The publication of ethically uncertain research: attitudes and practices of journal editors [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):4- (2012)
Background: Publication of ethically uncertain research occurs despite well-published guidelines set forth in documents such as the Declaration of Helsinki. Such guidelines exist to aide editorial staff in making decisions regarding ethical acceptability of manuscripts submitted for publication, yet examples of ethically suspect and uncertain publication exist. Our objective was to survey journal editors regarding practices and attitudes surrounding such dilemmas. Methods: The Editor-in-chief of each of the 103 English-language journals from the 2005 Abridged Index Medicus list publishing original research were asked to complete a survey sent to them by email between September-December 2007. Results: A response rate of 33% (n = 34) was obtained from the survey. 18% (n = 6) of respondents had published ethically uncertain or suspect research within the last 10 years. 85% (n = 29) of respondents stated they would always reject ethically uncertain articles submitted for publication on ethical grounds alone. 12% (n = 4) of respondents stated they would approach each submission on a case-by-case basis. 3% (n = 1) stated they would be likely to publish such research, but only with accompanying editorial. Only 38% (n = 13) give reviewers explicit instruction to reject submissions on ethical grounds if found wanting. Conclusions: Editorial compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki in rejecting research that is conducted unethically was difficult to ascertain because of a poor response rate despite multiple attempts using different modalities. Of those who did respond, the majority do reject ethically suspect research but few explicitly advise reviewers to do so. In this study editors did not take advantage of the opportunity to describe their support for the rejection of the publication of unethical research
|Keywords||Editors Ethics Publication ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Yvonne Brackbill & André E. Hellegers (1980). Ethics and Editors. Hastings Center Report 10 (2):20-24.
Anne Rowan-Legg, Charles Weijer, J. Gao & C. Fernandez (2009). A Comparison of Journal Instructions Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure Between 1995 and 2005. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):74-78.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Susan Eastwood, Pamela Derish, Evangeline Leash & Stephen Ordway (1996). Ethical Issues in Biomedical Research: Perceptions and Practices of Postdoctoral Research Fellows Responding to a Survey. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):89-114.
June Poon & Raja Ainuddin (2011). Selected Ethical Issues in the Analysis and Reporting of Research: Survey of Business School Faculty in Malaysia. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):307-322.
Susan C. Borkowski & Mary Jeanne Welsh (1998). Ethics and the Accounting Publishing Process: Author, Reviewer, and Editor Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1785-1803.
Francis Macrina (2011). Teaching Authorship and Publication Practices in the Biomedical and Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):341-354.
David B. Resnik, Christina Gutierrez-Ford & Shyamal Peddada (2008). Perceptions of Ethical Problems with Scientific Journal Peer Review: An Exploratory Study. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):305-310.
Sergio Sismondo & Mathieu Doucet (2009). Publication Ethics and the Ghost Management of Medical Publication. Bioethics 24 (6):273-283.
Dale Benos & Sara Vollmer (2010). Generalizing on Best Practices in Image Processing: A Model for Promoting Research Integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):669-673.
Jong Foo & Stephen Wilson (2012). An Analysis on the Research Ethics Cases Managed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Between 1997 and 2010. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):621-631.
Holly Randell-Moon, Nicole Anderson, Tracey Bretag, Anthony Burke, Sue Grieshaber, Anthony Lambert, David Saltmarsh & Nicola Yelland (2011). Journal Editing and Ethical Research Practice: Perspectives of Journal Editors. Ethics and Education 6 (3):225 - 238.
Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Stacy Carter & Miles Little (2011). Should Biomedical Publishing Be “Opened Up”? Toward a Values-Based Peer-Review Process. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):267-280.
Mindaugas Broga, Goran Mijaljica, Marcin Waligora, Aime Keis & Ana Marusic (2013). Publication Ethics in Biomedical Journals From Countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Science and Engineering Ethics (1):1-11.
Krishna Regmi (2011). Ethical and Legal Issues in Publication and Dissemination of Scholarly Knowledge: A Summary of the Published Evidence. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (1):71-81.
Kevin C. Elliott (2009). The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.
Thomas Tyson (1992). Does Believing That Everyone Else is Less Ethical Have an Impact on Work Behavior? Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):707 - 717.
Peter Williams & Elizabeth Wager (2013). Exploring Why and How Journal Editors Retract Articles: Findings From a Qualitative Study. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):1-11.
Added to index2012-04-12
Total downloads6 ( #217,582 of 1,140,057 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #157,514 of 1,140,057 )
How can I increase my downloads?