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Forthcoming articles
  1. Timothy F. Murphy (forthcoming). A Thought Experiment in Life Prolongation: The Tortoise Transformation. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
    The value of extending the human lifespan remains a key philosophical debate in bioethics. In building a case against the extension of the species-typical human life, Nicolas Agar considers the prospect of transforming human beings near the end of their lives into Galapagos tortoises, which would then live on decades longer. A central question at stake in this transformation is the persistence of human consciousness as a condition of the value of the transformation. Agar entertains the idea that consciousness could (...)
     
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  2.  8
    Kasper Raus (forthcoming). The Extension of Belgium’s Euthanasia Law to Include Competent Minors. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Following considerable debate, the practice of euthanasia was legalized in Belgium in 2002, thereby making Belgium one of the few places in the world where this practice is legal. In 2014 the law was amended for the first time. The 2014 amendment makes euthanasia legally possible for all minors who repeatedly and voluntarily request euthanasia and who are judged to possess “capacity of discernment”, as well as fulfil a number of other criteria of due care. This extension of the 2002 (...)
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  3.  3
    Krista N. Watts (forthcoming). MDR-TB, Isolation, and Anomie: Has Anyone Referred to Social Work? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-2.
    MDR-TB and admission to isolation can induce a situation in which individuals are normless, unable to achieve the social goals that they have learned to pursue. Described as anomie, this situation can induce deviant behaviour. Addressing the psychosocial ethics of MDR-TB and isolation, this paper responds to the call for consideration of resource allocation and liberty.
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  4.  5
    Nancy R. Angoff, Laura Duncan, Nichole Roxas & Helena Hansen (forthcoming). Power Day: Addressing the Use and Abuse of Power in Medical Training. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Problem: Medical student mistreatment, as well as patient and staff mistreatment by all levels of medical trainees and faculty, is still prevalent in U.S. clinical training. Largely missing in interventions to reduce mistreatment is acknowledgement of the abuse of power produced by the hierarchical structure in which medicine is practiced. Approach: Beginning in 2001, Yale School of Medicine has held annual “Power Day” workshops for third year medical students and advanced practice nursing students, to define and analyse power dynamics within (...)
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  5.  4
    Diego Armus (forthcoming). On TB Vaccines, Patients’ Demands, and Modern Printed Media in Times of Biomedical Uncertainties: Buenos Aires, 1920–1950. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Reconstructing some of the experiences of people living with tuberculosis in Argentina in the first half of the twentieth century, as reflected not only in written and oral accounts but also in individual and collective actions, this article explores the ways in which patients came to grips with medical expertise in times of biomedical uncertainty. These negotiations, which inevitably included adaptations as well as confrontations, highlight a much less passive and submissive patient–physician relationship than is often assumed. Though patients were (...)
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  6.  7
    Marc Bekoff (forthcoming). Compassionate Conservation and the Ethics of Species Research and Preservation: Hamsters, Black-Footed Ferrets, and a Response to Rob Irvine: Comment on" Ethics of Species Research and Preservation" by Rob Irvine. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
  7.  6
    Anthony Bell, Fiona McDonald & Tania Hobson (forthcoming). The Ethical Imperative to Move to a Seven-Day Care Model. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    Whilst the nature of human illness is not determined by time of day or day of week, we currently structure health service delivery around a five-day delivery model. At least one country is endeavouring to develop a systems-based approach to planning a transition from five- to seven-day healthcare delivery models, and some services are independently instituting program reorganization to achieve these ends as research, amongst other things, highlights increased mortality and morbidity for weekend and after-hours admissions to hospitals. In this (...)
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  8.  4
    Paul Biegler & Patrick Vargas (forthcoming). Feeling Is Believing: Evaluative Conditioning and the Ethics of Pharmaceutical Advertising. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    A central goal in regulating direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription pharmaceuticals is to ensure that explicit drug claims are truthful. Yet imagery can also alter viewer attitudes, and the degree to which this occurs in DTCA is uncertain. Addressing this data gap, we provide evidence that positive feelings produced by images can promote favourable beliefs about pharmaceuticals. We had participants view a fictitious anti-influenza drug paired with unrelated images that elicited either positive, neutral or negative feelings. Participants who viewed positive images (...)
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  9. K. A. Bramstedt (forthcoming). The Intouchables: Written and Directed by Olivier Nakache and Eric Toledano, 2011, Quad Productions (Clichy, 112 Minutes, French, Rated R). [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
     
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  10. K. A. Bramstedt (forthcoming). Amour: Written and Directed by Michael Haneke, 2012, Produced by Wega Film, Les Films du Losange, and X-Filme Creative Pool (Paris, 127 Minutes, French with English Subtitles, Rated PG-13). [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
     
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  11. Katrina A. Bramstedt (forthcoming). And If We All Lived Together?[Et Si on Vivait Tous Ensemble?]: Written and Directed by Stéphane Robelin, 2011, Les Films de la Butte (Paris, 96 Minutes, French with English Subtitles, Rated M). [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
     
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  12.  5
    Fern Brunger (forthcoming). Guidelines for Teaching Cross-Cultural Clinical Ethics: Critiquing Ideology and Confronting Power in the Service of a Principles-Based Pedagogy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-16.
    This paper presents a pedagogical framework for teaching cross-cultural clinical ethics. The approach, offered at the intersection of anthropology and bioethics, is innovative in that it takes on the “social sciences versus bioethics” debate that has been ongoing in North America for three decades. The argument is made that this debate is flawed on both sides and, moreover, that the application of cross-cultural thinking to clinical ethics requires using the tools of the social sciences within a principles-based framework for clinical (...)
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  13.  6
    Laura Y. Cabrera & Bernice S. Elger (forthcoming). Memory Interventions in the Criminal Justice System: Some Practical Ethical Considerations. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    In recent years, discussion around memory modification interventions has gained attention. However, discussion around the use of memory interventions in the criminal justice system has been mostly absent. In this paper we start by highlighting the importance memory has for human well-being and personal identity, as well as its role within the criminal forensic setting; in particular, for claiming and accepting legal responsibility, for moral learning, and for retribution. We provide examples of memory interventions that are currently available for medical (...)
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  14.  4
    Jane Carroll (forthcoming). The Ethics of Isolation for Patients With Tuberculosis in Australia. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-3.
    This case study examines the ethical dimensions of isolation for patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Australia. It seeks to explore the issues of resource allocation, liberty, and public safety for wider consideration and discussion.
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  15.  2
    Danielle D. Celermajer & Jack Saul (forthcoming). Preventing Torture in Nepal: A Public Health and Human Rights Intervention. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-15.
    In this article we address torture in military and police organizations as a public health and human rights challenge that needs to be addressed through multiple levels of intervention. While most mental health approaches focus on treating the harmful effects of such violence on individuals and communities, the goal of the project described here was to develop a primary prevention strategy at the institutional level to prevent torture from occurring in the first place. Such an approach requires understanding and altering (...)
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  16.  3
    M. Murat Civaner, Harun Balcioglu & Kevser Vatansever (forthcoming). Medical Students’ Opinions About the Commercialization of Healthcare: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    There are serious concerns about the commercialization of healthcare and adoption of the business approach in medicine. As market dynamics endanger established professional values, healthcare workers face more complicated ethical dilemmas in their daily practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the willingness of medical students to accept the assertions of commercialized healthcare and the factors affecting their level of agreement, factors which could influence their moral stance when market demands conflict with professional values. A cross-sectional study was (...)
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  17.  6
    Amanda Clacy, Rachael Sharman & Geoff Lovell (forthcoming). Return-to-Play Confusion: Considerations for Sport-Related Concussion: Comment on" Concussion-Driven Dilemmas in Sports Medicine: When Are Athletes Capable of Informed Refusal of Sports Medicine Care?" by Daniel Mellifont, Jamie Peetz, and Mark Sayers. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
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  18.  2
    Richard G. Cockerill & Lance Wahlert (forthcoming). Erratum To: AIDS Panic in the Twenty-First Century: The Tenuous Legal Status of HIV-Positive Persons in America. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-1.
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  19.  3
    Richard G. Cockerill & Lance Wahlert (forthcoming). Erratum To: AIDS Panic in the Twenty-First Century: The Tenuous Legal Status of HIV-Positive Persons in America. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-1.
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  20.  4
    Bege Dauda, Yvonne Denier & Kris Dierickx (forthcoming). What Do the Various Principles of Justice Mean Within the Concept of Benefit Sharing? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-13.
    The concept of benefit sharing pertains to the act of giving something in return to the participants, communities, and the country that have participated in global health research or bioprospecting activities. One of the key concerns of benefit sharing is the ethical justifications or reasons to support the practice of the concept in global health research and bioprospecting. This article evaluates one of such ethical justifications and its meaning to benefit sharing, namely justice. We conducted a systematic review to map (...)
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  21.  3
    Ernest Drucker, Kenneth Anderson, Robert Haemmig, Robert Heimer, Dan Small, Alex Walley, Evan Wood & Ingrid van Beek (forthcoming). Treating Addictions: Harm Reduction in Clinical Care and Prevention. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    This paper examines the role of clinical practitioners and clinical researchers internationally in establishing the utility of harm-reduction approaches to substance use. It thus illustrates the potential for clinicians to play a pivotal role in health promoting structural interventions based on harm-reduction goals and public health models. Popular media images of drug use as uniformly damaging, and abstinence as the only acceptable goal of treatment, threaten to distort clinical care away from a basis in evidence, which shows that (...)
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  22.  5
    Mindy Thompson Fullilove & Michel Cantal-Dupart (forthcoming). Medicine for the City: Perspective and Solidarity as Tools for Making Urban Health. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-7.
    The United States has pursued policies of urban upheaval that have undermined social organization, dispersed people, particularly African Americans, and increased rates of disease and disorder. Healthcare institutions have been, and can be, a part of this problem or a part of the solution. This essay addresses two tools that healthcare providers can use to repair the urban ecosystem—perspective and solidarity. Perspective addresses both our ability to envision solutions and our ability to see in the space in which we move. (...)
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  23.  4
    Anna Gotlib (forthcoming). “But You Would Be the Best Mother”: Unwomen, Counterstories, and the Motherhood Mandate. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-21.
    This paper addresses and challenges the pronatalist marginalization and oppression of voluntarily childless women in the Global North. These conditions call for philosophical analyses and for sociopolitical responses that would make possible the necessary moral spaces for resistance. Focusing on the relatively privileged subgroups of women who are the targets of pronatalist campaigns, the paper explores the reasons behind their choices, the nature and methods of Western pronatalism, and distinguishes three specific sources of some of the more lasting, and stigmatizing (...)
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  24.  3
    Heidi Hales, Amy Dixon, Zoe Newton & Annie Bartlett (forthcoming). Assaults by Mentally Disordered Offenders in Prison: Equity and Equivalence. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    Managing the violent behaviour of mentally disordered offenders is challenging in all jurisdictions. We describe the ethical framework and practical management of MDOs in England and Wales in the context of the move to equivalence of healthcare between hospital and prison. We consider the similarities and differences between prison and hospital management of the violent and challenging behaviours of MDOs. We argue that both types of institution can learn from each other and that equivalence of care should extend to equivalence (...)
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  25. H. Hansen & J. Metzl (forthcoming). Structural Competency in the U.S. Healthcare Crisis: Putting Social and Policy Interventions Into Clinical Practice. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-5.
    This symposium of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry illustrates structural competency: how clinical practitioners can intervene on social and institutional determinants of health. It will require training clinicians to see and act on structural barriers to health, to adapt imaginative structural approaches from fields outside of medicine, and to collaborate with disciplines and institutions outside of medicine. Case studies of effective work on all of these levels are presented in this volume. The contributors exemplify structural competency from many angles, from (...)
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  26. N. Jing-Bao (forthcoming). The West's Dismissal of the Khabarovsk Trial: Ideology, Evidence and International Bioethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
     
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  27.  7
    L. Syd M. Johnson (forthcoming). The Case for Reasonable Accommodation of Conscientious Objections to Declarations of Brain Death. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Since its inception in 1968, the concept of whole-brain death has been contentious, and four decades on, controversy concerning the validity and coherence of whole-brain death continues unabated. Although whole-brain death is legally recognized and medically entrenched in the United States and elsewhere, there is reasonable disagreement among physicians, philosophers, and the public concerning whether brain death is really equivalent to death as it has been traditionally understood. A handful of states have acknowledged this plurality of viewpoints and enacted “conscience (...)
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  28.  6
    Erin Koch (forthcoming). Negotiating “The Social” and Managing Tuberculosis in Georgia. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    In this paper I utilize anthropological insights to illuminate how health professionals and patients navigate and negotiate what for them is social about tuberculosis in order to improve treatment outcomes and support patients as human beings. I draw on ethnographic research about the implementation of the DOTS approach in Georgia’s National Tuberculosis Program in the wake of the Soviet healthcare system. Georgia is a particularly unique context for exploring these issues given the country’s rich history of medical professionalism and the (...)
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  29.  4
    Lawrence Chew Loh, Sae Rom Chae, Jennifer E. Heckman & Daniel S. Rhee (forthcoming). Erratum To: Ethical Considerations of Physician Career Involvement in Global Health Work: A Framework. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-1.
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  30.  3
    Holly Louise Northam (forthcoming). Hard to Believe. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-4.
    This article presents a review of Hard to Believe, a compelling documentary reporting the forced organ procurement and death of Chinese prisoners of conscience. The documentary is targeted to ignite political and public pressure to stop these practices that are thought to be motivated by financial and political gain. Narrated by journalist and author Ethan Gutmann, the documentary pricks at the collective conscience, as credible witnesses provide evidence that point to an abrogation of every ethical principle ascribed to legitimate organ (...)
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  31.  5
    María Pérez, Benjamín Herreros, Mª Dolores Martín, Julia Molina, Jack Kanouzi & María Velasco (forthcoming). Do Spanish Hospital Professionals Educate Their Patients About Advance Directives? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    It is unknown whether hospital-based medical professionals in Spain educate patients about advance directives. The objective of this research was to determine the frequency of hospital-based physicians’ and nurses’ engagement in AD discussions in the hospital and which patient populations merit such efforts. A short question-and-answer-based survey of physicians and nurses taking care of inpatients was conducted at a university hospital in Madrid, Spain. In total, 283 surveys were collected from medical professionals, of whom 71 per cent were female, with (...)
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  32.  5
    Thaddeus Mason Pope & Michaela E. Okninski (forthcoming). Legal Standards for Brain Death and Undue Influence in Euthanasia Laws. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-6.
    A major appellate court decision from the United States seriously questions the legal sufficiency of prevailing medical criteria for the determination of death by neurological criteria. There may be a mismatch between legal and medical standards for brain death, requiring the amendment of either or both. In South Australia, a Bill seeks to establish a legal right for a defined category of persons suffering unbearably to request voluntary euthanasia. However, an essential criterion of a voluntary decision is that it is (...)
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  33.  4
    Emily Postan (forthcoming). Defining Ourselves: Personal Bioinformation as a Tool of Narrative Self-Conception. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-19.
    Where ethical or regulatory questions arise about an individual’s interests in accessing bioinformation about herself, the value of this information has traditionally been construed in terms of its clinical utility. It is increasingly argued, however, that the “personal utility” of findings should also be taken into account. This article characterizes one particular aspect of personal utility: that derived from the role of personal bioinformation in identity construction. The suggestion that some kinds of information are relevant to identity is not in (...)
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  34.  1
    Inez Raes, An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings (forthcoming). Donor Conception Disclosure: Directive or Non-Directive Counselling? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    It is widely agreed among health professionals that couples using donor insemination should be offered counselling on the topic of donor conception disclosure. However, it is clear from the literature that there has long been a lack of agreement about which counselling approach should be used in this case: a directive or a non-directive approach. In this paper we investigate which approach is ethically justifiable by balancing the two underlying principles of autonomy and beneficence. To overrule one principle in favour (...)
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  35.  4
    Adam D. Reich, Helena B. Hansen & Bruce G. Link (forthcoming). Fundamental Interventions: How Clinicians Can Address the Fundamental Causes of Disease. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-8.
    In order to enhance the “structural competency” of medicine—the capability of clinicians to address social and institutional determinants of their patients’ health—physicians need a theoretical lens to see how social conditions influence health and how they might address them. We consider one such theoretical lens, fundamental cause theory, and propose how it might contribute to a more structurally competent medical profession. We first describe fundamental cause theory and how it makes the social causes of disease and health visible. We then (...)
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  36.  3
    Leigh E. Rich (forthcoming). For the New, the Former, and All Those Continuing On: We Offer Our Thanks. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-4.
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  37.  3
    Diego S. Silva, Angus Dawson & Ross E. G. Upshur (forthcoming). Reciprocity and Ethical Tuberculosis Treatment and Control. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-12.
    This paper explores the notion of reciprocity in the context of active pulmonary and laryngeal tuberculosis treatment and related control policies and practices. We seek to do three things: First, we sketch the background to contemporary global TB care and suggest that poverty is a key feature when considering the treatment of TB patients. We use two examples from TB care to explore the role of reciprocity: isolation and the use of novel TB drugs. Second, we explore alternative means of (...)
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  38.  3
    Jane Smith (forthcoming). On Immunity: An Inoculation. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-3.
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  39.  6
    Nancy Sturman (forthcoming). Many Hurdles for the Translation of Species Preservation Research: Comment on" Ethics of Species Research and Preservation" by Rob Irvine. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
  40.  5
    Sarah Winch, Michael Sinnott & Ramon Shaban (forthcoming). It Is Not Your Fault: Suggestions for Building Ethical Capacity in Individuals Through Structural Reform to Health Care Organisations: Comment on" Moral Distress in Uninsured Health Care" by Anita Nivens and Janet Buelow. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
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