Is Liberalism the Only Way toward Democracy? Confucianism and Democracy

Political Theory 33 (4):547 - 576 (2005)
This article identifies a foundation for Confucian democratic political thought in Confucian thought. Each of the three aspects emphasized is controversial, but supported by views held within the historical debates and development of Confucian political thought and practice. This democratic interpretation of Confucian political thought leads to (1) an expectation that all people are capable of ren and therefore potentially virtuous contributors to political life; (2) an expectation that the institutions of political, social, and economic life function so as to develop the virtue of being a perfected human being; and (3) an expectation that there be public spacefor political criticism and for ongoing contestation over the duties and behaviors of individual leaders and citizens and over the functioning of the institutions that am to cultivate their behavior.
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DOI 10.2307/30038440
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David Elstein (2010). Why Early Confucianism Cannot Generate Democracy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):427-443.
Aaron Stalnaker (2013). Confucianism, Democracy, and the Virtue of Deference. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (4):441-459.
David Elstein (2012). Mou Zongsan's New Confucian Democracy. Contemporary Political Theory 11 (2):192.

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David Elstein (2010). Why Early Confucianism Cannot Generate Democracy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):427-443.
Weixi Hu (2007). On Confucian Communitarianism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):475-487.
Shaun O'Dwyer (2003). Democracy and Confucian Values. Philosophy East and West 53 (1):39-63.

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