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  1. Kean Birch (2013). The Political Economy of Technoscience: An Emerging Research Agenda. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):49-61.
    This short essay presents the case for a renewed research agenda in STS focused on the political economy of technoscience. This research agenda is based on the claim that STS needs to take account of contemporary economic and financial processes and how they shape and are shaped by technoscience. This necessitates understanding how these processes might impact on science, technology and innovation, rather than turning an STS gaze on the economy.
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  2. Marion Blute (2013). The Evolutionary Economics of Science. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):62-68.
    This short paper is about the generalized evolutionary approach to the economics of science . Stephen Toulmin and David Hull are pioneers of the former rather than Karl Popper whose falsification thesis was sociologically naive. Useful directions for the future would go beyond the generalities of variation, transmission and selection towards making more explicit use of Darwin’s “two great principles.” The first is “the unity of types” i.e. common descent by employing phylogenetic methods to answer historical questions. The second is (...)
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  3. Mark B. Brown (2013). Public University Funding and the Privatization of Politics. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):21-28.
    This essay first examines a few key aspects of the erosion of public university funding in the United States, showing how the ideal of value-free science has undermined efforts to defend a conception of universities as public goods. Then it considers how advocates of California's Proposition 30, a ballot initiative that restored some public university funding, frequently adopted the same logic of privatization they sought to counteract.
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  4. Jennifer Fraser (2013). REVIEW: Alexandra Rutherford, Beyond the Box: B.F. Skinner’s Technology of Behaviour From Laboratory to Life, 1950s-1970s. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):100-102.
    In 2009 Alexandra Rutherford presented readers with a much-needed post-revisionist interpretation of the the behaviorist movement by elucidating the ways in which social context affected popular acceptance of, and resistance to, the central tenants of B.F. Skinner’s psychological theories. By outlining the ways in which American culture both facilitated and hindered behaviorism success, Rutherford's "Beyond the Box: B.F. Skinnner's technology of behavior from laboratory to life, 1950s-1970s" provides an alternative to strictly intellectual histories of behaviorism by examining how technological approaches (...)
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  5. Steve Fuller (2013). On Commodification and the Progress of Knowledge in Society: A Defence. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):12-20.
    In this paper I make more explicit a position that I have being advocating for more than two decades , though its full force does not seem to have been felt. I write in defence of the *commodification* rather than the simple *commercialisation* of knowledge. The two italicised terms are often spoken about in the same breath—and, to be sure, they are related to each other. But they are not the same. Commercialisation refers to the subjection of social life to (...)
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  6. Daniel Rozell (2013). REVIEW: Paul Feyerabend, The Tyranny of Science. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):97-99.
    A review of Paul Feyerabend's The Tyranny of Science.
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  7. Esther-Mirjam Sent (2013). The Economics of Science in Historical and Disciplinary Perspective. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):6-11.
    In the current climate characterized by scrutiny and control of science, it is not too surprising to encounter appeals to an “economics of science” that will serve to structure the inchoate impressions of the various constituencies involved, as well as to provide a basis for reasoned debate and guidance for public policy. This focused discussion piece lays the historical and discilpinary foundation for that debate.
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  8. Mike Thicke (2013). REVIEW: David Tyfield, The Economics of Science: A Critical Realist Overview, Volumes 1 and 2. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):94-96.
    David Tyfield’s two-volume The Economics of Science is an ambitious and valuable attempt to explain recent developments in economics of science using a critical realist/Marxian framework, and at the same time to unite critical realism with science and technology studies.
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  9. Mike Thicke (2013). Economic Aspects of Science: Editor's Introduction. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):1-5.
    The economics of science is a discipline with a long history, and yet one where there if often too little dialogue between its constituent parts. The articles in this issue's focused discussion begin to address that problem by examining recent developments in science's economic circumstances from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.
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  10. Andrew Turner, Clara Dallaire-Fortier & Madeleine J. Murtagh (2013). Biobank Economics and the “Commercialization Problem. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):69-80.
    The economic aspects of biobanking are intertwined with the social and scientific aspects. We describe two problems that structure the discussion about the economics of biobanking and which illustrate this intertwining. First, there is a ‘sustainability problem’ about how to maintain biobanks in the long term. Second, and representing a partial response to the first problem, there is a ‘commercialisation problem’ about how to deal with the voluntary altruistic relationship between participants and biobanks, and the potential commercial relationships that a (...)
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  11. Andrew Turner, Clara Dallaire-Fortier & Madeleine J. Murtagh (2013). Economic Aspects of Biobanking. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):69-80.
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  12. Mauro Turrini (2013). Computer Versus Microscope: Visual Activity Fields of Instruments in the Information Age. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):81-93.
    The increasing concern about visual representation in science has been usually converged on representations – photographs, diagrams, graphs, maps –, while instruments of visualization have been usually neglected, even because of the concrete difficulty to grasp their effects on visualization. In this regard, the questions and concepts formulated in the debate on digital visualization deserve here as a starting point to analyze the change in instrumental mediation triggered by the introduction of computer-assisted imaging technologies in those laboratories that traditionally have (...)
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  13. David Tyfield (2013). Transition to Science 2.0: “Remoralizing” the Economy of Science. Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):29-48.
    The present is a moment of crisis and transition, both generally and specifically in “knowledge” and its institutions. Acknowledging this elicits the key questions: where are we? Where are we headed? What, if anything, can be done about this? And what can the “economics of science” contribute to this? This paper assumes a “cultural political economy of research & innovation” perspective to explore the current upheaval and transition in the system of academic knowledge production, at the confluence of accelerating commercialisation (...)
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