Year:

  1.  6
    David R. Buchanan (2016). Promoting Justice and Autonomy in Public Policies to Reduce the Health Consequences of Obesity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):395-417.
    There is significant concern among health professionals today about the toll of overweight and obesity on the health of the American people, and indeed, the world population. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2010, more than two-thirds of Americans ages 20 and up were overweight greater than 25 in adults), and fully 35.7% of all adults—more than 78 million Americans —met the clinical definition of obese. The prevalence of overweight and obesity continued to increase (...)
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  2.  5
    Gregory Dolin (2016). Licensed to Practice: The Supreme Court Defines the American Medical Profession by James C. Mohr. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):6-10.
    When picking up a book titled Licensed to Practice: The Supreme Court Defines the American Medical Profession, one cannot be faulted for expecting a rather dry legal discourse on the Supreme Court case that cemented medical licensure as the norm of American life. James Mohr dispels these expectations from the very first page of the volume. Instead of recitation of legal doctrine, Mohr begins with a murder mystery. While we know from the very first pages the answer to “whodunit,” the (...)
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  3.  8
    Rebecca Kukla (2016). Editorial Note. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):vii-ix.
    This issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal continues two conversations that have been developing in this journal over the last few years, and introduces a new and timely one. Kevin Elliot and Paul Mushak’s paper, “Structured Development and Promotion of a Research Field: Hormesis in Biology, Toxicology, and Environmental Regulatory Science,” continues an ongoing debate in this journal over the role of values in shaping scientific methodology and communication, and how this role should be managed at the level (...)
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  4.  8
    Franklin G. Miller & Scott Y. H. Kim (2016). Personal Care in Learning Health Care Systems. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):419-435.
    The “learning health care system” is being heralded as offering great potential for improving the quality and cost-worthiness of medical care by closely integrating the care of patients with the accumulation of aggregate data that can guide evidence-based medicine. By using electronic medical records, routine patient care and administrative data will be available for systematic observational studies. With the aid of these electronic medical records, quality-improvement studies of institutional practices and pragmatic, comparative effectiveness randomized trials of individual treatments could (...)
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  5.  5
    Stephanie Morain (2016). Evaluating the Legitimacy of Contemporary Legal Strategies for Obesity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):369-393.
    In recent years, various obesity-related policy strategies have fostered rigorous debate in both the academic and popular literature: should a city restrict soda size to reduce obesity rates? Should low-income individuals receiving government food assistance through the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program be prohibited from using such funds to purchase soda or other “junk foods?” Should schools undertake screening and surveillance of student body mass index? These strategies pose a central challenge for public health regulation: what is the role of government (...)
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  6.  10
    Paul Mushak & Kevin C. Elliott (2016). Structured Development and Promotion of a Research Field: Hormesis in Biology, Toxicology, and Environmental Regulatory Science. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):335-367.
    The ability of powerful and well-funded interest groups to steer scientific research in directions that advance their goals has become a significant social concern. This ability is increasingly being recognized in the peer-reviewed literature and in the findings of deliberative expert consensus committees. For example, there is increasing recognition that efforts to address climate change have been stymied in part by a powerful network of conservative foundations, which fund think tanks and other organizations that constitute a “climate change counter movement”. (...)
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  7.  8
    Uwe Steinhoff (2016). Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry by Matthew H. Kramer. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):1-6.
    The blurb of Matthew Kramer’s book, Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry, states that the book “seeks to explain why interrogational and other types of torture are always and everywhere morally wrong.” This might give the prospective reader the impression that the book takes an absolutist stance against torture, but this impression would be misleading. The explanation of the discrepancy between the book’s self-presentation and what it is actually saying lies in the idiosyncratic terminology Kramer employs throughout the (...)
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  8.  6
    Will C. van den Hoonaard (2016). The Censor's Hand: The Misregulation of Human-Subject Research by Carl E. Schneider. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (4):11-15.
    The Censor’s Hand invites us to explore the murky side of formal research-ethics review in the United States, as embodied in “Institutional Review Boards”. Amidst some 340 publications and several blogs that have taken formal research-ethics review to task, this book is the seventh detailed monograph on this topic—the others are Robert Klitzman’s The Ethics Police?, Zachary Schrag’s Ethical Imperialism, Laura Stark’s Behind Closed Doors, and my own works, Walking the Tightrope, The Seduction of Ethics, and The Ethics Rupture. This (...)
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