Philosophy of Science 76 (5) (2009)
|Abstract||It has been argued that biological fitness cannot be defined as expected number of offspring in all contexts. Some authors argue that fitness therefore merely satisfies a common schema or that no unified mathematical characterization of fitness is possible. I argue that comparative fitness must be relativized to an evolutionary effect; thus relativized, fitness can be given a unitary mathematical characterization in terms of probabilities of producing offspring and other effects. Such fitnesses will sometimes be defined in terms of probabilities of effects occurring over the long term, but these probabilities nevertheless concern effects occurring over the short term. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of Philosophy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, HB 414A, 900 13th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35294‐1260; e‐mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
James Maclaurin, Fitness: Philosophical Problems. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.
Henry C. Byerly & Richard E. Michod (1991). Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation. Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):45-53.
Denis M. Walsh (2010). Not a Sure Thing: Fitness, Probability, and Causation. Philosophy of Science 77 (2):147-171.
Marshall Abrams (2007). How Do Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact? Philosophy of Science 74 (5):666-679.
Andre Ariew (2009). What Fitness Can't Be. Erkenntnis 71 (3):289 - 301.
André Ariew & R. C. Lewontin (2004). The Confusions of Fitness. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (2):347-363.
Klaus Henle (1991). Some Reflections on Evolutionary Theories, with a Classification of Fitness. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (2).
Marshall Abrams (2009). Fitness “Kinematics”: Biological Function, Altruism, and Organism–Environment Development. Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):487-504.
Marshall Abrams (2007). Fitness and Propensity's Annulment? Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):115-130.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads22 ( #56,207 of 549,080 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,333 of 549,080 )
How can I increase my downloads?