Amateurs and Professionals in One County: Biology and Natural History in Late Victorian Yorkshire [Book Review]
Graduate studies at Western
Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):115 - 147 (2001)
|Abstract||My goals in this paper are twofold: to outline the refashioning of amateur and professional roles in life science in late Victorian Yorkshire, and to provide a revised historiography of the relationship between amateurs and professionals in this era. Some historical treatments of this relationship assume that amateurs were demoralized by the advances of laboratory science, and so ceased to contribute and were left behind by the autonomous "new biology." Despite this view, I show that many amateurs played a vital part in the construction of a professional academic community in urban Yorkshire, and then continued to collaborate with the laboratory-based biologists. The key to any analysis of the relationship between amateurs and professionals is the great variety of amateur identities and practices in Victorian Yorkshire. The amateur-professional rift fallacy arose because laboratory biologists fashioned an identity in conscious opposition to a particular type of amateur: an ideal that belied an array of cooperative relationships. As naturalists refashioned their roles and identities in light of the changes within academe and without, debates about the practice and place of life science took place as often among amateurs as between professionals and amateurs.|
|Keywords||amateurs biology Denny England field Gatty laboratory Miall natural history nineteenth century professionalization Roebuck Sorby Yorkshire|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Adrian Desmond (2001). Redefining the X Axis: "Professionals," "Amateurs" and the Making of Mid-Victorian Biology: A Progress Report. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):3 - 50.
George Bailey (1989). Amateurs Imitate, Professionals Steal. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (3):221-227.
A. Kraft & M. M. (2003). 'Equal Though Different': Laboratories, Museums and the Institutional Development of Biology in Late-Victorian Northern England. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):203-236.
Michael S. Harré (2013). From Amateur to Professional: A Neuro-Cognitive Model of Categories and Expert Development. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 23 (4):443-472.
Harold L. Sheppard (1949). Book Review:Scientists and Amateurs: A History of the Royal Society Dorothy Stimson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 16 (4):351-.
John Rodman Paul (1933). History for Amateurs. Philadelphia, Athenaeum of Philadelphia.
Marsha Woodbury (1998). Defining Web Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):203-212.
Anthony S. Travis (2010). Raphael Meldola and the Nineteenth-Century Neo-Darwinians. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (1):143 - 172.
Alison Wylie (1990). Book Review:The Amateur and the Professional: Antiquarians, Historians and Archaeologists in Victorian England 1838-1886 Philippa Levine; Science Encounters the Indian, 1820-1880: The Early Years of American Ethnology Robert E. Bieder. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 57 (3):546-.
Susan Sleeth Mosedale (1978). Science Corrupted: Victorian Biologists Consider "The Woman Question". Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):1 - 55.
Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.) (2000). Biology and Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
Kim Kleinman (1999). His Own Synthesis: Corn, Edgar Anderson, and Evolutionary Theory in the 1940s. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):293 - 320.
G. Clement Whittick (1933). The Archaeology of Yorkshire. (The County Archaeologies.) By F. And H. W. Elgee. Pp. Xv+272; 12 Plates; 42 Illustrations in Text; 2 Maps. London: Methuen, 1933. Cloth, 10s. 6d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (04):153-.
Effy Oz (2001). Organizational Commitment and Ethical Behavior: An Empirical Study of Information System Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):137 - 142.
Nicola Higgs-Kleyn & Dimitri Kapelianis (1999). The Role of Professional Codes in Regarding Ethical Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):363 - 374.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2011-05-29
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?