23 found

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Forthcoming articles
  1. John Biro (forthcoming). Clocks, Evidence, and the “Truth-Maker Solution”. Acta Analytica 29 (3):1-5.
    Adrian Heathcote and I agree that a stopped clock does not show—as the adage has it—the right time twice a day, but he thinks, as I do not, that it does show what time it stopped. To think that it does is to treat the position of its hands as evidence of its stopping at the time it did. Add to the justified-true-belief analysis of knowledge the requirement that the evidence on the basis of which the believer is justified be (...)
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  2. Adrian Heathcote (forthcoming). The Truthmaker Account Is Not a Causal Theory. Acta Analytica 29 (3):1-6.
    It is argued that the part-whole account of the relation between evidence and the larger state of affairs the evidence is evidence of—an account that was elucidated in the paper ‘Truthmaking, Evidence of, and Impossibility Proofs’ (this journal)—provides a better basis for epistemology than causal relations between events. I apply this to a well-known phenomenon in physics which suggests that causal connectedness is not necessary for knowledge.
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  3. James Andow (forthcoming). A Semantic Solution to the Problem with Aesthetic Testimony. Acta Analytica.
    There is something peculiar about aesthetic testimony. It seems more difficult to gain knowledge of aesthetic properties based solely upon aesthetic testimony than it is in the case of other types of property. In this paper, I argue that we can provide an adequate explanation at the level of the semantics of aesthetic language, without defending any substantive thesis in epistemology or about aesthetic value/judgement. If aesthetic predicates are given a non-invariantist semantics, we can explain the supposed peculiar difficulty with (...)
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  4. Benjamin Jarvis (forthcoming). Representing as Adapting. Acta Analytica:1-23.
    In this paper, I recommend a creature-level theory of representing. On this theory, a creature (basically) represents some entity just in case the creature adapts its behavior to that entity. Adapting is analyzed in terms of establishing new patterns of behavior. The theory of representing as adapting is contrasted with traditional causal and informational theories of mental representation. Moreover, I examine the theory in light of Putnam-Burge style externalism; I show that Putnam-Burge style externalism follows from and is explained by (...)
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  5. Matthias Kiesselbach (forthcoming). The Normativity of Meaning: From Constitutive Norms to Prescriptions. Acta Analytica:1-14.
    This paper defends the normativity of meaning thesis by clearing up a misunderstanding about what the thesis amounts to. The misunderstanding is that according to it, failing to use an expression in accordance with the norms which constitute its meaning amounts to changing the expression’s meaning. If this was what the thesis claimed, then it would indeed be easy to show that meaning norms do not yield prescriptions and cannot be followed. However, there is another reading: what is constitutive of (...)
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  6. Michael Oliva Córdoba (forthcoming). Meta-Linguistic Descriptivism and the Opacity of Quotation. Acta Analytica:1-14.
    The paper unfolds a non-modal problem for (moderate) meta-linguistic descriptivism, the thesis that the meaning of a proper name (e.g. ‘Aristotle’) is given by a meta-linguistic description of a certain type (e.g. ‘the bearer of “Aristotle”’). According to this theory, if ⌜α⌝ is a proper name, it is a sufficient condition for the name’s being significant that the description ⌜the bearer of ⌜α⌝⌝ is significant. However, a quotational expression may be significant even when the expression quoted is not. Therefore, proper (...)
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  7. Peter Baumann (forthcoming). Knowledge, Assertion, and Inference. Acta Analytica:1-4.
    This paper argues that three plausible principles are mutually inconsistent: (KA) One ought to assert only what one knows; (AP) If it is proper to assert some proposition q, then it is, barring special and not very common circumstances, proper to assert any proposition p from which q has been competently inferred; and (AKN) Some propositions are both properly assertible and known by competent inference from propositions which one does not know. Each pair of two principles constitutes an argument against (...)
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  8. Christian Beyer (forthcoming). Russell's Principle Considered From Both a Neo-Fregean and a Husserlian Viewpoint. Acta Analytica.
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  9. Claudio Calosi & Vincenzo Fano (forthcoming). Divisibility and Extension: A Note on Zeno's Argument Against Plurality and Modern Mereology. Acta Analytica:1-16.
    In this paper, we address an infamous argument against divisibility that dates back to Zeno. There has been an incredible amount of discussion on how to understand the critical notions of divisibility, extension, and infinite divisibility that are crucial for the very formulation of the argument. The paper provides new and rigorous definitions of those notions using the formal theories of parthood and location. Also, it provides a new solution to the paradox of divisibility which does not face some threats (...)
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  10. John Fennell (forthcoming). Davidson: Normativist or Anti-Normativist? Acta Analytica:1-20.
    This paper contests the standard reading, due to Bilgrami and Glüer, that Davidson is an anti-normativist about word-meaning. Their case for his anti-normativism rests on his avowed anti-conventionalism about word-meaning. While not denying Davidson’s anti-conventionalism, I argue in the central part of the paper devoted to Bilgrami that the constitutive role that charity must play in interpretation for Davidson puts pressure on his anti-conventionalism, ultimately forcing a more tempered anti-conventionalism than Bilgrami (and indeed Davidson himself) allows. Simply put, my argument (...)
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  11. David H. Glass & Mark McCartney (forthcoming). A New Argument for the Likelihood Ratio Measure of Confirmation. Acta Analytica:1-7.
    This paper presents a new argument for the likelihood ratio measure of confirmation by showing that one of the adequacy criteria used in another argument (Zalabardo Analysis 69: 630–635, 2009) can be replaced by a more plausible and better supported criterion which is a special case of the weak likelihood principle. This new argument is also used to show that the likelihood ratio measure is to be preferred to a measure that has recently received support in the literature.
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  12. Arturs Logins (forthcoming). The Problem of Massive Deception for Justification Norms of Action. Acta Analytica:1-12.
    In this paper, I argue against recent versions of justification norms of action and practical deliberation (Neta, Noûs 43:684–699, 2009; Gerken, Synthese 178:529–547, 2011, Synthese 189:373–394, 2012; Smithies, Noûs 46:265–288, 2012). I demonstrate that these norms yield unacceptable results in deception cases. However, a further modification of justification norms in the light of these results appears to be ad hoc. Hence, I claim, we should reject justification norms of action and practical deliberation.
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  13. Kevin McCain (forthcoming). A New Evil Demon? No Problem for Moderate Internalists. Acta Analytica:1-9.
    The New Evil Demon Problem (NEDP) is often seen as a serious objection to externalist theories of justification. In fact, some internalists think it is a decisive counterexample to externalism. Recently, Moon (Episteme 9:345–360, 2012) has argued that internalists face their own New Evil Demon Problem. According to Moon, it is possible for a demon to remove one’s unaccessed mental states while leaving the justificatory status of her accessed mental states unaffected. Since this is contrary to the claims of many (...)
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  14. Lydia McGrew (forthcoming). On Not Counting the Cost: Ad Hocness and Disconfirmation. Acta Analytica:1-15.
    I offer an account of ad hocness that explains why the adoption of an ad hoc auxiliary is accompanied by the disconfirmation of a hypothesis H. H must be conjoined with an auxiliary (or set of auxiliaries) a′, which is improbable antecedently given H, while ~H does not have this disability. This account renders it unnecessary to require, for identifying (bad) ad hocness, that either a′ or H have a posterior probability less than or equal to 0.5; there are also (...)
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  15. Alexander Miller & Ali Saboohi (forthcoming). Rule-Following and Consciousness: Old Problem or New? Acta Analytica:1-8.
    It has recently been claimed that there is a “new hard problem” for physicalism. The new hard problem, according to Goff (Philosophical Studies, 160, 223–235, 2012), is based on “semantic phenomenology”, the view that conscious perceptual experience represents linguistic expressions as having determinate meanings. Goff argues that Kripke’s rule-following argument demonstrates that it is particularly difficult for a physicalist to account for semantic phenomenology. In this paper, we argue that (a) Goff’s discussion of semantic phenomenology fails to uncover a “new” (...)
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  16. Andrew Moon (forthcoming). The New Evil Demon, a Frankfurt-Style Counterfactual Intervener, and a Subject's Perspective Objection: Reply to McCain. Acta Analytica:1-10.
    In my paper ‘Three Forms of Internalism and the New Evil Demon Problem,’ I argued that the new evil demon problem (NEDP), long considered to be one of the biggest obstacles for externalism, is also a problem for virtually all internalists (Moon Episteme 9:345–360, 2012a). In (McCain 2014a) and in his recent book (McCain 2014b), Kevin McCain provides a challenging and thought provoking reasons for thinking that many internalists do not have any such problem. In this paper, I’ll provide some (...)
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  17. Howard Peacock (forthcoming). Existence as the Possibility of Reference. Acta Analytica:1-23.
    The mere fact that ontological debates are possible requires us to address the question, what is it to claim that a certain entity or kind of entity exists—in other words, what do we do when we make an existence-claim? I develop and defend one candidate answer to this question, namely that to make an existence-claim with regard to Fs is to claim that we can refer to Fs. I show how this theory can fulfil the most important explanatory desiderata for (...)
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  18. M. Potrč (forthcoming). Intentionality and Extension. Acta Analytica.
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  19. Colin Ruloff (forthcoming). Swinburne on Basing and Deviant Inferential Pathways. Acta Analytica:1-9.
    In his Epistemic Justification (2001), Swinburne offers a sophisticated and intuitively plausible causal-doxastic analysis of the basing relation that has escaped the attention of those working on this relation, where the basing relation can be understood as the relation that holds between a reason and one’s belief when the belief is held for that reason. In this paper, I aim to fill this lacuna in the literature by arguing that, despite its initial plausibility, Swinburne’s analysis of the basing relation is (...)
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  20. Robin Scaife (forthcoming). A Problem for Self-Knowledge: The Implications of Taking Confabulation Seriously. Acta Analytica:1-17.
    There is a widespread assumption that we have direct access to our own decision-making processes. Empirical demonstrations of confabulation, a phenomenon where individuals construct and themselves believe plausible but inaccurate accounts of why they acted, have been used to question this assumption. Those defending the assumption argue cases of confabulation are relatively rare and that in most cases, we still have direct insight into our own decision-making. This paper reviews this debate and introduces two novel points. Firstly, I will point (...)
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  21. Caj Strandberg (forthcoming). Can the Embedding Problem Be Generalized? Acta Analytica:1-15.
    One of the most discussed challenges to metaethical expressivism is the embedding problem. It is widely presumed that the reason why expressivism faces this difficulty is that it claims that moral sentences express non-cognitive states, or attitudes, which constitute their meaning. In this paper, it is argued that the reason why the embedding problem constitutes a challenge to expressivism is another than what it usually is thought to be. Further, when we have seen the real reason why expressivism is vulnerable (...)
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  22. Víctor M. Verdejo (forthcoming). Disbelieving the Normativity of Content. Acta Analytica:1-16.
    Adherents as well as detractors of the normativity of mental content agree that its assessment crucially depends on the assessment of a principle for believing what is true. In this paper, I present an alternative principle, which is based on possession conditions for pure thinking or mere entertaining. I argue that the alternative approach has not been sufficiently emphasised in the literature and has two important merits. First, it yields a direct analysis of the normativity of mental content, which is, (...)
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  23. Michael B. Wrigley (forthcoming). A Note on Arithmetic and Logic in the ``Tractatus''. Acta Analytica.
    The extra propositions which Wittgenstein added to Ramsey's copy of\nthe 'Tractatus' during their discussions in 1923 provide evidence,\nWrigley argues, that Wittgenstein's view of mathematics was quite\ndifferent from logicism. Contrary to this, Frascolla tries to prove\nthat the label 'no-classes logicism' tallies with the 'Tractarian'\nview of arithmetic.
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