26 found

Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1.  2
    Jerzy Gołosz (forthcoming). Presentism and the Flow of Time. Axiomathes:1-10.
    The paper examines the relations between presentism and the thesis concerning the existence of the flow of time. It tries to show that the presentist has to admit the existence of the passage of time and that the standard formulation of presentism as a singular thesis saying that only the present exists is insufficient because it does not allow the inference of the existence of the passage of time. Instead of this, the paper proposes a formulation of presentism with the (...)
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  2.  4
    Nicolai Hartmann, Frédéric Tremblay & Keith R. Peterson (forthcoming). The Megarian and the Aristotelian Concept of Possibility: A Contribution to the History of the Ontological Problem of Modality. Axiomathes:1-15.
    This is a translation of Nicolai Hartmann’s article “Der Megarische und der Aristotelische Möglichkeitsbegriff: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des ontologischen Modalitätsproblems,” first published in 1937. In this article, Hartmann defends an interpretation of the Megarian conception of possibility, which found its clearest form in Diodorus Cronus’ expression of it and according to which “only what is actual is possible” or “something is possible only if it is actual.” Hartmann defends this interpretation against the then dominant Aristotelian conception of possibility, based (...)
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  3.  5
    Aleksandr Mishura (forthcoming). Crossing the Line: New Intuitions Behind Frankfurt-Type Cases. Axiomathes:1-10.
    Frankfurt-type cases with covered manipulation received a great attention in the debates about freedom of will and moral responsibility. They pretend to give the refutation of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities and to show that we can intuitively blame or praise an agent who was not able to do otherwise. In this paper, I will try to make explicit some basic intuitions underlying the agent’s responsibility in Frankfurt-type cases, which were surprisingly ignored in the contemporary debates. The key intuition is (...)
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  4.  41
    Seungbae Park (forthcoming). Problems with Using Evolutionary Theory in Philosophy. Axiomathes:1-12.
    Does science move toward truths? Are present scientific theories (approximately) true? Should we invoke truths to explain the success of science? Do our cognitive faculties track truths? Some philosophers say yes, while others say no, to these questions. Interestingly, both groups use the same scientific theory, viz., evolutionary theory, to defend their positions. I argue that it begs the question for the former group to do so because their positive answers imply that evolutionary theory is warranted, whereas it is self-defeating (...)
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  5.  3
    Ion Tănăsescu (forthcoming). The Intentionality of Sensation and the Problem of Classification of Philosophical Sciences in Brentano’s Empirical Psychology. Axiomathes:1-21.
    In the well-known intentionality quote of his Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, Brentano characterises the mental phenomena through the following features: the intentional inexistence of an object, the relation to a content, and the direction toward an object. The text argues that this characterisation is not general because the direction toward an object does not apply to the mental phenomena of sensation. The second part of the paper analyses the consequences that ensue from here for the Brentanian classification of mental (...)
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  6.  7
    Cheng-Chih Tsai (forthcoming). The Prisoner’s Dilemma: From a Logical Point of View. Axiomathes:1-20.
    It is generally believed that, for a one-off Prisoner’s Dilemma game, it is logical to defect. However, both players cooperating is apparently a better choice than both defecting, hence the dilemma. In this paper, by resorting to Ramsey’s Test, Kripke’s possible world semantics, and Stalnaker/Lewis-style account of conditionals, I show that the first horn of the Prisoner’s Dilemma is an unsound argument. It originates from failing to differentiate between a possible world and a possible set of possible worlds and failing (...)
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  7.  11
    Stephanie Adair (forthcoming). The Modality of Artistic Objects. Axiomathes:1-13.
    Nicolai Hartmann describes how artistic objects arise through the interplay between a material foreground and immaterial background. In this paper, I show how the layered structure also prevents the modal imbalance inherent in artistic objects from violating the intermodal laws of the real. The real law of intermodal implication specifies that real possibility cannot extend beyond real necessity. I begin by explicating the real intermodal laws and describing how they give the real sphere its characteristic narrowness and determinateness. Hartmann describes (...)
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  8.  2
    Alexey Alyushin (forthcoming). Liberalism? Forget It. Axiomathes:1-17.
    There is widespread opinion that, notwithstanding deviations, the political life of humanity on a large scale is on the path of progress, and humans are becoming freer and more enlightened with time. I am going to contend with this opinion, namely, with a part of it telling that the prevailing mass of the people strives to achieve more freedom and enlightenment. On the opposite, freedom, individual independence, and political rights are of minor importance to the mass. The ideology of liberalism (...)
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  9.  7
    Kai Michael Büttner (forthcoming). Surveyability and Mathematical Certainty. Axiomathes:1-16.
    The paper provides an interpretation of Wittgenstein’s claim that a mathematical proof must be surveyable. It will be argued that this claim specifies a precondition for the applicability of the word ‘proof’. Accordingly, the latter is applicable to a proof-pattern only if we can come to agree by mere observation whether or not the pattern possesses the relevant structural features. The claim is problematic. It does not imply any questionable finitist doctrine. But it cannot be said to articulate a feature (...)
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  10.  2
    Raffaella Campaner (forthcoming). Roberta Ferrario and Viola Schiaffonati: Formal Methods and Empirical Practices: Conversations with Patrick Suppes. Axiomathes:1-4.
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  11.  4
    Eric Chelstrom (forthcoming). Criticisms of Cicovacki’s The Analysis of Wonder. Axiomathes:1-9.
    The Analysis of Wonder is a stimulating and worthy introduction to the difficult and unique thought of Nicolai Hartmann. In this venue, the focus is upon criticisms of Cicovacki’s book. The opportunity to elicit further clarification and argumentation from Cicovacki should be fruitful. Hartmann’s philosophy is truly unique in nature and vast. As such, it is worth noting at the outset that, given the nature of Cicovacki’s book and a lack of deeper familiarity with Hartmann’s philosophy, the concerns raised herein (...)
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  12.  1
    Predrag Cicovacki (forthcoming). Expanding the Horizon, Reawakening the Heart: Reply to Eric Chelstrom. Axiomathes:1-8.
    This paper is a reply to Eric Chelstrom’s “Criticism of Cicovacki’s The Analysis of Wonder.” Chelstrom mostly critiques my reconstruction of the role of love and personality in Hartmann’s philosophy. I offer a defense of my interpretation by illuminating how Hartmann’s philosophical project differs from that of Kant. Although Hartmann does not sufficiently develop either his conception of love or his understanding of personality, I argue that both conceptions could be further elaborated and that they could serve as the ways (...)
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  13.  2
    Tadeusz Ciecierski (forthcoming). Attitudes and Normativity. Axiomathes:1-19.
    The paper attempts to pose a problem for theories claiming that intentional attributions are essentially normative. Firstly, I argue that the claim is ambiguous. Secondly, that three possible interpretations of the claim can be distinguished: one that appeals to normative impositions put on agents of intentional states, another that exploits the fact that one can normatively assess the states in question and a further one that locates normativity in the domain of special intentional explanations. Thirdly, it is argued that each (...)
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  14.  5
    Antônio Carlos da Rocha Costa (forthcoming). Situated Ideological Systems: A Formal Concept, a Computational Notation, Some Applications. Axiomathes:1-64.
    This paper introduces a formal concept of ideology and ideological system. The formalization takes ideologies and ideological systems to be situated in agent societies. An ideological system is defined as a system of operations able to create, maintain, and extinguish the ideologies adopted by the social groups of agent societies. The concepts of group ideology, ideological contradiction, ideological dominance, and dominant ideology of an agent society, are defined. An ideology-based concept of social group is introduced. Relations between the proposed formal (...)
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  15.  1
    Antônio Carlos Rocha Costa (forthcoming). Situated Ideological Systems: A Formal Concept, a Computational Notation, Some Applications. Axiomathes:1-64.
    This paper introduces a formal concept of ideology and ideological system. The formalization takes ideologies and ideological systems to be situated in agent societies. An ideological system is defined as a system of operations able to create, maintain, and extinguish the ideologies adopted by the social groups of agent societies. The concepts of group ideology, ideological contradiction, ideological dominance, and dominant ideology of an agent society, are defined. An ideology-based concept of social group is introduced. Relations between the proposed formal (...)
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  16. L. Dappiano (forthcoming). La holologia come progetto di metafisica descrittiva. Le parti e l'intero nella concezione di Aristotele. I'. Axiomathes.
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  17. Aldo Frigerio (forthcoming). Francesco Orilia: Singular Reference: A Descriptivist Approach. Axiomathes:1-3.
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  18.  7
    Adam La Caze & Mark Colyvan (forthcoming). A Challenge for Evidence-Based Policy. Axiomathes:1-13.
    Evidence-based policy has support in many areas of government and in public affairs more generally. In this paper we outline what evidence-based policy is, then we discuss its strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we argue that it faces a serious challenge to provide a plausible, over-arching account of evidence. We contrast evidence-based policy with evidence-based medicine, especially the role of evidence in assessing the effectiveness of medicines. The evidence required for policy decisions does not easily lend itself to randomized controlled (...)
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  19.  3
    Jaeho Lee (forthcoming). The Metaphysical Requirement for Models of Prediction and Explanationist Approaches to the Problem of Induction. Axiomathes:1-18.
    David Armstrong once argued that to solve the problem of induction with inference to the best explanation we need an anti-Humean conception of law. Some Humeans have argued that this argument begs the question against Humeanism. In this paper, I propose a new argument for the same conclusion which is not vulnerable to this criticism. In particular, I argue that explanationist approaches to the problem of induction that are combined with Humeanism is internally incoherent.
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  20.  7
    Stathis Livadas (forthcoming). What is the Nature of Mathematical–Logical Objects? Axiomathes:1-34.
    This article deals with a question of a most general, comprehensive and profound content as it is the nature of mathematical–logical objects insofar as these are considered objects of knowledge and more specifically objects of formal mathematical theories. As objects of formal theories they are dealt with in the sense they have acquired primarily from the beginnings of the systematic study of mathematical foundations in connection with logic dating from the works of G. Cantor and G. Frege in the last (...)
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  21.  7
    Jesse M. Mulder (forthcoming). Two Fundamentally Different Perspectives on Time. Axiomathes:1-26.
    Frege taught us how to understand one form of predication: an atemporal one. There is also a different, temporal form of predication, which I briefly introduce. Accordingly, there are two fundamentally different approaches to time: a reductive one, aiming to account for time in terms of Frege’s atemporal predication, and a non-reductive one, insisting that the temporal form of predication is sui generis, and that time is to be understood in its terms. I do not directly argue for or against (...)
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  22.  3
    Keith R. Peterson & Keith Peterson (forthcoming). Nicolai Hartmann and Recent Realisms. Axiomathes:1-14.
    Some contemporary philosophers have called for a “new realism” in philosophical ontology. Hartmann’s works provide some of the richest resources upon which recent realists might draw for both inspiration and argument. In this brief exploration I touch on some key concepts and arguments from a few of the players in this “ontological turn,” including Meillassoux, Brassier, and Ferraris, and show how many of them were already clearly articulated in Hartmann’s works. I’ll also describe and comment on Hartmann’s arguments concerning the (...)
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  23.  2
    Mateusz M. Radzki (forthcoming). On Axiom Systems of Słupecki for the Functionally Complete Three-Valued Logic. Axiomathes:1-13.
    The article concerns two axiom systems of Słupecki for the functionally complete three-valued propositional logic: W1–W6 and A1–A9. The article proves that both of them are inadequate—W1–W6 is semantically incomplete, on the other hand, A1–A9 governs a functionally incomplete calculus, and thus, it cannot be a semantically complete axiom system for the functionally complete three-valued logic.
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  24.  53
    Jairo José Silvdaa (forthcoming). Structuralism and the Applicability of Mathematics. Axiomathes.
    In this paper I argue for the view that structuralism offers the best perspective for an acceptable account of the applicability of mathematics in the empirical sciences. Structuralism, as I understand it, is the view that mathematics is not the science of a particular type of objects, but of structural properties of arbitrary domains of entities, regardless of whether they are actually existing, merely presupposed or only intentionally intended.
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  25.  3
    Timothy Tambassi (forthcoming). A Geographical Taxonomy for Geo-Ontologies. Axiomathes:1-20.
    This article intends to provide an overview on the philosophical and geographical background of geo-ontologies and to propose a geographical classification of these ontologies, in response to their increasing diffusion within the contemporary debate. Accordingly, the first two paragraphs are devoted to offer a short introduction to the ontological turn in philosophy and to the development of the ontology of geography, that is that part of the ontology mainly focused on geographic entities and their boundaries, spatial representation, meretopological relations and (...)
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  26.  2
    Pierre Uzan (forthcoming). Deciding the Mind–Body Problem Experimentally. Axiomathes:1-22.
    A Bell-type strategy of decision for the long-standing question of the nature of psychophysical correlations has been previously presented in a recent article published in Mind and Matter. This strategy of decision is here applied to experimental data on psychophysiological correlations, namely, correlations between cardiovascular and emotional variables that have been reported in several independent publications. This statistical analysis shows that a substantial majority of these correlations cannot be interpreted as an exchange of signals or a mere “interaction”, whatever its (...)
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