David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sophia 47 (2):201-222 (2008)
In ‘The Presuppositions of Religious Pluralism and the Need for Natural Theology’ I argue that there are four important presuppositions behind John Hick’s form of religious pluralism that successfully support it against what I call fideistic exclusivism. These are i) the ought/can principle, ii) the universality of religious experience, iii) the universality of redemptive change, and iv) a view of how God (the Eternal) would do things. I then argue that if these are more fully developed they support a different kind of exclusivism, what I call rational exclusivism, and become defeaters for pluralism. In order to explain rational exclusivism and its dependence on these presuppositions I consider philosophers J.P. Moreland, William Lane Craig, and Alvin Plantinga, who offer arguments for their forms of exclusivism but I maintain that they continue to rely on fideism at important points. I then give an example of how knowledge of the Eternal can be achieved.
|Keywords||Pluralism Natural theology General revelation Fideism Fideistic exclusivism Rational exclusivism John Hick Vivekananda Vasubandhu Nagarjuna Immanuel Kant Post-Kantian theology William Rowe J.P. Moreland William Lane Craig Alvin Plantinga Sensus divinitatis Intuition Inference Reason Law of non-contradiction Ought/can principle Religious experience Redemption Special revelation|
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References found in this work BETA
Alvin Plantinga (2000). Warranted Christian Belief. Oxford University Press.
J. P. Moreland & William Lane Craig (2003). Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview. Intervarsity Press.
William L. Rowe (1999). Religious Pluralism. Religious Studies 35 (2):139-150.
David Silver (2001). Religious Experience and the Facts of Religious Pluralism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (1):1-17.
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