Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1. Kenneth Walden (forthcoming). The Aid That Leaves Something to Chance. Philosophical Explorations 124 (2):231-241.
    I argue that a crucial point has been overlooked in the debate over the “numbers problem.” The initial arrangement of parties in the problem can be thought of as chancy, and whatever considerations of fairness recommend the reliance on something like a coin toss in approaching this problem equally recommend treating the initial distribution as a kind of lottery. This fact, I suggest, undermines one of the principal arguments against saving the greater number.
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  2. Raphael Woolf (forthcoming). Review: John M. Cooper, Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy From Socrates to Plotinus. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations 124 (2):397-402,.
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  3. Michael Esfeld & Nicolas Gisin (forthcoming). The GRW Flash Theory: A Relativistic Quantum Ontology of Matter in Space-Time? Philosophical Explorations 81 (2):248-264.
    John Bell proposed an ontology for the GRW (Ghirardi, Rimini, and Weber) modification of quantum mechanics in terms of flashes occurring at space-time points. This article spells out the motivation for this ontology, inquires into the status of the wave function in it, critically examines the claim of its being Lorentz invariant, and considers whether it is a parsimonious but nevertheless physically adequate ontology.
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  4. Frederick Eberhardt (forthcoming). Experimental Indistinguishability of Causal Structures. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):684-696.
    Using a variety of different results from the literature, I show how causal discovery with experiments is limited unless substantive assumptions about the underlying causal structure are made. These results undermine the view that experiments, such as randomized controlled trials, can independently provide a gold standard for causal discovery. Moreover, I present a concrete example in which causal underdetermination persists despite exhaustive experimentation and argue that such cases undermine the appeal of an interventionist account of causation as its dependence on (...)
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  5. Melinda Bonnie Fagan (forthcoming). The Stem Cell Uncertainty Principle. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):945-957.
    Stem cells are defined as having capacities for both self-renewal and differentiation. Many different entities satisfy this working definition. I show that this general stem cell concept is relative to a cell lineage, temporal duration, and characters of interest. Experiments specify values for these variables. So claims about stem cells must be understood in terms of experimental methods used to identify them. Furthermore, the stem cell concept imposes evidential constraints on interpretation of experimental results. From these constraints, it follows that (...)
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  6. Michael Goldsby (forthcoming). The “Structure” of the “Strategy”: Looking at the Matthewson-Weisberg Trade-Off and Its Justificatory Role for the Multiple-Models Approach. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):862-873.
    The multiple-models approach, which has its origins in Levins’s work, is gaining broader acceptance among philosophers. Levins asserted that there is a trade-off between modeling desiderata, which justified the multiple-models approach through two separate justificatory paths. Some attention has been paid to the trade-off thesis, culminating in a paper by Matthewson and Weisberg. However, no attention has been paid to how the trade-off is supposed to justify the multiple-models approach. I argue that a trade-off between generality and precision cannot support (...)
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  7. William Goodwin (forthcoming). Quantum Chemistry and Organic Theory. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1159-1169.
    In this essay I consider whether the theory of organic chemistry is reducible to the theory of quantum chemistry. Using philosophical machinery developed by James Woodward, I characterize the understanding provided by both theories. Then I argue that there are systematic reasons to suspect that quantum chemistry is incapable of supporting some of the significant explanations, predictions, and applications underwritten by an understanding of theoretical organic chemistry. Consequently, even should quantum chemistry be ‘reducible to’ quantum physics in some suitable sense, (...)
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  8. Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker (forthcoming). Probability Zero in Bohm's Theory. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1148-1158.
    We describe two anomalies in Bohm’s quantum theory that shed light on the notion of probability zero in quantum mechanics. In one anomaly the preferred reference frame may be discovered.
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  9. Cyrille Imbert (forthcoming). Relevance, Not Invariance, Explanatoriness, Not Manipulability: Discussion of Woodward's Views on Explanatory Relevance. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):625-636.
    According to Woodward’s causal model of explanation, explanatory information is relevant for manipulation purposes and indicates by means of invariant causal relations how to change the value of certain target explanandum variables by intervening on others. Therefore, the depth of an explanation is evaluated through the size of the domain of invariance of the generalization involved. In this article, I argue that Woodward’s account of explanatory relevance is still unsatisfactory and claim that the depth of an explanation should be explicated (...)
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  10. Tarja Knuuttila & Andrea Loettgers (forthcoming). Synthetic Modeling and Mechanistic Account: Material Recombination and Beyond. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):874-885.
    Recently, Bechtel and Abrahamsen have argued that mathematical models study the dynamics of mechanisms by recomposing the components and their operations into an appropriately organized system. We will study this claim through the practice of combinational modeling in circadian clock research. In combinational modeling, experiments on model organisms and mathematical/computational models are combined with a new type of model—a synthetic model. We argue that the strategy of recomposition is more complicated than what Bechtel and Abrahamsen indicate. Moreover, synthetic modeling as (...)
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  11. Joseph D. Martin (forthcoming). Is the Contingentist/Inevitabilist Debate a Matter of Degrees? Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):919-930.
    The contingentist/inevitabilist debate contests whether the results of successful science are contingent or inevitable. This article addresses lingering ambiguity in the way contingency is defined in this debate. I argue that contingency in science can be understood as a collection of distinct concepts, distinguished by how they hold science contingent, by what elements of science they hold contingent, and by what those elements are contingent upon. I present a preliminary taxonomy designed to characterize the full-range positions available and illustrate that (...)
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  12. Thomas Müller (forthcoming). A Generalized Manifold Topology for Branching Space-Times. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1089-1100.
    The logical theory of branching space-times, which provides a relativistic framework for studying objective indeterminism, remains mostly disconnected from discussions of space-time theories in philosophy of physics. Earman has criticized the branching approach and suggested “pruning some branches from branching space-time.” This article identifies the different—order-theoretic versus topological—perspective of both discussions as a reason for certain misunderstandings and tries to remove them. Most important, we give a novel, topological criterion of modal consistency that usefully generalizes an earlier criterion, and we (...)
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  13. Andrea Scarantino (forthcoming). Rethinking Functional Reference. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1006-1018.
    The theoretical construct of functional reference is the main tool used by animal communication researchers to explore how animals refer to the world in the absence of a language. Functionally referential signals are commonly defined as signals elicited by a specific class of stimuli and capable of causing behaviors adaptive to such stimuli in the absence of contextual cues. I will argue that this definition is conceptually flawed and propose an alternative definition according to which signals can functionally refer to (...)
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  14. Elay Shech (forthcoming). What Is the Paradox of Phase Transitions? Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1170-1181.
    I present a novel approach to the scholarly debate that has arisen with respect to the philosophical import one should infer from scientific accounts of phase transitions by appealing to a distinction between representation understood as denotation, and faithful representation understood as a type of guide to ontology. It is argued that the entire debate is misguided, for it stems from a pseudo-paradox that does not license the type of claims made by scholars and that what is really interesting about (...)
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  15. Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero (forthcoming). Constraints on Localization and Decomposition as Explanatory Strategies in the Biological Sciences. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):958-970.
    Several articles have recently appeared arguing that there really are no viable alternatives to mechanistic explanation in the biological sciences (Kaplan and Bechtel; Kaplan and Craver). We argue that mechanistic explanation is defined by localization and decomposition. We argue further that systems neuroscience contains explanations that violate both localization and decomposition. We conclude that the mechanistic model of explanation needs to either stretch to now include explanations wherein localization or decomposition fail or acknowledge that there are counterexamples to mechanistic explanation (...)
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  16. Daniel Steel (forthcoming). Acceptance, Values, and Inductive Risk. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):818-828.
    The argument from inductive risk attempts to show that practical and ethical costs of errors should influence standards of evidence for accepting scientific claims. A common objection charges that this argument presupposes a behavioral theory of acceptance that is inappropriate for science. I respond by showing that the argument from inductive risk is supported by a nonbehavioral theory of acceptance developed by Cohen, which defines acceptance in terms of premising. Moreover, I argue that theories designed to explain how acceptance can (...)
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  17. Michael Tamir (forthcoming). Geodesic Universality in General Relativity. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):1076-1088.
    According to recent arguments, the geodesic principle strictly interpreted is compatible with Einstein’s field equations only in pathologically unstable circumstances and, hence, cannot play a fundamental role in the theory. It is shown here that geodesic dynamics can still be coherently reinterpreted within contemporary relativity theory as a universality thesis. By developing an analysis of universality in physics, I argue that the widespread geodesic clustering of diverse free-fall massive bodies observed in nature qualifies as a universality phenomenon. I then show (...)
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  18. David Teira (forthcoming). A Contractarian Solution to the Experimenter's Regress. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):709-720.
    Debiasing procedures are experimental methods aimed at correcting errors arising from the cognitive biases of the experimenter. We discuss two of these methods, the predesignation rule and randomization, showing to what extent they are open to the experimenter’s regress: there is no metarule to prove that, after implementing the procedure, the experimental data are actually free from biases. We claim that, from a contractarian perspective, these procedures are nonetheless defensible since they provide a warrant of the impartiality of the experiment: (...)
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  19. Elliott Wagner (forthcoming). The Explanatory Relevance of Nash Equilibrium: One-Dimensional Chaos in Boundedly Rational Learning. Philosophical Explorations 80 (5):783-795.
    Game theory is often used to explain behavior. Such explanations often proceed by demonstrating that the behavior in question is a Nash equilibrium. Agents are in Nash equilibrium if each agent’s strategy maximizes her payoff given her opponents’ strategies. Nash equilibriums are fundamentally static, but it is usually assumed that equilibriums will be the outcome of a dynamic process of learning or evolution. This article demonstrates that, even in the most simple setting, this need not be true. In two-strategy games (...)
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  20. Adam Linson (forthcoming). The Expressive Stance: Intentionality, Expression, and Machine Art. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):195-216.
    This paper proposes a new interpretive stance for interpreting artistic works and performances that is relevant to artificial intelligence research but also has broader implications. Termed the expressive stance, this stance makes intelligible a critical distinction between present-day machine art and human art, but allows for the possibility that future machine art could find a place alongside our own. The expressive stance is elaborated as a response to Daniel Dennett's notion of the intentional stance, which is critically examined with respect (...)
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  21. Bernhard J. Mitterauer (forthcoming). Robots with Consciousness: Creating a Third Nature. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):179-193.
    The paper starts out with a discussion of the difference between mythology and feasible concepts in robotics. Based on a novel brain model and an appropriate formalism, a distinction is made between auto-reflection and hetero-reflection of the robot and self-reflection of its constructor. Whereas conscious robots are able to auto-reflect their mechanical behavior and hetero-reflect the behavior with regard to the environment, the capability of self-reflection must remain within the constructor of the robot. This limitation of the construction of conscious (...)
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  22. Toshiyuki Takiguchi, Atsushi Mizunaga & Junichi Takeno (forthcoming). A Study of Self-Awareness in Robots. Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):145-164.
    The present paper studies self-awareness and introduces some self-awareness related incidents. It then describes the relationship between self-awareness and consciousness and explains the MoNAD, a neural network circuit developed by the authors that capably describes the phenomena of self-awareness and consciousness. A model of self-awareness is then presented. This self-awareness model is a parallel network system in which multiple independent MoNADs communicate with one another. In experiments with robots, three test robots were used: (1) a self-image robot reflected in a (...)
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  23. T. Crane (forthcoming). Intentionality. Philosophical Explorations.
    Intentionality is the mind’s capacity to direct itself on things. Mental states like thoughts, beliefs, desires, hopes exhibit intentionality in the sense that they are always directed on, or at, something: if you hope, believe or desire, you must hope, believe or desire something. Hope, belief, desire and any other mental state which is directed at something, are known as intentional states. Intentionality in this sense has only a peripheral connection to the ordinary ideas of intention and intending. An intention (...)
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  24. Alfred Mele (forthcoming). Free Will and Moral Responsibility: Does Either Require the Other? Philosophical Explorations:1-13.
    This article explores the conceptual connections between free action and action for which the agent is morally responsible. Questions addressed include the following. Can agents who are never morally responsible for anything sometimes act freely? Can agents who never act freely be morally responsible for some of their actions? Various compatibilist and incompatibilist responses to these questions are discussed, as is the control over their behavior that ordinary agents attribute to themselves.
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  25. Erick Ramirez (forthcoming). Receptivity, Reactivity and the Successful Psychopath. Philosophical Explorations:1-14.
    I argue that psychopathy undermines three important assumptions thought to favor moderate reasons responsiveness. First, I argue that psychopathic agency suggests that the systems underlying receptivity to reason bifurcate. Next, I claim that this bifurcation suggests that reactivity is not 'all of a piece.' Lastly, I argue that attempts by Fischer and Ravizza to address these concerns contain an appeal to internalism. Since Fischer and Ravizza do not want their theory to depend on the outcome of debates about the nature (...)
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  26. Steven J. Van Enk (forthcoming). Bayesian Measures of Confirmation From Scoring Rules. Philosophical Explorations.
    I show how scoring rules, interpreted as measuring the inaccuracy of a set of degrees of belief, may be exploited to construct confirmation measures as used in Bayesian confirmation theory. I construct two confirmation measures from two particular standard scoring rules. One of these measures is genuinely new, the second is trivially ordinally equivalent to the difference measure. These two measures are tested against three well-known measures of confirmation in a simple but illuminating case that contains in a natural way (...)
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  27. Sameer Bajaj (forthcoming). Review: Hélène Landemore, Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  28. Carl Jay Bajema (forthcoming). Eugenics: Then and Now. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  29. David John Baker (forthcoming). Review: Frank Arntzenius: Space, Time, and Stuff. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  30. Gregory Bassham (forthcoming). Review: Richard Ekins, The Nature of Legislative Intent. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  31. Jeffrey Bub (forthcoming). Quantum Computation From a Quantum Logical Perspective. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  32. Susan Buck-Morss (forthcoming). Marx's Hope and Ideology of World Community, Part Three. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  33. Stephen Bush, Goel F., Simard Sanjay & Georges (forthcoming). IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Communications: 2030 and Beyond Reference Model. Philosophical Explorations.
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  34. Luis Cabrera (forthcoming). Review: Mathias Risse, On Global Justice. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  35. Edgardo Carosella, Thomas Pradeu, Claude Debru, Bertrand Saint-Sernin & Others (forthcoming). L'Identité? Soi et non-soi, individu et personne. Philosophical Explorations.
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  36. Gaurav Chandalia (forthcoming). A Gentle Introduction to Measure Theory. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  37. S. R. Chaudhury & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). Children's Influence on Consumption-Related Decisions in Single-Mother Families: A Review and Research Agenda. Philosophical Explorations.
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  38. W. J. Clancey (forthcoming). The Biology of Consciousness: Comparative Review of Israel Rosenfield, the Strange, Familiar, and Forgotten: An Anatomy of Consciousness and Gerald M. Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. Philosophical Explorations.
    For many years, most AI researchers and cognitive scientists have reserved the topic of consciousness for after dinner conversation. Like "intuition," the idea of consciousness appeared to be too vague or general to be a good starting place for understanding cognition. Work on narrowly-defined problems in specialized domains such as medicine and manufacturing focused our concerns on the nature of representation, memory, strategies for problem-solving, and learning. Some writers, notably Ornstein(1972) and Hofstadter (1979), continued to explore the ideas, but implications (...)
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  39. William J. Clancey (forthcoming). Situated Action: A Neuropsychological Interpretation (Response to Vera and Simon). Philosophical Explorations.
    Symbols in computer programs are not necessarily isomorphic in form or capability to neural processes. Representations in our models are stored descriptions of the world and human behavior, created by a human interpreter; representations in the brain are neither immutable forms nor encoded in some language. Although the term "symbol" can be usefully applied to describe words, smoke signals, neural maps, and graphic icons, a science of symbol processing requires distinguishing between the structural, developmental, and interactive nature of different forms (...)
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  40. N. B. Cocchiarella (forthcoming). Bergmann on Ideal Language. Philosophical Explorations.
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  41. C. Curran & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). Children and Advertising: The Influence of Cognitive Development Models on Research Questions and Results. Philosophical Explorations.
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  42. C. Curran, M. R. Hyman & K. Shanahan (forthcoming). Shaping Harmonious Marketing Departments. Philosophical Explorations.
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  43. Mark D. Roberts (forthcoming). Does Meaning Evolove? Philosophical Explorations.
    A common method of improving how well understood a theory is, is by comparing it to another theory which has been better developed. Radical interpretation is a theory which attempts to explain how communication has meaning. Radical interpretation is treated as another time dependent theory and compared to the time dependent theory of biological evolution. Several similarities and differences are uncovered. Biological evolution can be gradual or punctuated. Whether radical interpretation is gradual or punctuated depends on how the question is (...)
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  44. John Deely (forthcoming). . Philosophical Explorations:1-36.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  45. W. H. Dittrich (forthcoming). Book Review of Allen & Bekoff (1997) on Cognitive Ethology. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
    In this review of Allen & Bekoff's Species of Mind (1997), underlying theoretical assumptions of cognitive ethology are examined from a biological and philosophical viewpoint. In particular, the aim of the book to constitute a foundational concept for cognitive ethology is addressed. The ambiguity of theory-of-mind approaches in animal cognition is discussed as a major problem for causal explanations in behavioural biology.
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  46. Magnus Enquist, Stefano Ghirlanda & Pete L. Hurd (forthcoming). Discrete Conventional Signalling of a Continuous Variable. Philosophical Explorations.
    In aggressive interactions, animals often use a discrete set of signals, while the properties being signalled are likely to be continuous, for example fighting ability or value of victory. Here we investigate a particular model of fighting which allows for conventional signalling of subjective resource value to occur. The result shows that neither perfect nor no signalling are evolutionarily stable strategies (ESSs) in the model. Instead, we find ESSs in which partial information is communicated, with discrete displays signalling a range (...)
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  47. J. Carl Ficarrotta (forthcoming). Review: F. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  48. R. Fontenot & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). The Legal Implications of Relationship Marketing. Philosophical Explorations.
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  49. Véronique Fóti (forthcoming). Vision's Invisibles. Philosophical Explorations.
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  50. Dr Liane M. Gabora, Dr Eleanor Rosch & Dr Diederik Aerts (forthcoming). Toward an Ecological Theory of Concepts. Philosophical Explorations.
    Psychology has had difficulty accounting for the creative, context-sensitive manner in which concepts are used. We believe this stems from the view of concepts as identifiers rather than bridges between mind and world that participate in the generation of meaning. This paper summarizes the history and current status of concepts research, and provides a non-technical summary of work toward an ecological approach to concepts. We outline the rationale for applying generalizations of formalisms originally developed for use in quantum mechanics to (...)
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  51. Dr Liane M. Gabora (forthcoming). The Fate of Evolutionary Archaeology: Survival or Extinction? Philosophical Explorations.
    It is important to be clear as to whether a theory such as evolutionary archaeology pertains to biological evolution, in which acquired change is obliterated at the end of each generation, or cultural change, in which acquired change is retained. In evolutionary archaeology, (1) the population is said to consist of artifacts, yet (2) artifacts are said to be phenotypic. Neither (1) nor (2) is necessarily problematic in and of itself, but the two are inconsistent, as the first pertains to (...)
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  52. Jai C. Galliott & Bradley J. Strawser (forthcoming). Review: Claire Finkelstein, Jens David Ohlin, and Andrew Altman, Eds. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  53. Eve Garrard (forthcoming). Review: Margaret Holmgren, Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  54. Katharine Gelber (forthcoming). Review: Corey Brettschneider, When the State Speaks, What Should It Say? How Democracies Can Protect Expression and Promote Equality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
  55. Jonathan Glover (forthcoming). What Sort of People Should There Be? Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  56. Charles A. Goodman (forthcoming). Review: Richard Sorabji, Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  57. K. D. Hankel & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). A Laboratory Study of Different Corrective Advertising Claims. Philosophical Explorations.
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  58. Daniel M. Haybron (forthcoming). Review: Ed Diener, Richard Lucas, Uli Schimmack, and John Helliwell, Well-Being for Public Policy. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  59. Richard Healey (forthcoming). Review: Laura Ruetsche. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  60. Joseph Heath & Benoit Hardy-Vallée (forthcoming). Why Do People Behave Immorally When Drunk? Philosophical Explorations:1-20.
    Alcohol intoxication is a major source of antisocial behavior in our society, strongly implicated in various forms of interpersonal aggression. Yet, moral philosophers have paid surprisingly little attention to the literature on alcohol and its effects. In part, this is because philosophers who have adopted a more empirically informed approach to moral psychology have gravitated toward moral sentimentalism, while the literature on alcohol intoxication fits very poorly with the sentimentalist account. Most contemporary research on the psychological effects of alcohol is (...)
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  61. Marcela Herdova & Stephen Kearns (forthcoming). Get Lucky: Situationism and Circumstantial Moral Luck. Philosophical Explorations:1-16.
    Situationism is, roughly, the thesis that normatively irrelevant environmental factors have a great impact on our behaviour without our being aware of this influence. Surprisingly, there has been little work done on the connection between situationism and moral luck. Given that it is often a matter of luck what situations we find ourselves in, and that we are greatly influenced by the circumstances we face, it seems also to be a matter of luck whether we are blameworthy or praiseworthy for (...)
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  62. Prof em Dr Hans-Ulrich Hoche (forthcoming). In Search of an Integrated Logic of Conviction and Intention. Philosophical Explorations.
    According to a two-level criterion for combination tests in the field of ordinary language (C-CT), moral 'ought'-sentences may be taken to imply 'I intend'-sentences partly semantically and partly pragmatically. If so, a trenchant linguistic analysis of the concept of moral obligation cannot do without a non-classical logic which allows to model these important kinds of ordinary-language implications by means of purely syntactical derivations. For this purpose, an integrated logic of conviction and intention has been tentatively devised by way (...)
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  63. Ted Honderich (forthcoming). Effects, Determinism, Neither Compatibilism nor Incompatibilism, Consciousness. Philosophical Explorations.
    Since the rise of the theory of determinism, philosophers have argued and declared that we are diminished by it. Bishop Bramhall against Thomas Hobbes in the 17th Century, Kant against Hume in the 18th, F. H. Bradley against John Stuart Mill in the 19th, Robert Kane and Robert Nozick against such as me in the 20th Century. There must be something in this relentless tradition. It cannot, it seems to me, be the falsehood of determinism. Is it, so to speak, (...)
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  64. Eric L. Hutton (forthcoming). Review: Amy Olberding, Moral Exemplars in the Analects: The Good Person Is That. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  65. M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). A Suggested Approach for Reducing Large Ordinally Scaled Data Sets Without Sacrificing Reliability and Validity. Philosophical Explorations.
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  66. M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). The Eight Ds: A Framework for the Discipline of Marketing Management. Philosophical Explorations.
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  67. M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). Adapting a Microcomputer Marketing Game for Laboratory-Based Research in Marketing Decision Support Systems. Philosophical Explorations.
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  68. M. R. Hyman, D. Lee, D. Kopf & M. Wolf (forthcoming). Private Label Brands: Benefits, Success Factors, and Future Research. Philosophical Explorations.
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  69. M. R. Hyman & J. J. Sierra (forthcoming). Adjusting Self-Reported Attitudinal Data for Mischievous Respondents. Philosophical Explorations.
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  70. M. R. Hyman & R. Tansey (forthcoming). Marketing Success and the Puritan Legacy. Philosophical Explorations.
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  71. Alistair M. C. Isaac (forthcoming). Review: Paul M. Churchland: Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
  72. Jenann Ismael (forthcoming). Freedom and Determinism. Philosophical Explorations.
    Any person truly considering belief in a scientific world view has to confront the question of whether and in what sense, if she views herself as a natural system in a world governed by natural laws, she can continue to regard herself as free. The prima facie clash is usually expressed in terms of a conflict between freedom and determinism, captured in an argument known as the Consequence Argument. If the natural laws are deterministic, our behavior must be deducible by (...)
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  73. James Jurin (forthcoming). The Minute Mathematician: The Free-Thinker No Just-Thinker. Philosophical Explorations.
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  74. C. W. King & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). The Geographically Mobile Consumer: Understanding Retail Patronage Dynamics. Philosophical Explorations.
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  75. Pauline Kleingeld (forthcoming). Consistent Egoists and Situation Managers: Two Problems for Situationism. Philosophical Explorations:1-18.
    According to philosophical “situationism”, psychological evidence shows that human action is typically best explained by the influence of situational factors and not by “global” and robust character traits of the agent. As a practical implication of their view, situationists recommend that efforts in moral education be shifted from character development to situation management. Much of the discussion has focused on whether global conceptions of virtue and character, and in particular Aristotelian virtue ethics, can be defended against the situationist challenge. After (...)
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  76. George Klosko (forthcoming). Review: Michael Huemer, The Problem of Political Authority: An Examination of the Right to Coerce and the Duty to Obey. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  77. Kristján Kristjánsson (forthcoming). Review: Karen Stohr, On Manners. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  78. Daniel Laurier (forthcoming). What Does Intentional Normativism Require? Philosophical Explorations.
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  79. Alida Liberman (forthcoming). Review: David Owens, Shaping the Normative Landscape. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  80. Alex John London (forthcoming). Review: Henry S. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  81. Boltanski Luc & Thévenot Laurent (forthcoming). The Reality of Moral Expectations: A Sociology of Situated Judgment. Philosophical Explorations.
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  82. Heidi L. Maibom (forthcoming). Review: Carla Bagnoli, Ed., Morality and the Emotions. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  83. S. McQuitty, M. R. Hyman, E. R. Pratt & P. Sautter (forthcoming). Recency Effects and Students’ Course Evaluations. Philosophical Explorations.
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  84. Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin (forthcoming). The Platonic Model: Statement, Clarification and Defense. Philosophical Explorations:1-15.
    I defend Gary Watson's Platonic Model of free agency against two arguments by counterexample, one by J. David Velleman and the other by Michael Bratman. I claim that these arguments are unconvincing for three reasons. First, they do not accurately target the Platonic Model. Second, they do not convincingly present cases of self-governed action. Third, they call attention to issues about theoretical commitments that are not fit to be settled by appeal to cases. On the basis of this discussion, I (...)
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  85. Conrad Montell (forthcoming). On Evolution of God-Seeking Mind: An Inquiry Into Why Natural Selection Would Favor Imagination and Distortion of Sensory Experience. Philosophical Explorations.
    The earliest known products of human imagination appear to express a primordial concern and struggle with thoughts of dying and of death and mortality. I argue that the structures and processes of imagination evolved in that struggle, in response to debilitating anxieties and fearful states that would accompany an incipient awareness of mortality. Imagination evolved to find that which would make the nascent apprehension of death more bearable, to engage in a search for alternative perceptions of death: a search that (...)
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  86. Marina Oshana (forthcoming). Review: Sarah Conly, Against Autonomy: Justifying Coercive Paternalism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
  87. W. Russ Payne (forthcoming). What a Law of Nature Is. Philosophical Explorations.
    The title of David Armstrong’s book on the topic asks “What is a Law of Nature?” [1] The answer I will develop and motivate in this paper is that causal laws are analyses of dispositions. We describe dispositions in terms of subjunctive conditionals. For sugar to be soluble in water, for instance, is just for it to be such that if it were submerged in water (under appropriate conditions), it would dissolve. In general, we can say that for a thing (...)
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  88. Thomas Pradeu (forthcoming). Les limites du soi: Immunologie et identité biologique. Philosophical Explorations.
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  89. Pradeu, Thomas & Others (forthcoming). From an Immunological Point of View: The Move From €˜Self’Towards Interactionism to Define Biological Identity. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  90. Jonathan Quong (forthcoming). Review: Kok-Chor Tan, Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  91. M. RansdellJoseph (forthcoming). Scientific Rationality and the Logic of Research Acceptance. Philosophical Explorations.
    Most recently, what I have been working on in connection with it is the larger picture of the role of the editor in professional communication. Since the basic context for this is not philosophical communication in particular but rather scientific communication in general—ultimately professional communication in general—I've been exchanging some ideas with one of the main editors for the American Physical Society, which is the major professional society for physicists, and it has been most helpful in expanding my understanding of (...)
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  92. W. Scott Neal Reilly, Gerald Fry, Sean Guarino, Michael Reposa, Richard West, Ralph Costantini & Josh Johnston (forthcoming). Evaluating the Potential for Using Affect-Inspired Techniques to Manage Real-Time Systems. Philosophical Explorations.
    We describe a novel affect-inspired mechanism to improve the performance of computational systems operating in dynamic environments. In particular, we designed a mechanism that is based on aspects of the fear response in humans to dynamically reallocate operating system-level central processing unit (CPU) resources to processes as they are needed to deal with time-critical events. We evaluated this system in the MINIX® and Linux® operating systems and in three different testing environments (two simulated, one live). We found the affect-based system (...)
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  93. Sruthi Rothenfluch (forthcoming). Virtue Epistemology and Tacit Cognitive Processes in High-Grade Knowledge. Philosophical Explorations:1-13.
    Duncan Pritchard has recently argued that a certain brand of virtue epistemology, known as “virtue responsibilism”, cannot account for knowledge acquired through the use of tacit reasoning processes. I defend virtue responsiblism by showing that Pritchard's charge is founded on a mischaracterization of the view. Contra Pritchard, responsibilists do not demand that agents have complete access to the grounds for their beliefs in order to know. A closer examination of prominent accounts of virtue responsiblism, including Zagzebski's and Hookway's, reveals that (...)
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  94. Jk Sager & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). The Marginally Performing Salesperson. Philosophical Explorations.
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  95. Sahotra Sarkar (forthcoming). Does “Information” Provide a Compelling Framework for a Theory of Natural Selection? Grounds for Caution. Philosophical Explorations.
    Frank has recently argued for an information-theoretic interpretation of natural selection. This interpretation is based on the identification of a measure related to the Malthusian parameter (for population change) with the Jeffreys divergence between the present allelic distribution of the population and that distribution in the next generation. It is pointed out in this analysis that this identification only holds if the mean fitness of the population is a constant, that is, there is no selection. This problem is used to (...)
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  96. E. T. Sautter, S. McQuitty, M. R. Hyman & E. Pratt (forthcoming). Status Quo or Innovation? The Influence of Instructional Variability on Student Evaluations of Teaching. Philosophical Explorations.
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  97. K. Shanahan & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). A Virtue Ethics Scale. Philosophical Explorations.
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  98. Raymond T. Shorthouse (forthcoming). From 'Suspicion' to 'Affirmation' : A Study of the Role of the Imagination and Prose Rhythm, Drawing Upon the Hermeneutical Philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, in Which There May Be Movement From Suspicion to Affirmation of Reasonable Hope. Philosophical Explorations.
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  99. Shusterman (forthcoming). Muscle Memory and the Somaesthetic Pathologies of Everyday Life. Philosophical Explorations.
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  100. J. Sierra & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). The Effects of Ethnic Cues in Print Ads: An Application of Social Identity Theory. Philosophical Explorations.
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  101. Janice A. Singer & Norman G. Vinson (forthcoming). Ethical Issues in Empirical Studies of Software Engineering. Philosophical Explorations.
    The popularity of empirical methods in software engineering research is on the rise. Surveys, experiments, metrics, case studies, and field studies are examples of empirical methods used to investigate both software engineering processes and products. The increased application of empirical methods has also brought about an increase in discussions about adapting these methods to the peculiarities of software engineering. In contrast, the ethical issues raised by empirical methods have received little, if any, attention in the software engineering literature. This article (...)
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  102. Bradford Skow (forthcoming). Review: Shelly Kagan, The Geometry of Desert. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  103. L. R. Squire (forthcoming). Declarative and Non-Declarative. Philosophical Explorations.
     
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  104. S. D. Steiner & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). Creating a Values-Driven University. Philosophical Explorations.
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  105. Richard Swinburne (forthcoming). Bayes, God, and the Multiverse. Philosophical Explorations.
  106. Sor-Hoon Tan (forthcoming). Review: Erin M. Cline, Confucius, Rawls, and the Sense of Justice. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  107. Ryan Tonkens (forthcoming). Review: Timothy F. Murphy, Ethics, Sexual Orientation, and Choices About Children. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
  108. Heinrich von Weizsäcker (forthcoming). Probability Theory I. Philosophical Explorations.
  109. B. Waguespack & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). Consumer Behavior: Still Normative After All These Years. Philosophical Explorations.
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  110. Peter Wheale & Ruth McNally (forthcoming). The Bio-Revolution: Cornucopia or Pandora's Box? Philosophical Explorations.
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  111. G. M. Zinkhan & M. R. Hyman (forthcoming). A Guide for Evaluating and Selecting the Most Descriptive Discriminant Variables in Business and Economics Research. Philosophical Explorations.
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