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  1. Margaret Anne Cameron (2015). Is Ground Said-in-Many-Ways? Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):29-55.
    Proponents of ground, which is used to indicate relations of ontological fundamentality, insist that ground is a unified phenomenon, but this thesis has recently been criticized. I will first review the proponents' claims for ground's unicity, as well as the criticisms that ground is too heterogeneous to do the philosophical work it is supposed to do. By drawing on Aristotle's notion of homonymy, I explore whether ground's metaphysical heterogeneity can be theoretically accommodated while at the same time preserving its proponents' (...)
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  2. Pablo Carnino (2015). On the Reduction of Grounding to Essence. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):56-71.
    In a recent article, Fabrice Correia explores the project of reducing the notion of grounding to that of essence. He then goes on to provide several candidate definitions and test each of them against a number of objections. His final take on the situation is, roughly, that two of the definitions can handle all of the considered objections. The aim of this paper is to re-evaluate Correia's conclusions in the light of two sources of insights: Firstly, I will argue that (...)
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  3. Ryan Christensen (2015). Essence, Essence, and Essence. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):72-87.
    I argue that three different notions of essence—temporal, definitional, and modal—are all distinct notions, and are all philosophically useful. After defining the different notions, I discuss the philosophical problems each addresses.
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  4. Travis Dumsday (2015). E.J. Lowe on the Unity Problem. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):195-218.
    Some properties are connected in a perspicuous and unproblematic way. For instance, the possession of shape clearly entails the possession of size . In other cases the connection is not so perspicuous. For instance, assuming that the precise rest mass and negative charge of an electron are both among its fundamental intrinsic properties, what links them, given that those properties are inherently separable? Given the inherent separability of those properties, what explains their conjunction in this case? Oderberg calls this the (...)
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  5. Kathrin Koslicki (2015). The Causal Priority of Form in Aristotle. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):113-141.
    In various texts , Aristotle assigns priority to form, in its role as a principle and cause, over matter and the matter-form compound. Given the central role played by this claim in Aristotle's search for primary substance in the Metaphysics , it is important to understand what motivates him in locating the primary causal responsibility for a thing's being what it is with the form, rather than the matter. According to Met . Theta.8, actuality [ energeia / entelecheia ] in (...)
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  6. Michail Peramatzis (2015). Sameness, Definition, and Essence. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):142-167.
    I formulate an apparent inconsistency between some claims Aristotle makes in his Metaphysics about the sameness and non-sameness relations which obtain between an object and its essence: while a object is not the same as its essence, an essence is thought as being the same as its essence. I discuss different ways in which one may propose to overcome this apparent inconsistency and show that they are problematic. My diagnosis of the problem is that all these putative solutions share the (...)
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  7. Christine J. Thomas (2015). Plato on Metaphysical Explanation: Does 'Participating' Mean Nothing? Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):168-194.
    According to Aristotle, Plato's efforts at metaphysical explanation not only fail, they are nonsensical. In particular, Plato's appeals to Forms as metaphysically explanatory of the sensibles that participate in them is "empty talk" since "'participating' means nothing" . I defend Plato against Aristotle's charge by identifying a particular, substantive model of metaphysical predication as the favored model of Plato's late ontology. The model posits two basic metaphysical predication relations: self-predication and participation. In order to understand the participation relation, it is (...)
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  8. Justin Zylstra (2015). Dependence and Fundamentality. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):5-28.
    I argue that dependence is neither necessary nor sufficient for relative fundamentality. I then introduce the notion of 'likeness in nature' and provide an account of relative fundamentality in terms of it and the notion of dependence. Finally, I discuss some puzzles that arise in Aristotle's Categories , to which the theory developed is applied.
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