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Forthcoming articles
  1. Spencer Phillips Hey (forthcoming). Theory Testing and Implication in Clinical Trials. Philosophy of Science 2014.
    John Worrall (2010) and Nancy Cartwright (2011) argue that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are "testing the wrong theory." RCTs are designed to test inferences about the causal relationships in the study population, but this does not guarantee a justified inference about the causal relationships in the more diverse population in clinical practice. In this essay, I argue that the epistemology of theory testing in trials is more complicated than either Worrall's or Cartwright's accounts suggest. I illustrate this more complex theoretical (...)
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  2. Marius Stan (forthcoming). Huygens on Inertial Structure and Relativity. Philosophy of Science 83 (2).
    I explain and assess here Huygens’ concept of relative motion. I show that it allows him to ground most of the Law of Inertia, and also to explain rotation. Thereby his concept obviates the need for Newton’s absolute space. Thus his account is a powerful foundation for mechanics, though not without some tension.
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  3. Carlos Santana (forthcoming). Ambiguity in Cooperative Signaling. Philosophy of Science 81 (3):398-422.
    In game-theoretic signaling models, evolution tends to favor perfectly precise signaling systems, but in the natural world communication is almost always imprecise. I argue that standard explanations for this discrepancy are only partially sufficient, and I show that communication is often ambiguous because signal senders take advantage of context sensitivity. As evidence, I make two additions to the signaling model: a cost for more complex signaling strategies and the ability to combine information in signals with independent information. Analysis and simulation (...)
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  4. Juha Saatsi & Mark Pexton (forthcoming). Reassessing Woodward's Account of Explanation: Regularities, Counterfactuals, and Noncausal Explanations. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):613-624.
    We reassess Woodward’s counterfactual account of explanation in relation to regularity explananda. Woodward presents an account of causal explanation. We argue, by using an explanation of Kleiber’s law to illustrate, that the account can also cover some noncausal explanations. This leads to a tension between the two key aspects of Woodward’s account: the counterfactual aspect and the causal aspect. We explore this tension and make a case for jettisoning the causal aspect as constitutive of explanatory power in connection with regularity (...)
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  5. Yann Benétreau-Dupin (forthcoming). Blurring Out Cosmic Puzzles. Philosophy of Science.
    The Doomsday argument and anthropic reasoning are two puzzling examples of probabilistic confirmation. In both cases, a lack of knowledge apparently yields surprising conclusions. Since they are formulated within a Bayesian framework, they constitute a challenge to Bayesianism. Several attempts, some successful, have been made to avoid these conclusions, but some versions of these arguments cannot be dissolved within the framework of orthodox Bayesianism. I show that adopting an imprecise framework of probabilistic reasoning allows for a more adequate representation of (...)
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  6. Thomas Boyer-Kassem & Cyrille Imbert (forthcoming). Scientific Collaboration: Do Two Heads Need to Be More Than Twice Better Than One? Philosophy of Science.
    Epistemic accounts of scientific collaboration usually assume that, one way or another, two heads really are more than twice better than one. We show that this hypothesis is unduly strong. We present a deliberately crude model with unfavorable hypotheses. We show that, even then, when the priority rule is applied, large differences in successfulness can emerge from small differences in efficiency, with sometimes increasing marginal returns. We emphasize that success is sensitive to the structure of competing communities. Our results suggest (...)
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  7. Seamus Bradley & Katie Steele (forthcoming). Can Free Evidence Be Bad? Value of Information for the Imprecise Probabilist. Philosophy of Science.
    This paper considers a puzzling conflict between two positions that are each compelling: it is irrational for an agent to pay to avoid `free' evidence before making a decision, and rational agents may have imprecise beliefs and/or desires. Indeed, we show that Good's theorem concerning the invariable choice-worthiness of free evidence does not generalise to the imprecise realm, given the plausible existing decision theories for handling imprecision. A key ingredient in the analysis, and a potential source of controversy, is the (...)
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  8. Michael Caie (forthcoming). Credence In the Image of Chance. Philosophy of Science.
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  9. Michael E. Cuffaro (forthcoming). How-Possibly Explanations in (Quantum) Computer Science. Philosophy of Science.
    A primary goal of quantum computer science is to find an explanation for the fact that quantum computers are more powerful than classical computers. In this paper I argue that to answer this question is to compare algorithmic processes of various kinds, and in so doing to describe the possibility spaces associated with these processes. By doing this we explain how it is possible for one process to outperform its rival. Further, in this and similar examples little is gained in (...)
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  10. Roberto Fumagalli (forthcoming). No Learning From Minimal Models. Philosophy of Science.
    Proceedings of the 24th Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Chicago, November 2014.
     
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  11. Molly Kao (forthcoming). Unificatory Power in the Old Quantum Theory: Informational Relevance of the Quantum Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science.
  12. Ehud Lamm & Ohad Kammar (forthcoming). Inferring Co-Evolution. Philosophy of Science.
    We discuss two inference patterns for inferring the coevolution of two characters based on their properties at a single point in time and determine when developmental interactions can be used to deduce evolutionary order. We discuss the use of the inference patterns we present in the biological literature and assess the arguments’ validity, the degree of support they give to the evolutionary conclusion, how they can be corroborated with empirical evidence, and to what extent they suggest new empirically addressable questions. (...)
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  13. Carole J. Lee (forthcoming). Commensuration Bias in Peer Review. Philosophy of Science.
    To arrive at their final evaluation of a manuscript or grant proposal, reviewers must convert a submission’s strengths and weaknesses for heterogeneous peer review criteria into a single metric of quality or merit. I identify this process of commensuration as the locus for a new kind of peer review bias. Commensuration bias illuminates how the systematic prioritization of some peer review criteria over others permits and facilitates problematic patterns of publication and funding in science. Commensuration bias also foregrounds a range (...)
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  14. Cailin O'Connor (forthcoming). Book Review Peter Godfrey-Smith, Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science.
    Review of Peter Godfrey-Smith's Philosophy of Biology.
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  15. Alexander Reutlinger (forthcoming). Why Is There Universal Macro-Behavior? Renormalization Group Explanation As Non-Causal Explanation. Philosophy of Science.
    Renormalization group (RG) methods are an established strategy to explain how it is possible that microscopically different systems exhibit virtually the same macro behavior when undergoing phase-transitions. I argue – in agreement with Robert Batterman – that RG explanations are non-causal explanations. However, Batterman misidentifies the reason why RG explanations are non-causal: it is not the case that an explanation is non- causal if it ignores causal details. I propose an alternative argument, according to which RG explanations are non-causal explanations (...)
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  16. H. Orri Stefánsson & Richard Bradley (forthcoming). How Valuable Are Chances? Philosophy of Science.
    Chance Neutrality is the thesis that, conditional on some proposition being true (or being false), its chance of being true should be a matter of practical indierence. The aim of this paper is to examine whether Chance Neutrality is a requirement of rationality. We prove that given Chance Neutrality, the Principal Principle entails a thesis called Linearity; the centrepiece of von Neumann and Morgenstern’s expected utility theory. With this in mind, we argue that the Principal Principle is a requirement of (...)
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  17. Thomas Anthony Ambriz (forthcoming). Okruhlik and Scientific Rationality. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  18. M. Curd & J. A. Cover (forthcoming). Rationality, Objectivity, and Values in Science. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  19. G. Darvas (forthcoming). Ontological Levels and Symmetry Breaking, Paideia. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  20. Machery Edouard (forthcoming). Concepts Are Not a Natural Kind. Philosophy of Science.
    In cognitive psychology, concepts are those data structures that are stored in long-term memory and are used by default in human beings' higher cognitive processes (categorization, inductive and deductive reasoning...). Most psychologists of concepts assume that these mental representations share many scientifically important properties, and the psychology of concepts is expected to describe those properties. Psychologists assume thereby that concepts constitute a natural kind. I call this assumption the Natural Kind Assumption. This article challenges the Natural Kind Assumption. It is (...)
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  21. Alexandre Fonseca (forthcoming). A Game of Science. Philosophy of Science.
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  22. Malcolm R. Forster, I. A. Kieseppä, Dan Hausman, Alexei Krioukov, Stephen Leeds, Alan Macdonald & Larry Shapiro (forthcoming). The Conceptual Role of 'Temperature'in Statistical Mechanics: Or How Probabilistic Averages Maximize Predictive Accuracy. Philosophy of Science.
  23. Roman Frigg & Charlotte Werndl (forthcoming). Explaining the Approach to Equilibrium in Terms of Epsilon-Ergodicity. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  24. K. Kelly & G. Glymour (forthcoming). On Converging to the Truth and Nothing but the Truth. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  25. V. S. Kharchenko, O. M. Tarasyuk & V. V. Sklyar (forthcoming). The Matrix-Graph Method Of Choice And Verification Of Software Reliability Models. Philosophy of Science.
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  26. Tonći Kokić (forthcoming). Non-Random Nature of Genetic Mutation. Philosophy of Science.
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  27. E. Machery (forthcoming). Forthcoming. Massive Modularity and Brain Evolution. Philosophy of Science.
     
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  28. John Andrew Michael & Francesca Fardo (forthcoming). What (If Anything) is Shared in Pain Empathy? Philosophy of Science.
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  29. H. P. Noyes, Mcgoveran Do & Observable Gravitational (forthcoming). BN8 5DH, UK.\ Bibitem {38} CW Kilmister,{\ It Eddington's Search for a Fundamental Theory: A Key to the Universe}, Cambridge, 1994.\ Bibitem {39}. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science.
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  30. Fabrice Pataut (forthcoming). Empiricism, Rational Belief and Objectivity. Philosophy of Science.
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  31. Bret Spears (forthcoming). December 8, 2004 Philosophy of Science Dr. Shanahan “Phil-Sci Suicide: The Deflation of a Debate and Silence For the Rest of It”. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science.
     
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  32. Ulrich E. Stegmann & Recensione di Daniele Romano (forthcoming). Il'PENSARIO'della Biblioteca filosofica. Philosophy of Science.
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