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Forthcoming articles
  1. Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Does the Cover Letter Really Matter? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    The cover letter is not the main text destined to be evaluated or published. The content of the cover letter is already overlapped and redundant with the article's abstract. Cover letters look like the ‘misleading’ commercial ads; as good or as bad as they might be, they do not change the inherent value of the advertised product. The significance of a manuscript should be manifest in the 200–300 words of its abstract and alongside the manuscript as a whole. The aim (...)
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  2. Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Fake Journals: Not Always Valid Ways to Distinguish Them. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    In their recent paper, Esfe et al. (Sci Eng Ethics, doi:10.1007/s11948-014-9595-z 2014) present some criteria for fake journals and propose some ‘features’ to recognize them. While I share most of the authors’ concerns about this issue in general, some of the reported criteria are not fit to differentiate fake journals from genuine ones. Here are some examples derived from their list, which illustrate that such criteria are not necessarily specific to fake journals only, but they could also apply to well-established (...)
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  3. Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Internet and Advertisement. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    The Internet has revolutionized the way knowledge is currently produced, stored and disseminated. A few finger clicks on a keyboard can save time and many hours of search in libraries or shopping in stores. Online trademarks with an prefix such as e-library, e-business, e-health etc., are increasingly part of our daily professional vocabularies. However, the Internet has also produced multiple negative side effects, ranging from an unhealthy dependency to a dehumanization of human relationships. Fraudulent, unethical and scam practices are also (...)
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  4. Jukka Varelius (forthcoming). Is the Non-Rivalrousness of Intellectual Objects a Problem for the Moral Justification of Economic Rights to Intellectual Property? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    It is often argued that the fact that intellectual objects—objects like ideas, inventions, concepts, and melodies—can be used by several people simultaneously makes intellectual property rights impossible or particularly difficult to morally justify. In this article, I assess the line of criticism of intellectual ownership in connection with a central category of intellectual property rights, economic rights to intellectual property. I maintain that it is unconvincing.
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  5. Jonathan Beever & Andrew O. Brightman (forthcoming). Reflexive Principlism as an Effective Approach for Developing Ethical Reasoning in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    An important goal of teaching ethics to engineering students is to enhance their ability to make well-reasoned ethical decisions in their engineering practice: a goal in line with the stated ethical codes of professional engineering organizations. While engineering educators have explored a wide range of methodologies for teaching ethics, a satisfying model for developing ethical reasoning skills has not been adopted broadly. In this paper we argue that a principlist-based approach to ethical reasoning is uniquely suited to engineering ethics education. (...)
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  6. Tatjana Crnjanski, Dusanka Krajnovic, Ivana Tadic, Svetlana Stojkov & Mirko Savic (forthcoming). An Ethical Issue Scale for Community Pharmacy Setting : Development and Validation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Many problems that arise when providing pharmacy services may contain some ethical components and the aims of this study were to develop and validate a scale that could assess difficulties of ethical issues, as well as the frequency of those occurrences in everyday practice of community pharmacists. Development and validation of the scale was conducted in three phases: generating items for the initial survey instrument after qualitative analysis; defining the design and format of the instrument; validation of the instrument. The (...)
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  7. Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). Toleration and the Design of Norms. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    One of the pressing challenges we face today—in a post-Westphalian order (emergence of the state as the modern, political information agent) and post-Bretton Woods world (emergence of non-state multiagent systems or MASs as “hyperhistorical” players in the global economy and politics)—is how to design the right kind of MAS that can take full advantage of the socio-economic and political progress made so far, while dealing successfully with the new global challenges that are undermining the best legacy of that very progress. (...)
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  8. Gonzalo Génova, Hernán Astudillo & Anabel Fraga (forthcoming). The Scientometric Bubble Considered Harmful. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    This article deals with a modern disease of academic science that consists of an enormous increase in the number of scientific publications without a corresponding advance of knowledge. Findings are sliced as thin as salami and submitted to different journals to produce more papers. If we consider academic papers as a kind of scientific ‘currency’ that is backed by gold bullion in the central bank of ‘true’ science, then we are witnessing an article-inflation phenomenon, a scientometric bubble that is most (...)
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  9. Yonca Hurol, Hülya Yüceer & Hacer Başarır (forthcoming). Ethical Guidelines for Structural Interventions to Small-Scale Historic Stone Masonry Buildings. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Structural interventions to historic stone masonry buildings require that both structural and heritage values be considered simultaneously. The absence of one of these value systems in implementation can be regarded as an unethical professional action. The research objective of this article is to prepare a guideline for ensuring ethical structural interventions to small-scale stone historic masonry buildings in the conservation areas of Northern Cyprus. The methodology covers an analysis of internationally accepted conservation documents and national laws related to the conservation (...)
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  10. Peter Kroes (forthcoming). Experiments on Socio-Technical Systems: The Problem of Control. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    My aim is to question whether the introduction of new technologies in society may be considered to be genuine experiments. I will argue that they are not, at least not in the sense in which the notion of experiment is being used in the natural and social sciences. If the introduction of a new technology in society is interpreted as an experiment, then we are dealing with a notion of experiment that differs in an important respect from the notion of (...)
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  11. Angelina Patrick Olesen, Siti Nurani Mohd Nor & Latifah Amin (forthcoming). Attitudes Toward Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis for Genetic Disorders Among Potential Users in Malaysia. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    While pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is available and legal in Malaysia, there is an ongoing controversy debate about its use. There are few studies available on individuals’ attitudes toward PGD, particularly among those who have a genetic disease, or whose children have a genetic disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is, in fact, the first study of its kind in Malaysia. We conducted in-depth interviews, using semi-structured questionnaires, with seven selected potential PGD users regarding their knowledge, attitudes and decisions (...)
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  12. Yeslam Al-Saggaf & Md Zahidul Islam (forthcoming). Data Mining and Privacy of Social Network Sites' Users: Implications of the Data Mining Problem. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    This paper explores the potential of data mining as a technique that could be used by malicious data miners to threaten the privacy of social network sites (SNS) users. It applies a data mining algorithm to a real dataset to provide empirically-based evidence of the ease with which characteristics about the SNS users can be discovered and used in a way that could invade their privacy. One major contribution of this article is the use of the decision forest data mining (...)
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  13. Andrei Andrianov, Victor Kanke, Ilya Kuptsov & Viktor Murogov (forthcoming). Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term ‘ethics of nuclear technology’ describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine the problems associated with (...)
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  14. M. Peiffer Ann, E. Hugenschmidt Christina & J. Laurienti Paul (forthcoming). Ethics in 15 Min Per Week. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    The demand for science trainees to have appropriate responsible conduct of research instruction continues to increase the attention shown by federal agencies and graduate school programs to the development of effective ethics curriculums. However, it is important to consider that the main learning environment for science graduate students and post-doctoral research fellows is within a laboratory setting. Here we discuss an internal laboratory program of weekly 15-minute ethics discussions implemented and used over the last 3 years in addition to the (...)
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  15. D. A. Baker (forthcoming). The “Second Place” Problem: Assistive Technology in Sports and Constructing Normal. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Objections to the use of assistive technologies in elite sports are generally raised when the technology in question is perceived to afford the user a potentially “unfair advantage,” when it is perceived as a threat to the purity of the sport, and/or when it is perceived as a precursor to a slippery slope toward undesirable changes in the sport. These objections rely on being able to quantify standards of “normal” within a sport so that changes attributed to the use of (...)
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  16. Vance W. Berger (forthcoming). Conflicts of Interest, Selective Inertia, and Research Malpractice in Randomized Clinical Trials: An Unholy Trinity. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Recently a great deal of attention has been paid to conflicts of interest in medical research, and the Institute of Medicine has called for more research into this important area. One research question that has not received sufficient attention concerns the mechanisms of action by which conflicts of interest can result in biased and/or flawed research. What discretion do conflicted researchers have to sway the results one way or the other? We address this issue from the perspective of selective inertia, (...)
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  17. Louise Bezuidenhout (forthcoming). Variations in Scientific Data Production: What Can We Learn From #Overlyhonestmethods? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    In recent months months the hashtag #overlyhonestmethods has steadily been gaining popularity. Posts under this hashtag—presumably by scientists—detail aspects of daily scientific research that differ considerably from the idealized interpretation of scientific experimentation as standardized, objective and reproducible. Over and above its entertainment value, the popularity of this hashtag raises two important points for those who study both science and scientists. Firstly, the posts highlight that the generation of data through experimentation is often far less standardized than is commonly assumed. (...)
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  18. Sheila Bonde, Clyde Briant, Paul Firenze, Julianne Hanavan, Amy Huang, Min Li, N. C. Narayanan, D. Parthasarathy & Hongqin Zhao (forthcoming). Making Choices: Ethical Decisions in a Global Context. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    The changing milieu of research—increasingly global, interdisciplinary and collaborative—prompts greater emphasis on cultural context and upon partnership with international scholars and diverse community groups. Ethics training, however, tends to ignore the cross-cultural challenges of making ethical choices. This paper confronts those challenges by presenting a new curricular model developed by an international team. It examines ethics across a very broad range of situations, using case studies and employing the perspectives of social science, humanities and the sciences. The course has been (...)
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  19. Jason Borenstein & Ron Arkin (forthcoming). Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More specifically, we use Rawlsian principles of justice to illustrate how robots might nurture “socially just” tendencies in their human counterparts. Designing technological artifacts in such a (...)
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  20. Philip Boucher (forthcoming). Domesticating the Drone: The Demilitarisation of Unmanned Aircraft for Civil Markets. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Remotely piloted aviation systems (RPAS) or ‘drones’ are well known for their military applications, but could also be used for a range of non-military applications for state, industrial, commercial and recreational purposes. The technology is advanced and regulatory changes are underway which will allow their use in domestic airspace. As well as the functional and economic benefits of a strong civil RPAS sector, the potential benefits for the military RPAS sector are also widely recognised. Several actors have nurtured this dual-use (...)
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  21. Ahmed Fouad Bouras, Carole Genty, Vincent Guilbert & Mohamed Dadda (forthcoming). Organ Procurement and Social Networks: The End of Confidentiality? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Dear editorOrgans transplantation is the solution for many end stage insufficiencies, but organ shortage is still matter of debate. As a consequence, organ procurement (OP) remains currently the best way to provide organs in western countries. Besides, the news of the death of a loved one, especially when he is young and dies in violent circumstances, can be a devastating event for families. In those conditions, the process of donation request from the coordinators may be difficult and requires experience and (...)
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  22. Dennis Bray & Hans von Storch (forthcoming). The Normative Orientations of Climate Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    In 1942 Robert K. Merton tried to demonstrate the structure of the normative system of science by specifying the norms that characterized it. The norms were assigned the abbreviation CUDOs: Communism, Universalism, Disinterestedness, and Organized skepticism. Using the results of an on-line survey of climate scientists concerning the norms of science, this paper explores the climate scientists’ subscription to these norms. The data suggests that while Merton’s CUDOs remain the overall guiding moral principles, they are not fully endorsed or present (...)
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  23. Adam Briggle, J. Britt Holbrook, Joseph Oppong, Joesph Hoffmann, Elizabeth K. Larsen & Patrick Pluscht (forthcoming). Research Ethics Education in the STEM Disciplines: The Promises and Challenges of a Gaming Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    While education in ethics and the responsible conduct of research is widely acknowledged as an essential component of graduate education, particularly in the STEM disciplines , little consensus exists on how best to accomplish this goal. Recent years have witnessed a turn toward the use of games in this context. Drawing from two NSF-funded grants , this paper takes a critical look at the use of games in ethics and RCR education. It does so by: setting the development of research (...)
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  24. Katherine Austin Byron Newberry, Greta Gorsuch William Lawson & Thomas Darwin (forthcoming). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    This article describes the education portion of an ongoing grant-sponsored education and research project designed to help graduate students in all engineering disciplines learn about the basic ethical principles, rules, and obligations associated with engineering practice in the United States. While the curriculum developed for this project is used for both domestic and international students, the educational materials were designed to be sensitive to the specific needs of international graduate students. In recent years, engineering programs in the United States have (...)
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  25. Gui Hong Cao (forthcoming). Comparison of China-US Engineering Ethics Educations in Sino-Western Philosophies of Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    Ethics education has become essential in modern engineering. Ethics education in engineering has been increasingly implemented worldwide. It can improve ethical behaviors in technology and engineering design under the guidance of the philosophy of technology. Hence, this study aims to compare China-US engineering ethics education in Sino-Western philosophies of technology by using literature studies, online surveys, observational researches, textual analyses, and comparative methods. In my original theoretical framework and model of input and output for education, six primary variables emerge in (...)
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  26. Mark Coeckelbergh, Cristina Pop, Ramona Simut, Andreea Peca, Sebastian Pintea, Daniel David & Bram Vanderborght (forthcoming). A Survey of Expectations About the Role of Robots in Robot-Assisted Therapy for Children with ASD: Ethical Acceptability, Trust, Sociability, Appearance, and Attachment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The use of robots in therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder raises issues concerning the ethical and social acceptability of this technology and, more generally, about human–robot interaction. However, usually philosophical papers on the ethics of human–robot-interaction do not take into account stakeholders’ views; yet it is important to involve stakeholders in order to render the research responsive to concerns within the autism and autism therapy community. To support responsible research and innovation in this field, this paper identifies a (...)
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  27. Elizabeth A. Corley, Youngjae Kim & Dietram A. Scheufele (forthcoming). Scientists’ Ethical Obligations and Social Responsibility for Nanotechnology Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Scientists’ sense of social responsibility is particularly relevant for emerging technologies. Since a regulatory vacuum can sometimes occur in the early stages of these technologies, individual scientists’ social responsibility might be one of the most significant checks on the risks and negative consequences of this scientific research. In this article, we analyze data from a 2011 mail survey of leading U.S. nanoscientists to explore their perceptions the regarding social and ethical responsibilities for their nanotechnology research. Our analyses show that leading (...)
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  28. Alan Cottey (forthcoming). Reducing Ethical Hazards in Knowledge Production. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    This article discusses the ethics of knowledge production from a cultural point of view, in contrast with the more usual emphasis on the ethical issues facing individuals involved in KP. Here, the emphasis is on the cultural environment within which individuals, groups and institutions perform KP. A principal purpose is to suggest ways in which reliable scientific knowledge could be produced more efficiently. The distinction between ethical hazard and ethical behaviour is noted. Ethical hazards cannot be eliminated but they can (...)
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  29. Daniela Cutas & David Shaw (forthcoming). Writers Blocked: On the Wrongs of Research Co-Authorship and Some Possible Strategies for Improvement. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The various problems associated with co-authorship of research articles have attracted much attention in recent years. We believe that this (hopefully) growing awareness is a very welcome development. However, we will argue that the particular and increasing importance of authorship and the harmful implications of current practices of research authorship for junior researchers have not been emphasised enough. We will use the case of our own research area (bioethics) to illustrate some of the pitfalls of current publishing practices—in particular, the (...)
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  30. Marek Czarkowski, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk & Beata Szymańska (forthcoming). Hospital Ethics Committees in Poland. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    According to UNESCO guidelines, one of the four forms of bioethics committees in medicine are the Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the above guidelines are implemented in real practice. There were 111 hospitals selected out of 176 Polish clinical hospitals and hospitals accredited by Center of Monitoring Quality in Health System. The study was conducted by the survey method. There were 56 (50 %) hospitals that responded to the survey. The number of (...)
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  31. Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Miguel Roig (forthcoming). Prior Publication and Redundancy in Contemporary Science: Are Authors and Editors at the Crossroads? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    We discuss prior publication and redundancy in contemporary science in the context of changing perceptions of originality in the communication of research results. These perceptions have been changing in the publication realm, particularly in the last 15 years. Presenting a brief overview of the literature, we address some of the conflicts that are likely to arise between authors and editors. We illustrate our approach with conference presentations that are later published as journal articles and focus on a recent retraction of (...)
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  32. José G. B. Derraik (forthcoming). The Principles of Fair Allocation of Peer-Review: How Much Should a Researcher Be Expected to Contribute? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    There seems to be reluctance amongst scientists to invest some of their own time in the peer-review of manuscripts. As a result, journal editors often struggle to secure reviewers for a given manuscript in a timely manner. Here, two simple principles are proposed, which could fairly allocate the contribution of individual researchers to the peer-review process.
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  33. Neelke Doorn (forthcoming). Governance Experiments in Water Management: From Interests to Building Blocks. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The management of water is a topic of great concern. Inadequate management may lead to water scarcity and ecological destruction, but also to an increase of catastrophic floods. With climate change, both water scarcity and the risk of flooding are likely to increase even further in the coming decades. This makes water management currently a highly dynamic field, in which experiments are made with new forms of policy making. In the current paper, a case study is presented in which different (...)
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  34. W. Schienke Erich, D. Baum Seth, Kenneth Nancy Tuana & Klaus Keller J. Davis (forthcoming). Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  35. Mohammad Hemmat Esfe, Somchai Wongwises, Amin Asadi & Mohammad Akbari (forthcoming). Fake Journals: Their Features and Some Viable Ways to Distinguishing Them. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    In this paper, we aim to discuss the fake journals and their advertisement and publication techniques. These types of journals mostly start and continue their activities by using the name of some indexed journals and establishing fake websites. The fake journals and publishers, while asking the authors for a significant amount of money for publishing their papers, have no peer-review process, publish the papers without any revision on the fake sites, and put the scientific reputation and prestige of the researchers (...)
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  36. Mohammad Hemmat Esfe, Somchai Wongwises, Amin Asadi, Arash Karimipour & Mohammad Akbari (forthcoming). Mandatory and Self-Citation; Types, Reasons, Their Benefits and Disadvantages. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-5.
    This paper defines and discusses two important types of citations, self-citation and mandatory citation, in engineering journals. Citation can be classified in three categories: optional; semi-mandatory; and mandatory. There are some negative and positive impacts for the authors’ paper and journals’ reputation if mandatory citation of a paper or set of papers is requested. These effects can be different based on the recommended papers for citing in the new research. Mandatory citation has various types discussed in this paper. Self-citation and (...)
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  37. Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid (forthcoming). Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology (OSB): biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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  38. David L. Evers, Carol B. Fowler, Jeffrey T. Mason & Rebecca K. Mimnall (forthcoming). Deliberate Microbial Infection Research Reveals Limitations to Current Safety Protections of Healthy Human Subjects. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Here we identify approximately 40,000 healthy human volunteers who were intentionally exposed to infectious pathogens in clinical research studies dating from late World War II to the early 2000s. Microbial challenge experiments continue today under contemporary human subject research requirements. In fact, we estimated 4,000 additional volunteers who were experimentally infected between 2010 and the present day. We examine the risks and benefits of these experiments and present areas for improvement in protections of participants with respect to safety. These are (...)
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  39. Yinghui Fan, Xingwei Zhang & Xinlu Xie (forthcoming). Design and Development of a Course in Professionalism and Ethics for CDIO Curriculum in China. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    At Shantou University (STU) in 2008, a stand-alone engineering ethics course was first included within a Conceive–Design–Implement–Operate (CDIO) curriculum to address the scarcity of engineering ethics education in China. The philosophy of the course design is to help students to develop an in-depth understanding of social sustainability and to fulfill the obligations of engineers in the twenty-first century within the context of CDIO engineering practices. To guarantee the necessary cooperation of the relevant parties, we have taken advantage of the top-down (...)
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  40. Hui Fang (forthcoming). A Discussion on Governmental Research Grants. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Governmental research grants are financially supported by taxpayers to meet financial requirements of research, particularly research that is unlikely to be supported by private funds. Researchers reward donors by producing knowledge. Publishing research results in an academic journal reflects achievement by researchers; however, receiving a grant award does not. The latter only provides the researcher with the capacity to perform his/her research. Applicants may receive more financial support than they actually need because there is no strict audit on the amount (...)
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  41. Stephen A. Gallo, Michael Lemaster & Scott R. Glisson (forthcoming). Frequency and Type of Conflicts of Interest in the Peer Review of Basic Biomedical Research Funding Applications: Self-Reporting Versus Manual Detection. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Despite the presumed frequency of conflicts of interest in scientific peer review, there is a paucity of data in the literature reporting on the frequency and type of conflicts that occur, particularly with regard to the peer review of basic science applications. To address this gap, the American Institute of Biological Sciences conducted a retrospective analysis of conflict of interest data from the peer review of 282 biomedical research applications via several onsite review panels. The overall conflicted-ness of these panels (...)
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  42. Vincent Giorgini, Carter Gibson, Jensen T. Mecca, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport (forthcoming). Differences in Biases and Compensatory Strategies Across Discipline, Rank, and Gender Among University Academics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    The study of ethical behavior and ethical decision making is of increasing importance in many fields, and there is a growing literature addressing the issue. However, research examining differences in ethical decision making across fields and levels of experience is limited. In the present study, biases that undermine ethical decision making and compensatory strategies that may aid ethical decision making were identified in a series of interviews with 63 faculty members across six academic fields and three levels of rank as (...)
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  43. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Experiments: Why and How? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    An experiment, in the standard scientific sense of the term, is a procedure in which some object of study is subjected to interventions that aim at obtaining a predictable outcome or at least predictable aspects of the outcome. The distinction between an experiment and a non-experimental observation is important since they are tailored to different epistemic needs. Experimentation has its origin in pre-scientific technological experiments that were undertaken in order to find the best technological means to achieve chosen ends. Important (...)
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  44. Mehdi F. Harandi, Mahdi G. Nia & Marc J. De Vries (forthcoming). Water Management: Sacrificing Normative Practice Subverting the Traditions of Water Apportionment—'Whose Justice? Which Rationality?'. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Since current water governance patterns mandate cooperation and partnership within and between the actors in the hydrosystems, supplementary models are necessary to distinguish the roles and the rules of indoor actions which is why we extend a theory in the frameworks of philosophy of technology. This analysis is empirically grounded on the problematic hydrosystems of a river in central Iran, Zayandehrud. Following a modernist-holistic-based analysis, it illustrates how values in the water apportionment mechanisms are being reshaped. The article by using (...)
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  45. Gary Harrison & William L. Gannon (forthcoming). Victor Frankenstein's Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    To show how the case of Mary Shelley’s Victor Frankenstein brings light to the ethical and moral issues raised in Institutional Review Board (IRB) protocols, we nest an imaginary IRB proposal dated August 1790 by Victor Frankenstein within a discussion of the importance and function of the IRB. Considering the world of science as would have appeared in 1790 when Victor was a student at Ingolstadt, we offer a schematic overview of a fecund moment when advances in comparative anatomy, medical (...)
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  46. Kelly Joslin Holloway (forthcoming). A Troubled Solution: Medical Student Struggles with Evidence and Industry Bias. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    This empirical work attends to the tensions and contradictions medical students articulate when they discuss their objection to industry’s influence in medicine. Findings are based on 50 semi-structured interviews with medical students who are critical of the pharmaceutical industry’s influence in medical education in the United States and Canada. These students advocate evidence-based medicine as one solution to the problems with industry influence in medicine; namely industry bias in medical research. This investigation is an effort to understand why EBM is (...)
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  47. Michael Kalichman, Monica Sweet & Dena Plemmons (forthcoming). Standards of Scientific Conduct: Disciplinary Differences. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Teaching of responsible conduct of research is largely predicated on the assumption that there are accepted standards of conduct that can be taught. However there is little evidence of consensus in the scientific community about such standards, at least for the practices of authorship, collaboration, and data management. To assess whether such differences in standards are based on disciplinary differences, a survey, described previously, addressing standards, practices, and perceptions about teaching and learning was distributed in November 2010 to US faculty (...)
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  48. Catherine Elizabeth Kendig (forthcoming). What is Proof of Concept Research and How Does It Generate Epistemic and Ethical Categories for Future Scientific Practice? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    “Proof of concept” is a phrase frequently used in descriptions of research sought in program announcements, in experimental studies, and in the marketing of new technologies. It is often coupled with either a short definition or none at all, its meaning assumed to be fully understood. This is problematic. As a phrase with potential implications for research and technology, its assumed meaning requires some analysis to avoid it becoming a descriptive category that refers to all things scientifically exciting. I provide (...)
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  49. David Koepsell, Willem-Paul Brinkman & Sylvia Pont (forthcoming). Human Participants in Engineering Research: Notes From a Fledgling Ethics Committee. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    For the past half-century, issues relating to the ethical conduct of human research have focused largely on the domain of medical, and more recently social–psychological research. The modern regime of applied ethics, emerging as it has from the Nuremberg trials and certain other historical antecedents, applies the key principles of: autonomy, respect for persons, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice to human beings who enter trials of experimental drugs and devices (Martensen in J Hist Med Allied Sci 56(2):168–175, 2001). Institutions such as (...)
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  50. Boris Kotchoubey, Sarah Bütof & Ranganatha Sitaram (forthcoming). Flagrant Misconduct of Reviewers and Editor: A Case Study. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    A case of a particularly severe misbehavior in a review process is described. Two reviewers simply copied and pasted their critical comments from their previous reviews without reading the reviewed manuscript. The editor readily accepted the reviewers’ opinion and rejected the manuscript. These facts give rise to some general questions about possible factors affecting the ethical behavior of reviewers and editors, as well as possible countermeasures to prevent ethical violations.
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  51. Lynn T. Kozlowski (forthcoming). Coping with the Conflict-of-Interest Pandemic by Listening to and Doubting Everyone, Including Yourself. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-6.
    In light of the widespread existence of financial and non-financial issues that contribute to the appearance or fact of conflict of interest, it is proposed that conflict of interest should generally be assumed, no matter the source of financial support or the expressed declarations of conflicts and even with respect to one’s own work. No new model is advanced for modification of peer-review processes or for elaboration of author declarations of interest. Researchers should be assessing the quality of published work (...)
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  52. Snežana B. Krstić (forthcoming). Research Integrity Practices From the Perspective of Early-Career Researchers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Unavailability of published data and studies focused on young researchers in Europe and research integrity issues reveals that clear understanding and stance on this subject within European area is lacking. Our study provides information on attitudes and experiences of European researchers at early career stages (doctoral and postdoctoral level), based on a limited sample of respondents (n = 27). The study provides both quantitative and qualitative results for the examined issues. The data suggest that awareness and interest of the younger (...)
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  53. Cheryl Lancaster (forthcoming). The Acid Test for Biological Science: STAP Cells, Trust, and Replication. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    In January 2014, a letter and original research article were published in Nature describing a process whereby somatic mouse cells could be converted into stem cells by subjecting them to stress. These “stimulus-triggered acquisition of pluripotency” cells were shown to be capable of contributing to all cell types of a developing embryo, and extra-embryonic tissues. The lead author of the publications, Haruko Obokata, became an overnight celebrity in Japan, where she was dubbed the new face of Japanese science. However, in (...)
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  54. Joseph Lee (forthcoming). Cochlear Implantation, Enhancements, Transhumanism and Posthumanism: Some Human Questions. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    Biomedical engineering technologies such as brain–machine interfaces and neuroprosthetics are advancements which assist human beings in varied ways. There are exciting yet speculative visions of how the neurosciences and bioengineering may influence human nature. However, these could be preparing a possible pathway towards an enhanced and even posthuman future. This article seeks to investigate several ethical themes and wider questions of enhancement, transhumanism and posthumanism. Four themes of interest are: autonomy, identity, futures, and community. Three larger questions can be asked: (...)
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  55. Wei-Tau Lee, James A. Blumenthal & Kenneth H. Funk Ii (forthcoming). A Buddhist Perspective on Industrial Engineering and the Design of Work. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  56. Michelle Leonard, David Schwieder, Amy Buhler, Denise Beaubien Bennett & Melody Royster (forthcoming). Perceptions of Plagiarism by STEM Graduate Students: A Case Study. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Issues of academic integrity, specifically knowledge of, perceptions and attitudes toward plagiarism, are well documented in post-secondary settings using case studies for specific courses, recording discourse with focus groups, analyzing cross-cultural education philosophies, and reviewing the current literature. In this paper, the authors examine the perceptions of graduate students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines at the University of Florida regarding misconduct and integrity issues. Results revealed students’ perceptions of the definition and seriousness of potential academic misconduct, knowledge (...)
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  57. Yongyan Li (forthcoming). 'Standing on the Shoulders of Giants': Recontextualization in Writing From Sources. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Despite calls for more research into the writing expertise of senior scientists, the literature reveals surprisingly little about the writing strategies of successful scientist writers. The present paper addresses the gap in the literature by reporting a study that investigated the note-taking strategies of an expert writer, a Chinese professor of biochemistry. Primarily based on interview data, the paper describes the expert’s recontextualization (Linell, Text 18:143–157, 1998) strategies at three levels: ‘accumulating writing materials’ by modifying source texts, composing from ‘collections’ (...)
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  58. William T. Lynch (forthcoming). Second-Guessing Scientists and Engineers: Post Hoc Criticism and the Reform of Practice in Green Chemistry and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    The article examines and extends work bringing together engineering ethics and Science and Technology Studies, which had built upon Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger shuttle accident as a test case. Reconsidering the use of her term “normalization of deviance,” the article argues for a middle path between moralizing against and excusing away engineering practices contributing to engineering disaster. To explore an illustrative pedagogical case and to suggest avenues for constructive research developing this middle path, it examines the emergence of (...)
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  59. Saadia Mahmud & Tracey Bretag (forthcoming). Integrity in Postgraduate Research: The Student Voice. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    There is a limited understanding of the student perspective of integrity in postgraduate research. This is of concern given that ‘research trainees’ may have a vulnerable position in formal investigations of research misconduct. This paper analyses qualitative data drawn from an Australian online academic integrity survey in a mixed methods research study. This analysis complements the quantitative survey data analysed earlier and sought to explore factors contributing to postgraduate research students’ satisfaction with policy and process, the ways institutions can support (...)
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  60. Jensen T. Mecca, Carter Gibson, Vincent Giorgini, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford & Shane Connelly (forthcoming). Researcher Perspectives on Conflicts of Interest: A Qualitative Analysis of Views From Academia. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    The increasing interconnectedness of academic research and external industry has left research vulnerable to conflicts of interest. These conflicts have the potential to undermine the integrity of scientific research as well as to threaten public trust in scientific findings. The present effort sought to identify themes in the perspectives of faculty researchers regarding conflicts of interest. Think-aloud interview responses were qualitatively analyzed in an effort to provide insights with regard to appropriate ways to address the threat of conflicts of interest (...)
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  61. Brent Daniel Mittelstadt & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Ethics of Big Data: Current and Foreseeable Issues in Biomedical Contexts. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-39.
    The capacity to collect and analyse data is growing exponentially. Referred to as ‘Big Data’, this scientific, social and technological trend has helped create destabilising amounts of information, which can challenge accepted social and ethical norms. Big Data remains a fuzzy idea, emerging across social, scientific, and business contexts sometimes seemingly related only by the gigantic size of the datasets being considered. As is often the case with the cutting edge of scientific and technological progress, understanding of the ethical implications (...)
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  62. Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Tim Jacquemard, David Monaghan, Noel O’Connor, Peter Novitzky & Bert Gordijn (forthcoming). The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Social Networks: Threats to Privacy and Autonomy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    The rapid evolution of information, communication and entertainment technologies will transform the lives of citizens and ultimately transform society. This paper focuses on ethical issues associated with the likely convergence of virtual realities and social networks , hereafter VRSNs. We examine a scenario in which a significant segment of the world’s population has a presence in a VRSN. Given the pace of technological development and the popularity of these new forms of social interaction, this scenario is plausible. However, it brings (...)
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  63. M. Pecujlija, I. Cosic, L. Nesic-Grubic & S. Drobnjak (forthcoming). Corruption: Engineers Are Victims, Perpetrators or Both? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    This study was conducted in Serbian companies on licensed engineers and in its first part included a total of 336 licensed engineers who voluntarily completed the questionnaires about their ethical orientation and attitudes toward corruption and in the second part 214 engineers who participated in the first survey, who voluntarily evaluated their company’s business operations characteristics. This study has clearly shown that there is a direct significant influence of the engineer’s ethical orientations and attitudes toward corruption on their evaluation of (...)
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  64. Udo Pesch (forthcoming). Engineers and Active Responsibility. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    Knowing that technologies are inherently value-laden and systemically interwoven with society, the question is how individual engineers can take up the challenge of accepting the responsibility for their work? This paper will argue that engineers have no institutional structure at the level of society that allows them to recognize, reflect upon, and actively integrate the value-laden character of their designs. Instead, engineers have to tap on the different institutional realms of market, science, and state, making their work a ‘hybrid’ activity (...)
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  65. Wolter Pieters, Dina Hadžiosmanović & Francien Dechesne (forthcoming). Security-by-Experiment: Lessons From Responsible Deployment in Cyberspace. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Conceiving new technologies as social experiments is a means to discuss responsible deployment of technologies that may have unknown and potentially harmful side-effects. Thus far, the uncertain outcomes addressed in the paradigm of new technologies as social experiments have been mostly safety-related, meaning that potential harm is caused by the design plus accidental events in the environment. In some domains, such as cyberspace, adversarial agents may be at least as important when it comes to undesirable effects of deployed technologies. In (...)
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  66. Vanja Pupovac & Daniele Fanelli (forthcoming). Scientists Admitting to Plagiarism: A Meta-Analysis of Surveys. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of anonymous surveys asking scientists whether they ever committed various forms of plagiarism. From May to December 2011 we searched 35 bibliographic databases, five grey literature databases and hand searched nine journals for potentially relevant studies. We included surveys that asked scientists if, in a given recall period, they had committed or knew of a colleague who committed plagiarism, and from each survey extracted the proportion of those who reported at least one case. (...)
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  67. Barbara Redman & Arthur Caplan (forthcoming). No One Likes a Snitch. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-7.
    Whistleblowers remain essential as complainants in allegations of research misconduct. Frequently internal to the research team, they are poorly protected from acts of retribution, which may deter the reporting of misconduct. In order to perform their important role, whistleblowers must be treated fairly. Draft regulations for whistleblower protection were published for public comment almost a decade ago but never issued (Dahlberg 2013). In the face of the growing challenge of research fraud, we suggest vigorous steps, to include: organizational responsibility to (...)
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  68. David B. Resnik & Susan A. Elmore (forthcoming). Ensuring the Quality, Fairness, and Integrity of Journal Peer Review: A Possible Role of Editors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    A growing body of literature has identified potential problems that can compromise the quality, fairness, and integrity of journal peer review, including inadequate review, inconsistent reviewer reports, reviewer biases, and ethical transgressions by reviewers. We examine the evidence concerning these problems and discuss proposed reforms, including double-blind and open review. Regardless of the outcome of additional research or attempts at reforming the system, it is clear that editors are the linchpin of peer review, since they make decisions that have a (...)
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  69. Maryam Ronagh & Lawrence Souder (forthcoming). The Ethics of Ironic Science in Its Search for Spoof. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    The goal of most scientific research published in peer-review journals is to discover and report the truth. However, the research record includes tongue-in-cheek papers written in the conventional form and style of a research paper. Although these papers were intended to be taken ironically, bibliographic database searches show that many have been subsequently cited as valid research, some in prestigious journals. We attempt to understand why so many readers cited such ironic science seriously. We draw from the literature on error (...)
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  70. Donald F. Sacco, Samuel V. Bruton, Alen Hajnal & Chris J. N. Lustgraaf (forthcoming). The Influence of Disclosure and Ethics Education on Perceptions of Financial Conflicts of Interest. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    This study explored how disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) influences naïve or “lay” individuals’ perceptions of the ethicality of researcher conduct. On a between-subjects basis, participants read ten scenarios in which researchers disclosed or failed to disclose relevant financial conflicts of interest. Participants evaluated the extent to which each vignette represented a FCOI, its possible influence on researcher objectivity, and the ethics of the financial relationship. Participants were then asked if they had completed a college-level ethics course. Results (...)
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  71. Jathan Sadowski, Susan G. Spierre, Evan Selinger, Thomas P. Seager, Elizabeth A. Adams & Andrew Berardy (forthcoming). Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by those (...)
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  72. Pamela Sankar, Mildred K. Cho, Keri Monahan & Kamila Nowak (forthcoming). Reporting Race and Ethnicity in Genetics Research: Do Journal Recommendations or Resources Matter? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Appeals to scrutinize the use of race and ethnicity as variables in genetics research notwithstanding, these variables continue to be inadequately explained and inconsistently used in research publications. In previous research, we found that published genetic research fails to follow suggestions offered for addressing this problem, such as explaining the basis on which these labels are assigned to populations. This study, an analysis of genetic research articles using race or ethnicity terms, explores possible features of journals that are associated with (...)
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  73. Gary Santillanes & Ryan Marshall Felder (forthcoming). Software Piracy in Research: A Moral Analysis. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    Researchers in virtually every discipline rely on sophisticated proprietary software for their work. However, some researchers are unable to afford the licenses and instead procure the software illegally. We discuss the prohibition of software piracy by intellectual property laws, and argue that the moral basis for the copyright law offers the possibility of cases where software piracy may be morally justified. The ethics codes that scientific institutions abide by are informed by a rule-consequentialist logic: by preserving personal rights to authored (...)
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  74. Viola Schiaffonati (forthcoming). Stretching the Traditional Notion of Experiment in Computing: Explorative Experiments. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Experimentation represents today a ‘hot’ topic in computing. If experiments made with the support of computers, such as computer simulations, have received increasing attention from philosophers of science and technology, questions such as “what does it mean to do experiments in computer science and engineering and what are their benefits?” emerged only recently as central in the debate over the disciplinary status of the discipline. In this work we aim at showing, also by means of paradigmatic examples, how the traditional (...)
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  75. Jantine Schröder (forthcoming). Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: A Long-Term Socio-Technical Experiment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    In this article we investigate whether long-term radioactive waste management by means of geological disposal can be understood as a social experiment. Geological disposal is a rather particular technology in the way it deals with the analytical and ethical complexities implied by the idea of technological innovation as social experimentation, because it is presented as a technology that ultimately functions without human involvement. We argue that, even when the long term function of the ‘social’ is foreseen to be restricted to (...)
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  76. María-del-Val Segarra-Oña, Angel Peiró-Signes & Roberto Cervelló-Royo (forthcoming). A Framework to Move Forward on the Path to Eco-Innovation in the Construction Industry: Implications to Improve Firms' Sustainable Orientation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    This paper examines key aspects in the innovative behavior of the construction firms that determine their environmental orientation while innovating. Structural equation modeling was used and data of 222 firms retrieved from the Spanish Technological Innovation Panel for 2010 to analyse the drivers of environmental orientation of the construction firms during the innovation process. The results show that the environmental orientation is positively affected by the product and process orientation of construction firms during the innovation process. Furthermore, the positive relation (...)
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  77. Ioanna Semendeferi, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta & Ioannis Pavlidis (forthcoming). Connecting Past with Present: A Mixed-Methods Science Ethics Course and its Evaluation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    We present a graduate science ethics course that connects cases from the historical record to present realities and practices in the areas of social responsibility, authorship, and human/animal experimentation. This content is delivered with mixed methods, including films, debates, blogging, and practicum; even the instructional team is mixed, including a historian of science and a research scientist. What really unites all of the course’s components is the experiential aspect: from acting in historical debates to participating in the current scientific enterprise. (...)
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  78. Jack Stilgoe (forthcoming). Geoengineering as Collective Experimentation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Geoengineering is defined as the ‘deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climatic system with the aim of reducing global warming’. The technological proposals for doing this are highly speculative. Research is at an early stage, but there is a strong consensus that technologies would, if realisable, have profound and surprising ramifications. Geoengineering would seem to be an archetype of technology as social experiment, blurring lines that separate research from deployment and scientific knowledge from technological artefacts. Looking into the experimental (...)
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  79. Andreas Stylianou & Michael A. Talias (forthcoming). The 'Magic Light': A Discussion on Laser Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Innovations in technology and science form novel fields that, although beneficial, introduce new bio-ethical issues. In their short history, lasers have greatly influenced our everyday lives, especially in medicine. This paper focuses particularly on medical and para-medical laser ethics and their origins, and presents the complex relationships within laser ethics through a three-dimensional matrix model. The term ‘laser’ and the myth of the ‘magic light’ can be identified as landmarks for laser related ethical issues. These ethical issues are divided into (...)
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  80. Mary E. Sunderland & Rahul Uday Nayak (forthcoming). Reengineering Biomedical Translational Research with Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    It is widely accepted that translational research practitioners need to acquire special skills and knowledge that will enable them to anticipate, analyze, and manage a range of ethical issues. While there is a small but growing literature that addresses the ethics of translational research, there is a dearth of scholarship regarding how this might apply to engineers. In this paper we examine engineers as key translators and argue that they are well positioned to ask transformative ethical questions. Asking engineers to (...)
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  81. Qinghui Suo (forthcoming). Chinese Academic Assessment and Incentive System. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    The Chinese academic assessment and incentive system drew mixed responses from academia. In the essay the author tried to explain why the current assessment system is appropriate in China and an opportunistic behavior in Chinese academia is exposed.
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  82. Mariarosaria Taddeo (forthcoming). The Struggle Between Liberties and Authorities in the Information Age. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    The “struggle between liberties and authorities”, as described by Mill, refers to the tension between individual rights and the rules restricting them that are imposed by public authorities exerting their power over civil society. In this paper I argue that contemporary information societies are experiencing a new form of such a struggle, which now involves liberties and authorities in the cyber-sphere and, more specifically, refers to the tension between cyber-security measures and individual liberties. Ethicists, political philosophers and political scientists have (...)
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  83. Yesim Isil Ulman, Tuna Cakar & Gokcen Yildiz (forthcoming). Ethical Issues in Neuromarketing: “I Consume, Therefore I Am!”. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Neuromarketing is a recent interdisciplinary field which crosses traditional boundaries between neuroscience, neuroeconomics and marketing research. Since this nascent field is primarily concerned with improving marketing strategies and promoting sales, there has been an increasing public aversion and protest against it. These protests can be exemplified by the reactions observed lately in Baylor School of Medicine and Emory University in the United States. The most recent attempt to stop ongoing neuromarketing research in France is also remarkable. The pertaining ethical issues (...)
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  84. Maarten van Wesel (forthcoming). Evaluation by Citation: Trends in Publication Behavior, Evaluation Criteria, and the Strive for High Impact Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    Criteria for the evaluation of most scholars’ work have recently received wider attention due to high-profile cases of scientific misconduct which are perceived to be linked to these criteria. However, in the competition for career advancement and funding opportunities almost all scholars are subjected to the same criteria. Therefore these evaluation criteria act as ‘switchmen’, determining the tracks along which scholarly work is pushed by the dynamic interplay of interests of both scholars and their institutions. Currently one of the most (...)
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  85. Gerald Walther (forthcoming). Printing Insecurity? The Security Implications of 3D-Printing of Weapons. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    In 2013, the first gun printed out of plastic by a 3D-printer was successfully fired in the US. This event caused a major media hype about the dangers of being able to print a gun. Law enforcement agencies worldwide were concerned about this development and the potentially huge security implications of these functional plastic guns. As a result, politicians called for a ban of these weapons and a control of 3D-printing technology. This paper reviews the security implications of 3D-printing technology (...)
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  86. Fern Wickson & Ellen-Marie Forsberg (forthcoming). Standardising Responsibility? The Significance of Interstitial Spaces. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Modern society is characterised by rapid technological development that is often socially controversial and plagued by extensive scientific uncertainty concerning its socio-ecological impacts. Within this context, the concept of ‘responsible research and innovation’ (RRI) is currently rising to prominence in international discourse concerning science and technology governance. As this emerging concept of RRI begins to be enacted through instruments, approaches, and initiatives, it is valuable to explore what it is coming to mean for and in practice. In this paper we (...)
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