Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1.  11
    Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet (forthcoming). The Least Interesting Unit: A New Concept for Enhancing One’s Academic Career Opportunities. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-5.
    Motivated by a current development in the physics community, this paper introduces the notion of a least interesting unit in research as an investigation that is just interesting enough to pursue. A new general maxim for science is then that a researcher should pursue as many LIUs as possible. Although fulfilling this maxim enhances one’s perspective for a career in the present publish-or-perish academic world, in particular when simultaneously publishing one’s results in the form of as many least publishable units (...)
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  2. John Danaher (forthcoming). Will Life Be Worth Living in a World Without Work? Technological Unemployment and the Meaning of Life. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Suppose we are about to enter an era of increasing technological unemployment. What implications does this have for society? Two distinct ethical/social issues would seem to arise. The first is one of distributive justice: how will the (presumed) efficiency gains from automated labour be distributed through society? The second is one of personal fulfillment and meaning: if people no longer have to work, what will they do with their lives? In this article, I set aside the first issue and focus (...)
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  3.  14
    Shane Epting (forthcoming). An Applied Mereology of the City: Unifying Science and Philosophy for Urban Planning. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Based on their research showing that growing cities follow basic principles, two theoretical physicists, Luis Bettencourt and Geoffrey West, call for researchers and professionals to contribute to a grand theory of urban sustainability. In their research, they develop a ‘science of the city’ to help urban planners address problems that arise from population increases. Although they provide valuable insights for understanding urban sustainability issues, they do not give planners a manageable way to approach such problems. I argue that developing an (...)
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  4.  6
    Shane Epting (forthcoming). A Different Trolley Problem: The Limits of Environmental Justice and the Promise of Complex Moral Assessments for Transportation Infrastructure. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    Transportation infrastructure tremendously affects the quality of life for urban residents, influences public and mental health, and shapes social relations. Historically, the topic is rich with social and political controversy and the resultant transit systems in the United States cause problems for minority residents and issues for the public. Environmental justice frameworks provide a means to identify and address harms that affect marginalized groups, but environmental justice has limits that cannot account for the mainstream population. To account for this condition, (...)
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  5.  7
    Heidi Furey (forthcoming). Aristotle and Autism: Reconsidering a Radical Shift to Virtue Ethics in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Virtue-based approaches to engineering ethics have recently received considerable attention within the field of engineering education. Proponents of virtue ethics in engineering argue that the approach is practically and pedagogically superior to traditional approaches to engineering ethics, including the study of professional codes of ethics and normative theories of behavior. This paper argues that a virtue-based approach, as interpreted in the current literature, is neither practically or pedagogically effective for a significant subpopulation within engineering: engineers with high functioning autism spectrum (...)
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  6.  6
    Richard Heersmink (forthcoming). Distributed Cognition and Distributed Morality: Agency, Artifacts and Systems. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    There are various philosophical approaches and theories describing the intimate relation people have to artifacts. In this paper, I explore the relation between two such theories, namely distributed cognition and distributed morality theory. I point out a number of similarities and differences in these views regarding the ontological status they attribute to artifacts and the larger systems they are part of. Having evaluated and compared these views, I continue by focussing on the way cognitive artifacts are used in moral practice. (...)
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  7.  6
    Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos (forthcoming). Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  8.  8
    Barry Bozeman & Jan Youtie (forthcoming). Trouble in Paradise: Problems in Academic Research Co-Authoring. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    Scholars and policy-makers have expressed concerns about the crediting of coauthors in research publications. Most such problems fall into one of two categories, excluding deserving contributors or including undeserving ones. But our research shows that there is no consensus on “deserving” or on what type of contribution suffices for co-authorship award. Our study uses qualitative data, including interviews with 60 US academic science or engineering researchers in 14 disciplines in a set of geographically distributed research-intensive universities. We also employ data (...)
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  9.  3
    T. C. Erren, D. M. Shaw & P. Morfeld (forthcoming). Analyzing the Publish-or-Perish Paradigm with Game Theory: The Prisoner’s Dilemma and a Possible Escape. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  10.  3
    David J. Hartmann, Thomas Van Valey & Wayne Fuqua (forthcoming). Coding Ethical Decision-Making in Research. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  11.  5
    Tanuj Kanchan, Abhishek Tandon & Kewal Krishan (forthcoming). Honor Killing: Where Pride Defeats Reason. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Honor killings are graceless and ferocious murders by chauvinists with an antediluvian mind. These are categorized separately because these killings are committed for the prime reason of satisfying the ego of the people whom the victim trusts and always looks up to for support and protection. It is for this sole reason that honor killings demand strict and stern punishment, not only for the person who committed the murder but also for any person who contributed or was party to the (...)
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  12.  10
    Celine Kermisch (forthcoming). Specifying the Concept of Future Generations for Addressing Issues Related to High-Level Radioactive Waste. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The nuclear community frequently refers to the concept of “future generations” when discussing the management of high-level radioactive waste. However, this notion is generally not defined. In this context, we have to assume a wide definition of the concept of future generations, conceived as people who will live after the contemporary people are dead. This definition embraces thus each generation following ours, without any restriction in time. The aim of this paper is to show that, in the debate about nuclear (...)
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  13.  7
    Ali Khaki Sedigh (forthcoming). Ethics: An Indispensable Dimension in the University Rankings. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  14.  5
    Richard Meissner (forthcoming). The Relevance of Social Theory in the Practice of Environmental Management. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  15.  5
    Helen Nissenbaum (forthcoming). Respecting Context to Protect Privacy: Why Meaning Matters. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  16.  5
    Tarcisio Abreu Saurin (forthcoming). Ethics in Publishing: Complexity Science and Human Factors Offer Insights to Develop a Just Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  17.  4
    Maximilian Schochow, Dajana Schnell & Florian Steger (forthcoming). Implementation of Clinical Ethics Consultation in German Hospitals. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  18.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Conference Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    In some cases, organizing a conference resembles a high-profit business. Some of these conferences are wolves in sheep’s clothing. This article draws readers’ attention to current examples of such unethical business conferences.
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  19.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Fake Graduates. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    There is growing concern regarding the erosion of industries’ trust in the reliability and validity of university graduates. Fake graduates are described in this letter. This article endeavors to warn of a new version of the scholarly black market, in which theses and dissertations are sold to students seeking to graduate under false pretenses.
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  20.  3
    Govindasamy Agoramoorthy (forthcoming). Time for Revelation: Unmasking the Anonymity of Blind Reviewers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  21.  2
    Govindasamy Agoramoorthy (forthcoming). Multiple First Authors as Equal Contributors: Is It Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  22.  7
    Mehmet Aközer & Emel Aközer (forthcoming). Basing Science Ethics on Respect for Human Dignity. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    A “no ethics” principle has long been prevalent in science and has demotivated deliberation on scientific ethics. This paper argues the following: An understanding of a scientific “ethos” based on actual “value preferences” and “value repugnances” prevalent in the scientific community permits and demands critical accounts of the “no ethics” principle in science. The roots of this principle may be traced to a repugnance of human dignity, which was instilled at a historical breaking point in the interrelation between science and (...)
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  23. Mehmet Aközer & Emel Aközer (forthcoming). Ethics Teaching in Higher Education for Principled Reasoning: A Gateway for Reconciling Scientific Practice with Ethical Deliberation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-36.
    This paper proposes laying the groundwork for principled moral reasoning as a seminal goal of ethics interventions in higher education, and on this basis, makes a case for educating future specialists and professionals with a foundation in philosophical ethics. Identification of such a seminal goal is warranted by the progressive dissociation of scientific practice and ethical deliberation since the onset of a problematic relationship between science and ethics around the mid-19th century, and the extensive mistrust of integrating ethics in science (...)
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  24.  3
    Aceil Al-Khatib & Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). What Rights Do Authors Have? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  25.  12
    M. Peiffer Ann, E. Hugenschmidt Christina & J. Laurienti Paul (forthcoming). Ethics in 15 Min Per Week. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    The demand for science trainees to have appropriate responsible conduct of research instruction continues to increase the attention shown by federal agencies and graduate school programs to the development of effective ethics curriculums. However, it is important to consider that the main learning environment for science graduate students and post-doctoral research fellows is within a laboratory setting. Here we discuss an internal laboratory program of weekly 15-minute ethics discussions implemented and used over the last 3 years in addition to the (...)
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  26.  3
    Amin Asadi, Nader Rahbar, Meisam Asadi, Fahime Asadi & Kokab Khalili Paji (forthcoming). Online-Based Approaches to Identify Real Journals and Publishers From Hijacked Ones. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    The aim of the present paper was to introduce some online-based approaches to evaluate scientific journals and publishers and to differentiate them from the hijacked ones, regardless of their disciplines. With the advent of open-access journals, many hijacked journals and publishers have deceitfully assumed the mantle of authenticity in order to take advantage of researchers and students. Although these hijacked journals and publishers can be identified through checking their advertisement techniques and their websites, these ways do not always result in (...)
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  27.  6
    Hutan Ashrafian (forthcoming). Can Artificial Intelligences Suffer From Mental Illness? A Philosophical Matter to Consider. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    The potential for artificial intelligences and robotics in achieving the capacity of consciousness, sentience and rationality offers the prospect that these agents have minds. If so, then there may be a potential for these minds to become dysfunctional, or for artificial intelligences and robots to suffer from mental illness. The existence of artificially intelligent psychopathology can be interpreted through the philosophical perspectives of mental illness. This offers new insights into what it means to have either robot or human mental disorders, (...)
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  28.  14
    Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani (forthcoming). Recruitment Processes in Academia: Does the Emperor Have Any Clothes? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    The final outcome of promotion and recruitment processes in universities should be conventional and plausible by the members of the relevant scientific community, to affirm that the processes have been competitive and fair. The objective of this opinion letter is to make a plea for the importance of the post-auditing and quantitative assessment of the selection criteria. It is shown that for an example case the outcome of the post-audit does not look reasonable from an external point of view, at (...)
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  29.  5
    Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani (forthcoming). Declaration of Conflicts of Interest in Networking Era: Raising the Bar. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  30.  4
    Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani (forthcoming). Chinese and Iranian Scientific Publications: Fast Growth and Poor Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  31.  8
    Gianmarco Baldini, Maarten Botterman, Ricardo Neisse & Mariachiara Tallacchini (forthcoming). Ethical Design in the Internet of Things. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Even though public awareness about privacy risks in the Internet is increasing, in the evolution of the Internet to the Internet of Things these risks are likely to become more relevant due to the large amount of data collected and processed by the “Things”. The business drivers for exploring ways to monetize such data are one of the challenges identified in this paper for the protection of Privacy in the IoT. Beyond the protection of privacy, this paper highlights the need (...)
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  32.  5
    Roberta M. Berry, Aaron D. Levine, Robert Kirkman, Laura Palucki Blake & Matthew Drake (forthcoming). Navigating Bioethical Waters: Two Pilot Projects in Problem-Based Learning for Future Bioscience and Biotechnology Professionals. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    We believe that the professional responsibility of bioscience and biotechnology professionals includes a social responsibility to contribute to the resolution of ethically fraught policy problems generated by their work. It follows that educators have a professional responsibility to prepare future professionals to discharge this responsibility. This essay discusses two pilot projects in ethics pedagogy focused on particularly challenging policy problems, which we call “fractious problems”. The projects aimed to advance future professionals’ acquisition of “fractious problem navigational” skills, a set of (...)
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  33.  7
    Angela R. Bielefeldt & Nathan E. Canney (forthcoming). Changes in the Social Responsibility Attitudes of Engineering Students Over Time. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    This research explored how engineering student views of their responsibility toward helping individuals and society through their profession, so-called social responsibility, change over time. A survey instrument was administered to students initially primarily in their first year, senior year, or graduate studies majoring in mechanical, civil, or environmental engineering at five institutions in September 2012, April 2013, and March 2014. The majority of the students did not change significantly in their social responsibility attitudes, but 23 % decreased and 20 % (...)
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  34.  5
    Annibale Biggeri & Mariachiara Tallacchini (forthcoming). Information and Communication Technologies, Genes, and Peer-Production of Knowledge to Empower Citizens’ Health. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The different and seemingly unrelated practices of Information and Communication Technologies used to collect and share personal and scientific data within networked communities, and the organized storage of human genetic samples and information—namely biobanking—have merged with another recent epistemic and social phenomenon, namely scientists and citizens collaborating as “peers” in creating knowledge. These different dimensions can be found in joint initiatives where scientists-and-citizens use genetic information and ICT as powerful ways to gain more control over their health and the environment. (...)
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  35.  4
    Alejandra Boni, José Javier Sastre & Carola Calabuig (forthcoming). Educating Engineers for the Public Good Through International Internships: Evidence From a Case Study at Universitat Politècnica de València. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    At Universitat Politècnica de València, Meridies, an internship programme that places engineering students in countries of Latin America, is one of the few opportunities the students have to explore the implications of being a professional in society in a different cultural and social context. This programme was analyzed using the capabilities approach as a frame of reference for examining the effects of the programme on eight student participants. The eight pro-public-good capabilities proposed by Melanie Walker were investigated through semi-structured interviews. (...)
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  36.  6
    Idil Boran (forthcoming). Principles of Public Reason. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Since 2011, the focus of international negotiations under the UNFCCC has been on producing a new climate agreement to be adopted in 2015. This phase of negotiations is known as the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action. The goal has been to update the global effort on climate for long-term cooperation. In this period, various changes have been contemplated on the design of the architecture of the global climate effort. Whereas previously, the negotiation process consisted of setting mandated targets exclusively for (...)
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  37.  4
    Philip Boucher (forthcoming). ‘‘You Wouldn’T Have Your Granny Using Them’: Drawing Boundaries Between Acceptable and Unacceptable Applications of Civil Drones. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    Some industry and policy actors are concerned about public opposition to civil drones, in particular because of their association with military drones. However, very little is understood about public reactions to the technology. Strategies to ‘manage public acceptance’ have so far relied upon several untested assumptions. We conducted public engagement activities to explore citizens’ visions of civil drones. Several insights counteracted the prevailing assumptions. Rejecting the notion of blanket support for or opposition to civil drones, we found that citizens make (...)
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  38.  8
    Dennis Bray & Hans von Storch (forthcoming). The Normative Orientations of Climate Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    In 1942 Robert K. Merton tried to demonstrate the structure of the normative system of science by specifying the norms that characterized it. The norms were assigned the abbreviation CUDOs: Communism, Universalism, Disinterestedness, and Organized skepticism. Using the results of an on-line survey of climate scientists concerning the norms of science, this paper explores the climate scientists’ subscription to these norms. The data suggests that while Merton’s CUDOs remain the overall guiding moral principles, they are not fully endorsed or present (...)
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  39.  3
    Karim Bschir (forthcoming). Risk, Uncertainty and Precaution in Science: The Threshold of the Toxicological Concern Approach in Food Toxicology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Environmental risk assessment is often affected by severe uncertainty. The frequently invoked precautionary principle helps to guide risk assessment and decision-making in the face of scientific uncertainty. In many contexts, however, uncertainties play a role not only in the application of scientific models but also in their development. Building on recent literature in the philosophy of science, this paper argues that precaution should be exercised at the stage when tools for risk assessment are developed as well as when they are (...)
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  40.  5
    Mirjam Burget, Emanuele Bardone & Margus Pedaste (forthcoming). Definitions and Conceptual Dimensions of Responsible Research and Innovation: A Literature Review. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The aim of this study is to provide a discussion on the definitions and conceptual dimensions of Responsible Research and Innovation based on findings from the literature. In the study, the outcomes of a literature review of 235 RRI-related articles were presented. The articles were selected from the EBSCO and Google Scholar databases regarding the definitions and dimensions of RRI. The results of the study indicated that while administrative definitions were widely quoted in the reviewed literature, they were not substantially (...)
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  41.  12
    Katherine Austin Byron Newberry, Greta Gorsuch William Lawson & Thomas Darwin (forthcoming). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    This article describes the education portion of an ongoing grant-sponsored education and research project designed to help graduate students in all engineering disciplines learn about the basic ethical principles, rules, and obligations associated with engineering practice in the United States. While the curriculum developed for this project is used for both domestic and international students, the educational materials were designed to be sensitive to the specific needs of international graduate students. In recent years, engineering programs in the United States have (...)
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  42.  2
    Ryan C. Campbell & Denise Wilson (forthcoming). Engineers’ Responsibilities for Global Electronic Waste: Exploring Engineering Student Writing Through a Care Ethics Lens. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-32.
    This paper provides an empirically informed perspective on the notion of responsibility using an ethical framework that has received little attention in the engineering-related literature to date: ethics of care. In this work, we ground conceptual explorations of engineering responsibility in empirical findings from engineering student’s writing on the human health and environmental impacts of “backyard” electronic waste recycling/disposal. Our findings, from a purposefully diverse sample of engineering students in an introductory electrical engineering course, indicate that most of these engineers (...)
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  43.  2
    Corinne Cath & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Design of the Internet’s Architecture by the Internet Engineering Task Force and Human Rights. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The debate on whether and how the Internet can protect and foster human rights has become a defining issue of our time. This debate often focuses on Internet governance from a regulatory perspective, underestimating the influence and power of the governance of the Internet’s architecture. The technical decisions made by Internet Standard Developing Organisations that build and maintain the technical infrastructure of the Internet influences how information flows. They rearrange the shape of the technically mediated public sphere, including which rights (...)
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  44.  4
    Angela Cirigliano, Orlando Cenciarelli, Andrea Malizia, Carlo Bellecci, Pasquale Gaudio, Michele Lioj & Teresa Rinaldi (forthcoming). Biological Dual-Use Research and Synthetic Biology of Yeast. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    In recent years, the publication of the studies on the transmissibility in mammals of the H5N1 influenza virus and synthetic genomes has triggered heated and concerned debate within the community of scientists on biological dual-use research; these papers have raised the awareness that, in some cases, fundamental research could be directed to harmful experiments, with the purpose of developing a weapon that could be used by a bioterrorist. Here is presented an overview regarding the dual-use concept and its related international (...)
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  45.  2
    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva (forthcoming). Copy-Paste: 2-Click Step to Success and Productivity That Underlies Self-Plagiarism. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  46.  6
    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva & Judit Dobránszki (forthcoming). Multiple Authorship in Scientific Manuscripts: Ethical Challenges, Ghost and Guest/Gift Authorship, and the Cultural/Disciplinary Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Multiple authorship is the universal solution to multi-tasking in the sciences. Without a team, each with their own set of expertise, and each involved mostly in complementary ways, a research project will likely not advance quickly, or effectively. Consequently, there is a risk that research goals will not be met within a desired timeframe. Research teams that strictly scrutinize their modus operandi select and include a set of authors that have participated substantially in the physical undertaking of the research, in (...)
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  47.  19
    Boudewijn de Bruin & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Ethics of Cloud Computing. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Cloud computing is rapidly gaining traction in business. It offers businesses online services on demand and allows them to cut costs on hardware and IT support. This is the first paper in business ethics dealing with this new technology. It analyzes the informational duties of hosting companies that own and operate cloud computing datacentres. It considers the cloud services providers leasing ‘space in the cloud’ from hosting companies. And it examines the business and private ‘clouders’ using these services. The first (...)
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  48.  8
    Filippo Santoni de Sio & Aimee van Wynsberghe (forthcoming). When Should We Use Care Robots? The Nature-of-Activities Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    When should we use care robots? In this paper we endorse the shift from a simple normative approach to care robots ethics to a complex one: we think that one main task of a care robot ethics is that of analysing the different ways in which different care robots may affect the different values at stake in different care practices. We start filling a gap in the literature by showing how the philosophical analysis of the nature of healthcare activities can (...)
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  49.  3
    Joshua Dempsey, Justin Stamets & Kathleen Eggleson (forthcoming). Stakeholder Views of Nanosilver Linings: Macroethics Education and Automated Text Analysis Through Participatory Governance Role Play in a Workshop Format. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    The Nanosilver Linings role play case offers participants first-person experience with interpersonal interaction in the context of the wicked problems of emerging technology macroethics. In the fictional scenario, diverse societal stakeholders convene at a town hall meeting to consider whether a nanotechnology-enabled food packaging industry should be offered incentives to establish an operation in their economically struggling Midwestern city. This original creative work was built with a combination of elements, selected for their established pedagogical efficacy and as topical dimensions of (...)
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  50.  5
    Vilius Dranseika, Jan Piasecki & Marcin Waligora (forthcoming). Relevant Information and Informed Consent in Research: In Defense of the Subjective Standard of Disclosure. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    In this article, we seek to contribute to the debate on the requirement of disclosure in the context of informed consent for research. We defend the subjective standard of disclosure and describe ways to implement this standard in research practice. We claim that the researcher should make an effort to find out what kinds of information are likely to be relevant for those consenting to research. This invites researchers to take empirical survey information seriously, attempt to understand the cultural context, (...)
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  51.  3
    Elaine Howard Ecklund & Di Di (forthcoming). A Gendered Approach to Science Ethics for US and UK Physicists. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Some research indicates that women professionals—when compared to men—may be more ethical in the workplace. Existing literature that discusses gender and ethics is confined to the for-profit business sector and primarily to a US context. In particular, there is little attention paid to gender and ethics in science professions in a global context. This represents a significant gap, as science is a rapidly growing and global professional sector, as well as one with ethically ambiguous areas. Adopting an international comparative perspective, (...)
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  52.  3
    Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammad Asim, Rifat Latifi & Hassan Al-Thani (forthcoming). Research in Emergency and Critical Care Settings: Debates, Obstacles and Solutions. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Research is an integral part of evidence-based practice in the emergency department and critical care unit that improves patient management. It is important to understand the need and major obstacles for conducting research in emergency settings. Herein, we review the literature for the obligations, ethics and major implications of emergency research and the associated limiting factors influencing research activities in critical care and emergency settings. We reviewed research engines such as PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE for the last two decades using (...)
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  53.  50
    W. Schienke Erich, D. Baum Seth, Kenneth Nancy Tuana & Klaus Keller J. Davis (forthcoming). Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  54.  4
    Andrei Famenka (forthcoming). Research Ethics in the Context of Transition: Gaps in Policies and Programs on the Protection of Research Participants in the Selected Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    This paper examines the ability of countries in Central and Eastern Europe to ensure appropriate protection of research participants in the field of increasingly globalizing biomedical research. By applying an analytical framework for identifying gaps in policies and programs for human subjects protection to four countries of CEE—Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, substantial gaps in the scope and content of relevant policies and major impediments to program performance have been revealed. In these countries, public policies on the protection of research (...)
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  55.  11
    Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). Tolerant Paternalism: Pro-Ethical Design as a Resolution of the Dilemma of Toleration. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Toleration is one of the fundamental principles that inform the design of a democratic and liberal society. Unfortunately, its adoption seems inconsistent with the adoption of paternalistically benevolent policies, which represent a valuable mechanism to improve individuals’ well-being. In this paper, I refer to this tension as the dilemma of toleration. The dilemma is not new. It arises when an agent A would like to be tolerant and respectful towards another agent B’s choices but, at the same time, A is (...)
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  56.  4
    Scott D. Gelfand (forthcoming). Using Insights From Applied Moral Psychology to Promote Ethical Behavior Among Engineering Students and Professional Engineers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    In this essay I discuss a novel engineering ethics class that has the potential to significantly decrease the likelihood that students will inadvertently or unintentionally act unethically in the future. This class is different from standard engineering ethics classes in that it focuses on the issue of why people act unethically and how students can avoid a variety of hurdles to ethical behavior. I do not deny that it is important for students to develop cogent moral reasoning and ethical decision-making (...)
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  57.  5
    Jan Gogoll & Julian F. Müller (forthcoming). Autonomous Cars: In Favor of a Mandatory Ethics Setting. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The recent progress in the development of autonomous cars has seen ethical questions come to the forefront. In particular, life and death decisions regarding the behavior of self-driving cars in trolley dilemma situations are attracting widespread interest in the recent debate. In this essay we want to ask whether we should implement a mandatory ethics setting for the whole of society or, whether every driver should have the choice to select his own personal ethics setting. While the consensus view seems (...)
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  58.  1
    Paolo Gonthier, Ivan Visentin, Danila Valentino, Giacomo Tamietti & Francesca Cardinale (forthcoming). The Legitimate Name of a Fungal Plant Pathogen and the Ethics of Publication in the Era of Traceability. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    When more scientists describe independently the same species under different valid Latin names, a case of synonymy occurs. In such a case, the international nomenclature rules stipulate that the first name to appear on a peer-reviewed publication has priority over the others. Based on a recent episode involving priority determination between two competing names of the same fungal plant pathogen, this letter wishes to open a discussion on the ethics of scientific publications and points out the necessity of a correct (...)
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  59.  5
    Yoann Guntzburger, Thierry C. Pauchant & Philippe A. Tanguy (forthcoming). Ethical Risk Management Education in Engineering: A Systematic Review. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    Risk management is certainly one of the most important professional responsibilities of an engineer. As such, this activity needs to be combined with complex ethical reflections, and this requirement should therefore be explicitly integrated in engineering education. In this article, we analyse how this nexus between ethics and risk management is expressed in the engineering education research literature. It was done by reviewing 135 articles published between 1980 and March 1, 2016. These articles have been selected from 21 major journals (...)
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  60.  6
    Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). The Ethics of Doing Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Ethicists have investigated ethical problems in other disciplines, but there has not been much discussion of the ethics of their own activities. Research in ethics has many ethical problems in common with other areas of research, and it also has problems of its own. The researcher’s integrity is more precarious than in most other disciplines, and therefore even stronger procedural checks are needed to protect it. The promotion of some standpoints in ethical issues may be socially harmful, and even our (...)
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  61.  2
    Simona Hašková (forthcoming). Holistic Assessment and Ethical Disputation on a New Trend in Solid Biofuels. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    A new trend in the production technology of solid biof uels has appeared. There is a wide consensus that most solid biofuels will be produced according to the new production methods within a few years. Numerous samples were manufactured from agro-residues according to conventional methods as well as new methods. Robust analyses that reviewed the hygienic, environmental, financial and ethical aspects were performed. The hygienic and environmental aspect was assessed by robust chemical and technical analyses. The financial aspect was assessed (...)
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  62.  12
    Raheleh Heidari, David Martin Shaw & Bernice Simone Elger (forthcoming). CRISPR and the Rebirth of Synthetic Biology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    Emergence of novel genome engineering technologies such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat has refocused attention on unresolved ethical complications of synthetic biology. Biosecurity concerns, deontological issues and human right aspects of genome editing have been the subject of in-depth debate; however, a lack of transparent regulatory guidelines, outdated governance codes, inefficient time-consuming clinical trial pathways and frequent misunderstanding of the scientific potential of cutting-edge technologies have created substantial obstacles to translational research in this area. While a precautionary principle (...)
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  63.  4
    Amber M. Henslee, Susan L. Murray, Gayla R. Olbricht, Douglas K. Ludlow, Malcolm E. Hays & Hannah M. Nelson (forthcoming). Assessing Freshman Engineering Students’ Understanding of Ethical Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Academic dishonesty, including cheating and plagiarism, is on the rise in colleges, particularly among engineering students. While students decide to engage in these behaviors for many different reasons, academic integrity training can help improve their understanding of ethical decision making. The two studies outlined in this paper assess the effectiveness of an online module in increasing academic integrity among first semester engineering students. Study 1 tested the effectiveness of an academic honesty tutorial by using a between groups design with a (...)
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  64.  4
    Bjørn Hofmann (forthcoming). Toward a Method for Exposing and Elucidating Ethical Issues with Human Cognitive Enhancement Technologies. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    To develop a method for exposing and elucidating ethical issues with human cognitive enhancement. The intended use of the method is to support and facilitate open and transparent deliberation and decision making with respect to this emerging technology with great potential formative implications for individuals and society. Literature search to identify relevant approaches. Conventional content analysis of the identified papers and methods in order to assess their suitability for assessing HCE according to four selection criteria. Method development. Amendment after pilot (...)
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  65.  1
    Bjørn Hofmann, Dušan Haustein & Laurens Landeweerd (forthcoming). Smart-Glasses: Exposing and Elucidating the Ethical Issues. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    The objective of this study is to provide an overview over the ethical issues relevant to the assessment, implementation, and use of smart-glasses. The purpose of the overview is to facilitate deliberation, decision making, and the formation of knowledge and norms for this emerging technology. An axiological question-based method for human cognitive enhancement including an extensive literature search on smart-glasses is used to identify relevant ethical issues. The search is supplemented with relevant ethical issues identified in the literature on human (...)
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  66.  7
    Frauke Hoss & Alex John London (forthcoming). Assessing the Moral Coherence and Moral Robustness of Social Systems: Proof of Concept for a Graphical Models Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    This paper presents a proof of concept for a graphical models approach to assessing the moral coherence and moral robustness of systems of social interactions. “Moral coherence” refers to the degree to which the rights and duties of agents within a system are effectively respected when agents in the system comply with the rights and duties that are recognized as in force for the relevant context of interaction. “Moral robustness” refers to the degree to which a system of social interaction (...)
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  67.  7
    Noor Munirah Isa (forthcoming). Darurah and Its Application in Islamic Ethical Assessment of Medical Applications: A Review on Malaysian Fatwa. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    The discovery and invention of new medical applications may be considered blessings to humankind. However, some applications which might be the only remedy for certain diseases may contain ingredients or involve methods that are not in harmony with certain cultural and religious perspectives. These situations have raised important questions in medical ethics; are these applications completely prohibited according to these perspectives, and is there any room for mitigation? This paper explores the concept of darurah and its deliberation in the formulation (...)
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  68.  7
    N. Jordan Jameson, Xin Song & Michael Pecht (forthcoming). Conflict Minerals in Electronic Systems: An Overview and Critique of Legal Initiatives. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The Democratic Republic of Congo has vast natural resources, many of which are regularly exploited by the electronics industry. Unfortunately, in addition to these resources, there are widespread human rights abuses committed by armed groups entrenched in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. These armed groups are using profits from these minerals as a source of funding. Their human rights abuses have led to a growing humanitarian interest in the region and prompted the international community to action. (...)
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  69.  5
    Meg Leta Jones & Lucas Regner (forthcoming). Users or Students? Privacy in University MOOCS. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Two terms, student privacy and Massive Open Online Courses, have received a significant amount of attention recently. Both represent interesting sites of change in entrenched structures, one educational and one legal. MOOCs represent something college courses have never been able to provide: universal access. Universities not wanting to miss the MOOC wave have started to build MOOC courses and integrate them into the university system in various ways. However, the design and scale of university MOOCs create tension for privacy laws (...)
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  70.  3
    Tanuj Kanchan & Kewal Krishan (forthcoming). Politics of Science: Unwarranted Encounters. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    This communication highlights a very pertinent and recent case of an erroneous representation of the Indian borders in an article ‘India by the numbers’ by Richard Van Noorden in Nature where a considerable part of the Jammu and Kashmir State of India is missing in the map incorporated in the article. The article received a series of comments showing disappointment on the issue and a need for the correction to the depicted Indian borders. The editor instead of making corrections to (...)
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  71.  4
    Graham Kendall, Angelina Yee & Barry McCollum (forthcoming). Is There a Role for Publication Consultants and How Should Their Contribution Be Recognized? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    When a scientific paper, dissertation or thesis is published the author have a duty to report who has contributed to the work. This recognition can take several forms such as authorship, relevant acknowledgments and by citing previous work. There is a growing industry where publication consultants will work with authors, research groups or even institutions to help get their work published, or help submit their dissertation/thesis. This help can range from proof reading, data collection, analysis, helping with the literature review (...)
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  72.  4
    Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Richard C. Deth, Lisa K. Sykes, Brian S. Hooker, James M. Love, Geir Bjørklund, Carmen G. Chaigneau, Boyd E. Haley & Mark R. Geier (forthcoming). Systematic Assessment of Research on Autism Spectrum Disorder and Mercury Reveals Conflicts of Interest and the Need for Transparency in Autism Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-30.
    Historically, entities with a vested interest in a product that critics have suggested is harmful have consistently used research to back their claims that the product is safe. Prominent examples are: tobacco, lead, bisphenol A, and atrazine. Research literature indicates that about 80–90 % of studies with industry affiliation found no harm from the product, while only about 10–20 % of studies without industry affiliation found no harm. In parallel to other historical debates, recent studies examining a possible relationship between (...)
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  73.  4
    Magdy A. Kharoshah, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin & Ritesh G. Menezes (forthcoming). Consented Autopsy and the Middle-East. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Consented autopsy is almost non-existent in the Middle-East where established social and cultural beliefs regarding the procedure might discourage family members from requesting a consented autopsy. Evidence suggests that new information is obtained from consented autopsies. It would not be in the best interest of medicine if social and cultural misconceptions succeed in erasing the existence of consented autopsies entirely.
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  74.  6
    Eran Klein (forthcoming). Informed Consent in Implantable BCI Research: Identifying Risks and Exploring Meaning. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Implantable brain–computer interface technology is an expanding area of engineering research now moving into clinical application. Ensuring meaningful informed consent in implantable BCI research is an ethical imperative. The emerging and rapidly evolving nature of implantable BCI research makes identification of risks, a critical component of informed consent, a challenge. In this paper, 6 core risk domains relevant to implantable BCI research are identified—short and long term safety, cognitive and communicative impairment, inappropriate expectations, involuntariness, affective impairment, and privacy and security. (...)
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  75.  6
    Wei-Tau Lee, James A. Blumenthal & Kenneth H. Funk Ii (forthcoming). A Buddhist Perspective on Industrial Engineering and the Design of Work. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  76. Hui Lu, Hong Chen, Wei Du & Ruyin Long (forthcoming). Moral Values Congruence and Miners’ Policy Following Behavior: The Role of Supervisor Morality. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Ethical culture construction is beneficial to maximize policy following behavior and avoid accidents of coal miners in an economic downturn. This paper examines the congruence between coal mine ethical culture values and miners’ moral values and the relationship with PFB. To shed light on this relationship, supervisor moral values act as a key moderator. We build on the initial structure of values to measure ECVs, MVs, and SMVs. At the same time, available congruence was defined to describe the relationship between (...)
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  77.  6
    Marzieh Maghrouni, Omid Mahian & Somchai Wongwises (forthcoming). Some Review Journals Do Not Allow Students to Author Reviews: Is This Ethical? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-1.
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  78.  6
    Mónica Mendes, Pedro Ângelo, Nuno Correia & Valentina Nisi (forthcoming). Appropriating Video Surveillance for Art and Environmental Awareness: Experiences From ARTiVIS. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Arts, Real-Time Video and Interactivity for Sustainability is an ongoing collaborative research project investigating how real-time video, DIY surveillance technologies and sensor data can be used as a tool for environmental awareness, activism and artistic explorations. The project consists of a series of digital contexts for aesthetic contemplation of nature and civic engagement, aiming to foster awareness and empowerment of local populations through DIY surveillance. At the core of the ARTIVIS efforts are a series of interactive installations, that make use (...)
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  79.  4
    Ritesh G. Menezes, Magdy A. Kharoshah, Mohammed Madadin, Vijaya Marakala, Savita Lasrado & Dalal M. Al Tamimi (forthcoming). Authorship: Few Myths and Misconceptions. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-5.
    This article seeks to address and dispel some of the popular myths and misconceptions surrounding authorship of a scientific publication as this is often misconstrued by beginners in academia especially those in the developing world. While ethical issues in publishing related to authorship have been increasingly discussed, not much has been written about the myths and misconceptions of who might be an author. Dispelling these myths and misconceptions would go a long way in shaping the thoughts and plans of students, (...)
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  80.  4
    Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky (forthcoming). This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  81.  3
    Lantz Fleming Miller (forthcoming). Michael Hauskeller: Sex and the Posthuman Condition. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-6.
    This new book from Michael Hauskeller explores the currently marketed or projected sex/love products that exhibit some trait of so-called “posthumanistic” theory or design. These products are so designated because of their intention to fuse high technologies, including robotics and computing, with the human user. The author offers several arguments for why the theory behind these products leads to inconsistencies. The book uses a unique approach to philosophical argument by enmeshing the argument’s major points in a concomitant discussion of pieces (...)
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  82.  5
    Rafael Miñano, Ángel Uruburu, Ana Moreno-Romero & Diego Pérez-López (forthcoming). Strategies for Teaching Professional Ethics to IT Engineering Degree Students and Evaluating the Result. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    This paper presents an experience in developing professional ethics by an approach that integrates knowledge, teaching methodologies and assessment coherently. It has been implemented for students in both the Software Engineering and Computer Engineering degree programs of the Technical University of Madrid, in which professional ethics is studied as a part of a required course. Our contribution of this paper is a model for formative assessment that clarifies the learning goals, enhances the results, simplifies the scoring and can be replicated (...)
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  83.  1
    Carl Mitcham & Elaine E. Englehardt (forthcoming). Ethics Across the Curriculum: Prospects for Broader Teaching and Learning in Research and Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    The movements to teach the responsible conduct of research and engineering ethics at technological universities are often unacknowledged aspects of the ethics across the curriculum movement and could benefit from explicit alliances with it. Remarkably, however, not nearly as much scholarly attention has been devoted to EAC as to RCR or to engineering ethics, and RCR and engineering ethics educational efforts are not always presented as facets of EAC. The emergence of EAC efforts at two different institutions—the Illinois Institute of (...)
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  84.  7
    Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Food and Sustainability Challenges Under Climate Changes. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-6.
    Plants are permanently impacted by their environments, and their abilities to tolerate multiple fluctuating environmental conditions vary as a function of several genetic and natural factors. Over the past decades, scientific innovations and applications of the knowledge derived from biotechnological investigations to agriculture caused a substantial increase of the yields of many crops. However, due to exacerbating effects of climate change and a growing human population, a crisis of malnutrition may arise in the upcoming decades in some places in the (...)
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  85.  3
    Tyler J. Mulhearn, Logan M. Steele, Logan L. Watts, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly (forthcoming). Review of Instructional Approaches in Ethics Education. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics:1-30.
    Increased investment in ethics education has prompted a variety of instructional objectives and frameworks. Yet, no systematic procedure to classify these varying instructional approaches has been attempted. In the present study, a quantitative clustering procedure was conducted to derive a typology of instruction in ethics education. In total, 330 ethics training programs were included in the cluster analysis. The training programs were appraised with respect to four instructional categories including instructional content, processes, delivery methods, and activities. Eight instructional approaches were (...)
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  86.  1
    Susana Nascimento & Alexandre Pólvora (forthcoming). Maker Cultures and the Prospects for Technological Action. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Supported by easier and cheaper access to tools and expanding communities, maker cultures are pointing towards the ideas of everyone designing, creating, producing and distributing renewed, new and improved products, machines, things or artefacts. A careful analysis of the assumptions and challenges of maker cultures emphasizes the relevance of what may be called technological action, that is, active and critical interventions regarding the purposes and applications of technologies within ordinary lives, thus countering the deterministic trends of current directions of technology. (...)
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  87.  14
    Erica L. Neely (forthcoming). The Risks of Revolution: Ethical Dilemmas in 3D Printing From a US Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    Additive manufacturing has spread widely over the past decade, especially with the availability of home 3D printers. In the future, many items may be manufactured at home, which raises two ethical issues. First, there are questions of safety. Our current safety regulations depend on centralized manufacturing assumptions; they will be difficult to enforce on this new model of manufacturing. Using current US law as an example, I argue that consumers are not capable of fully assessing all relevant risks and thus (...)
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  88.  4
    Ann Nichols-Casebolt & Francis L. Macrina (forthcoming). Current Perspectives Regarding Institutional Conflict of Interest. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    Policies and processes dealing with institutional conflict of interest lag well behind those dealing with individual COI. To remediate this, academic institutions must develop strategies for addressing some of the unique challenges in iCOI, including: clarifying the definition of iCOI that addresses the range of individuals potentially involved; implementing a well-designed electronic database for reporting and managing iCOI across multiple leadership constituencies; and providing ongoing education to appropriate institutional officials that communicates the importance of managing iCOI.
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  89.  6
    Robert T. Pennock & Michael O’Rourke (forthcoming). Developing a Scientific Virtue-Based Approach to Science Ethics Training. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Responsible conduct of research training typically includes only a subset of the issues that ought to be included in science ethics and sometimes makes ethics appear to be a set of externally imposed rules rather than something intrinsic to scientific practice. A new approach to science ethics training based upon Pennock’s notion of the scientific virtues may help avoid such problems. This paper motivates and describes three implementations—theory-centered, exemplar-centered, and concept-centered—that we have developed in courses and workshops to introduce students (...)
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  90.  6
    Sophie Poirot-Delpech & Laurence Raineau (forthcoming). Nuclear Waste Facing the Test of Time: The Case of the French Deep Geological Repository Project. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    The purpose of this article is to consider the socio-anthropological issues raised by the deep geological repository project for high-level, long-lived nuclear waste. It is based on fieldwork at a candidate site for a deep storage project in eastern France, where an underground laboratory has been studying the feasibility of the project since 1999. A project of this nature, based on the possibility of very long containment, involves a singular form of time. By linking project performance to geology’s very long (...)
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  91.  2
    A. J. K. Pols (forthcoming). May Stakeholders Be Involved in Design Without Informed Consent? The Case of Hidden Design. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Stakeholder involvement in design is desirable from both a practical and an ethical point of view. It is difficult to do well, however, and some problems recur again and again, both of a practical nature, e.g. stakeholders acting strategically rather than openly, and of an ethical nature, e.g. power imbalances unduly affecting the outcome of the process. Hidden Design has been proposed as a method to deal with the practical problems of stakeholder involvement. It aims to do so by taking (...)
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  92.  3
    Vanja Pupovac, Snježana Prijić-Samaržija & Mladen Petrovečki (forthcoming). Research Misconduct in the Croatian Scientific Community: A Survey Assessing the Forms and Characteristics of Research Misconduct. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    The prevalence and characteristics of research misconduct have mainly been studied in highly developed countries. In moderately or poorly developed countries such as Croatia, data on research misconduct are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to determine the rates at which scientists report committing or observing the most serious forms of research misconduct, such as falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, and violation of authorship rules in the Croatian scientific community. Additionally, we sought to determine the degree of development and the (...)
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  93.  4
    Milenko Rakic, Isabelle Wienand, David Shaw, Rebecca Nast & Bernice S. Elger (forthcoming). Autonomy and Fear of Synthetic Biology: How Can Patients’ Autonomy Be Enhanced in the Field of Synthetic Biology? A Qualitative Study with Stable Patients. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    We analyzed stable patients’ views regarding synthetic biology in general, the medical application of synthetic biology, and their potential participation in trials of synthetic biology in particular. The aim of the study was to find out whether patients’ views and preferences change after receiving more detailed information about synthetic biology and its clinical applications. The qualitative study was carried out with a purposive sample of 36 stable patients, who suffered from diabetes or gout. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, translated and fully (...)
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  94.  6
    Barbara K. Redman (forthcoming). Commentary: Legacy of the Commission on Research Integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    20 years ago, the Report of the Commission on Research Integrity was submitted to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services and to House and Senate Committees. As directed in enabling legislation, the Commission had provided recommendations on a new definition of research misconduct, oversight of scientific practices, and development of a regulation to protect whistleblowers. Reflecting the ethos of the time, the Commission recommended that institutions receiving Public Health Service research funding should provide oversight of all (...)
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  95.  4
    J. Scott Remer (forthcoming). Bribery and Its Ethical Implications for Aid Workers in the Developing World. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    Bribery is a complicated, multi-dimensional issue. Upon first glance, most westerners would immediately condemn it as an underhanded, unfair means of gaining an advantage in a competitive or legal situation, and so it is in virtually every case in the westernized world. However, the issue becomes much more complicated in the international context, particularly in developing nations, where giving and accepting bribes is often normal and expected. This paper serves to inform ethical decision-making in situations where the “right choice” is (...)
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  96.  7
    David B. Resnik (forthcoming). Institutional Conflicts of Interest in Academic Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Financial relationships in academic research can create institutional conflicts of interest because the financial interests of the institution or institutional officials may inappropriately influence decision-making. Strategies for dealing with institutional COIs include establishing institutional COI committees that involve the board of trustees in conflict review and management, developing policies that shield institutional decisions from inappropriate influences, and establishing private foundations that are independent of the institution to own stock and intellectual property and to provide capital to start-up companies.
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  97.  1
    Barbara E. Ribeiro, Robert D. J. Smith & Kate Millar (forthcoming). A Mobilising Concept? Unpacking Academic Representations of Responsible Research and Innovation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    This paper makes a plea for more reflexive attempts to develop and anchor the emerging concept of responsible research and innovation. RRI has recently emerged as a buzzword in science policy, becoming a focus of concerted experimentation in many academic circles. Its performative capacity means that it is able to mobilise resources and spaces despite no common understanding of what it is or should be ‘made of’. In order to support reflection and practice amongst those who are interested in and (...)
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  98.  6
    Priya Satalkar, Bernice Simone Elger & David M. Shaw (forthcoming). Defining Nano, Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine: Why Should It Matter? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Nanotechnology, which involves manipulation of matter on a ‘nano’ scale, is considered to be a key enabling technology. Medical applications of nanotechnology are expected to significantly improve disease diagnostic and therapeutic modalities and subsequently reduce health care costs. However, there is no consensus on the definition of nanotechnology or nanomedicine, and this stems from the underlying debate on defining ‘nano’. This paper aims to present the diversity in the definition of nanomedicine and its impact on the translation of basic science (...)
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  99.  8
    Eugene Schlossberger (forthcoming). Engineering Codes of Ethics and the Duty to Set a Moral Precedent. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Each of the major engineering societies has its own code of ethics. Seven “common core” clauses and several code-specific clauses can be identified. The paper articulates objections to and rationales for two clauses that raise controversy: do engineers have a duty to provide pro bono services and/or speak out on major issues, and to associate only with reputable individuals and organizations? This latter “association clause” can be justified by the “proclamative principle,” an alternative to Kant’s universalizability requirement. At the heart (...)
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  100.  1
    Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis & Florian Steger (forthcoming). The Application of Standards and Recommendations to Clinical Ethics Consultation in Practice: An Evaluation at German Hospitals. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    The executive board of the Academy for Ethics in Medicine and two AEM working groups formulated standards and recommendations for clinical ethics consultation in 2010, 2011, and 2013. These guidelines comply with the international standards like those set by the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. There is no empirical data available yet that could indicate whether these standards and recommendations have been implemented in German hospitals. This desideratum is addressed in the present study. We contacted 1.858 German hospitals between (...)
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  101.  2
    Shahryar Sorooshian (forthcoming). Scholarly Black Market. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Fake and unethical publishers’ activities are known by most of the readers of Science and Engineering Ethics. This letter tries to draw the readers’ attention to the hidden side of some of these publishers’ business. Here the black market of scholarly articles, which negatively affects the validity and reliability of research in higher education, as well as science and engineering, will be introduced.
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  102.  5
    Servaas Storm (forthcoming). How the Invisible Hand is Supposed to Adjust the Natural Thermostat: A Guide for the Perplexed. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    Mainstream climate economics takes global warming seriously, but perplexingly concludes that the optimal economic policy is to almost do nothing about it. This conclusion can be traced to just a few “normative” assumptions, over which there exists fundamental disagreement amongst economists. This paper explores two axes of this disagreement. The first axis measures faith in the invisible hand to adjust the natural thermostat. The second axis expresses differences in views on the efficiency and equity implications of climate action. The two (...)
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  103.  7
    Nikolas Stroth (forthcoming). The Central Importance of Laboratories for Reducing Waste in Biomedical Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    The global biomedical research enterprise is driving substantial advances in medicine and healthcare. Yet it appears that the enterprise is rather wasteful, falling short of its true innovative potential. Suggested reasons are manifold and involve various stakeholders, such that there is no single remedy. In the present paper, I will argue that laboratories are the basic working units of the biomedical research enterprise and an important site of action for corrective intervention. Keeping laboratories relatively small will enable better training and (...)
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  104.  8
    Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Debate on the Moral Responsibilities of Online Service Providers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Online service providers —such as AOL, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Twitter—significantly shape the informational environment and influence users’ experiences and interactions within it. There is a general agreement on the centrality of OSPs in information societies, but little consensus about what principles should shape their moral responsibilities and practices. In this article, we analyse the main contributions to the debate on the moral responsibilities of OSPs. By endorsing the method of the levels of abstract, we first analyse the moral responsibilities (...)
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  105.  2
    Behnam Taebi & William E. Kastenberg (forthcoming). Teaching Engineering Ethics to PhD Students: A Berkeley–Delft Initiative. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    A joint effort by the University of California at Berkeley and Delft University of Technology to develop a graduate engineering ethics course for PhD students encountered two types of challenges: academic and institutional. Academically, long-term collaborative research efforts between engineering and philosophy faculty members might be needed before successful engineering ethics courses can be initiated; the teaching of ethics to engineering graduate students and collaborative research need to go hand-in-hand. Institutionally, both bottom-up approaches at the level of the faculty and (...)
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  106.  3
    Meghnaa Tallapragada, Gina M. Eosco & Katherine A. McComas (forthcoming). Aware, Yet Ignorant: Exploring the Views of Early Career Researchers About Funding and Conflicts of Interests in Science. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    This study investigates the level of awareness about funding influences and potential conflicts of interests among early career researchers. The sample for this study included users of one or more of the 14 U.S. laboratories associated with the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network. To be eligible, respondents must have been either still completing graduate work or <5 years since graduation. In total, 713 early career researchers completed the web survey, with about half still in graduate school. Results indicate that although respondents (...)
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  107.  10
    Tjerk Timan & Anders Albrechtslund (forthcoming). Surveillance, Self and Smartphones: Tracking Practices in the Nightlife. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    This paper is the result of the EMERGING ICT FOR CITIZEN VEILLANCE-workshop organized by the JRC, Ispra, Italy, March 2014. The aim of this paper is to explore how the subject participates in surveillance situations with a particular focus on how users experience everyday tracking technologies and practices. Its theoretical points of departure stem from Surveillance Studies in general and notions of participatory surveillance and empowering exhibitionism :199–215, 2004) in particular. We apply these theoretical notions on smartphones and its users (...)
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  108.  4
    Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Divya Trivedi, Tanuj Kanchan, Thapar Rekha, Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla & Mishaal Talish (forthcoming). Patients’ Awareness About Their Rights: A Study From Coastal South India. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Respecting patients’ rights is a fundamental aspect of providing quality healthcare. The present investigation attempts to explore the awareness among patients about their rights in a coastal township in India. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 215 patients admitted to the wards of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Mangalore. Awareness among patients regarding their rights varied for various issues and ranged between 48.4 and 87.4 %. Awareness about patients’ rights was independent of gender, socio-economic and educational status. (...)
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  109.  6
    Lucia Vesnic-Alujevic, Melina Breitegger & Ângela Guimarães Pereira (forthcoming). ‘Do-It-Yourself’ Healthcare? Quality of Health and Healthcare Through Wearable Sensors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Wearable sensors are an integral part of the new telemedicine concept supporting the idea that Information Technologies will improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare. The use of sensors in diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of patients not only potentially changes medical practice but also one’s relationship with one’s body and mind, as well as the role and responsibilities of patients and healthcare professionals. In this paper, we focus on knowledge assessment of the online communities of Fitbit and the Quantified Self (...)
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  110.  6
    Jeffrey M. Warrender (forthcoming). A Simple Framework for Evaluating Authorial Contributions for Scientific Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    A simple tool is provided to assist researchers in assessing contributions to a scientific publication, for ease in evaluating which contributors qualify for authorship, and in what order the authors should be listed. The tool identifies four phases of activity leading to a publication—Conception and Design, Data Acquisition, Analysis and Interpretation, and Manuscript Preparation. By comparing a project participant’s contribution in a given phase to several specified thresholds, a score of up to five points can be assigned; the contributor’s scores (...)
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  111.  6
    Somsri Wiwanitkit & Viroj Wiwanitkit (forthcoming). Responses of Authors Accused of Plagiarism by Journal Editors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
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  112.  1
    Anne Wright (forthcoming). Self-Tracking: Reflections From the BodyTrack Project. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Based on the author’s experiences the practice of self-tracking can empower individuals to explore and address issues in their lives. This work is inspired by examples of people who have reclaimed their wellness through an iterative process of noticing patterns of ups and downs, trying out new ideas and strategies, and observing the results. In some cases, individuals have realized that certain foods, environmental exposures, or practices have unexpected effects for them, and that adopting custom strategies can greatly improve quality (...)
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  113.  2
    Hossein Yahaghi, Shahryar Sorooshian & Javad Yahaghi (forthcoming). Viva Delay. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    The time delay between submission of a thesis and Viva Voce is intolerable for students. This letter tries to draw the readers’ attention to the effect of choosing the right examiner, in order to reduce the Viva Voce delay.
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  114.  1
    Hossein Yahaghi, Shahryar Sorooshian & Javad Yahaghi (forthcoming). Unethical Postgraduate Supervision. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  115.  1
    Javad Yahaghi, Salmia Bnt Beddu & Zakaria Che Muda (forthcoming). Plagiarism in Publications Using the Unpublished Raw Data of Archived Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    It is obligatory to educate student researchers before they start their work by teaching them about the various types of plagiarism and how to avoid them. It is also vital that research supervisors take into account the sources of data that are explored in their students’ manuscripts. This article tries to draw the reader’s attention to the importance of avoiding all types of plagiarism in their research.
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  116.  9
    Yue Liang Zheng (forthcoming). Some Ethical Concerns About Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    Human induced pluripotent stem cells can be obtained from somatic cells, and their derivation does not require destruction of embryos, thus avoiding ethical problems arising from the destruction of human embryos. This type of stem cell may provide an important tool for stem cell therapy, but it also results in some ethical concerns. It is likely that abnormal reprogramming occurs in the induction of human induced pluripotent stem cells, and that the stem cells generate tumors in the process of stem (...)
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  117.  5
    Fengliang Zhu & Soaring Hawk (forthcoming). Rethinking the Relationship Between Academia and Industry: Qualitative Case Studies of MIT and Stanford. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    As knowledge has become more closely tied to economic development, the interrelationship between academia and industry has become stronger. The result has been the emergence of what Slaughter and Leslie call academic capitalism. Inevitably, tensions between academia and industry arise; however, universities such as MIT and Stanford with long traditions of industry interaction have been able to achieve a balance between academic and market values. This paper describes the strategies adopted by MIT and Stanford to achieve this balance. The results (...)
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