Graduate studies at Western
AI and Society 12 (4):315-321 (1998)
|Abstract||The Turing Test (TT) is criticised for various reasons, one being that it is limited to testing only human-like intelligence. We can read, for example, that âTT is testing humanity, not intelligence,â (Fostel, 1993), that TT is âa test for human intelligence, not intelligence in general,â (French, 1990), or that a perspective assumed by TT is parochial, arrogant and, generally, âmassively anthropocentricâ (Hayes and Ford, 1996). This limitation presumably causes a basic inadequacy of TT, namely that it misses a wide range of intelligence by focusing on one possibility only, namely on human intelligence. The spirit of TT enforces making explanations of possible machine intelligence in terms of what is known about intelligence in humans, thus possible specificity of the computer intelligence is ruled out from the oÃ¦lset|
|Keywords||Intelligence Loebner competition Turing test|
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