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  1.  7 DLs
    Matthew Cashen (2013). False Happiness. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):14-27.
    The idea that a person's happiness depends singly on her own subjective assessment and sunilarly subjectivist views of happiness have become philosophical orthodoxy lately. Against such views, I defend the claim that people do falsely judge themselves happy. I begin by clarifying the issues: what I mean by happiness and what I have in mind in claiming that happiness can be false. I then substantiate my claim by contrasting it with, and defending it against, a subjectivist view that makes happiness (...)
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  2.  0 DLs
    Andrew Fiala & José-Antonio Orosco (2013). Twenty Years of Philosophy in the Contemporary World. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):87-101.
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  3.  1 DLs
    Jean Harvey (2013). Prestige, Power, and International Relations. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):1-13.
    Paradigm cases of national power usually focus on material assets: military or economic power, natural resources etc. This article, though, considers a less "material" kind of national power: "relationship power" and "interactive power" that nations have when accorded a high prestige ranking. This is a more subtle type of power than that attached to material assets. But it is highly effective, even though trivialized and overlooked in international debate. This form of power can be more dangerous than it appears. And (...)
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  4.  0 DLs
    Tim Johnston (2013). Holding Well and Holding Open. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):28-37.
    This essay is a philosophical analysis of a parent's decision whether or not to consent to neonatal genital nomalization surgery for a child bom with ambiguous genitals. Using Henri Bergson's analysis of duration, I make the distinction between spatialized narrative snapshots, and attention to duration, A spatialized narrative snapshot is a speculative picture of the child's entire life. Attention to duration requires we acknowledge that as long as the child is alive her life is indeterminate. I then take Hilde Lindemann's (...)
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  5.  3 DLs
    Lori Keleher (2013). Civil Unions for All. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):55-64.
    The paper argues against using the language of "marriage" in public policy. Not simply because our current marriage laws result in confusing, unequal and unjust treatment of citizens, but because "marriage" is an unavoidably value-laden concept such that any marriage law will privilege some reasonable values over others. We should instead favor public policies that are more neutral, such as policies regarding civil unions.
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  6.  0 DLs
    Robert Metcalf (2013). Religion as Ligature. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):38-54.
    An argument found in the writings of the so-called "New Atheists" has it that the religious indoctrination of children is oppressive in and of itself, but this argument rests on what may be called an epidemiological orientation toward belief. While some forms of religious indoctrination may indeed be oppressive, any adequate phenomenology of religious belief must allow for various ways in which individuals relate themselves doxastically to the religion in which they were raised, and some of these ways could hardly (...)
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  7.  2 DLs
    Candice L. Shelby (2013). Addiction. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):65-76.
    While the addiction treatment industry holds steadfast to the idea that addiction is a disease, and the choice theorists maintam to the contrary that it is justa choice, the truth is not as simple as either. The idea of addiction is a social construct that evolved over the 20th century to encompass increasingly morephenomena, while becoming increasingly conceptually less clear. Taking a complex dynamic systems approach, rather than relying on either the obscure disease notion or the naive choice concept allows (...)
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  8.  0 DLs
    Erica Lucast Stonestreet (2013). Clutter as a Misplaced Response to Value. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (2):77-86.
    This paper explores the philosophical aspects of a problem—clutter—that has gathered growing attention from social scientists, but not philosophers, in recent years. The central questions are: What role should things play as we go about the business of living? How can we modify our relationship to things to better reflect who we are—our values and the shape we want our lives to have? I offer an analysis of clutter in both objective and subjective terms, suggesting that the problem of clutter (...)
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  9.  33 DLs
    Steven M. Cahn & Christine Vitrano (2013). Choosing the Experience Machine. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):52-58.
    In the decades since Robert Nozick posed his now famous thought experiment involving the experience machine, philosophers have taken his treatment as conclusive. A review of the literature finds almost no one who has argued that people would choose the experience machine. To find such unanunity among philosophers is unexpected. But the situation is especially surprising because Nozick's conclusion appears mistaken. In support of this view, we offer three different sorts of reasons why persons would be inclined to choose the (...)
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  10.  9 DLs
    Jeffrey M. Courtright (2013). Is Trust Like an 'Atmosphere'? Understanding the Phenomenon of Existential Trust. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):39-51.
    This article defends what I call the atmospheric claun about trust: at least one form of trust manifests itself in human life in a manner that is like an atmosphere (generalized, ambient, and diffuse). I also provide a provisional defense of the claim that trust is a necessary condition for the thriving of something that matters to us. I offer a phenomenological sketch of existential trust. Existential trust is a primordial and atmospheric (generalized, ambient, and diffuse) manifestation of trust that (...)
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  11.  13 DLs
    Jakob Eklund (2013). The Nature of Empathy. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):28-38.
    This paper addresses the question of the nature of empathy, and attempts to develop a unified understanding of empathy, and thereby overcome the split perspective that is present in current literature. Based on previous definitions, I present my own account of empathy as feeling the other's feeling. In an analysis of this new definition, empathy is characterized as feeling with the two constituents of understanding and care. Empathic understanding ensures that empathic care will lead to appropriate actions. A consequence of (...)
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  12.  17 DLs
    Jacob M. Held (2013). Pornography as Symptom. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):15-27.
    Anti-Porn activists have argued for decades that pom is discrimination, it hamis women as a class. The Pro-porn response has been to dismiss these concems, laud the First Amendment, or argue that pornography is a valuable contribution to society. The debate has progressed little beyond this stage. In this article, I argue that it is time to frame the pomography debate as a discussion on sexualized media in general. Recent research indicates that the negative results often attributed to hard-core pornography, (...)
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  13.  6 DLs
    James Rocha (2013). Unauthorized but Permitted. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 20 (1):1-14.
    While politicians seek to increase punitive measures against so-called "illegal aliens," it is worth asking whether unauthorized immigrants are obligated by immigration laws that would demand their punishment, whether it is deportation or jail time. I seek to examine this question in light of the traditional defenses of legal obligations: consent, prudential interest, and fairness. Due to the various ways in which the benefits of society are largely excluded from them and the severe penalties that the state seeks to impose (...)
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  14.  4 DLs
    Shawn Kaplan (2013). Just War Theory. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (2):4-14.
    The usefulness of Just War Theory (JWT) has been called into question in recent years for two key reasons. First, military conflicts today less frequently fit the model traditionally assumed by JWT of interstate wars between regular armies. Second, there is a perception that JWT has lost its critical edge after its categories and principles have been co-opted by bellicose political leaders. This paper critically examines two responses to these concerns which shift the locus of responsibility for wars towards either (...)
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