David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):1 (2004)
As it comes to animal ethics, broad versions of contractualism are often used as a reason for excluding animals from the category of those with moral value in the individualistic sense. Ideas of “reciprocity” and “moral agency” are invoked to show that only those capable of understanding and respecting the value of others may have value themselves. Because of this, possible duties toward animals are often made dependent upon altruism: to pay regard to animals is to act in an other-regarding manner instead of mutual benefit. There are three main versions of altruism in animal ethics. The first one of these is the most traditional, and emphasises benevolence as a source of moral regard. The second concentrates on the notion of value, and claims that animals have value in the individualistic sense despite being incapable of moral agency. The third resists overt theory-dependency, often included in the second version, and concentrates more on the elements of “context” and “identification”. Out of these, a combination of the last two is identified as the most fruitful basis for altruistic animal ethics
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Elisa Aaltola (2007). The Moral Value of Animals. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:219-225.
Jurgen de Wispelaere (2004). Altruism, Impartiality, and Moral Demands. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers 9-33.
Jonathan Seglow (ed.) (2004). The Ethics of Altruism. F. Cass Publishers.
Saul Smilansky (2004). Gratitude, Contribution, and Ethical Theory. In Jonathan Seglow (ed.), Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. F. Cass Publishers 34-48.
Richard Schuster (2002). Altruism is a Social Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):272-274.
JeeLoo Liu (2012). Moral Reason, Moral Sentiments and the Realization of Altruism: A Motivational Theory of Altruism. Asian Philosophy 22 (2):93-119.
Tom Regan (1997). The Rights of Humans and Other Animals. Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):103 – 111.
Paul Shapiro (2006). Moral Agency in Other Animals. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):357-373.
Robert W. Loftin (1985). The Medical Treatment of Wild Animals. Environmental Ethics 7 (3):231-239.
Matthew Pianalto (2011). Comparing Lives: Rush Rhees on Humans and Animals. Philosophical Investigations 34 (3):287-311.
Neera Badhwar (1993). Altruism Versus Self-Interest: Sometimes a False Dichotomy. Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):90-117.
Kay Peggs (2012). Animals and Sociology. Palgrave Macmillan.
Added to index2012-07-21
Total downloads2 ( #534,208 of 1,725,624 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,437 of 1,725,624 )
How can I increase my downloads?