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Forthcoming articles
  1. W. Ford Doolittle (forthcoming). Making the Most of Clade Selection. Philosophy of Science 84.
    Clade selection is unpopular with philosophers who otherwise accept multilevel selection theory. Clades cannot reproduce, and reproduction is widely thought necessary for evolution by natural selection, especially of complex adaptations. Using microbial evolutionary processes as heuristics, I argue contrariwise, that (1) clade growth (proliferation of contained species) substitutes for clade reproduction in the evolution of complex adaptation, (2) clade-level properties favoring persistence – species richness, dispersal, divergence, and possibly intraclade cooperation – are not collapsible into species-level traits, (3) such properties (...)
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  2.  15
    Michael Baumgartner & Lorenzo Casini (forthcoming). An Abductive Theory of Constitution. Philosophy of Science.
    The first part of this paper finds Craver’s (2007) mutual manipulability theory (MM) of constitution inadequate, as it definitionally ties constitution to the feasibility of idealized experiments, which, however, are unrealizable in principle. As an alternative, the second part develops an abductive theory of constitution (NDC), which exploits the fact that phenomena and their constituents are unbreakably coupled via common causes. The best explanation for this common-cause coupling is the existence of an additional dependence relation, viz. constitution. Apart from adequately (...)
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  3.  62
    Jonathan Birch (forthcoming). Hamilton's Two Conceptions of Social Fitness. Philosophy of Science.
    Hamilton introduced two conceptions of social fitness, which he called neighbour-modulated fitness and inclusive fitness. Although he regarded them as formally equivalent, a re-analysis of his own argument for their equivalence brings out two important assumptions on which it rests: weak additivity and actor's control. When weak additivity breaks down, neither fitness concept is appropriate in its original form. When actor's control breaks down, neighbour-modulated fitness may be appropriate, but inclusive fitness is not. Yet I argue that, despite its more (...)
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  4.  90
    Richard Bradley, Casey Helgeson & Brian Hill (forthcoming). Climate Change Assessments: Confidence, Probability and Decision. Philosophy of Science.
    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has developed a novel framework for assessing and communicating uncertainty in the findings published in their periodic assessment reports. But how should these uncertainty assessments inform decisions? We take a formal decision-making perspective to investigate how scientific input formulated in the IPCC’s novel framework might inform decisions in a principled way through a normative decision model.
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  5. Christopher Clarke (forthcoming). Preferences and Positivist Methodology in Economics. Philosophy of Science.
    I distinguish several doctrines that economic methodologists have found attractive, all of which have a positivist flavour. One of these is the doctrine that preference assignments in economics are just shorthand descriptions of agents' choice behaviour. Although most of these doctrines are problematic, the latter doctrine about preference assignments is a respectable one, I argue. It doesn't entail any of the problematic doctrines, and indeed it is warranted independently of them.
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  6.  36
    Nevin Climenhaga (forthcoming). How Explanation Guides Confirmation. Philosophy of Science.
    Where E is the proposition that [If H and O were true, H would explain O], William Roche and Elliot Sober have argued that P(H|O&E) = P(H|O). In this paper I argue that not only is this equality not generally true, it is false in the very kinds of cases that Roche and Sober focus on, involving frequency data. In fact, in such cases O raises the probability of H only given that there is an explanatory connection between them.
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  7.  32
    Will Davies (forthcoming). Colour Constancy, Illumination, and Matching. Philosophy of Science.
    Colour constancy is a foundational and yet puzzling phenomenon. Standard appearance invariantism is threatened by the psychophysical matching argument, which is taken to favour variantism. This argument, however, is inconclusive. The data at best support a pluralist view: colour constancy is sometimes variantist, sometimes invariantist. I add another potential explanation of these data, complex invariantism, which adopts an atypical six-dimensional model of colour appearance. Finally I prospect for a unifying conception of constancy among two neglected notions: discriminatory colour constancy and (...)
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  8.  44
    Adam Elga (forthcoming). Bayesian Humility. Philosophy of Science.
    Say that an agent is "epistemically humble" if she is less than certain that her opinions will converge to the truth, given an appropriate stream of evidence. Is such humility rationally permissible? According to the orgulity argument : the answer is "yes" but long-run convergence-to-the-truth theorems force Bayesians to answer "no." That argument has no force against Bayesians who reject countable additivity as a requirement of rationality. Such Bayesians are free to count even extreme humility as rationally permissible.
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  9.  21
    Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz (forthcoming). A Modeling Approach for Mechanisms Featuring Causal Cycles. Philosophy of Science.
    Mechanisms play an important role in many sciences when it comes to questions concerning explanation, prediction, and control. Answering such questions in a quantitative way requires a formal represention of mechanisms. Gebharter (2014) suggests to represent mechanisms by means of one or more causal arrows of an acyclic causal net. In this paper we show how this approach can be extended in such a way that it can also be fruitfully applied to mechanisms featuring causal feedback.
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  10. Molly Kao (forthcoming). Unificatory Power in the Old Quantum Theory: Informational Relevance of the Quantum Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science.
  11.  93
    Manolo Martínez & Peter Godfrey-Smith (forthcoming). Common Interest and Signaling Games: A Dynamic Analysis. Philosophy of Science.
    We present a dynamic model of the evolution of communication in a Lewis signaling game while systematically varying the degree of common interest between sender and receiver. We show that the level of common interest between sender and receiver is strongly predictive of the amount of information transferred between them. We also discuss a set of rare but interesting cases in which common interest is almost entirely absent, yet substantial information transfer persists in a *cheap talk* regime, and offer a (...)
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  12.  60
    Alexander Reutlinger (forthcoming). Is There A Monist Theory of Causal and Non-Causal Explanations? The Counterfactual Theory of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science.
    The goal of this paper is to develop a counterfactual theory of explanation. The CTE provides a monist framework for causal and non-causal explanations, according to which both causal and non-causal explanations are explanatory by virtue of revealing counterfactual dependencies between the explanandum and the explanans. I argue that the CTE is applicable to two paradigmatic examples of non-causal explanations: Euler’s explanation and renormalization group explanations of universality.
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  13.  22
    Bryan W. Roberts (forthcoming). Three Myths About Time Reversal in Quantum Theory. Philosophy of Science.
    Many have suggested that the transformation standardly referred to as `time reversal' in quantum theory is not deserving of the name. I argue on the contrary that the standard definition is perfectly appropriate, and is indeed forced by basic considerations about the nature of time in the quantum formalism.
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  14.  49
    Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (forthcoming). Construct Stabilization and the Unity of the Mind-Brain Sciences. Philosophy of Science (00).
    This paper offers a critique of an account of explanatory integration that claims that explanations of cognitive capacities by functional analyses and mechanistic explanations can be seamlessly integrated. It is shown that achieving such explanatory integration requires that the terms designating cognitive capacities in the two forms of explanation are stable but that experimental practice in the mind-brain sciences currently is not directed at achieving such stability. A positive proposal for changing experimental practice so as to promote such stability is (...)
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  15.  97
    Erica Thompson, Roman Frigg & Casey Helgeson (forthcoming). Expert Judgment for Climate Change Adaptation. Philosophy of Science.
    Climate change adaptation is largely a local matter, and adaptation planning can benefit from local climate change projections. Such projections are typically generated by accepting climate model outputs in a relatively uncritical way. We argue, based on the IPCC’s treatment of model outputs from the CMIP5 ensemble, that this approach is unwarranted and that subjective expert judgment should play a central role in the provision of local climate change projections intended to support decision-making.
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  16.  61
    Marcel Weber (forthcoming). On the Incompatibility of Biological Dynamical Mechanisms and Causal Graphs. Philosophy of Science.
    I examine to what extent accounts of mechanisms based on formal interventionist theories of causality can adequately represent biological mechanisms with complex dynamics. Using a differential equation model for a circadian clock mechanism as an example, I first show that there exists an iterative solution that can be interpreted as a structural causal model. Thus, in principle it is possible to integrate causal difference-making information with dynamical information. However, the differential equation model itself lacks the right modularity properties for a (...)
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  17.  22
    Marcel Weber (forthcoming). Which Kind of Causal Specificity Matters Biologically? Philosophy of Science.
    Griffiths et al. (2015) have proposed a quantitative measure of causal specificity and used it to assess various attempts to single out genetic causes as being causally more specific than other cellular mechanisms, for example, alternative splicing. Focusing in particular on developmental processes, they have identified a number of important challenges for this project. In this discussion note, I would like to show how these challenges can be met.
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  18. Thomas Anthony Ambriz (forthcoming). Okruhlik and Scientific Rationality. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  19. M. Curd & J. A. Cover (forthcoming). Rationality, Objectivity, and Values in Science. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  20. G. Darvas (forthcoming). Ontological Levels and Symmetry Breaking, Paideia. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  21.  11
    Alexandre Fonseca (forthcoming). A Game of Science. Philosophy of Science.
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  22.  49
    Malcolm R. Forster, I. A. Kieseppä, Dan Hausman, Alexei Krioukov, Stephen Leeds, Alan Macdonald & Larry Shapiro (forthcoming). The Conceptual Role of 'Temperature'in Statistical Mechanics: Or How Probabilistic Averages Maximize Predictive Accuracy. Philosophy of Science.
  23. Roman Frigg & Charlotte Werndl (forthcoming). Explaining the Approach to Equilibrium in Terms of Epsilon-Ergodicity. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  24. K. Kelly & G. Glymour (forthcoming). On Converging to the Truth and Nothing but the Truth. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  25.  10
    V. S. Kharchenko, O. M. Tarasyuk & V. V. Sklyar (forthcoming). The Matrix-Graph Method Of Choice And Verification Of Software Reliability Models. Philosophy of Science.
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  26.  13
    Tonći Kokić (forthcoming). Non-Random Nature of Genetic Mutation. Philosophy of Science.
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  27. E. Machery (forthcoming). Forthcoming. Massive Modularity and Brain Evolution. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  28. John Andrew Michael & Francesca Fardo (forthcoming). What (If Anything) is Shared in Pain Empathy? Philosophy of Science.
     
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  29.  8
    H. P. Noyes, Mcgoveran Do & Observable Gravitational (forthcoming). BN8 5DH, UK.\ Bibitem {38} CW Kilmister,{\ It Eddington's Search for a Fundamental Theory: A Key to the Universe}, Cambridge, 1994.\ Bibitem {39}. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science.
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  30.  9
    Fabrice Pataut (forthcoming). Empiricism, Rational Belief and Objectivity. Philosophy of Science.
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  31. Bret Spears (forthcoming). December 8, 2004 Philosophy of Science Dr. Shanahan “Phil-Sci Suicide: The Deflation of a Debate and Silence For the Rest of It”. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science.
     
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  32.  14
    Ulrich E. Stegmann & Recensione di Daniele Romano (forthcoming). Il'PENSARIO'della Biblioteca filosofica. Philosophy of Science.
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