Normative orientations of university faculty and doctoral students

Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):443-461 (2000)
Data from two national surveys of 4,000 faculty and doctoral students in chemistry, civil engineering, microbiology and sociology indicate that both faculty and students subscribe strongly to traditional norms but are more likely to see alternative counternorms enacted in their departments. They also show significant effects of departmental climate on normative orientations and suggest that many researchers express some degree of ambivalence about traditional norms.
Keywords norms of academic research  counternorms  graduate education  faculty  research ethics
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DOI 10.1007/s11948-000-0002-6
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Robert K. Merton (1961). Social Theory and Social Structure. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (44):345-346.

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