Associations between psychologists' thinking styles and accuracy on a diagnostic classification task
Graduate studies at Western
Synthese 189 (S1):119-130 (2012)
|Abstract||The present study investigated whether individual differences between psychologists in thinking styles are associated with accuracy in diagnostic classification. We asked novice and experienced clinicians to classify two clinical cases of clients with two co-occurring psychological disorders. No significant difference in diagnostic accuracy was found between the two groups, but when combining the data from novices and experienced psychologists accuracy was found to be negatively associated with certain decision making strategies and with a higher self-assessed ability and preference for a rational thinking style. Our results underscore the idea that it might be fruitful to look for explanations of differences in the accuracy of diagnostic judgments in individual differences between psychologists (such as in thinking styles or decision making strategies used), rather than in experience level|
|Keywords||Diagnostic classification Thinking style Decision making|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jennifer Lowe, Andrew M. Pomerantz & Jon C. Pettibone (2007). The Influence of Payment Method on Psychologists' Diagnostic Decisions: Expanding the Range of Presenting Problems. Ethics and Behavior 17 (1):83 – 93.
Kathrin Friedrich (2010). 'Sehkollektiv': Sight Styles in Diagnostic Computed Tomography. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (3):185-195.
Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
Jamie A. Prowse Turner & Valerie A. Thompson (2009). The Role of Training, Alternative Models, and Logical Necessity in Determining Confidence in Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):69 – 100.
Carlos Mario Muñoz-Suárez (2009). Sensations, Perceptions and Conceptions. Remarks on Assessability for Accuracy. In V. Munz, J. Wang & K. Puhl (eds.), Language and World. Niederösterreichkultur.
Andrew M. Pomerantz & Dan J. Segrist (2006). The Influence of Payment Method on Psychologists' Diagnostic Decisions Regarding Minimally Impaired Clients. Ethics and Behavior 16 (3):253 – 263.
Mary Douglas (1996). Thought Styles: Critical Essays on Good Taste. Sage Publications.
Alan J. Lambert, B. Keith Payne & Larry L. Jacoby (2004). Accuracy and Error: Constraints on Process Models in Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):350-351.
Jeffrey E. Pfeifer & John C. Brigham (1993). Ethical Concerns of Nonclinical Forensic Witnesses and Consultants. Ethics and Behavior 3 (3 & 4):329 – 343.
Elizabeth H. Flanagan Roger K. Blashfield (2007). Clinicians' Folk Taxonomies of Mental Disorders. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 249-269.
Angela M. Liszcz & Mark A. Yarhouse (2005). A Survey on Views of How to Assist with Coming Out as Gay, Changing Same-Sex Behavior or Orientation, and Navigating Sexual Identity Confusion. Ethics and Behavior 15 (2):159 – 179.
David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) (2005). The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
Olga Voskuijl & Arne Evers (2007). Tensions Between the Prescriptive and Descriptive Ethics of Psychologists. Journal of Business Ethics 72 (3):279 - 291.
Alan J. Kearns, Dónal P. O'mathúna & P. Anne Scott (2010). Diagnostic Self-Testing: Autonomous Choices and Relational Responsibilities. Bioethics 24 (4):199-207.
Added to index2012-03-07
Total downloads29 ( #48,285 of 750,480 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #62,995 of 750,480 )
How can I increase my downloads?