Individual and organizational antecedents of misconduct in organizations

Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):309 - 332 (2009)
A heterogeneous survey sample of for-profit, non-profit and government employees revealed that organizational factors but not personal characteristics were significant antecedents of misconduct and job satisfaction. Formal organizational compliance practices and ethical climate were independent predictors of misconduct, and compliance practices also moderated the relationship between ethical climate and misconduct, as well as between pressure to compromise ethical standards and misconduct. Misconduct was not predicted by level of moral reasoning, age, sex, ethnicity, job status, or size and type of organization. Demographic variables predicted job satisfaction and organizational variables added significant incremental variance. Results suggest the importance of promoting a moral organization through the words and actions of senior managers and supervisors, independent of formal mechanisms such as codes of conduct.
Keywords antecedents of unethical behavior in organizations  effectiveness of codes of conduct  ethical climate in organizations  ethical compliance practices in organizations  individual and organizational determinants of unethical behavior  job satisfaction and ethical behavior  morality in organizations  organizational misbehavior  organizational misconduct
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