PhilPapers is currently in read-only mode while we are performing some maintenance. You can use the site normally except that you cannot sign in. This shouldn't last long.
76 found

Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1. Joseph A. Baltimore (forthcoming). Heil’s Two-Category Ontology and Causation. Erkenntnis:1-9.
    In his recent book, The Universe As We Find It, John Heil offers an updated account of his two-category ontology. One of his major goals is to avoid including relations in his basic ontology. While there can still be true claims positing relations, such as those of the form “x is taller than y” and “x causes y,” they will be true in virtue of substances and their monadic, non-relational properties. That is, Heil’s two-category ontology is deployed to provide non-relational (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Sam Baron (forthcoming). Tensed Truthmaker Theory. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    Presentism faces a serious challenge from truthmaker theory. Standard solutions to the truthmaker objection against presentism proceed in one of two ways. Easy road presentists invoke new entities to satisfy the requirements of truthmaker theory. Hard road presentists, by contrast, flatly refuse to give in to truthmaker demands. Recently, a third way has been proposed. This response seeks to address the truthmaking problem by tensing our truthmaker principles. These views, though intuitive, are under-developed. In this paper, I get serious about (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Sara Bernstein (forthcoming). Overdetermination Underdetermined. Erkenntnis:1-24.
    Widespread causal overdetermination is often levied as an objection to nonreductive theories of minds and objects. In response, nonreductive physicalists have argued that the type of overdetermination generated by their theories is different from the sorts of coincidental cases involving multiple rock-throwers, and thus not problematic. This paper pushes back. I argue that attention to differences between types of overdetermination discharges very few explanatory burdens, and that overdetermination is a bigger problem for the nonreductive metaphysician than previously thought.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Lisa Bortolotti & Kengo Miyazono (forthcoming). The Ethics of Delusional Belief. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    In this paper we address the ethics of adopting delusional beliefs and we apply consequentialist and deontological considerations to the epistemic evaluation of delusions. Delusions are characterised by their epistemic shortcomings and they are often defined as false and irrational beliefs. Despite this, when agents are overwhelmed by negative emotions due to the effects of trauma or previous adversities, or when they are subject to anxiety and stress as a result of hypersalient experience, the adoption of a delusional belief can (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Lara Buchak (forthcoming). Risk and Tradeoffs. Erkenntnis:1-27.
    The orthodox theory of instrumental rationality, expected utility (EU) theory, severely restricts the way in which risk-considerations can figure into a rational individual's preferences. It is argued here that this is because EU theory neglects an important component of instrumental rationality. This paper presents a more general theory of decision-making, risk-weighted expected utility (REU) theory, of which expected utility maximization is a special case. According to REU theory, the weight that each outcome gets in decision-making is not the subjective probability (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Massimiliano Carrara & Giorgio Lando (forthcoming). Composition, Indiscernibility, Coreferentiality. Erkenntnis:1-24.
    According to strong composition as identity , the logical principles of one–one and plural identity can and should be extended to the relation between a whole and its parts. Otherwise, composition would not be legitimately regarded as an identity relation. In particular, several defenders of strong CAI have attempted to extend Leibniz’s Law to composition. However, much less attention has been paid to another, not less important feature of standard identity: a standard identity statement is true iff its terms are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. J. Adam Carter & Bolesław Czarnecki (forthcoming). Extended Knowledge-How. Erkenntnis:1-15.
    According to reductive intellectualists about knowledge-how (e.g. Stanley and Williamson 2001; Stanley 2011; Brogaard 2008; 2009) knowledge how is a kind of knowledge-that. To the extent that this is right, then insofar as we might conceive of ways knowledge could be extended with reference to active externalist (e.g. Clark and Chalmers 1998; Clark 2008) approaches in the philosophy of mind (e.g. the extended mind thesis and the hypothesis of extended cognition), we should expect no interesting difference between the two. However, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). Active Externalism and Epistemic Internalism. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    Internalist approaches to epistemic justification are, though controversial, considered a live option in contemporary epistemology. Accordingly, if ‘active’ externalist approaches in the philosophy of mind—e.g. the extended cognition and extended mind theses—are in principle incompatible with internalist approaches to justification in epistemology, then this will be an epistemological strike against, at least the prima facie appeal of, active externalism. It is shown here however that, contrary to pretheoretical intuitions, neither the extended cognition nor the extended mind theses are in principle (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. J. Adam Carter & Martin Peterson (forthcoming). On the Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle: Reply to Steglich-Peterson. Erkenntnis:1-8.
    In recent paper in this journal (2015), we proposed two novel puzzles associated with the precautionary principle. Both are puzzles that materialise, we argue, once we investigate the principle through an epistemological lens, and each constitutes a philosophical hurdle for any proponent of a plausible version of the precautionary principle. Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (2014) claims, also in this journal, that he has resolved our puzzles. In this short note, we explain why we remain skeptical.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Isabelle Drouet & Francesca Merlin (forthcoming). The Propensity Interpretation of Fitness and the Propensity Interpretation of Probability. Erkenntnis:1-12.
    The paper provides a new critical perspective on the propensity interpretation of fitness, by investigating its relationship to the propensity interpretation of probability. Two main conclusions are drawn. First, the claim that fitness is a propensity cannot be understood properly: fitness is not a propensity in the sense prescribed by the propensity interpretation of probability. Second, this interpretation of probability is inessential for explanations proposed by the propensity interpretation of fitness in evolutionary biology. Consequently, interpreting the probabilistic dimension of fitness (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Raphaël Fiorese (forthcoming). Stoljar’s Dilemma and Three Conceptions of the Physical: A Defence of the Via Negativa. Erkenntnis:1-29.
    Physicalism is the thesis that everything is physical. But what does it mean to say that everything is physical? Daniel Stoljar has recently argued that no account of the physical is available which allows for a formulation of physicalism that is both possibly true and deserving of the name. As against this claim, I argue that a version of the via negativa—roughly, the view that the physical is to be characterised in terms of the nonmental—provides just such an account.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Simon Fitzpatrick (forthcoming). Nativism, Empiricism, and Ockham’s Razor. Erkenntnis:1-28.
    This paper discusses the role that appeals to theoretical simplicity (or parsimony) have played in the debate between nativists and empiricists in cognitive science. Both sides have been keen to make use of such appeals in defence of their respective positions about the structure and ontogeny of the human mind. Focusing on the standard simplicity argument employed by empiricist-minded philosophers and cognitive scientists—what I call “the argument for minimal innateness”—I identify various problems with such arguments—in particular, the apparent arbitrariness of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Roberto Fumagalli (forthcoming). Why We Cannot Learn From Minimal Models. Erkenntnis.
    This paper examines the issue whether consideration of so-called minimal models can prompt learning about real-world targets. Using widely cited examples from economics and biology as test cases, I argue against the increasingly popular view that consideration of minimal models can prompt learning about such targets. In particular, I criticize the proponents of this view for failing to explicate in virtue of what properties or features minimal models supposedly prompt learning and for substantially overstating the epistemic import of minimal models. (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. P. M. S. Hacker (forthcoming). Two Conceptions of Language. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    Two different conceptions of language dominate philosophical reflection on the nature of human language and of human linguistic powers. The first is the conception of language as a calculus of meaning, and of understanding as computational interpretation. This conception is rooted in the exigencies of function-theoretic logic. The notions pivotal to this conception are truth, truth-condition, sense and force, naming and describing (representation), and theory of meaning for natural languages. The alternative conception is an anthropological one, which conceives of language (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Terence Horgan (forthcoming). Generalized Conditionalization and the Sleeping Beauty Problem, II. Erkenntnis.
    In “Generalized Conditionalization and the Sleeping Beauty Problem,” Anna Mahtani and I offer a new argument for thirdism that relies on what we call “generalized conditionalization.” Generalized conditionalization goes beyond conventional conditionalization in two respects: first, by sometimes deploying a space of synchronic, essentially temporal, candidate-possibilities that are not “prior” possibilities; and second, by allowing for the use of preliminary probabilities that arise by first bracketing, and then conditionalizing upon, “old evidence.” In “Beauty and Conditionalization: Reply to Horgan and Mahtani,” (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Namjoong Kim (forthcoming). Titelbaum’s Theory of De Se Updating and Two Versions of Sleeping Beauty. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    In his “Relevance of Self-locating Belief” , Titelbaum suggests a general theory about how to update one’s degrees of self-locating belief. He applies it to the Sleeping Beauty problem, more specifically, Lewis’s :171–176, 2001) version of that problem. By doing so, he defends the Thirder solution to the puzzle. Unfortunately, if we modify the puzzle very slightly, and if we apply his general updating theory to the thus modified version, we get the Halfer view as a result. In this paper, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Robert Knowles (forthcoming). Heavy Duty Platonism. Erkenntnis:1-16.
    Heavy duty platonism is of great dialectical importance in the philosophy of mathematics. It is the view that physical magnitudes, such as mass and temperature, are cases of physical objects being related to numbers. Many theorists have assumed HDP’s falsity in order to reach their own conclusions, but they are only justified in doing so if there are good arguments against HDP. In this paper, I present all five arguments against HDP alluded to in the literature and show that they (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Luca Moretti & Tommaso Piazza (forthcoming). Phenomenal Conservatism and Bergmann's Dilemma. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    In this paper we argue that Michael Huemer’s (PC) phenomenal conservatism––the internalist view according to which our beliefs are prima facie justified if based on how things seems or appears to us to be––doesn’t fall afoul of Michael Bergmann’s dilemma for epistemological internalism. We start by showing that the thought experiment that Bergmann adduces to conclude that (PC) is vulnerable to his dilemma misses its target. After that, we distinguish between two ways in which a mental state can contribute to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Seth Shabo (forthcoming). More Trouble With Tracing. Erkenntnis.
    Theories of moral responsibility rely on tracing principles to account for derivative moral responsibility. Manuel Vargas has argued that such principles are problematic. To show this, he presents cases where individuals are derivatively blameworthy for their conduct, but where there is no suitable earlier time to which their blameworthiness can be traced back. John Martin Fischer and Neal Tognazzini have sought to resolve this problem by arguing that blameworthiness in these scenarios can be traced back, given the right descriptions of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Paul Silva Jr (forthcoming). On Doxastic Justification and Properly Basing One's Beliefs. Erkenntnis.
    According to the orthodox account of the relationship between propositional and doxastic justification, basing one's belief in P on one's source of propositional justification to believe P suffices for having a doxastically justified belief. But in an increasingly recognized work, John Turri (2010) argues that the orthodox view fails and proposes a new view according to which having propositional justification depends on having the ability to acquire doxastic justification. Turri's novel position has surprisingly far-reaching epistemological consequences, ruling out some common (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Alexander Skiles (forthcoming). Against Grounding Necessitarianism. Erkenntnis:1-35.
    Can there be grounding without necessitation? Can a fact obtain wholly in virtue of metaphysically more fundamental facts, even though there are possible worlds at which the latter facts obtain but not the former? It is an orthodoxy in recent literature about the nature of grounding, and in first-order philosophical disputes about what grounds what, that the answer is no. I will argue that the correct answer is yes. I present two novel arguments against grounding necessitarianism, and show that grounding (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Shannon Spaulding (forthcoming). Phenomenology of Social Cognition. Erkenntnis.
    Can phenomenological evidence play a decisive role in accepting or rejecting social cognition theories? Is it the case that a theory of social cognition ought to explain and be empirically supported by our phenomenological experience? There is serious disagreement about the answers to these questions. This paper aims to determine the methodological role of phenomenology in social cognition debates. The following three features are characteristic of evidence capable of playing a substantial methodological role: novelty, reliability, and relevance. I argue that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (forthcoming). The Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle: Two Puzzles Resolved. Erkenntnis.
    In a recent paper in this journal (forthcoming), Carter and Peterson raise two distinctly epistemological puzzles that arise for anyone aspiring to defend the precautionary principle. The first puzzle trades on an application of epistemic contextualism to the precautionary principle; the second puzzle concerns the compatibility of the precautionary principle with the de minimis rule. I argue that neither puzzle should worry defenders of the precautionary principle. The first puzzle can be shown to be an instance of the familiar but (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Michael Strevens (forthcoming). Stochastic Independence and Causal Connection. Erkenntnis:1-23.
    Assumptions of stochastic independence are crucial to statistical models in science. Under what circumstances is it reasonable to suppose that two events are independent? When they are not causally or logically connected, so the standard story goes. But scientific models frequently treat causally dependent events as stochastically independent, raising the question whether there are kinds of causal connection that do not undermine stochastic independence. This paper provides one piece of an answer to this question, treating the simple case of two (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Jonathan Tallant (forthcoming). Immodest and Proud. Erkenntnis:1-16.
    In his ‘Ambitious, Yet Modest, Metaphysics’, Hofweber (Metametaphysics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 260–289, 2009a) puts forward arguments against positions in metaphysics that he describes as ‘immodest’; a position he identifies as defended by Jonathan Lowe. In this paper I reply to Hofweber’s arguments, offering a defence of immodest metaphysics of the type practiced by Lowe (The possibility of metaphysics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998) inter alia.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Chad Vance (forthcoming). The Recycling Problem for Event Individuation. Erkenntnis:1-16.
    If the wedding had taken place an hour later, it would have been rained out. When we make counterfactual claims like this, we indicate that events are not terribly fragile things. That is, we typically think of events as particulars which can survive small changes in nearby possible worlds, such that one and the same event could have occurred under slightly different circumstances. I argue, however, that any account of “non-fragile” event individuation is subject to what is known as the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Daniel Whiting (forthcoming). Truth is (Still) the Norm for Assertion: A Reply to Littlejohn. Erkenntnis:1-9.
    In a recent paper (Erkenntnis 78: 847–867, 2013), I defend the view that truth is the fundamental norm for assertion and, in doing so, reject the view that knowledge is the fundamental norm for assertion. In a recent response, Littlejohn (Erkenntnis 79: 1355–1365, 2014) raises a number of objections against my arguments. In this reply, I argue that Littlejohn’s objections are unsuccessful.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Alistair M. C. Isaac (forthcoming). Introduction. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Holger Andreas (forthcoming). Carnapian Structuralism. Erkenntnis:1-19.
    This paper aims to set forth Carnapian structuralism, i.e., a syntactic view of the structuralist approach which is deeply inspired by Carnap’s dual level conception of scientific theories. At its core is the axiomatisation of a metatheoretical concept AE(T) which characterises those extensions of an intended application that are admissible in the sense of being models of the theory-element T and that satisfy all links, constraints and specialisations. The union of axiom systems of AE(T) (where T is an element of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Holger Andreas & Frank Zenker (forthcoming). Basic Concepts of Structuralism. Erkenntnis:1-6.
    Primarily addressed to readers unfamiliar with the structuralist approach in philosophy of science, we introduce the basic concepts that the contributions to this special issue presuppose. By means of examples, we briefly review set-theoretic structures and predicates, the potential and actual models of an empirical theory, intended applications, as well as links and specializations that are applied, among others, in reconstructing the empirical claim associated with a theory element.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Holger Andreas & Frank Zenker (forthcoming). Perspectives on Structuralism. Erkenntnis:1-1.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Wolfgang Balzer & Klaus Manhart (forthcoming). Scientific Processes and Social Processes. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    We clarify the notions scientific process and social process with structuralist means. Three questions are formulated, and answered in the structuralistic, set-theoretic framework. What is a scientific process, and a process in science? What can be meant by a non-social process? In which sense a non-social process can be a part of a scientific process in social science? We are specifically interested in social processes. Our answers use the notion of the generalized subset relation applied to set-theoretical structures, and the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Gordon Brittan Jr & Ken A. Aho (forthcoming). Empiricism and/or Instrumentalism? Erkenntnis:1-23.
    Elliott Sober is both an empiricist and an instrumentalist. His empiricism rests on a principle called actualism, whereas his instrumentalism violates this. This violation generates a tension in his work. We argue that Sober is committed to a conflicting methodological imperative because of this tension. Our argument illuminates the contemporary debate between realism and empiricism which is increasingly focused on the application of scientific inference to testing scientific theories. Sober’s position illustrates how the principle of actualism drives a wedge between (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Peter Baumann (forthcoming). Epistemic Contrastivism, Knowledge and Practical Reasoning. Erkenntnis:1-10.
    Epistemic contrastivism is the view that knowledge is a ternary relation between a person, a proposition and a set of contrast propositions. This view is in tension with widely shared accounts of practical reasoning: be it the claim that knowledge of the premises is necessary for acceptable practical reasoning based on them or sufficient for the acceptability of the use of the premises in practical reasoning, or be it the claim that there is a looser connection between knowledge and practical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Joseph Berkovitz (forthcoming). The Propensity Interpretation of Probability: A Re-Evaluation. Erkenntnis:1-83.
    Single-case and long-run propensity theories are among the main objective interpretations of probability. There have been various objections to these theories, e.g. that it is difficult to explain why propensities should satisfy the probability axioms and, worse, that propensities are at odds with these axioms, that the explication of propensities is circular and accordingly not informative, and that single-case propensities are metaphysical and accordingly non-scientific. We consider various propensity theories of probability and their prospects in light of these objections. We (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Aaron Bronfman (forthcoming). Conditionalization and Not Knowing That One Knows. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    Bayesian Conditionalization is a widely used proposal for how to update one’s beliefs upon the receipt of new evidence. This is in part because of its attention to the totality of one’s evidence, which often includes facts about what one’s new evidence is and how one has come to have it. However, an increasingly popular position in epistemology holds that one may gain new evidence, construed as knowledge, without being in a position to know that one has gained this evidence. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. T. Ryan Byerly & Kraig Martin (forthcoming). Problems for Explanationism on Both Sides. Erkenntnis:1-19.
    This paper continues a recent exchange in this journal concerning explanationist accounts of epistemic justification. In the first paper in this exchange, Byerly (2013a, b) argues that explanationist views judge that certain beliefs about the future are unjustified when in fact they are justified. In the second paper, McCain (2014b) defends a version of explanationism which he argues escapes Byerly’s criticism. Here we contribute to this exchange in two ways. In the first section, we argue that McCain’s defense of explanationism (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Julian C. Cole (forthcoming). Social Construction, Mathematics, and the Collective Imposition of Function Onto Reality. Erkenntnis:1-24.
    Stereotypes of social construction suggest that the existence of social constructs is accidental and that such constructs have arbitrary and subjective features. In this paper, I explore a conception of social construction according to which it consists in the collective imposition of function onto reality and show that, according to this conception, these stereotypes are incorrect. In particular, I argue that the collective imposition of function onto reality is typically non-accidental and that the products of such imposition frequently have non-arbitrary (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Jason Decker (forthcoming). Conciliation and Self-Incrimination. Erkenntnis:1-36.
    Conciliationism is a view—well, a family of views—in the epistemology of disagreement. The idea, simply put, is that, in a wide range of cases where you find yourself in disagreement with another reasoner about the truth of some proposition, you are rationally obliged to adjust your credence in the direction of hers. Conciliationism enjoys a fair bit of prima facie plausibility. Most versions of it, however, suffer from a common (and rather obvious) problem: self-incrimination. Although there is some recognition in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. José Díez (forthcoming). Scientific W-Explanation as Ampliative, Specialized Embedding: A Neo-Hempelian Account. Erkenntnis:1-31.
    The goal of this paper is to present and defend an empiricist, neo-Hempelian account of scientific explanation as ampliative, specialized embedding. The proposal aims to preserve what I take to be the core of Hempel’s empiricist account, by weakening it in some respects and strengthening it in others, introducing two new conditions that solve most of Hempel’s problems without abandoning his empiricist strictures. According to this proposal, to explain a phenomenon is to make it expectable by introducing new conceptual/ontological machinery (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Chris Dorst (forthcoming). Evidence, Significance, and Counterfactuals: Schramm on the New Riddle of Induction. Erkenntnis:1-12.
    In a recent paper in this journal, Schramm presents what he takes to be an answer to Goodman’s New Riddle of Induction. His solution relies on the technical notion of evidential significance, which is meant to distinguish two ways that evidence may bear on a hypothesis: either via support or confirmation. As he puts his view in slogan form: “confirmation is support by significant evidence” . Once we make this distinction, Schramm claims, we see that Goodman’s famous riddle is dissolved, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. J. Earman, C. Glymour & S. Mitchell (forthcoming). Special Issue Of. Erkenntnis.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Paul Égré & Anouk Barberousse (forthcoming). Borel on the Heap. Erkenntnis:1-37.
    In 1907 Borel published a remarkable essay on the paradox of the Heap (“Un paradoxe économique: le sophisme du tas de blé et les vérités statistiques”), in which Borel proposes what is likely the first statistical account of vagueness ever written, and where he discusses the practical implications of the sorites paradox, including in economics. Borel’s paper was integrated in his book Le Hasard, published 1914, but has gone mostly unnoticed since its publication. One of the originalities of Borel’s essay (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Jeff Engelhardt (forthcoming). Emergent Substances, Physical Properties, Action Explanations. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    This paper proposes that if individual X ‘inherits’ property F from individual Y, we should be leery of explanations that appeal to X’s being F. This bears on what I’ll call “emergent substance dualism”, the view that human persons or selves are metaphysically fundamental or “new kinds of things with new kinds of causal powers” even though they depend in some sense on physical particulars :5–23, 2006; Personal agency. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008). Two of the most prominent advocates of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Harmen Ghijsen (forthcoming). The Basis Problem for Epistemological Disjunctivism Revisited. Erkenntnis:1-10.
    Duncan Pritchard has defended a version of epistemological disjunctivism which holds that in a paradigmatic case of perceptual knowledge, one knows that \ in virtue of having the reflectively accessible reason that one sees that \ . This view faces what is known as the basis problem: if seeing that \ just is a way of knowing that \ , then that one sees that \ cannot constitute the rational basis in virtue of which one knows that \ . To (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Marco Giunti (forthcoming). A Representational Approach to Reduction in Dynamical Systems. Erkenntnis:1-26.
    According to the received view, reduction is a deductive relation between two formal theories. In this paper, I develop an alternative approach, according to which reduction is a representational relation between models, rather than a deductive relation between theories; more specifically, I maintain that this representational relation is the one of emulation. To support this thesis, I focus attention on mathematical dynamical systems and I argue that, as far as these systems are concerned, the emulation relation is sufficient for reduction. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Aaron M. Griffith (forthcoming). Towards a Pluralist Theory of Truthmaking. Erkenntnis:1-17.
    This paper introduces a new approach to the theory of truthmaking. According to this approach, there are multiple forms of truthmaking. Here, I characterize and motivate a specific version of this approach, which I call a ‘Pluralist Theory of Truthmaking.’ It is suggested that truthmaking is a plural, variegated phenomenon wherein different kinds of truths, e.g., positive truths, negative truths, counterfactual truths, etc., are made true in different ways. While the paper only aims to lay the groundwork for a Pluralist (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker (forthcoming). Probability and Typicality in Deterministic Physics. Erkenntnis:1-12.
    In this paper we analyze the relation between the notion of typicality and the notion of probability and the related question of how the choice of measure in deterministic theories in physics may be justified. Recently it has been argued that although the notion of typicality is not a probabilistic notion, it plays a crucial role in underwriting probabilistic statements in classical statistical mechanics and in Bohm’s theory. We argue that even in theories with deterministic dynamics, like classical statistical mechanics (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Colin Howson (forthcoming). A Continuum-Valued Logic of Degrees of Probability. Erkenntnis:1-13.
    Leibniz seems to have been the first to suggest a logical interpretation of probability, but there have always seemed formidable mathematical and interpretational barriers to implementing the idea. De Finetti revived it only, it seemed, to reject it in favour of a purely decision-theoretic approach. In this paper I argue that not only is it possible to view (Bayesian) probability as a continuum-valued logic, but that it has a very close formal kinship with classical propositional logic.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Philippe Huneman (forthcoming). Inscrutability and the Opacity of Natural Selection and Random Genetic Drift: Distinguishing the Epistemic and Metaphysical Aspects. Erkenntnis:1-28.
    ‘Statisticalists’ argue that the individual interactions of organisms taken together constitute natural selection. On this view, natural selection is an aggregated effect of interactions rather than some added cause acting on populations. The statisticalists’ view entails that natural selection and drift are indistinguishable aggregated effects of interactions, so that it becomes impossible to make a difference between them. The present paper attempts to make sense of the difference between selection and drift, given the main insights of statisticalism; basically, it will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  51. John A. Keller (forthcoming). On Knockdown Arguments. Erkenntnis:1-11.
    Nathan Ballantyne argues that the knockdown status of certain non-philosophical arguments can be transferred to arguments for substantive philosophical conclusions. Thus, if there are knockdown non-philosophical arguments, there are knockdown philosophical arguments. I show that Ballantyne’s argument is unsound, since arguments that are knockdown in non-philosophical contexts may become question-begging when used to argue for philosophical conclusions.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  52. Jakob Koscholke (forthcoming). Evaluating Test Cases for Probabilistic Measures of Coherence. Erkenntnis:1-27.
    How can we determine the adequacy of a probabilistic coherence measure? A widely accepted approach to this question besides formulating adequacy constraints is to employ paradigmatic test cases consisting of a scenario providing a joint probability distribution over some specified set of propositions coupled with a normative coherence assessment for this set. However, despite the popularity of the test case approach, a systematic evaluation of the proposed test cases is still missing. This paper’s aim is to change this. Using a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  53. Vincent Lam (forthcoming). Entities Without Intrinsic Physical Identity. Erkenntnis:1-15.
    This paper critically discusses recent objections that have been raised against the contextual understanding of fundamental physical objects advocated by non-eliminative ontic structural realism. One of these recent objections claims that such a purely relational understanding of objects cannot account for there being a determinate number of them. A more general objection concerns a well-known circularity threat: relations presuppose the objects they relate and so cannot account for them. A similar circularity objection has also been raised within the framework of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  54. Dustin Lazarovici & Paula Reichert (forthcoming). Typicality, Irreversibility and the Status of Macroscopic Laws. Erkenntnis:1-28.
    We discuss Boltzmann’s probabilistic explanation of the second law of thermodynamics providing a comprehensive presentation of what is called today the typicality account. Countering its misconception as an alternative explanation, we examine the relation between Boltzmann’s H-theorem and the general typicality argument demonstrating the conceptual continuity between the two. We then discuss the philosophical dimensions of the concept of typicality and its relevance for scientific reasoning in general, in particular for understanding the reduction of macroscopic laws to microscopic laws. Finally, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  55. Dordrecht Boston London (forthcoming). An International Journal of Analytic Philosophy. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  56. Tilmann Massey (forthcoming). Structuralism and Quantitative Science Studies: Exploring First Links. Erkenntnis:1-11.
    In this paper, the potentials of systematically linking philosophy of science with bibliometrics are investigated by exploring whether concepts developed within the structuralist theory of science can be used as interpretative basis for author co-citation studies. It is argued that clusters of co-cited authors cannot be interpreted straightforwardly as scientific communities nor as scientific generations. The first reason is that the respective constituents differ (authors vs. scientists), the second is that the co-citation relation generates non-Kuhnian communities, i.e. communities not sharing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  57. Phillip John Meadows (forthcoming). Holes Cannot Be Counted as Immaterial Objects. Erkenntnis:1-12.
    In this paper I argue that the theory that holes are immaterial objects faces an objection that has traditionally been thought to be the principal difficulty with its main rival, which construes holes as material parts of material objects. Consequently, one of the principal advantages of identifying holes with immaterial objects is illusory: its apparent ease of accounting for truths about number of holes. I argue that in spite of this we should not think of holes as material parts of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  58. Felix Meiner (forthcoming). International Journal of Analytic Philosophy. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  59. Spyridon Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). Spreading the Credit: Virtue Reliabilism and Weak Epistemic Anti-Individualism. Erkenntnis:1-30.
    Mainstream epistemologists have recently made a few isolated attempts to demonstrate the particular ways, in which specific types of knowledge are partly social. Two promising cases in point are Lackey’s dualism in the epistemology of testimony and Goldberg’s process reliabilist treatment of testimonial and coverage-support justification. What seems to be missing from the literature, however, is a general approach to knowledge that could reveal the partly social nature of the latter anytime this may be the case. Indicatively, even though Lackey (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  60. Daniel Pearlberg & Timothy Schroeder (forthcoming). Reasons, Causes, and the Extended Mind Hypothesis. Erkenntnis:1-17.
    In this paper we develop a novel argument against the extended mind hypothesis. Our argument constitutes an advance in the debate, insofar as we employ only premises that are acceptable to a coarse-grained functionalist, and we do not rely on functional disanalogies between putative examples of extended minds and ordinary human beings that are just a matter of fine detail or degree. Thus, we beg no questions against proponents of the extended mind hypothesis. Rather, our argument consists in making use (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  61. Carlo Proietti (forthcoming). The Fitch-Church Paradox and First Order Modal Logic. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    Reformulation strategies for solving Fitch’s paradox of knowability date back to Edgington . Their core assumption is that the formula \ , from which the paradox originates, does not correctly express the intended meaning of the verification thesis , which should concern possible knowledge of actual truths, and therefore the contradiction does not represent a logical refutation of verificationism. Supporters of these solutions claim that can be reformulated in a way that blocks the derivation of the paradox. Unfortunately, these reformulation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  62. Guy Rohrbaugh (forthcoming). Inner Achievement. Erkenntnis:1-14.
    The appealing idea that knowledge is best understood as a kind of achievement faces significant criticisms, among them Matthew Chrisman’s charge that the whole project rests on a kind of ontological category mistake. Chrisman argues that while knowledge and belief are states, the kind of normativity found in, for example, Sosa’s famous ‘Triple-A’ structure of assessment is only applicable to performances, end-directed events that unfold over time, and never to states. What is overlooked, both by Chrisman and those he criticizes, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  63. Hannah Rubin (forthcoming). Genetic Models in Evolutionary Game Theory: The Evolution of Altruism. Erkenntnis:1-15.
    While prior models of the evolution of altruism have assumed that organisms reproduce asexually, this paper presents a model of the evolution of altruism for sexually reproducing organisms using Hardy–Weinberg dynamics. In this model, the presence of reciprocal altruists allows the population to evolve to a stable polymorphic population where the majority of organisms are altruistic. Further, adding stochasticity leads to even larger numbers of altruists, while adding stochasticity to an analogous asexual model leads to more selfish organisms. The contrast (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  64. Kevin Scharp (forthcoming). Truth, Revenge, and Internalizability. Erkenntnis:1-49.
    Although there has been a recent swell of interest in theories of truth that attempt solutions to the liar paradox and the other paradoxes affecting our concept of truth, many of these theories have been criticized for generating new paradoxes, called revenge paradoxes. The criticism is that the theories of truth in question are inadequate because they only work for languages lacking in the resources to generate revenge paradoxes. Theorists facing these objections offer a range of replies, and the matter (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  65. Deborah C. Smith (forthcoming). Quid Quidditism Est? Erkenntnis:1-21.
    Over the last decade or so, there has been a renewed interest in a view about properties known as quidditism. However, a review of the literature reveals that ‘quidditism’ is used to cover a range of distinct views. In this paper I explore the logical space of distinct types of quidditism. The first distinction noted is between quidditism as a thesis explicitly about property individuation and quidditism as a principle of unrestricted property recombination. The distinction recently drawn by Dustin Locke (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  66. Ulrich E. Stegmann (forthcoming). Prospects for Probabilistic Theories of Natural Information. Erkenntnis:1-25.
    Much recent work on natural information has focused on probabilistic theories, which construe natural information as a matter of probabilistic relations between events or states. This paper assesses three variants of probabilistic theories (due to Millikan, Shea, and Scarantino and Piccinini). I distinguish between probabilistic theories as (1) attempts to reveal why probabilistic relations are important for human and non-human animals and as (2) explications of the information concept(s) employed in the sciences. I argue that the strength of probabilistic theories (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  67. N. Strobach (forthcoming). Review of Wölfl (1999), Forthcoming In. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  68. Corina Strößner (forthcoming). Normality and Majority: Towards a Statistical Understanding of Normality Statements. Erkenntnis:1-17.
    Normality judgements are frequently used in everyday communication as well as in biological and social science. Moreover they became increasingly relevant to formal logic as part of defeasible reasoning. This paper distinguishes different kinds of normality statements. It is argued that normality laws like “Birds can normally fly” should be understood essentially in a statistical way. The argument has basically two parts: firstly, a statistical semantic core is mandatory for a descriptive reading of normality in order to explain the logical (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  69. Dieter Teichert (forthcoming). Erfahrung, Erinnerung. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  70. Hsing-Chien Tsai & Achille C. Varzi (forthcoming). Atoms, Gunk, and the Limits of ‘Composition. Erkenntnis:1-5.
    It is customary practice to define ‘x is composed of the ys’ as ‘x is a sum of the ys and the ys are pairwise disjoint ’. This predicate has played a central role in the debate on the special composition question and on related metaphysical issues concerning the mereological structure of objects. In this note we show that the customary characterization is nonetheless inadequate. We do so by constructing a mereological model where everything qualifies as composed of atoms even (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  71. Felix Meiner Verlag (forthcoming). An International Journal of Analytic Philosophy. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  72. Adam Wager (forthcoming). Colors, Dispositions, and Similarity. Erkenntnis:1-13.
    In this paper, it is argued that those who claim that the dispositionalist theory of color has even a prima facie advantage over color physicalism in accommodating the similarity relations that seem to hold among the colors are mistaken. The appearance that dispositionalists can handle the relevant similarity claims stems from the unexamined assumption that the similarity of two dispositions is simply a matter of the similarity of the manifestations of those dispositions. A more careful treatment of the ways in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  73. D. M. Walsh (forthcoming). Variance, Invariance and Statistical Explanation. Erkenntnis:1-21.
    The most compelling extant accounts of explanation casts all explanations as causal. Yet there are sciences, theoretical population biology in particular, that explain their phenomena by appeal to statistical, non-causal properties of ensembles. I develop a generalised account of explanation. An explanation serves two functions: metaphysical and cognitive. The metaphysical function is discharged by identifying a counterfactually robust invariance relation between explanans event and explanandum. The cognitive function is discharged by providing an appropriate description of this relation. I offer examples (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  74. Timothy Williamson (forthcoming). Very Improbable Knowing. Erkenntnis.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  75. Stephen Wright (forthcoming). Internalism in the Epistemology of Testimony. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    This paper objects to internalist theories of justification from testimony on the grounds that they can’t accommodate intuitions about a pair of cases. The pair of cases involved is a testimonial version of the cases involved in the New Evil Demon Argument. The role of New Evil Demon cases in motivating contemporary internalist theories of knowledge and justification notwithstanding, it is argued here that testimonial cases make an intuitive case against internalist theories of justification from testimony.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  76. Lyman C. Wynne (forthcoming). Desintegration und Lebenspraxis. Erkenntnis.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues