|Abstract||According to one view, there cannot: Bayesianism fails to do justice to essential aspects of knowledge and belief, and as such it cannot provide a genuine epistemology at all. According to another view, Bayesianism should supersede traditional epistemology: where the latter has been mired in endless debates over skepticism and Gettierology, Bayesianism offers the epistemologist a thriving research program. We will advocate a more moderate view: Bayesianism can illuminate various longstanding problems of epistemology, while not addressing all of them; and while Bayesianism opens up fascinating new areas of research, it by no means closes down the staple preoccupations of traditional epistemology. The contrast between the two epistemologies can be traced back to the mid17th century. Descartes regarded belief as an allornothing matter, and he sought justifications for his claims to knowledge in the face of powerful skeptical arguments. No more than four years after his death, Pascal and Fermat inaugurated the..|
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