Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1.  3 DLs
    Shane Epting (forthcoming). The Moral Dimensions of Infrastructure. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    Moral issues in urban planning involving technology, residents, marginalized groups, ecosystems, and future generations are complex cases, requiring solutions that go beyond the limits of contemporary moral theory. Aside from typical planning problems, there is incongruence between moral theory and some of the subjects that require moral assessment, such as urban infrastructure. Despite this incongruence, there is not a need to develop another moral theory. Instead, a supplemental measure that is compatible with existing moral positions will suffice. My primary goal (...)
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  2.  0 DLs
    Shane Epting (forthcoming). An Applied Mereology of the City: Unifying Science and Philosophy for Urban Planning. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Based on their research showing that growing cities follow basic principles, two theoretical physicists, Luis Bettencourt and Geoffrey West, call for researchers and professionals to contribute to a grand theory of urban sustainability. In their research, they develop a ‘science of the city’ to help urban planners address problems that arise from population increases. Although they provide valuable insights for understanding urban sustainability issues, they do not give planners a manageable way to approach such problems. I argue that developing an (...)
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  3.  1 DLs
    Catherine Elizabeth Kendig (forthcoming). What is Proof of Concept Research and How Does It Generate Epistemic and Ethical Categories for Future Scientific Practice? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    “Proof of concept” is a phrase frequently used in descriptions of research sought in program announcements, in experimental studies, and in the marketing of new technologies. It is often coupled with either a short definition or none at all, its meaning assumed to be fully understood. This is problematic. As a phrase with potential implications for research and technology, its assumed meaning requires some analysis to avoid it becoming a descriptive category that refers to all things scientifically exciting. I provide (...)
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  4.  7 DLs
    Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Fake Journals: Not Always Valid Ways to Distinguish Them. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    In their recent paper, Esfe et al. (Sci Eng Ethics, doi:10.1007/s11948-014-9595-z 2014) present some criteria for fake journals and propose some ‘features’ to recognize them. While I share most of the authors’ concerns about this issue in general, some of the reported criteria are not fit to differentiate fake journals from genuine ones. Here are some examples derived from their list, which illustrate that such criteria are not necessarily specific to fake journals only, but they could also apply to well-established (...)
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  5.  14 DLs
    Khaled Moustafa (forthcoming). Internet and Advertisement. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    The Internet has revolutionized the way knowledge is currently produced, stored and disseminated. A few finger clicks on a keyboard can save time and many hours of search in libraries or shopping in stores. Online trademarks with an prefix such as e-library, e-business, e-health etc., are increasingly part of our daily professional vocabularies. However, the Internet has also produced multiple negative side effects, ranging from an unhealthy dependency to a dehumanization of human relationships. Fraudulent, unethical and scam practices are also (...)
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  6.  5 DLs
    Jonathan Beever & Andrew O. Brightman (forthcoming). Reflexive Principlism as an Effective Approach for Developing Ethical Reasoning in Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    An important goal of teaching ethics to engineering students is to enhance their ability to make well-reasoned ethical decisions in their engineering practice: a goal in line with the stated ethical codes of professional engineering organizations. While engineering educators have explored a wide range of methodologies for teaching ethics, a satisfying model for developing ethical reasoning skills has not been adopted broadly. In this paper we argue that a principlist-based approach to ethical reasoning is uniquely suited to engineering ethics education. (...)
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  7.  7 DLs
    Tatjana Crnjanski, Dusanka Krajnovic, Ivana Tadic, Svetlana Stojkov & Mirko Savic (forthcoming). An Ethical Issue Scale for Community Pharmacy Setting : Development and Validation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Many problems that arise when providing pharmacy services may contain some ethical components and the aims of this study were to develop and validate a scale that could assess difficulties of ethical issues, as well as the frequency of those occurrences in everyday practice of community pharmacists. Development and validation of the scale was conducted in three phases: generating items for the initial survey instrument after qualitative analysis; defining the design and format of the instrument; validation of the instrument. The (...)
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  8.  6 DLs
    Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). Toleration and the Design of Norms. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    One of the pressing challenges we face today—in a post-Westphalian order (emergence of the state as the modern, political information agent) and post-Bretton Woods world (emergence of non-state multiagent systems or MASs as “hyperhistorical” players in the global economy and politics)—is how to design the right kind of MAS that can take full advantage of the socio-economic and political progress made so far, while dealing successfully with the new global challenges that are undermining the best legacy of that very progress. (...)
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  9.  5 DLs
    Gonzalo Génova, Hernán Astudillo & Anabel Fraga (forthcoming). The Scientometric Bubble Considered Harmful. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    This article deals with a modern disease of academic science that consists of an enormous increase in the number of scientific publications without a corresponding advance of knowledge. Findings are sliced as thin as salami and submitted to different journals to produce more papers. If we consider academic papers as a kind of scientific ‘currency’ that is backed by gold bullion in the central bank of ‘true’ science, then we are witnessing an article-inflation phenomenon, a scientometric bubble that is most (...)
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  10.  0 DLs
    Viviana Giannuzzi, Annagrazia Altavilla, Lucia Ruggieri & Adriana Ceci (forthcoming). Clinical Trial Application in Europe: What Will Change with the New Regulation? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    The European framework surrounding clinical trials on medicinal products for human use is going to change as demonstrated by the large debate at European institutional level. One of the major challenges is to overcome the lack of harmonisation of clinical trial procedures among countries. This aspect is gaining more and more importance, considering the increasing number of multicentre and multinational studies. In this work, the actual European rules governing the Clinical Trial Application have been analysed throughout the different steps including (...)
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  11.  6 DLs
    Yonca Hurol, Hülya Yüceer & Hacer Başarır (forthcoming). Ethical Guidelines for Structural Interventions to Small-Scale Historic Stone Masonry Buildings. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Structural interventions to historic stone masonry buildings require that both structural and heritage values be considered simultaneously. The absence of one of these value systems in implementation can be regarded as an unethical professional action. The research objective of this article is to prepare a guideline for ensuring ethical structural interventions to small-scale stone historic masonry buildings in the conservation areas of Northern Cyprus. The methodology covers an analysis of internationally accepted conservation documents and national laws related to the conservation (...)
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  12.  4 DLs
    David R. Johnson & Elaine Howard Ecklund (forthcoming). Ethical Ambiguity in Science. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  13.  1 DLs
    Tanuj Kanchan, Abhishek Tandon & Kewal Krishan (forthcoming). Honor Killing: Where Pride Defeats Reason. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    Honor killings are graceless and ferocious murders by chauvinists with an antediluvian mind. These are categorized separately because these killings are committed for the prime reason of satisfying the ego of the people whom the victim trusts and always looks up to for support and protection. It is for this sole reason that honor killings demand strict and stern punishment, not only for the person who committed the murder but also for any person who contributed or was party to the (...)
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  14.  4 DLs
    Peter Kroes (forthcoming). Experiments on Socio-Technical Systems: The Problem of Control. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    My aim is to question whether the introduction of new technologies in society may be considered to be genuine experiments. I will argue that they are not, at least not in the sense in which the notion of experiment is being used in the natural and social sciences. If the introduction of a new technology in society is interpreted as an experiment, then we are dealing with a notion of experiment that differs in an important respect from the notion of (...)
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  15.  2 DLs
    Morten P. Oksvold (forthcoming). Incidence of Data Duplications in a Randomly Selected Pool of Life Science Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    Since the solution to many public health problems depends on research, it is critical for the progress and well-being for the patients that we can trust the scientific literature. Misconduct and poor laboratory practice in science threatens the scientific progress, leads to loss of productivity and increased healthcare costs, and endangers lives of patients. Data duplication may represent one of challenges related to these problems. In order to estimate the frequency of data duplication in life science literature, a systematic screen (...)
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  16.  5 DLs
    Angelina Patrick Olesen, Siti Nurani Mohd Nor & Latifah Amin (forthcoming). Attitudes Toward Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis for Genetic Disorders Among Potential Users in Malaysia. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    While pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is available and legal in Malaysia, there is an ongoing controversy debate about its use. There are few studies available on individuals’ attitudes toward PGD, particularly among those who have a genetic disease, or whose children have a genetic disease. To the best of our knowledge, this is, in fact, the first study of its kind in Malaysia. We conducted in-depth interviews, using semi-structured questionnaires, with seven selected potential PGD users regarding their knowledge, attitudes and decisions (...)
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  17.  0 DLs
    Pratap R. Patnaik (forthcoming). Scientific Misconduct in India: Causes and Perpetuation. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  18.  3 DLs
    Jan Cornelius Schmidt (forthcoming). Prospective Technology Assessment of Synthetic Biology: Fundamental and Propaedeutic Reflections in Order to Enable an Early Assessment. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  19.  8 DLs
    M. Peiffer Ann, E. Hugenschmidt Christina & J. Laurienti Paul (forthcoming). Ethics in 15 Min Per Week. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    The demand for science trainees to have appropriate responsible conduct of research instruction continues to increase the attention shown by federal agencies and graduate school programs to the development of effective ethics curriculums. However, it is important to consider that the main learning environment for science graduate students and post-doctoral research fellows is within a laboratory setting. Here we discuss an internal laboratory program of weekly 15-minute ethics discussions implemented and used over the last 3 years in addition to the (...)
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  20.  3 DLs
    D. A. Baker (forthcoming). The “Second Place” Problem: Assistive Technology in Sports and Constructing Normal. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Objections to the use of assistive technologies in elite sports are generally raised when the technology in question is perceived to afford the user a potentially “unfair advantage,” when it is perceived as a threat to the purity of the sport, and/or when it is perceived as a precursor to a slippery slope toward undesirable changes in the sport. These objections rely on being able to quantify standards of “normal” within a sport so that changes attributed to the use of (...)
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  21.  6 DLs
    Louise Bezuidenhout (forthcoming). Variations in Scientific Data Production: What Can We Learn From #Overlyhonestmethods? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    In recent months months the hashtag #overlyhonestmethods has steadily been gaining popularity. Posts under this hashtag—presumably by scientists—detail aspects of daily scientific research that differ considerably from the idealized interpretation of scientific experimentation as standardized, objective and reproducible. Over and above its entertainment value, the popularity of this hashtag raises two important points for those who study both science and scientists. Firstly, the posts highlight that the generation of data through experimentation is often far less standardized than is commonly assumed. (...)
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  22.  3 DLs
    Sheila Bonde, Clyde Briant, Paul Firenze, Julianne Hanavan, Amy Huang, Min Li, N. C. Narayanan, D. Parthasarathy & Hongqin Zhao (forthcoming). Making Choices: Ethical Decisions in a Global Context. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    The changing milieu of research—increasingly global, interdisciplinary and collaborative—prompts greater emphasis on cultural context and upon partnership with international scholars and diverse community groups. Ethics training, however, tends to ignore the cross-cultural challenges of making ethical choices. This paper confronts those challenges by presenting a new curricular model developed by an international team. It examines ethics across a very broad range of situations, using case studies and employing the perspectives of social science, humanities and the sciences. The course has been (...)
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  23.  8 DLs
    Jason Borenstein & Ron Arkin (forthcoming). Robotic Nudges: The Ethics of Engineering a More Socially Just Human Being. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Robots are becoming an increasingly pervasive feature of our personal lives. As a result, there is growing importance placed on examining what constitutes appropriate behavior when they interact with human beings. In this paper, we discuss whether companion robots should be permitted to “nudge” their human users in the direction of being “more ethical”. More specifically, we use Rawlsian principles of justice to illustrate how robots might nurture “socially just” tendencies in their human counterparts. Designing technological artifacts in such a (...)
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  24.  0 DLs
    Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling (forthcoming). Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
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  25.  7 DLs
    Philip Boucher (forthcoming). Domesticating the Drone: The Demilitarisation of Unmanned Aircraft for Civil Markets. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Remotely piloted aviation systems (RPAS) or ‘drones’ are well known for their military applications, but could also be used for a range of non-military applications for state, industrial, commercial and recreational purposes. The technology is advanced and regulatory changes are underway which will allow their use in domestic airspace. As well as the functional and economic benefits of a strong civil RPAS sector, the potential benefits for the military RPAS sector are also widely recognised. Several actors have nurtured this dual-use (...)
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  26.  2 DLs
    Dennis Bray & Hans von Storch (forthcoming). The Normative Orientations of Climate Scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    In 1942 Robert K. Merton tried to demonstrate the structure of the normative system of science by specifying the norms that characterized it. The norms were assigned the abbreviation CUDOs: Communism, Universalism, Disinterestedness, and Organized skepticism. Using the results of an on-line survey of climate scientists concerning the norms of science, this paper explores the climate scientists’ subscription to these norms. The data suggests that while Merton’s CUDOs remain the overall guiding moral principles, they are not fully endorsed or present (...)
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  27.  8 DLs
    Adam Briggle, J. Britt Holbrook, Joseph Oppong, Joesph Hoffmann, Elizabeth K. Larsen & Patrick Pluscht (forthcoming). Research Ethics Education in the STEM Disciplines: The Promises and Challenges of a Gaming Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    While education in ethics and the responsible conduct of research is widely acknowledged as an essential component of graduate education, particularly in the STEM disciplines , little consensus exists on how best to accomplish this goal. Recent years have witnessed a turn toward the use of games in this context. Drawing from two NSF-funded grants , this paper takes a critical look at the use of games in ethics and RCR education. It does so by: setting the development of research (...)
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  28.  8 DLs
    Katherine Austin Byron Newberry, Greta Gorsuch William Lawson & Thomas Darwin (forthcoming). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    This article describes the education portion of an ongoing grant-sponsored education and research project designed to help graduate students in all engineering disciplines learn about the basic ethical principles, rules, and obligations associated with engineering practice in the United States. While the curriculum developed for this project is used for both domestic and international students, the educational materials were designed to be sensitive to the specific needs of international graduate students. In recent years, engineering programs in the United States have (...)
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  29.  3 DLs
    Gui Hong Cao (forthcoming). Comparison of China-US Engineering Ethics Educations in Sino-Western Philosophies of Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    Ethics education has become essential in modern engineering. Ethics education in engineering has been increasingly implemented worldwide. It can improve ethical behaviors in technology and engineering design under the guidance of the philosophy of technology. Hence, this study aims to compare China-US engineering ethics education in Sino-Western philosophies of technology by using literature studies, online surveys, observational researches, textual analyses, and comparative methods. In my original theoretical framework and model of input and output for education, six primary variables emerge in (...)
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  30.  5 DLs
    Mark Coeckelbergh, Cristina Pop, Ramona Simut, Andreea Peca, Sebastian Pintea, Daniel David & Bram Vanderborght (forthcoming). A Survey of Expectations About the Role of Robots in Robot-Assisted Therapy for Children with ASD: Ethical Acceptability, Trust, Sociability, Appearance, and Attachment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The use of robots in therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder raises issues concerning the ethical and social acceptability of this technology and, more generally, about human–robot interaction. However, usually philosophical papers on the ethics of human–robot-interaction do not take into account stakeholders’ views; yet it is important to involve stakeholders in order to render the research responsive to concerns within the autism and autism therapy community. To support responsible research and innovation in this field, this paper identifies a (...)
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  31.  2 DLs
    Elizabeth A. Corley, Youngjae Kim & Dietram A. Scheufele (forthcoming). Scientists’ Ethical Obligations and Social Responsibility for Nanotechnology Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Scientists’ sense of social responsibility is particularly relevant for emerging technologies. Since a regulatory vacuum can sometimes occur in the early stages of these technologies, individual scientists’ social responsibility might be one of the most significant checks on the risks and negative consequences of this scientific research. In this article, we analyze data from a 2011 mail survey of leading U.S. nanoscientists to explore their perceptions the regarding social and ethical responsibilities for their nanotechnology research. Our analyses show that leading (...)
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  32.  1 DLs
    Alan Cottey (forthcoming). Reducing Ethical Hazards in Knowledge Production. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    This article discusses the ethics of knowledge production from a cultural point of view, in contrast with the more usual emphasis on the ethical issues facing individuals involved in KP. Here, the emphasis is on the cultural environment within which individuals, groups and institutions perform KP. A principal purpose is to suggest ways in which reliable scientific knowledge could be produced more efficiently. The distinction between ethical hazard and ethical behaviour is noted. Ethical hazards cannot be eliminated but they can (...)
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  33.  1 DLs
    Howard J. Curzer, Gad Perry, Mark C. Wallace & Dan Perry (forthcoming). The Three Rs of Animal Research: What They Mean for the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee and Why. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee is entrusted with assessing the ethics of proposed projects prior to approval of animal research. The role of the IACUC is detailed in legislation and binding rules, which are in turn inspired by the Three Rs: the principles of Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. However, these principles are poorly defined. Although this provides the IACUC leeway in assessing a proposed project, it also affords little guidance. Our goal is to provide procedural and philosophical clarity (...)
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  34.  6 DLs
    Daniela Cutas & David Shaw (forthcoming). Writers Blocked: On the Wrongs of Research Co-Authorship and Some Possible Strategies for Improvement. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-15.
    The various problems associated with co-authorship of research articles have attracted much attention in recent years. We believe that this (hopefully) growing awareness is a very welcome development. However, we will argue that the particular and increasing importance of authorship and the harmful implications of current practices of research authorship for junior researchers have not been emphasised enough. We will use the case of our own research area (bioethics) to illustrate some of the pitfalls of current publishing practices—in particular, the (...)
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  35.  4 DLs
    Marek Czarkowski, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk & Beata Szymańska (forthcoming). Hospital Ethics Committees in Poland. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    According to UNESCO guidelines, one of the four forms of bioethics committees in medicine are the Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the above guidelines are implemented in real practice. There were 111 hospitals selected out of 176 Polish clinical hospitals and hospitals accredited by Center of Monitoring Quality in Health System. The study was conducted by the survey method. There were 56 (50 %) hospitals that responded to the survey. The number of (...)
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  36.  4 DLs
    Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Miguel Roig (forthcoming). Prior Publication and Redundancy in Contemporary Science: Are Authors and Editors at the Crossroads? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    We discuss prior publication and redundancy in contemporary science in the context of changing perceptions of originality in the communication of research results. These perceptions have been changing in the publication realm, particularly in the last 15 years. Presenting a brief overview of the literature, we address some of the conflicts that are likely to arise between authors and editors. We illustrate our approach with conference presentations that are later published as journal articles and focus on a recent retraction of (...)
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  37.  4 DLs
    Neelke Doorn (forthcoming). Governance Experiments in Water Management: From Interests to Building Blocks. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The management of water is a topic of great concern. Inadequate management may lead to water scarcity and ecological destruction, but also to an increase of catastrophic floods. With climate change, both water scarcity and the risk of flooding are likely to increase even further in the coming decades. This makes water management currently a highly dynamic field, in which experiments are made with new forms of policy making. In the current paper, a case study is presented in which different (...)
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  38.  1 DLs
    James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall, Raymond C. Tait, Jillon S. Vander Wal, Kari A. Baldwin, Alison L. Antes & Michael D. Mumford (forthcoming). Professional Decision-Making in Research : The Validity of a New Measure. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    In this paper, we report on the development and validity of the Professional Decision-Making in Research measure, a vignette-based test that examines decision-making strategies used by investigators when confronted with challenging situations in the context of empirical research. The PDR was administered online with a battery of validity measures to a group of NIH-funded researchers and research trainees who were diverse in terms of age, years of experience, types of research, and race. The PDR demonstrated adequate reliability and parallel form (...)
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  39.  45 DLs
    W. Schienke Erich, D. Baum Seth, Kenneth Nancy Tuana & Klaus Keller J. Davis (forthcoming). Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management. Science and Engineering Ethics.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  40.  5 DLs
    Mohammad Hemmat Esfe, Somchai Wongwises, Amin Asadi, Arash Karimipour & Mohammad Akbari (forthcoming). Mandatory and Self-Citation; Types, Reasons, Their Benefits and Disadvantages. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-5.
    This paper defines and discusses two important types of citations, self-citation and mandatory citation, in engineering journals. Citation can be classified in three categories: optional; semi-mandatory; and mandatory. There are some negative and positive impacts for the authors’ paper and journals’ reputation if mandatory citation of a paper or set of papers is requested. These effects can be different based on the recommended papers for citing in the new research. Mandatory citation has various types discussed in this paper. Self-citation and (...)
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  41.  2 DLs
    Yinghui Fan, Xingwei Zhang & Xinlu Xie (forthcoming). Design and Development of a Course in Professionalism and Ethics for CDIO Curriculum in China. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    At Shantou University (STU) in 2008, a stand-alone engineering ethics course was first included within a Conceive–Design–Implement–Operate (CDIO) curriculum to address the scarcity of engineering ethics education in China. The philosophy of the course design is to help students to develop an in-depth understanding of social sustainability and to fulfill the obligations of engineers in the twenty-first century within the context of CDIO engineering practices. To guarantee the necessary cooperation of the relevant parties, we have taken advantage of the top-down (...)
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  42.  3 DLs
    Hui Fang (forthcoming). A Discussion on Governmental Research Grants. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Governmental research grants are financially supported by taxpayers to meet financial requirements of research, particularly research that is unlikely to be supported by private funds. Researchers reward donors by producing knowledge. Publishing research results in an academic journal reflects achievement by researchers; however, receiving a grant award does not. The latter only provides the researcher with the capacity to perform his/her research. Applicants may receive more financial support than they actually need because there is no strict audit on the amount (...)
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  43.  2 DLs
    Stephen A. Gallo, Michael Lemaster & Scott R. Glisson (forthcoming). Frequency and Type of Conflicts of Interest in the Peer Review of Basic Biomedical Research Funding Applications: Self-Reporting Versus Manual Detection. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Despite the presumed frequency of conflicts of interest in scientific peer review, there is a paucity of data in the literature reporting on the frequency and type of conflicts that occur, particularly with regard to the peer review of basic science applications. To address this gap, the American Institute of Biological Sciences conducted a retrospective analysis of conflict of interest data from the peer review of 282 biomedical research applications via several onsite review panels. The overall conflicted-ness of these panels (...)
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  44.  5 DLs
    Gonzalo Génova & M. Rosario González (forthcoming). Teaching Ethics to Engineers: A Socratic Experience. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    In this paper we present the authors’ experience of teaching a course in Ethics for Engineers, which has been delivered four times in three different universities in Spain and Chile. We begin by presenting the material context of the course , and especially the intellectual background of the participating students, in terms of their previous understanding of philosophy in general, and of ethics in particular. Next we set out the objectives of the course and the main topics addressed, as well (...)
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  45.  0 DLs
    Ksenia Gerasimova (forthcoming). Debates on Genetically Modified Crops in the Context of Sustainable Development. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    The paper discusses conflicts in perceptions of GM crops illustrating the complexities of GM debates and applications of the concept of sustainable development. The concept consists of three discourses that both opponents and supporters of GM crops refer to in their analyses: environmentalism, social and economic development and the two sub-issues of sustainable development—biodiversity loss and food security. This creates a unique situation when both proponents and opponents of GM food use the same framework of sustainable development to support their (...)
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  46.  1 DLs
    Mansour Ghanian, Omid M. Ghoochani, Miranda Kitterlin, Sheida Jahangiry, Kiumars Zarafshani, Steven Van Passel & Hossein Azadi (forthcoming). Attitudes of Agricultural Experts Toward Genetically Modified Crops: A Case Study in Southwest Iran. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    The production of genetically modified crops is growing around the world, and with it possible opportunities to combat food insecurity and hunger, as well as solutions to current problems facing conventional agriculture. In this regard the use of GMOs in food and agricultural applications has increased greatly over the past decade. However, the development of GM crops has been a matter of considerable interest and worldwide public controversy. This, in addition to skepticism, has stifled the use of this practice on (...)
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  47.  3 DLs
    Vincent Giorgini, Carter Gibson, Jensen T. Mecca, Kelsey E. Medeiros, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & Lynn D. Devenport (forthcoming). Differences in Biases and Compensatory Strategies Across Discipline, Rank, and Gender Among University Academics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    The study of ethical behavior and ethical decision making is of increasing importance in many fields, and there is a growing literature addressing the issue. However, research examining differences in ethical decision making across fields and levels of experience is limited. In the present study, biases that undermine ethical decision making and compensatory strategies that may aid ethical decision making were identified in a series of interviews with 63 faculty members across six academic fields and three levels of rank as (...)
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  48.  2 DLs
    Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Experiments: Why and How? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    An experiment, in the standard scientific sense of the term, is a procedure in which some object of study is subjected to interventions that aim at obtaining a predictable outcome or at least predictable aspects of the outcome. The distinction between an experiment and a non-experimental observation is important since they are tailored to different epistemic needs. Experimentation has its origin in pre-scientific technological experiments that were undertaken in order to find the best technological means to achieve chosen ends. Important (...)
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  49.  5 DLs
    Mehdi F. Harandi, Mahdi G. Nia & Marc J. De Vries (forthcoming). Water Management: Sacrificing Normative Practice Subverting the Traditions of Water Apportionment—'Whose Justice? Which Rationality?'. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    Since current water governance patterns mandate cooperation and partnership within and between the actors in the hydrosystems, supplementary models are necessary to distinguish the roles and the rules of indoor actions which is why we extend a theory in the frameworks of philosophy of technology. This analysis is empirically grounded on the problematic hydrosystems of a river in central Iran, Zayandehrud. Following a modernist-holistic-based analysis, it illustrates how values in the water apportionment mechanisms are being reshaped. The article by using (...)
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  50.  47 DLs
    Gary Harrison & William L. Gannon (forthcoming). Victor Frankenstein's Institutional Review Board Proposal, 1790. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    To show how the case of Mary Shelley’s Victor Frankenstein brings light to the ethical and moral issues raised in Institutional Review Board (IRB) protocols, we nest an imaginary IRB proposal dated August 1790 by Victor Frankenstein within a discussion of the importance and function of the IRB. Considering the world of science as would have appeared in 1790 when Victor was a student at Ingolstadt, we offer a schematic overview of a fecund moment when advances in comparative anatomy, medical (...)
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  51.  0 DLs
    Ronnie Hawkins (forthcoming). Facing Up to Complexity: Implications for Our Social Experiments. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-40.
    Biological systems are highly complex, and for this reason there is a considerable degree of uncertainty as to the consequences of making significant interventions into their workings. Since a number of new technologies are already impinging on living systems, including our bodies, many of us have become participants in large-scale “social experiments”. I will discuss biological complexity and its relevance to the technologies that brought us BSE/vCJD and the controversy over GM foods. Then I will consider some of the complexities (...)
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  52.  4 DLs
    Kelly Joslin Holloway (forthcoming). A Troubled Solution: Medical Student Struggles with Evidence and Industry Bias. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-17.
    This empirical work attends to the tensions and contradictions medical students articulate when they discuss their objection to industry’s influence in medicine. Findings are based on 50 semi-structured interviews with medical students who are critical of the pharmaceutical industry’s influence in medical education in the United States and Canada. These students advocate evidence-based medicine as one solution to the problems with industry influence in medicine; namely industry bias in medical research. This investigation is an effort to understand why EBM is (...)
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  53.  0 DLs
    Martina Horvat, Ana Mlinaric, Jelena Omazic & Vesna Supak-Smolcic (forthcoming). An Analysis of Medical Laboratory Technology Journals’ Instructions for Authors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-12.
    Instructions for authors need to be informative and regularly updated. We hypothesized that journals with a higher impact factor have more comprehensive IFA. The aim of the study was to examine whether IFA of journals indexed in the Journal Citation Reports 2013, “Medical Laboratory Technology” category, are written in accordance with the latest recommendations and whether the quality of instructions correlates with the journals’ IF. 6 out of 31 journals indexed in “Medical Laboratory Technology” category were excluded. The remaining 25 (...)
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  54.  0 DLs
    Meg Leta Jones & Lucas Regner (forthcoming). Users or Students? Privacy in University MOOCS. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    Two terms, student privacy and Massive Open Online Courses, have received a significant amount of attention recently. Both represent interesting sites of change in entrenched structures, one educational and one legal. MOOCs represent something college courses have never been able to provide: universal access. Universities not wanting to miss the MOOC wave have started to build MOOC courses and integrate them into the university system in various ways. However, the design and scale of university MOOCs create tension for privacy laws (...)
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  55.  7 DLs
    Michael Kalichman, Monica Sweet & Dena Plemmons (forthcoming). Standards of Scientific Conduct: Disciplinary Differences. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-9.
    Teaching of responsible conduct of research is largely predicated on the assumption that there are accepted standards of conduct that can be taught. However there is little evidence of consensus in the scientific community about such standards, at least for the practices of authorship, collaboration, and data management. To assess whether such differences in standards are based on disciplinary differences, a survey, described previously, addressing standards, practices, and perceptions about teaching and learning was distributed in November 2010 to US faculty (...)
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  56.  0 DLs
    Tanuj Kanchan, Alok Atreya & Kewal Krishan (forthcoming). Aruna Shanbaug: Is Her Demise the End of the Road for Legislation on Euthanasia in India? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug breathed her last after 42 years of being in a persistent vegetative state. Euthanasia in any form is not permitted in India and it was only in the year 2011 that a petition was filed in the court that urged the cessation of her force feeding with a nasogastric tube and the request for her peaceful death. What followed was a string of arguments and counter arguments relating to Euthanasia. The sad demise of Aruna Shanbaug is not (...)
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  57.  0 DLs
    Tanuj Kanchan & Kewal Krishan (forthcoming). Politics of Science: Unwarranted Encounters. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    This communication highlights a very pertinent and recent case of an erroneous representation of the Indian borders in an article ‘India by the numbers’ by Richard Van Noorden in Nature where a considerable part of the Jammu and Kashmir State of India is missing in the map incorporated in the article. The article received a series of comments showing disappointment on the issue and a need for the correction to the depicted Indian borders. The editor instead of making corrections to (...)
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  58.  0 DLs
    Lynn T. Kozlowski (forthcoming). Coping with the Conflict-of-Interest Pandemic by Listening to and Doubting Everyone, Including Yourself. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-6.
    In light of the widespread existence of financial and non-financial issues that contribute to the appearance or fact of conflict of interest, it is proposed that conflict of interest should generally be assumed, no matter the source of financial support or the expressed declarations of conflicts and even with respect to one’s own work. No new model is advanced for modification of peer-review processes or for elaboration of author declarations of interest. Researchers should be assessing the quality of published work (...)
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  59.  1 DLs
    Lotte Krabbenborg (forthcoming). Creating Inquiry Between Technology Developers and Civil Society Actors: Learning From Experiences Around Nanotechnology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Engaging civil society actors as knowledgeable dialogue partners in the development and governance of emerging technologies is a new challenge. The starting point of this paper is the observation that the design and orchestration of current organized interaction events shows limitations, particularly in the articulation of issues and in learning how to address the indeterminacies that go with emerging technologies. This paper uses Dewey’s notion of ‘publics’ and ‘reflective inquiry’ to outline ways of doing better and to develop requirements for (...)
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  60.  1 DLs
    Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan & Bahadur Singh (forthcoming). Human Genome Editing and Ethical Considerations. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    Editing human germline genes may act as boon in some genetic and other disorders. Recent editing of the genome of the human embryo with the CRISPR/Cas9 editing tool generated a debate amongst top scientists of the world for the ethical considerations regarding its effect on the future generations. It needs to be seen as to what transformation human gene editing brings to humankind in the times to come.
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  61.  10 DLs
    Snežana B. Krstić (forthcoming). Research Integrity Practices From the Perspective of Early-Career Researchers. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    Unavailability of published data and studies focused on young researchers in Europe and research integrity issues reveals that clear understanding and stance on this subject within European area is lacking. Our study provides information on attitudes and experiences of European researchers at early career stages (doctoral and postdoctoral level), based on a limited sample of respondents (n = 27). The study provides both quantitative and qualitative results for the examined issues. The data suggest that awareness and interest of the younger (...)
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  62.  3 DLs
    Cheryl Lancaster (forthcoming). The Acid Test for Biological Science: STAP Cells, Trust, and Replication. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    In January 2014, a letter and original research article were published in Nature describing a process whereby somatic mouse cells could be converted into stem cells by subjecting them to stress. These “stimulus-triggered acquisition of pluripotency” cells were shown to be capable of contributing to all cell types of a developing embryo, and extra-embryonic tissues. The lead author of the publications, Haruko Obokata, became an overnight celebrity in Japan, where she was dubbed the new face of Japanese science. However, in (...)
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  63.  6 DLs
    Joseph Lee (forthcoming). Cochlear Implantation, Enhancements, Transhumanism and Posthumanism: Some Human Questions. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-26.
    Biomedical engineering technologies such as brain–machine interfaces and neuroprosthetics are advancements which assist human beings in varied ways. There are exciting yet speculative visions of how the neurosciences and bioengineering may influence human nature. However, these could be preparing a possible pathway towards an enhanced and even posthuman future. This article seeks to investigate several ethical themes and wider questions of enhancement, transhumanism and posthumanism. Four themes of interest are: autonomy, identity, futures, and community. Three larger questions can be asked: (...)
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  64.  4 DLs
    Wei-Tau Lee, James A. Blumenthal & Kenneth H. Funk Ii (forthcoming). A Buddhist Perspective on Industrial Engineering and the Design of Work. Science and Engineering Ethics.
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  65.  4 DLs
    Michelle Leonard, David Schwieder, Amy Buhler, Denise Beaubien Bennett & Melody Royster (forthcoming). Perceptions of Plagiarism by STEM Graduate Students: A Case Study. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Issues of academic integrity, specifically knowledge of, perceptions and attitudes toward plagiarism, are well documented in post-secondary settings using case studies for specific courses, recording discourse with focus groups, analyzing cross-cultural education philosophies, and reviewing the current literature. In this paper, the authors examine the perceptions of graduate students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines at the University of Florida regarding misconduct and integrity issues. Results revealed students’ perceptions of the definition and seriousness of potential academic misconduct, knowledge (...)
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  66.  4 DLs
    Yongyan Li (forthcoming). 'Standing on the Shoulders of Giants': Recontextualization in Writing From Sources. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    Despite calls for more research into the writing expertise of senior scientists, the literature reveals surprisingly little about the writing strategies of successful scientist writers. The present paper addresses the gap in the literature by reporting a study that investigated the note-taking strategies of an expert writer, a Chinese professor of biochemistry. Primarily based on interview data, the paper describes the expert’s recontextualization (Linell, Text 18:143–157, 1998) strategies at three levels: ‘accumulating writing materials’ by modifying source texts, composing from ‘collections’ (...)
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  67.  0 DLs
    Yotam Lurie & Shlomo Mark (forthcoming). Professional Ethics of Software Engineers: An Ethical Framework. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    The purpose of this article is to propose an ethical framework for software engineers that connects software developers’ ethical responsibilities directly to their professional standards. The implementation of such an ethical framework can overcome the traditional dichotomy between professional skills and ethical skills, which plagues the engineering professions, by proposing an approach to the fundamental tasks of the practitioner, i.e., software development, in which the professional standards are intrinsically connected to the ethical responsibilities. In so doing, the ethical framework improves (...)
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  68.  4 DLs
    William T. Lynch (forthcoming). Second-Guessing Scientists and Engineers: Post Hoc Criticism and the Reform of Practice in Green Chemistry and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    The article examines and extends work bringing together engineering ethics and Science and Technology Studies, which had built upon Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger shuttle accident as a test case. Reconsidering the use of her term “normalization of deviance,” the article argues for a middle path between moralizing against and excusing away engineering practices contributing to engineering disaster. To explore an illustrative pedagogical case and to suggest avenues for constructive research developing this middle path, it examines the emergence of (...)
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  69.  0 DLs
    Omid Mahian & Somchai Wongwises (forthcoming). Sympathy and Emotions in Academic Research Society. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
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  70.  4 DLs
    Saadia Mahmud & Tracey Bretag (forthcoming). Integrity in Postgraduate Research: The Student Voice. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    There is a limited understanding of the student perspective of integrity in postgraduate research. This is of concern given that ‘research trainees’ may have a vulnerable position in formal investigations of research misconduct. This paper analyses qualitative data drawn from an Australian online academic integrity survey in a mixed methods research study. This analysis complements the quantitative survey data analysed earlier and sought to explore factors contributing to postgraduate research students’ satisfaction with policy and process, the ways institutions can support (...)
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  71.  1 DLs
    Josef Maroušek, Simona Hašková, Robert Zeman, Jaroslav Žák, Radka Vaníčková, Anna Maroušková, Jan Váchal & Kateřina Myšková (forthcoming). Polemics on Ethical Aspects in the Compost Business. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-10.
    This paper focuses on compost use in overpasses and underpasses for wild animals over roads and other similar linear structures. In this context, good quality of compost may result in faster and more resistant vegetation cover during the year. Inter alia, this can be interpreted also as reduction of damage and saving lives. There are millions of tones of plant residue produced every day worldwide. These represent prospective business for manufacturers of compost additives called “accelerators”. The opinions of the sale (...)
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  72.  6 DLs
    Brent Daniel Mittelstadt & Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). The Ethics of Big Data: Current and Foreseeable Issues in Biomedical Contexts. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-39.
    The capacity to collect and analyse data is growing exponentially. Referred to as ‘Big Data’, this scientific, social and technological trend has helped create destabilising amounts of information, which can challenge accepted social and ethical norms. Big Data remains a fuzzy idea, emerging across social, scientific, and business contexts sometimes seemingly related only by the gigantic size of the datasets being considered. As is often the case with the cutting edge of scientific and technological progress, understanding of the ethical implications (...)
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  73.  2 DLs
    Milos N. Mladenovic & Tristram McPherson (forthcoming). Engineering Social Justice Into Traffic Control for Self-Driving Vehicles? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The convergence of computing, sensing, and communication technology will soon permit large-scale deployment of self-driving vehicles. This will in turn permit a radical transformation of traffic control technology. This paper makes a case for the importance of addressing questions of social justice in this transformation, and sketches a preliminary framework for doing so. We explain how new forms of traffic control technology have potential implications for several dimensions of social justice, including safety, sustainability, privacy, efficiency, and equal access. Our central (...)
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  74.  3 DLs
    Petteri Niemi (forthcoming). Six Challenges for Ethical Conduct in Science. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The realities of human agency and decision making pose serious challenges for research ethics. This article explores six major challenges that require more attention in the ethics education of students and scientists and in the research on ethical conduct in science. The first of them is the routinization of action, which makes the detection of ethical issues difficult. The social governance of action creates ethical problems related to power. The heuristic nature of human decision making implies the risk of ethical (...)
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  75.  1 DLs
    Olugbenga Timo Oladinrin & Christabel Man-Fong Ho (forthcoming). Enabling Ethical Code Embeddedness in Construction Organizations: A Review of Process Assessment Approach. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Several researchers have identified codes of ethics as tools that stimulate positive ethical behavior by shaping the organisational decision-making process, but few have considered the information needed for code implementation. Beyond being a legal and moral responsibility, ethical behavior needs to become an organisational priority, which requires an alignment process that integrates employee behavior with the organisation’s ethical standards. This paper discusses processes for the responsible implementation of CoEs based on an extensive review of the literature. The internationally recognized European (...)
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  76.  6 DLs
    Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Tim Jacquemard, David Monaghan, Noel O’Connor, Peter Novitzky & Bert Gordijn (forthcoming). The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Social Networks: Threats to Privacy and Autonomy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-29.
    The rapid evolution of information, communication and entertainment technologies will transform the lives of citizens and ultimately transform society. This paper focuses on ethical issues associated with the likely convergence of virtual realities and social networks , hereafter VRSNs. We examine a scenario in which a significant segment of the world’s population has a presence in a VRSN. Given the pace of technological development and the popularity of these new forms of social interaction, this scenario is plausible. However, it brings (...)
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  77.  2 DLs
    Wolter Pieters, Dina Hadžiosmanović & Francien Dechesne (forthcoming). Security-by-Experiment: Lessons From Responsible Deployment in Cyberspace. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Conceiving new technologies as social experiments is a means to discuss responsible deployment of technologies that may have unknown and potentially harmful side-effects. Thus far, the uncertain outcomes addressed in the paradigm of new technologies as social experiments have been mostly safety-related, meaning that potential harm is caused by the design plus accidental events in the environment. In some domains, such as cyberspace, adversarial agents may be at least as important when it comes to undesirable effects of deployed technologies. In (...)
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  78.  3 DLs
    Vanja Pupovac & Daniele Fanelli (forthcoming). Scientists Admitting to Plagiarism: A Meta-Analysis of Surveys. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of anonymous surveys asking scientists whether they ever committed various forms of plagiarism. From May to December 2011 we searched 35 bibliographic databases, five grey literature databases and hand searched nine journals for potentially relevant studies. We included surveys that asked scientists if, in a given recall period, they had committed or knew of a colleague who committed plagiarism, and from each survey extracted the proportion of those who reported at least one case. (...)
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  79.  2 DLs
    David B. Resnik & Susan A. Elmore (forthcoming). Ensuring the Quality, Fairness, and Integrity of Journal Peer Review: A Possible Role of Editors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    A growing body of literature has identified potential problems that can compromise the quality, fairness, and integrity of journal peer review, including inadequate review, inconsistent reviewer reports, reviewer biases, and ethical transgressions by reviewers. We examine the evidence concerning these problems and discuss proposed reforms, including double-blind and open review. Regardless of the outcome of additional research or attempts at reforming the system, it is clear that editors are the linchpin of peer review, since they make decisions that have a (...)
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  80.  4 DLs
    Maryam Ronagh & Lawrence Souder (forthcoming). The Ethics of Ironic Science in Its Search for Spoof. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    The goal of most scientific research published in peer-review journals is to discover and report the truth. However, the research record includes tongue-in-cheek papers written in the conventional form and style of a research paper. Although these papers were intended to be taken ironically, bibliographic database searches show that many have been subsequently cited as valid research, some in prestigious journals. We attempt to understand why so many readers cited such ironic science seriously. We draw from the literature on error (...)
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  81.  5 DLs
    Jathan Sadowski, Susan G. Spierre, Evan Selinger, Thomas P. Seager, Elizabeth A. Adams & Andrew Berardy (forthcoming). Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by those (...)
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  82.  4 DLs
    Pamela Sankar, Mildred K. Cho, Keri Monahan & Kamila Nowak (forthcoming). Reporting Race and Ethnicity in Genetics Research: Do Journal Recommendations or Resources Matter? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Appeals to scrutinize the use of race and ethnicity as variables in genetics research notwithstanding, these variables continue to be inadequately explained and inconsistently used in research publications. In previous research, we found that published genetic research fails to follow suggestions offered for addressing this problem, such as explaining the basis on which these labels are assigned to populations. This study, an analysis of genetic research articles using race or ethnicity terms, explores possible features of journals that are associated with (...)
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  83.  1 DLs
    Viola Schiaffonati (forthcoming). Stretching the Traditional Notion of Experiment in Computing: Explorative Experiments. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Experimentation represents today a ‘hot’ topic in computing. If experiments made with the support of computers, such as computer simulations, have received increasing attention from philosophers of science and technology, questions such as “what does it mean to do experiments in computer science and engineering and what are their benefits?” emerged only recently as central in the debate over the disciplinary status of the discipline. In this work we aim at showing, also by means of paradigmatic examples, how the traditional (...)
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  84.  2 DLs
    Jantine Schröder (forthcoming). Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: A Long-Term Socio-Technical Experiment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    In this article we investigate whether long-term radioactive waste management by means of geological disposal can be understood as a social experiment. Geological disposal is a rather particular technology in the way it deals with the analytical and ethical complexities implied by the idea of technological innovation as social experimentation, because it is presented as a technology that ultimately functions without human involvement. We argue that, even when the long term function of the ‘social’ is foreseen to be restricted to (...)
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  85.  2 DLs
    María-del-Val Segarra-Oña, Angel Peiró-Signes & Roberto Cervelló-Royo (forthcoming). A Framework to Move Forward on the Path to Eco-Innovation in the Construction Industry: Implications to Improve Firms' Sustainable Orientation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-16.
    This paper examines key aspects in the innovative behavior of the construction firms that determine their environmental orientation while innovating. Structural equation modeling was used and data of 222 firms retrieved from the Spanish Technological Innovation Panel for 2010 to analyse the drivers of environmental orientation of the construction firms during the innovation process. The results show that the environmental orientation is positively affected by the product and process orientation of construction firms during the innovation process. Furthermore, the positive relation (...)
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  86.  4 DLs
    Ioanna Semendeferi, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta & Ioannis Pavlidis (forthcoming). Connecting Past with Present: A Mixed-Methods Science Ethics Course and its Evaluation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-24.
    We present a graduate science ethics course that connects cases from the historical record to present realities and practices in the areas of social responsibility, authorship, and human/animal experimentation. This content is delivered with mixed methods, including films, debates, blogging, and practicum; even the instructional team is mixed, including a historian of science and a research scientist. What really unites all of the course’s components is the experiential aspect: from acting in historical debates to participating in the current scientific enterprise. (...)
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  87.  2 DLs
    Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman & Siti Nurani Mohd Noor (forthcoming). Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Ethical Views of Buddhist, Hindu and Catholic Leaders in Malaysia. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Embryonic Stem Cell Research raises ethical issues. In the process of research, embryos may be destroyed and, to some, such an act entails the ‘killing of human life’. Past studies have sought the views of scientists and the general public on the ethics of ESCR. This study, however, explores multi-faith ethical viewpoints, in particular, those of Buddhists, Hindus and Catholics in Malaysia, on ESCR. Responses were gathered via semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Three main ethical quandaries emerged from the data: sanctity of (...)
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  88.  0 DLs
    Logan M. Steele, James F. Johnson, Logan L. Watts, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & T. H. Lee Williams (forthcoming). A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
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  89.  9 DLs
    Jack Stilgoe (forthcoming). Geoengineering as Collective Experimentation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Geoengineering is defined as the ‘deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climatic system with the aim of reducing global warming’. The technological proposals for doing this are highly speculative. Research is at an early stage, but there is a strong consensus that technologies would, if realisable, have profound and surprising ramifications. Geoengineering would seem to be an archetype of technology as social experiment, blurring lines that separate research from deployment and scientific knowledge from technological artefacts. Looking into the experimental (...)
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  90.  5 DLs
    Qinghui Suo (forthcoming). Chinese Academic Assessment and Incentive System. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-3.
    The Chinese academic assessment and incentive system drew mixed responses from academia. In the essay the author tried to explain why the current assessment system is appropriate in China and an opportunistic behavior in Chinese academia is exposed.
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  91.  2 DLs
    Mariarosaria Taddeo (forthcoming). The Struggle Between Liberties and Authorities in the Information Age. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    The “struggle between liberties and authorities”, as described by Mill, refers to the tension between individual rights and the rules restricting them that are imposed by public authorities exerting their power over civil society. In this paper I argue that contemporary information societies are experiencing a new form of such a struggle, which now involves liberties and authorities in the cyber-sphere and, more specifically, refers to the tension between cyber-security measures and individual liberties. Ethicists, political philosophers and political scientists have (...)
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  92.  1 DLs
    Tjerk Timan & Anders Albrechtslund (forthcoming). Surveillance, Self and Smartphones: Tracking Practices in the Nightlife. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
    This paper is the result of the EMERGING ICT FOR CITIZEN VEILLANCE-workshop organized by the JRC, Ispra, Italy, March 2014. The aim of this paper is to explore how the subject participates in surveillance situations with a particular focus on how users experience everyday tracking technologies and practices. Its theoretical points of departure stem from Surveillance Studies in general and notions of participatory surveillance and empowering exhibitionism :199–215, 2004) in particular. We apply these theoretical notions on smartphones and its users (...)
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  93.  5 DLs
    Yesim Isil Ulman, Tuna Cakar & Gokcen Yildiz (forthcoming). Ethical Issues in Neuromarketing: “I Consume, Therefore I Am!”. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Neuromarketing is a recent interdisciplinary field which crosses traditional boundaries between neuroscience, neuroeconomics and marketing research. Since this nascent field is primarily concerned with improving marketing strategies and promoting sales, there has been an increasing public aversion and protest against it. These protests can be exemplified by the reactions observed lately in Baylor School of Medicine and Emory University in the United States. The most recent attempt to stop ongoing neuromarketing research in France is also remarkable. The pertaining ethical issues (...)
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  94.  4 DLs
    Maarten van Wesel (forthcoming). Evaluation by Citation: Trends in Publication Behavior, Evaluation Criteria, and the Strive for High Impact Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-27.
    Criteria for the evaluation of most scholars’ work have recently received wider attention due to high-profile cases of scientific misconduct which are perceived to be linked to these criteria. However, in the competition for career advancement and funding opportunities almost all scholars are subjected to the same criteria. Therefore these evaluation criteria act as ‘switchmen’, determining the tracks along which scholarly work is pushed by the dynamic interplay of interests of both scholars and their institutions. Currently one of the most (...)
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  95.  4 DLs
    Gerald Walther (forthcoming). Printing Insecurity? The Security Implications of 3D-Printing of Weapons. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    In 2013, the first gun printed out of plastic by a 3D-printer was successfully fired in the US. This event caused a major media hype about the dangers of being able to print a gun. Law enforcement agencies worldwide were concerned about this development and the potentially huge security implications of these functional plastic guns. As a result, politicians called for a ban of these weapons and a control of 3D-printing technology. This paper reviews the security implications of 3D-printing technology (...)
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  96.  3 DLs
    Fern Wickson & Ellen-Marie Forsberg (forthcoming). Standardising Responsibility? The Significance of Interstitial Spaces. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-22.
    Modern society is characterised by rapid technological development that is often socially controversial and plagued by extensive scientific uncertainty concerning its socio-ecological impacts. Within this context, the concept of ‘responsible research and innovation’ (RRI) is currently rising to prominence in international discourse concerning science and technology governance. As this emerging concept of RRI begins to be enacted through instruments, approaches, and initiatives, it is valuable to explore what it is coming to mean for and in practice. In this paper we (...)
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  97.  3 DLs
    Yang Zhang & Hong Gao (forthcoming). Human Flesh Search Engine and Online Privacy. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-4.
    Human flesh search engine can be a double-edged sword, bringing convenience on the one hand and leading to infringement of personal privacy on the other hand. This paper discusses the ethical problems brought about by the human flesh search engine, as well as possible solutions.
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  98.  0 DLs
    Yue Liang Zheng (forthcoming). Some Ethical Concerns About Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    Human induced pluripotent stem cells can be obtained from somatic cells, and their derivation does not require destruction of embryos, thus avoiding ethical problems arising from the destruction of human embryos. This type of stem cell may provide an important tool for stem cell therapy, but it also results in some ethical concerns. It is likely that abnormal reprogramming occurs in the induction of human induced pluripotent stem cells, and that the stem cells generate tumors in the process of stem (...)
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