, as well as epistemological and ontological – which represents a huge problem for methodological universalism, as may be seen with the obstacles for scientific prediction. Within the context of the limits of science, there is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15.  0 DLs
    Karezy#324 & Elisa ska (2012). Orientalism as a Sign of Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):177-195.
    This article deals with various responses to the phenomenon of Orientalism. Since the publication of Edward Said s book Orientalism , there has been an ongoing discussion about the influence of Orientalism on contemporary social sciences in the East. In the West, Orientalism was an original theory, but in the East its acceptance was tantamount to an assimilation of foreign point of view on social reality. I argue that it is a symptom of provincialism among scientists from the East. Even (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16.  5 DLs
    Elisa Karezyńska (2012). Orientalism as a Sign of Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):177-195.
    This article deals with various responses to the phenomenon of Orientalism. Since the publication of Edward Said s book _Orientalism_, there has been an ongoing discussion about the influence of Orientalism on contemporary social sciences in the East. In the West, Orientalism was an original theory, but in the East its acceptance was tantamount to an assimilation of foreign point of view on social reality. I argue that it is a symptom of provincialism among scientists from the East. Even though (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17.  2 DLs
    Ko#347 & Cezary Cielniak (2012). The Context of the in the a Case Study of the Cross-Border University. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):197-215.
    I explore the economic, social and cultural constraints of the regional mission of a university located beyond a metropolitan area or urban agglomeration, henceforth referred to as a “peripheral university.” In the first part of the paper, I briefly describe the “third mission” of a university and analyze it within the context of a “peripheral university”. The main constraints on the influence of regional mission and regional development are described. In the second part, I examine one type of a “peripheral (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18.  3 DLs
    Cezary Kościelniak (2012). The Context of the in the a Case Study of the Cross-Border University. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):197-215.
    I explore the economic, social and cultural constraints of the regional mission of a university located beyond a metropolitan area or urban agglomeration, henceforth referred to as a “peripheral university.” In the first part of the paper, I briefly describe the “third mission” of a university and analyze it within the context of a “peripheral university”. The main constraints on the influence of regional mission and regional development are described. In the second part, I examine one type of a “peripheral (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19.  13 DLs
    Leszek Nowak (2012). On the Hidden Unity of Social and Natural Sciences. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):15-50.
    The paper addresses the problem of the delay of the social sciences with respect to the natural sciences. It is argued that there are no special differences between them from a methodological point of view. The methodology of both can be understood in terms of the idealizational conception of science. Nor is the subject-matter the source of the problems. It is argued that it is the social placement of the social sciences within wider communities that is responsible for the delay.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20.  1 DLs
    Leszek Nowak (2012). The Structure of Provincial Thought Half Essay, Half Thesis. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):51-66.
    In the essay part, various examples of provincial thinking in Polish culture are recalled. In the thesis part, the phenomenon of provincialism is considered more thoroughly. It is argued that provincialism can be thought of as involving a distortion of a normal division of labor within a scientific school into cre ators, correctors and applicators. The effect of provincialism occurs when this division is transferred onto whole cognitive communities: some play the role of the masters while others are expected to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21.  4 DLs
    Leszek Nowak (2012). Models of Scientific Research. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):67-74.
    According to the commonsensical model of educating researchers, young researchers must first acquire the knowledge achieved thus far and then solve new problems by developing applications of the accepted theory. This model, which presupposes a positivist theory of science, is incapable of explaining why the major breakthroughs in science have been carried out by young researchers. On the idealizational view of science, it becomes clear that commonsensical model must be rejected and replaced with an alternative, according to which the primary (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22.  2 DLs
    Katarzyna Paprzycka (2012). The Intellectual Superpower an Attempt at a Correction of Nowak's Model of Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):289-301.
    The paper has two goals. First, I reconstruct Nowak's model of provincialism. Second, I argue that there is no room in this model for an intellectual superpower. An intellectual superpower is not simply a paradigm that is buttressed by economic, political, and social resources. Rather it is a network of paradigms that recognize one another as such. In so doing, they create a new quality on the scientific arena that surpasses all single paradigms.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23.  1 DLs
    Katarzyna Paprzycka & Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2012). Introduction. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):7-11.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24.  2 DLs
    Patryk Pleskot (2012). Does Historiography Need to Be Provincial? International Circulation of Ideas as Exemplified by the Cooperation of Polish and French Historians in the Period of the Poland. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):141-154.
    Contacts between Polish historians, French historians and French centers of historiography – espcially with the prestigious milieu of Fernand Braudel's Annales – were unusual and extraordinary in comparison with other forms of scientific cooperation with foreign countries: both with the West and the “friendly countries.” Because of the undeniable uniqueness of these relations many scholars from various countries claim that the annalistic methodology “influnced” Polish historiography. What is characteristic, however, is that these statements are most often completely a priori. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25.  0 DLs
    Barbara Przybylska-Czajkowska & Waldemar Czajkowski (2012). Some Remarks on the Space-Time of Culture. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):259-287.
    The paper is intended as a contribution to historical materialism. The authors are not interested in any historical-philosophical, still less in exegetical, problems. They believe that this intellectual tradition is relevant for understanding the social transformations ongoing contemporarily and for coping with practical problems to which these transformations give rise. Among the most important changes there are those labeled as “globalization” and the rise and development of “knowledge society” and “information civilization.” If one adopts this stance, one should admit that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26.  6 DLs
    Max Urchs & Uwe Scheffler (2012). Paradigms, Markets, and Politics From Province to Metropolis and Retour. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):237-258.
    In times of modern information technology, the world of science is becoming smaller. Does this mean that there will be no more provinces? We do not think so. Setting out from Leszek Nowak's thought “province is where one thinks not on one's own account but on account of another,” we indicate a number of processes that perpetuate provinces. These processes are driven by specific access to scientific knowledge, by education, by new forms of communication, by shortage of financial support and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27.  2 DLs
    Jan WoleÑski (2012). Nations and Philosophies Reflections on Twardowski's Views. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):77-86.
    Firstly, disregarding multiethnicity, it can refer to a philosophy cultivated in a feature of a nation, for instance, its religion or character. This meaning can be illustrated by ext of the distinction between philosophical superpowers and philosophical provinces. Poland is taken as an example. The paper discusses the views of Kazimierz Twardowski, the founding father of the Polish analytic school. He expressed interesting views concerning how philosophy of provinces should be done in order keep its originality.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28.  11 DLs
    Jan Wolenski (2012). Foreword. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 98 (1):9-11.
    On May 11th a round table discussion was held on the subject "The Interactions of Science and Art under the Conditions of the Revolution in Science and Technology ," organized by the editorial boards of the journals Voprosy filosofii and Voprosy literatury.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues