Graduate studies at Western
Philosophical Studies 163 (1):233-249 (2013)
|Abstract||The theory of mind (ToM) deficit associated with autism has been a central topic in the debate about the modularity of the mind. Most involved in the debate about the explanation of the ToM deficit have failed to notice that autism’s status as a spectrum disorder has implications about which explanation is more plausible. In this paper, I argue that the shift from viewing autism as a unified syndrome to a spectrum disorder increases the plausibility of the explanation of the ToM deficit that appeals to a domain-specific, higher-level ToM module. First, I discuss what it means to consider autism as a spectrum rather than as a unified disorder. Second, I argue for the plausibility of the modular explanation on the basis that autism is better considered as a spectrum disorder. Third, I respond to a potential challenge to my account from Philip Gerrans and Valerie Stone’s recent work (Gerrans, Biol Philos 17:305–321, 2002; Stone and Gerrans, Trends Cogn Sci 10:3–4, 2006a; Soc Neurosci 1:309–319, 2006b; Gerrans and Stone, Br J Philos Sci 59:121–141, 2008)|
|Keywords||Modularity Theory of mind Autism spectrum disorder Spectrum disorders Psychological theory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Marcus P. Adams (2011). Modularity, Theory of Mind, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):763-773.
Robert Stainton (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. In Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Philosophy and the Empirical. Blackwell Pub. Inc..
Timothy Krahn & Andrew Fenton (2012). The Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism and the Potential Adverse Effects for Boys and Girls with Autism. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):93-103.
Ruth Sample (2013). Autism and the Extreme Male Brain. In Jami L. Anderson Simon Cushing (ed.), The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman and Littlefield.
Bryan Paton, Jakob Hohwy & Peter Enticott (2011). The Rubber Hand Illusion Reveals Proprioceptive and Sensorimotor Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
Jami L. Anderson & Simon Cushing (eds.) (2013). The Philosophy of Autism. Rowman & Littlefield.
Catherine Wearing (2010). Autism, Metaphor and Relevance Theory. Mind and Language 25 (2):196-216.
Philip Gerrans (2002). The Theory of Mind Module in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):305-21.
Tony Charman (2001). Understanding the Imitation Deficit in Autism May Lead to a More Specific Model of Autism as an Empathy Disorder. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):29-30.
Robert M. Gordon & John A. Barker (1994). Autism and the "Theory of Mind" Debate. In George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. MIT Press.
Kelso Cratsley & Richard Samuels (forthcoming). Cognitive Science and Explanations of Psychopathology. In K. W. M. Fulford M. Davies, G. Graham J. Saddler & G. Stanghalleni T. Thornton (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Psychiatry.
Martin Voracek (2008). Digit Ratio (2d:4d) as a Marker for Mental Disorders: Low (Masculinized) 2d:4d in Autism-Spectrum Disorders, High (Feminized) 2d:4d in Schizophrenic-Spectrum Disorders. [REVIEW] Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):283-284.
Meredith R. Wilkinson & Linden J. Ball (2012). Why Studies of Autism Spectrum Disorders Have Failed to Resolve the Theory Theory Versus Simulation Theory Debate. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):263-291.
Added to index2011-09-11
Total downloads82 ( #11,490 of 739,406 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #26,423 of 739,406 )
How can I increase my downloads?