|Abstract||Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Johnston maintains that the notion of a propositionâ€”a language independent (abstract) particularâ€”can be dispensed with in philosophical semantics and replaced with that of a propositional act. A propositional act is a component of a speech act that is responsible for the propositional content of the speech act. Traditionally, it is thought that a propositional act yields the propositional content of a speech act by being an act of expressing a proposition. And it is the expressed proposition that serves as the propositional content of the speech act. Johnston points out, however, that a propositional act is a structured event consisting minimally of a referential act, a predicative act, and a time-designative act. And on Johnstonâ€™s view, the propositional content is the structured propositional act itself. (Strictly speaking, Johnston analyzes sameness of propositional content in terms of sameness of propositional act type, from which I, perhaps rashly, inferred that the propositional content of a speech act should be taken to be the propositional act itself).Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Johnston argues that a semantic analysis in terms of propositional acts enables us to reconcile the necessity of both, (1) Hesperus is Phosphorus (2) Phosphorus is Phosphorus with their intuitive difference in meaning, while maintaining the direct reference theory of proper names. Moreover, he argues that invoking propositional acts rather than propositions has the advantage of being able to capture the various senses in which distinct statements might be said to â€œsay the same thingâ€, as well as that of ontological parsimony. I will address each of these claims in turn, but first, I want to point out that the propositionalist can easily reconcile the necessity of (1) and (2) with their intuitive difference in meaning, without forsaking direct reference. All one needs to do is invoke the Fregean idea that there is a meaning shift in â€œthatâ€-clauses of (opaque) indirect discourse (and other) ascriptions..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||No categories specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Erling Skjei (1985). I. A Comment on Performative, Subject, and Proposition in Habermas's Theory of Communication. Inquiry 28 (1-4):87 – 105.
Indrek Reiland (2012). Propositional Attitudes and Mental Acts. Thought 1 (3):239-245.
Jeffrey Helzner (2008). Expected Content. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):424-432.
Marek Nowak & Daniel Vanderveken (1995). A Complete Minimal Logic of the Propositional Contents of Thought. Studia Logica 54 (3):391 - 410.
Sean Crawford (forthcoming). Propositional or Non-Propositional Attitudes? Philosophical Studies:1-32.
Sean Crawford (2013). Propositional or Non-Propositional Attitudes? Philosophical Studies:1-32.
Jeff Speaks (2009). The Normativity of Content and 'the Frege Point'. European Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):405-415.
Wojciech Krysztofiak (2007). Spór o ontologię sytuacji jako spór o zasadę kompozycyjności. Argument z metafory. Filozofia Nauki 4.
Martin Montminy (2012). Epistemic Modals and Indirect Weak Suggestives. Dialectica 66 (4):583-606.
Alex Grzankowski (2012). Not All Attitudes Are Propositional. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4).
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads5 ( #160,544 of 551,119 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,370 of 551,119 )
How can I increase my downloads?