|Abstract||I want to present a new interpretation of Hobbes, in particular of what he was up to when he wrote Leviathan. In order to do this I will examine how he viewed the problem of social disorder and how he intended for that problem to be solved. I will argue that although he held that maintaining a credible threat of punishment for wrongdoing is necessary for social order, to Hobbes it is not sufficient; unless the subjects are properly educated the commonwealth is doomed. I maintain that this need to ensure proper education illuminates Leviathan’s intent and its structure. Further, I’ll argue that when education is given its proper place in Hobbes’ scheme, the result is an account of disorder and a solution to it which are truer to Hobbes’ text and more plausible than those of certain competing views. In what follows, I will give an overview of the line I propose to take, then discuss how it contrasts with other views of Hobbes in the literature. The problem of disorder. A great deal of Hobbes scholarship focuses on the account he gives in the first half of Leviathan of how people in a state of nature could create a commonwealth. Fruitful and important as it is, however, this focus tends to leave the second half of the book a mystery: if what’s important about Leviathan is its presentation of a social contract theory, it’s not obvious why Hobbes devotes half of his treatise to theological matters. I will argue that once we have a clearer understanding of the problem Hobbes was addressing, Leviathan’s second half can be seen as an important component of Hobbes’ intended solution. While modern theoreticians are often most interested in Hobbes’ account of how people prior to society could make one from scratch, Hobbes himself was most concerned with how to prevent disorder from destroying an existing government. Hobbes wrote a good deal about the causes of disorder—whole chapters and many 1 scattered remarks in The Elements of Law, De Cive, and Leviathan, plus much of Behemoth—and I propose examining these writings closely in order to clarify how Hobbes conceived the problem he was addressing..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
S. A. Lloyd (1992). Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's Leviathan: The Power of Mind Over Matter. Cambridge University Press.
Christine Chwaszcza (2012). The Seat of Sovereignty: Hobbes on the Artificial Person of the Commonwealth or State. Hobbes Studies 25 (2):123-142.
Tom Sorell & Luc Foisneau (eds.) (2004). Leviathan After 350 Years. Oxford University Press.
Patricia Sheridan (2012). Resisting the Scaffold: Self-Preservation and Limits of Obligation in Hobbes's Leviathan. Hobbes Studies 24 (2):137-157.
Helen Thornton (2005). State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings. University of Rochester Press.
Severin V. Kitanov (2012). Happiness in a Mechanistic Universe: Thomas Hobbes on the Nature and Attainability of Happiness. Hobbes Studies 24 (2):117-136.
David P. Gauthier (1969). I. Yet Another Hobbes. Inquiry 12 (1-4):449-465.
Philippe Crignon & Arnaud Milanese (2011). Recent Trends in French Scholarship on Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):139-156.
Paul Russell (forthcoming). Hobbes, Bramhall, and the Free Will Problem. In Desmonde Clarke Catherine Wilson (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Early modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Stewart Duncan (2005). Knowledge of God in Leviathan. History of Philosophy Quarterly 22 (1):31-48.
Jon Parkin (2007). Taming the Leviathan: The Reception of the Political and Religious Ideas of Thomas Hobbes in England, 1640-1700. Cambridge University Press.
Norberto Bobbio (1993). Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition. University of Chicago Press.
Jeremy Anderson (2012). Hobbess Demanding Consequentialism: Comments on Bernard Gerts Hobbes: Prince of Peace. Hobbes Studies 25 (2):188-198.
Matthias Kiesselbach (2011). Hobbes's Struggle with Contractual Obligation. On the Status of the Laws of Nature in Hobbes's Work. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):105-123.
Bernard Gert (1967). Hobbes and Psychological Egoism. Journal of the History of Ideas 28 (4):503-520.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads13 ( #95,541 of 722,859 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,917 of 722,859 )
How can I increase my downloads?