Die falsifikation statistischer hypothesen

The Falsification of Statistical Hypotheses. It is widely held that falsification of statistical hypotheses is impossible. This view is supported by an analysis of the most important theories of statistical testing: these theories are not compatible with falsificationism. On the other hand, falsificationism yields a basically viable solution to the problems of explanation, prediction and theory testing in a deterministic context. The present paper shows how to introduce the falsificationist solution into the realm of statistics. This is done mainly by applying the concept of empirical content to statistical hypotheses. It is shown that empirical content is a substitute for 'power' as defined by Neyman and Pearson. Since the empirical content of a hypothesis is independent of alternative hypotheses, the proposed theory of statistical testing allows for tests of isolated hypotheses
Keywords Wissenschaftstheorie  Statistik  Falsifikationismus  Testtheorie  Hypothesentests  Signifikanztests  Neyman-Pearson-Theorie
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