David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1/3):41 - 59 (2006)
I begin with the assumption that a philosophically significant tension exists today in feminist philosophy of religion between those subjects who seek to become divine and those who seek their identity in mutual recognition. My critical engagement with the ambiguous assertions of Luce Irigaray seeks to demonstrate, on the one hand, that a woman needs to recognize her own identity but, on the other hand, that each subject whether male or female must struggle in relation to the other in order to maintain realism about life and death. No one can avoid the recognition that we are each given life but each of us also dies. In addition, I raise a more general, philosophical problem for analytic philosophers who attempt to read Continental philosophy of religion: how should philosophers interpret deliberately ambiguous assertions? For example, what does Irigaray mean in asserting, 'Divinity is what we need to become free, autonomous, sovereign'? To find an answer, I turn to the distinctively French readings of the Hegelian struggle for recognition which have preoccupied Continental philosophers especially since the first half of the last century. I explore the struggle for mutual recognition between women and men who must face the reality of life and death in order to avoid the projection of their fear of mortality onto the other sex. This includes a critical look at Irigaray's account of subjectivity and divinity. I turn to the French philosopher Michèle Le Doeuff in order to shift the focus from divinity to intersubjectivity. I conclude that taking seriously the struggle for mutual recognition between subjects forces contemporary philosophers of religion to be realist in their living and dying. With this in mind, the lesson from the Continent for philosophy of religion is that we must not stop yearning for recognition. Indeed, we must even risk our autonomy/divinity in seeking to recognize intersubjectivity
|Keywords||Ambiguity Autonomy Beauvoir Body Feminist Fluidity Hegel Intersubjectivity Irigaray Le Doeuff Life Love Mortality Natality Reciprocity Recognition Sovereignty Subjectivity|
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References found in this work BETA
Judy Anderson (2007). Introduction. Journal of Information Ethics 16 (1):13-15.
Pamala Sue Anderson (2001). Gender and the Infinite: On the Aspiration to Be All There Is. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 50 (1/3):191-212.
Nancy Bauer (2001). Simone de Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Feminism. Columbia University Press.
J. Butler (2004). Undoing Gender. Routledge.
Judith Butler (1987). Subjects of Desire: Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth-Century France. Columbia University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Pamela Anderson (2010). Pure Reason and Contemporary Philosophy of Religion: The Rational Striving in and for Truth. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1):95-106.
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