15 found

Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1.  71
    Alessandro Giordani (forthcoming). An Internal Limit of the Structural Analysis of Causation. Axiomathes.
    Structural models of systems of causal connections have become a common tool in the analysis of the concept of causation. In the present paper I offer a general argument to show that one of the most powerful definitions of the concept of actual cause, provided within the structural models framework, is not sufficient to grant a full account of our intuitive judgements about actual causation, so that we are still waiting for a comprehensive definition. This is done not simply by (...)
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  2.  7
    Stephanie Adair (forthcoming). The Modality of Artistic Objects. Axiomathes:1-13.
    Nicolai Hartmann describes how artistic objects arise through the interplay between a material foreground and immaterial background. In this paper, I show how the layered structure also prevents the modal imbalance inherent in artistic objects from violating the intermodal laws of the real. The real law of intermodal implication specifies that real possibility cannot extend beyond real necessity. I begin by explicating the real intermodal laws and describing how they give the real sphere its characteristic narrowness and determinateness. Hartmann describes (...)
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  3.  1
    Mario Alai (forthcoming). Lewis, Change and Temporary Intrinsics. Axiomathes:1-21.
    This is an attempt to sort out what is it that makes many of us uncomfortable with the perdurantist solution to the problem of change. Lewis argues that only perdurantism can reconcile change with persistence over time, while neither presentism nor endurantism can. So, first, I defend the endurantist solution to the problem of change, by arguing that what is relative to time are not properties, but their possession. Second, I explore the anti-perdurantist strategy of arguing that Lewis cannot solve (...)
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  4.  4
    Francis Beauvais (forthcoming). “Memory of Water” Without Water: Modeling of Benveniste’s Experiments with a Personalist Interpretation of Probability. Axiomathes:1-17.
    Benveniste’s experiments were at the origin of a scientific controversy that has never been satisfactorily resolved. Hypotheses based on modifications of water structure that were proposed to explain these experiments were generally considered as quite improbable. In the present paper, we show that Benveniste’s experiments violated the law of total probability, one of the pillars of classical probability theory. Although this could suggest that quantum logic was at work, the decoherence process is however at first sight an obstacle to describe (...)
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  5.  2
    Kai Michael Büttner (forthcoming). Surveyability and Mathematical Certainty. Axiomathes:1-16.
    The paper provides an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s claim that a mathematical proof must be surveyable. It will be argued that this claim specifies a precondition for the applicability of the word ‘proof’. Accordingly, the latter is applicable to a proof-pattern only if we can come to agree by mere observation whether or not the pattern possesses the relevant structural features. The claim is problematic. It does not imply any questionable finitist doctrine. But it cannot be said to articulate a feature (...)
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  6.  2
    Antônio Carlos da Rocha Costa (forthcoming). Situated Ideological Systems: A Formal Concept, a Computational Notation, Some Applications. Axiomathes:1-64.
    This paper introduces a formal concept of ideology and ideological system. The formalization takes ideologies and ideological systems to be situated in agent societies. An ideological system is defined as a system of operations able to create, maintain, and extinguish the ideologies adopted by the social groups of agent societies. The concepts of group ideology, ideological contradiction, ideological dominance, and dominant ideology of an agent society, are defined. An ideology-based concept of social group is introduced. Relations between the proposed formal (...)
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  7. Antônio Carlos Rocha Costa (forthcoming). Situated Ideological Systems: A Formal Concept, a Computational Notation, Some Applications. Axiomathes:1-64.
    This paper introduces a formal concept of ideology and ideological system. The formalization takes ideologies and ideological systems to be situated in agent societies. An ideological system is defined as a system of operations able to create, maintain, and extinguish the ideologies adopted by the social groups of agent societies. The concepts of group ideology, ideological contradiction, ideological dominance, and dominant ideology of an agent society, are defined. An ideology-based concept of social group is introduced. Relations between the proposed formal (...)
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  8. L. Dappiano (forthcoming). La holologia come progetto di metafisica descrittiva. Le parti e l'intero nella concezione di Aristotele. I'. Axiomathes.
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  9.  4
    Chris Fields (forthcoming). Decompositional Equivalence: A Fundamental Symmetry Underlying Quantum Theory. Axiomathes:1-33.
    Decompositional equivalence is the principle that there is no preferred decomposition of the universe into subsystems. It is shown here, by using a simple thought experiment, that quantum theory follows from decompositional equivalence together with Landauer’s principle. This demonstration raises within physics a question previously left to psychology: how do human—or any—observers identify or agree about what constitutes a “system of interest”?
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  10.  3
    Adam La Caze & Mark Colyvan (forthcoming). A Challenge for Evidence-Based Policy. Axiomathes:1-13.
    Evidence-based policy has support in many areas of government and in public affairs more generally. In this paper we outline what evidence-based policy is, then we discuss its strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we argue that it faces a serious challenge to provide a plausible, over-arching account of evidence. We contrast evidence-based policy with evidence-based medicine, especially the role of evidence in assessing the effectiveness of medicines. The evidence required for policy decisions does not easily lend itself to randomized controlled (...)
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  11.  3
    Stathis Livadas (forthcoming). What is the Nature of Mathematical–Logical Objects? Axiomathes:1-34.
    This article deals with a question of a most general, comprehensive and profound content as it is the nature of mathematical–logical objects insofar as these are considered objects of knowledge and more specifically objects of formal mathematical theories. As objects of formal theories they are dealt with in the sense they have acquired primarily from the beginnings of the systematic study of mathematical foundations in connection with logic dating from the works of G. Cantor and G. Frege in the last (...)
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  12.  5
    Georg Northoff (forthcoming). Neuroscience and Whitehead II: Process-Based Ontology of Brain. Axiomathes:1-25.
    While neuroscience has made enormous progress in understanding the brain, the implications of these empirical findings for ontological questions in philosophy including the mind–body problem remain yet unclear. In the first paper, I discussed the model of brain that as implied and supported by the empirical data. This leads me now to the question of an empirically plausible ontology of brain. Therefore, the aim in this second paper is the ontological characterization of the brain in terms of a process-based ontology (...)
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  13.  5
    Georg Northoff (forthcoming). Neuroscience and Whitehead I: Neuro-Ecological Model of Brain. Axiomathes:1-34.
    Neuroscience has made enormous progress in understanding the brain and its various neuro-sensory and neuro-cognitive functions. However, despite all progress, the model of the brain as well as its ontological characterization remain unclear. The aim in this first paper is the discussion of an empirically plausible model of the brain with the subsequent claim of a neuro-ecological model. Whitehead claimed that he inversed or reversed the Kantian notion of the subject by putting it back into the ecological context of the (...)
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  14.  49
    Jairo José Silvdaa (forthcoming). Structuralism and the Applicability of Mathematics. Axiomathes.
    In this paper I argue for the view that structuralism offers the best perspective for an acceptable account of the applicability of mathematics in the empirical sciences. Structuralism, as I understand it, is the view that mathematics is not the science of a particular type of objects, but of structural properties of arbitrary domains of entities, regardless of whether they are actually existing, merely presupposed or only intentionally intended.
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  15.  2
    Harald Walach, Patrizio Tressoldi & Luciano Pederzoli (forthcoming). Mental, Behavioural and Physiological Nonlocal Correlations Within the Generalized Quantum Theory Framework. Axiomathes:1-16.
    Generalized Quantum Theory seeks to explain and predict quantum-like phenomena in areas usually outside the scope of quantum physics, such as biology and psychology. It draws on fundamental theories and uses the algebraic formalism of quantum theory that is used in the study of observable physical matter such as photons, electrons, etc. In contrast to quantum theory proper, GQT is a very generalized form that does not allow for the full application of formalism. For instance neither a commutator, such as (...)
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